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Overview

Conservative Judaism

Subject: Religion

The form of the Jewish religion that occupies the middle ground between Orthodox and Reform Judaism, with its centre in the United States, where it is the largest of the three movements, ...

Conservative Judaism

Conservative Judaism   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
107 words

... Judaism . A progressive movement within mainstream Judaism. Conservative (originally ‘Historical’) Jews acknowledge that certain changes in the Jewish way of life are inevitable since the Enlightenment, but that the traditional forms of Judaism are valid; thus changes in religious practice should only be made with great reluctance. The movement arose in both Europe and the USA in the late 19th cent. Its Jewish Theological Seminary has become an institution of great academic eminence over the years. None the less, the Conservative movement's rulings...

CONSERVATIVE JUDAISM

CONSERVATIVE JUDAISM   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Jewish Religion (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Religion
Length:
1,459 words

..., “ The Ideology of Conservative Judaism: Sklare After Thirty Years, ” American Jewish History 74.2 (December 1984): 102–117. Neil Gillman , Conservative Judaism: The New Century (West Orange, N.J., 1993). Robert Gordis , Understanding Conservative Judaism (New York, 1978). Pamela S. Nadell , Conservative Judaism in America: A Bibliographical Dictionary and Sourcebook (New York, 1988). Seymour Siegel , ed., The Cantorial Art (New York, 1977). Seymour Siegel and Elliot Gertel , eds., God in the Teachings of Conservative Judaism (New York, 1985)....

Conservative Judaism

Conservative Judaism   Quick reference

A Concise Companion to the Jewish Religion

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
523 words

... Judaism The form of the Jewish religion that occupies the middle ground between Orthodox and Reform Judaism , with its centre in the United States, where it is the largest of the three movements, and with adherents in other parts of the world. The main institution for the training of Conservative Rabbis is the Jewish Theological Seminary in New York, with branches in Los Angeles and Jerusalem. Conservative Judaism , published as a quarterly in New York, is the house organ of the movement. Conservative Rabbis, the RAC, which meets annually in...

UNITED SYNAGOGUE OF CONSERVATIVE JUDAISM

UNITED SYNAGOGUE OF CONSERVATIVE JUDAISM   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Jewish Religion (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Religion
Length:
140 words

...body, it endeavors to secure greater participation by the laity in the conduct of Conservative Jewish education and ritual practice. United Synagogue of Conservative Judaism, Tiku Shofar: A Mahzor and Sourcebook for Students and Families (New York, 1993). United Synagogue of Conservative Judaism, United Synagogue of Conservative Judaism Bylaws (New York, 1995). –ELLIOT NELSON...

Conservative Judaism

Conservative Judaism noun   Reference library

The Canadian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
16 words
Conservative Judaism

Conservative Judaism noun   Quick reference

New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
56 words
Conservative Judaism

Conservative Judaism noun   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
60 words
Conservative Judaism

Conservative Judaism noun   Reference library

The New Zealand Oxford Dictionary

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
30 words
Conservative Judaism

Conservative Judaism noun   Reference library

Australian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
51 words
Conservative Judaism

Conservative Judaism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The form of the Jewish religion that occupies the middle ground between Orthodox and Reform Judaism, with its centre in the United States, where it is the largest of the three movements, and with ...
The Bible in Judaism

The Bible in Judaism   Reference library

Philip Alexander

The Oxford Illustrated History of the Bible

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
8,614 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
10

...Zunz was one of the founders, in 1819, of the movement known as the Science of Judaism. The earlier Science of Judaism scholars, when they engaged with the Bible, tended to concentrate on text and philology, disciplines known at the time as ‘lower criticism’. Significantly they showed little interest in the more religiously sensitive issues of ‘higher criticism’, such as the source analysis of the biblical documents, and when they did were inclined to take a conservative line (Luzzatto accepted the Mosaic authorship of the Pentateuch and the unity...

Reflections on Islam and the West: Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow

Reflections on Islam and the West: Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow   Reference library

Hossein Nasr Seyyed

Islam in Transition: Muslim Perspectives (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
5,527 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...revelation is for a serious Christian theologian and not simply castigate the Christian because he cannot accept the authenticity of the Islamic revelation as easily as can Islam the revelations of Judaism and Christianity. A second major obstacle that affects the whole of the modern West, much of modernized Christianity and, to some extent, Western Judaism is the assumption that all civilization must follow the secularizing trajectory of Western history since the Renaissance. In fact, most of the dialogue carried out between Christians and Muslims today...

Romans

Romans   Reference library

Craig C. Hill and Craig C. Hill

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
30,053 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...in different systems. From the side of Judaism, it is an apples-and-oranges comparison; however, from Paul's side, with the controversy at Galatia fresh in mind, the opposition between faith in Christ and works of the law was as straightforward as the distinction between chalk and cheese (see rom e .3). One should note how readily and frequently a difference in theological nuance or emphasis is transformed polemically into an antithesis. A modern example is the contention on the part of some conservative Christians that unlike other churchgoers, they...

