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Congress of Racial Equality

The Congress of Racial Equality (CORE), one of the most important national organizations of the post-World War II African American freedom movements, was founded by an interracial group of ...

Congress of Racial Equality

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World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
27 words

... of Racial Equality ( CORE ) US civil rights organization, founded In 1942 by James Farmer . It employed sit-ins, picketing, and boycotting tactics to combat discrimination in...

Congress of Racial Equality

Congress of Racial Equality   Reference library

Simon Wendt

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Social History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

... of Racial Equality The Congress of Racial Equality (CORE), one of the most important national organizations of the post–World War II African American freedom movements, was founded by an interracial group of pacifists in 1942 . Committed to nonviolent direct action and interracial activism, CORE first launched protests against racial segregation in public accommodations in the North. In 1947 , CORE activists undertook the Journey of Reconciliation, riding buses into the South to test a recent U.S. Supreme Court decision outlawing segregation in...

Congress of Racial Equality.

Congress of Racial Equality.   Reference library

Simon Wendt

The Oxford Companion to United States History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
349 words

...Congress of Racial Equality. The Congress of Racial Equality (CORE), one of the most important national organizations of the post- World War II African American freedom movements, was founded by an interracial group of pacifists in 1942 . Committed to nonviolent direct action and interracial activism, CORE first launched protests against racial segregation in public accommodations in the North. In 1947 , CORE activists undertook the Journey of Reconciliation, riding buses into the South to test a recent U.S. Supreme Court decision outlawing...

Congress of Racial Equality

Congress of Racial Equality   Reference library

Simon Wendt

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Political and Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Law, History of Law
Length:
366 words

... of Racial Equality The Congress of Racial Equality (CORE), one of the most important national organizations of the post–World War II African American freedom movements, was founded by an interracial group of pacifists in 1942 . Committed to nonviolent direct action and interracial activism, CORE first launched protests against racial segregation in public accommodations in the North. In 1947 , CORE activists undertook the Journey of Reconciliation, riding buses into the South to test a recent U.S. Supreme Court decision outlawing segregation in...

Congress of Racial Equality

Congress of Racial Equality   Reference library

The Oxford International Encyclopedia of Peace

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
1,474 words

... of Racial Equality . The Congress of Racial Equality ( CORE ), one of the pioneer civil disobedience organizations in the United States, laid the foundation for social or civil disobedience in the 1940s and is an example of social-gospel Christianity. This variant of Christian action was a foundation for later groups that sought racial integration. Rooted in this religious concern for equality, CORE’s first leaders were Protestant and Roman Catholic students and political activists. Religious and Ethical Beginnings CORE’s initial leadership was...

Congress of Racial Equality

Congress of Racial Equality   Reference library

Encyclopedia of African American History 1896 to the Present

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
2,592 words

... of Racial Equality . The Congress of Racial Equality ( CORE ) was founded in 1942 as the Committee of Racial Equality by an interracial group of students in Chicago. The group changed its name to the Congress of Racial Equality in 1943 . In the late 1930s and early 1940s World War II was heralded as the war for freedom and democracy, yet in America black soldiers who had experienced first-class citizenship abroad were treated as second-class citizens at home. American students, influenced by the Christian student movement of the 1930s, were aware of...

Congress of Racial Equality

Congress of Racial Equality   Quick reference

Catherine Soanes

Dictionary Plus Society and Culture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Society and culture
Length:
49 words

...Congress of Racial Equality ( CORE ) Founded in 1942 , this US civil rights organization followed the principles of non-violent resistance advocated by Mahatma Gandhi. CORE was particularly active in the 1950s and 1960s, opposing job and housing discrimination and racial segregation on public transport and in schools. Catherine...

Congress of Racial Equality

Congress of Racial Equality  

The Congress of Racial Equality (CORE), one of the most important national organizations of the post-World War II African American freedom movements, was founded by an interracial group of pacifists ...
James Farmer

James Farmer  

(b. 12 January 1920; d. 9 July 1999),founder of the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) and father of the Freedom Rides. James Leonard Farmer Jr. was born in Marshall ...
Major Owens

Major Owens  

(b. 28 June 1936),librarian, community activist, and six-term member of the House of Representatives (1983–2007). Major Robert Odell Owens was born 28 June 1936 in Collierville, Tennessee, near ...
Journey of Reconciliation

Journey of Reconciliation  

For the members of the Fellowship of Reconciliation, nonviolent direct action was the key to bringing about fundamental social and political changes in America's race relations. In their wide range ...
International Fellowship of Reconciliation

International Fellowship of Reconciliation  

The founding conference of the International Fellowship of Reconciliation (IFOR) took place in Bilthoven, the Netherlands, from 4–11 October 1919. Established as an interfaith organization opposed to ...
Mississippi Freedom Summer

Mississippi Freedom Summer  

In the summer of 1964, nearly one thousand people—the vast majority of them northerners—went to Mississippi to help register African American voters and participate in the civil rights movement in ...
James Forman

James Forman  

(b. 4 October 1928; d. 10 January 2005),civil rights leader. James Forman was executive secretary of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) in the early 1960s. During the 1960s ...
Roy Innis

Roy Innis  

(b. 6 June 1934),activist at the forefront of the civil rights movement since the 1960s. Roy Emile Alfredo Innis was born in Saint Croix, Virgin Islands. He moved to ...
Floyd B. McKissick

Floyd B. McKissick  

(b. 9 March 1922; d. 28 April 1991),civil rights activist and district court judge. Floyd Bixler McKissick was born in Asheville, North Carolina, one of four children born to ...
Fred L. Shuttlesworth

Fred L. Shuttlesworth  

(b. 18 March 1922),minister, civil rights leader, and human rights champion. Born in Montgomery County, Alabama, Fred Shuttlesworth was raised in the heart of the Jim Crow South. His ...
Charles Cobb, Sr.

Charles Cobb, Sr.  

(b. 28 September 1916; d. 28 December 1998),religious civil rights leader, and Charles Cobb Jr. (b. 23 June 1943), civil rights activist and journalist. The Reverend Dr. Charles Earl ...
African National Congress

African National Congress  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(ANC) A South African political party. It was established in Bloemfontein in 1912 as the South African Native National Congress by a Zulu Methodist minister, J. W. Dube. In 1914 he led a deputation ...
Whitney Young

Whitney Young  

(b. 31 July 1921; d. 11 March 1971),social worker and president of the National Urban League whose negotiation and fundraising efforts garnered millions of dollars in support of civil ...

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