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Overview

Coptic Church

Subject: Religion

One of the Oriental Orthodox Churches. According to tradition the Church in Egypt was founded by St Mark; Alexandria was one of the chief sees in the early Church. The Egyptian Church ...

Coptic Church

Coptic Church   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
153 words

... Church (Arab., qibṭ , from Gk., Aigyptios , ‘Egyptian’). The national Christian church of Egypt. Its position under Islam has, however, always been difficult. There were occasional persecutions under the khalīfas , besides the legal disabilities imposed on non-Muslims as dhimmis . Many restrictions (e.g. on church building and publication) still exist. The Coptic Church was a founder member of the World Council of Churches in 1948 . Its vitality appears in its Sunday schools and in a recent repopulation of some of the ancient desert monasteries. The...

Coptic Church

Coptic Church   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
70 words

... Church Largest Christian Church in Egypt. Its members form 5–10% of Egypt's population. Of ancient origin, the Copts trace the history of the church to Saint Mark . As a result of its Monophysite creed (denying the humanity of Christ), the Coptic Church was declared heretical by the Council of Chalcedon ( 451 ) and was isolated from other Christian Churches. The Arab conquest of Egypt brought mass conversion to...

Coptic Church

Coptic Church   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
233 words

...are said now to number about 9 million. Outside Egypt there are Coptic dioceses at Jerusalem , in the Sudan , Kenya , several W. European countries, Australia , France , and the USA. The Ethiopian Church is an autonomous daughter of the Egyptian Church. Since 1994 the British Orthodox Church has become a separate diocese of the Coptic Church. There is also a small Eastern Catholic Coptic Church dating from 1741 , when Athanasius, the Coptic Bishop of Jerusalem, joined the RC Church...

Coptic Church

Coptic Church   Reference library

Ralph Lee

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
963 words

... Church The Oriental Orthodox Church of Egypt. Eusebius ( HE 2.16) asserts the foundation of the Church in Egypt by Mark the Evangelist, and Alexandria was one of the chief sees of the early Church. Suffering severe persecution under Diocletian , the Coptic calendar reckons its era (‘the era of the martyrs’) from ad 284, the year of his accession. In the early 4th cent. Antony was one of the first Christian monks, and Pachomius organized the first monastic communities in the 320s at Tabennisi in the Thebaid: other early monasteries in ...

Copts/Coptic Church

Copts/Coptic Church   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Islam

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
181 words

...Copts/Coptic Church Copts are Orthodox Christian followers of the Coptic Church, headed by the pope and the patriarch of Alexandria, Egypt, the latter chosen from among three priests nominated by an electoral college formed of leading Coptic priests and laity. They constitute about 7 percent of Egypt's population. The Coptic Church traces its roots back to the apostle Mark , who brought the message of Christ to Egypt, and Egyptians consider the Coptic Church to be the first church outside Palestine founded by Christ's apostles. In the fifth century Egyptian...

Coptic church, liturgical practices of

Coptic church, liturgical practices of   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
107 words

... church, liturgical practices of In the Alexandrian eucharistic rite there are three anaphoras, attributed to Basil, Gregory, and Cyril/Mark, originally in Greek, later translated into Coptic. Many Coptic hymns are preserved; the monastic daily office became influential. Peter Jeffery H. Brakmann , ‘Die Kopten: ihre Geschichte und Liturgie’, in Die koptische Kirche , ed. A. Gerhards and idem (1994), 9–27, 196–221. —— ‘Neue Funde und Forschungen zur Liturgie der Kopten’, in Coptic Studies on the Threshold of a New Millennium , ed. J. van der Vliet ...

History of the Patriarchs of the Coptic Church of Alexandria

History of the Patriarchs of the Coptic Church of Alexandria   Reference library

Petra Sijpesteijn

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...of the Coptic Church of Alexandria Official history of the ( Miaphysite ) Coptic church arranged as biographies of the patriarchs , and composed over several generations by different authors. It starts with S. Mark the Evangelist in the 1st century and continues into the 13th century with further short entries up to the early 20th century . The treatment is uneven, with some biographers focusing on the patriarch’s life and character, while others give a full political, economic, and social history of the time. Originally written in Coptic , the...