The Hebrew Bible

The Hebrew Bible   Reference library

Geoffrey Khan

The Oxford Illustrated History of the Bible

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
15,138 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
13

...ways and was a conservative tradition. The Tiberian system appears to have been very conservative and was relatively unaffected by vernacular influence. The greater concern for conservatism in the Tiberian and Babylonian traditions is reflected by the fact that a corpus of detailed Masoretic annotations was developed by the Masoretes of Tiberias and Babylonia, but manuscripts with Palestinian vocalization exhibit only sporadic marginal notes, mainly concerning qere and ketiv . We may compare this to the varying degrees of conservativeness in the...

Visions of Kingdoms: From Pompey to the First Jewish Revolt

Visions of Kingdoms: From Pompey to the First Jewish Revolt   Reference library

Amy-Jill Levine

Oxford History of the Biblical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
19,480 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...conversion to Judaism was not uncommon even though for men this required circumcision. Josephus recounts the story of Helena, the queen of Adiabene, who along with her sons and many in the royal court converted to Judaism in the first century ce and even made pilgrimage to the Jerusalem Temple. Along with converts, many in the Hellenistic and Roman periods admired the Jews' ethical norms, ritual practices, and ancient roots. Some, known as “God-fearers,” did not take the step of conversion but practiced affiliation with Judaism. From this...

Between Alexandria and Antioch: Jews and Judaism in the Hellenistic Period

Between Alexandria and Antioch: Jews and Judaism in the Hellenistic Period   Reference library

Leonard J. Greenspoon

Oxford History of the Biblical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
18,478 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
2

...world would afford. No one was talking about the complete abandonment of Judaism, only its modification and updating. Among those who opposed Antiochus, there were many who saw great value in Hellenism, but wished to pursue it in other directions, at different speeds, or under the governance of their earlier overlords, the Ptolemies, who probably looked better as conditions under the Seleucids grew worse. At this point, there were probably few who felt that the very existence of Judaism was at stake. All of this changed during the second half of...

Introduction to the New Testament

Introduction to the New Testament   Reference library

Leslie Houlden

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
17,403 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...Del.: Michael Glazier). Rivkin, E. (1984), What Crucified Jesus (London: SCM). Robinson, J. A. T. (1976), Redating the New Testament (London: SCM). Rowland, C. C. (1982), The Open Heaven: A Study of Apocalyptic in Judaism and Early Christianity (London: SPCK). Sanders, E. P. (1985), Jesus and Judaism (London: SCM). ——  (1992), Judaism, Practice and Belief, 63 bce –66 ce (London: SCM). ——  (1993), The Historical Figure of Jesus (London: Allen Lane, Penguin). Schneemelcher, W. (ed.), (1991; 1992), New Testament Apocrypha (Cambridge: James Clarke),...

Essay with Commentary on Post-Biblical Jewish Literature

Essay with Commentary on Post-Biblical Jewish Literature   Reference library

Philip S. Alexander

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
48,106 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...texts, have been used as part of a special litany for the destruction of the temple? There is evidence later in Judaism for groups, known as the Mourners for Zion ( ᾽abĕlê siyyôn ), who dedicated themselves to special liturgies commemorating the fall of the temple. F. Rules of Religious Associations. 1. Another feature of late Second Temple Judaism was the growth of private religious associations. The great public religious institutions of Judaism were the temple and the synagogue. Any Jew was free to attend either. The private religious associations, however,...

Obadiah

Obadiah   Reference library

Rex Mason and Rex Mason

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
3,115 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...on the Book of Obadiah’, in R. J. Coggins and S. P. Re᾽emi (eds.), Israel among the Nations: A Commentary on the Books of Nahum, Obadiah, Esther , ITC (Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, and Edinburgh: Handsel), 65–100. Cresson, B. C. (1972), ‘The Condemnation of Edom in Postexilic Judaism’, in J. M. Efrid (ed.), The Use of the Old Testament in the New and Other Essays: Studies in Honor of William Franklin Stinespring (Durham, NC: Duke University Press), 125–48. Davies, G. I. (1977), ‘A New Solution to a Crux in Obadiah 7’, VT 27: 484–7. Dick, M. B. (1984), ‘A...

The Reinterpretation of Islam

The Reinterpretation of Islam   Reference library

Āsaf A. A. Fyzee

Islam in Transition: Muslim Perspectives (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
3,156 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...ago. I respect authority, but cannot accept it “without how” ( bilā kayfa ) in the matter of conscience. Islam is based upon the Qur'ān, and the Qur'ān is to be interpreted in its historical setting and on chronological principles. We must first study the main principles of Judaism and Christianity before approaching Islam. . . . Specific rules of Interpretation Fundamental Principles The six principles which are proposed for a modern reinterpretation of Islam are as follows: i. Study of History of Religions. ii. Comparative Religion of the Semitic...

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