Coptic Church

Coptic Church   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
65 words
Coptic Church

Coptic Church   Quick reference

New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
64 words
Coptic Church

Coptic Church noun   Reference library

The Canadian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
32 words
Coptic Church

Coptic Church   Reference library

Australian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
74 words
Coptic Church

Coptic Church   Reference library

The New Zealand Oxford Dictionary

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
74 words
Coptic Church

Coptic Church  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
One of the Oriental Orthodox Churches. According to tradition the Church in Egypt was founded by St Mark; Alexandria was one of the chief sees in the early Church. The Egyptian Church suffered ...
Coptic churches

Coptic churches   Reference library

Patrick Goode

The Oxford Companion to Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
209 words

... churches The earliest churches of the Copts, the native Christians of Egypt, were carved out of the rock, but following the legalization of Christianity ( ad 313 ) and in the following century, some splendid basilicas were built. Following the period of Islamic persecution ( ad 722 onwards) many churches were destroyed, and the remainder adopted a protective colouration, as did new churches. Since that period, all the churches have been rebuilt at least once, so no existing church can be regarded as original. The survivors show the same...

The Bible in the Eastern Churches

The Bible in the Eastern Churches   Reference library

George Bebawi

The Oxford Illustrated History of the Bible

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
4,758 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
6

... The Bible in the Eastern Churches George Bebawi It is important to remember the two communities of eastern Christianity, the Chalcedonian and the non-Chalcedonian Orthodox churches. Greek, Russian, Romanian, Coptic, Syrian, Indian, Armenian, and Ethiopian churches form the bulk of eastern Christians. This is not the place to discuss the old Christological debate, which destroyed the Eastern Communion and has remained a living problem since the fifth century. Christology is the main dividing line between the two bodies. Biblical studies and...

The New Testament

The New Testament   Reference library

Margaret Davies

The Oxford Illustrated History of the Bible

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
10,686 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
5

...which depicts Jesus as an infant prodigy, both these texts serving to enhance reputations through stories of miracles. In the middle of the twentieth century, a whole Christian library of ancient texts was discovered at Nag Hammadi in Egypt. The Coptic manuscripts date from about 400 ce , but seem to be Coptic translations of earlier Greek texts which may go back to the third century ce . Many of these texts express a Gnostic form of Christianity, previously known from refutations by Christian opponents. The Gospel of Thomas is closest to our New...

Extra-canonical early Christian literature

Extra-canonical early Christian literature   Reference library

J. K. Elliott and J. K. Elliott

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
30,133 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...1. This anonymous letter to the church in Corinth is claimed in later tradition to have been written by Clement, the third or fourth bishop of Rome. The letter, likely to have been written at the end of the first century, is concerned with church order and ministry. Roman authority and jurisdiction over the church in Corinth seem to have been taken for granted by its composer. 2. The letter is in the Bryennios MS. As well as being in the Codex Alexandrinus, 1 Clement is found alongside the NT text in one of the two extant Coptic papyri, and in a...

17 Bookbinding

17 Bookbinding   Reference library

David Pearson

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
5,353 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
9

...sometimes called *Coptic sewing , was initially used across Europe, but was abandoned there in favour of *flexible sewing around the beginning of the 9 th century. The Coptic method continued to be used in the Near East, including the Byzantine and Islamic cultures where bookbinding flourished throughout the Middle Ages and beyond. Coptic sewing produces books that open well, but whose spines tend to become concave over time, and whose board attachment may be weaker than that produced by Western methods of laced-in supports. *Coptic sewing differs from...

General Introduction

General Introduction   Reference library

John Barton and John Muddiman

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
4,980 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...Introduction to the Old Testament. The Ethiopic and Coptic churches accept also Enoch and Jubilees , as well as having minor variations in the other books of the Old Testament. 2. In this Commentary we have included all the books that appear in the NRSV—that is, all the books recognized as canonical in any of the Western churches (both Catholic and Protestant) and in the Greek and Russian Orthodox churches and those in communion with them. We have not included the books found only in the Ethiopic or Coptic canons, though some extracts appear in the article...

The New Testament

The New Testament   Reference library

David Parker

The Oxford Illustrated History of the Bible

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
11,025 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
9

...and Fathers. Thus, his materials for reconstructing the Alexandrian text included various majuscule and minuscule manuscripts, translations into Coptic, Armenian, Ethiopic, and Syriac, and quotations from the New Testament in the writings of Origen, Clement of Alexandria, Eusebius, Cyril of Alexandria, and Isidore of Pelusium. It was the evident Alexandrian location of some of these writers, together with the Coptic, that most strongly justified the name of the text-type. The place of Alexandria in the ancient world as a centre for the preservation, study, and...

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