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Committee for a Sane Nuclear Policy

The Committee for a Sane Nuclear Policy was founded as a result of growing U.S. public concern about the nuclear arms race. Responding to an invitation by two highly respected ...

Committee for a Sane Nuclear Policy

Committee for a Sane Nuclear Policy   Reference library

The Oxford International Encyclopedia of Peace

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
1,013 words

... for a Sane Nuclear Policy . The Committee for a Sane Nuclear Policy was founded as a result of growing U.S. public concern about the nuclear arms race. Responding to an invitation by two highly respected peace advocates—Norman Cousins, editor of the Saturday Review , and Clarence Pickett of the American Friends Service Committee ( AFSC )—a group of prominent Americans met on 21 June 1957 in New York City and launched an effort to mobilize political resistance to nuclear testing. “The normal drive for survival has been put out of action by present...

National Committee For a Sane Nuclear Policy

National Committee For a Sane Nuclear Policy   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to American Military History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

...Committee For a Sane Nuclear Policy . In June 1957 , twenty‐seven prominent citizens concerned with the direct and indirect hazards of nuclear fallout (e.g., strontium 90 found in cow's milk) met in New York City and formed the Provisional Committee to Stop Nuclear Tests. In the fall, they adopted the name National Committee for a Sane Nuclear Policy, commonly known as SANE, and placed a full‐page advertisement in the New York Times that read: “We Are Facing a Danger Unlike Any Danger That Has Ever Existed.” SANE quickly became the largest and most...

Committee for a Sane Nuclear Policy

Committee for a Sane Nuclear Policy  

The Committee for a Sane Nuclear Policy was founded as a result of growing U.S. public concern about the nuclear arms race. Responding to an invitation by two highly respected ...
National Committee For a Sane Nuclear Policy

National Committee For a Sane Nuclear Policy  

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Overview Page
In June 1957, twenty‐seven prominent citizens concerned with the direct and indirect hazards of nuclear fallout (e.g., strontium 90 found in cow's milk) met in New York City and formed ...
Peace Action

Peace Action  

The largest and most influential nuclear disarmament organization in the United States. Originally known as the National Committee for a Sane Nuclear Policy (SANE), it was founded in 1957 by ...
Erich Fromm

Erich Fromm  

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Overview Page
(1900–1980)German-born US psychoanalyst and social philosopher who emphasized the cultural determinants of personality. His works investigate emotional problems in free societies and advocate ...
Peace Action

Peace Action   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

...nuclear disarmament organization in the United States. Originally known as the National Committee for a Sane Nuclear Policy (SANE), it was founded in 1957 by prominent citizens concerned about the hazards associated with nuclear testing and the proliferation of nuclear weapons. The Limited Test Ban Treaty of 1963 , which halted atmospheric nuclear tests, is considered the organization's greatest achievement. SANE merged in 1987 with the Nuclear Weapons Freeze Campaign (FREEZE), which originated in response to President Ronald Reagan 's nuclear...

Antinuclear Protest Movements

Antinuclear Protest Movements   Reference library

Lawrence S. Wittner

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Military and Diplomatic History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...Bertrand Russell, Einstein issued a dramatic appeal to world leaders to halt the nuclear arms race. Subsequently, meeting in Pugwash, Nova Scotia , scientists launched the periodic Pugwash conferences of scientists from East and West to discuss nuclear issues, and chemist Linus Pauling began a scientists’ petition calling for an end to nuclear testing. In 1957 , Norman Cousins, editor of the Saturday Review , and other nuclear critics organized the National Committee for a SANE Nuclear Policy (SANE), a group that placed antinuclear ads in...

Antinuclear Protest Movements.

Antinuclear Protest Movements.   Reference library

Lawrence S. Wittner

The Oxford Companion to United States History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
586 words

... Bertrand Russell , Einstein issued a dramatic appeal to world leaders to halt the nuclear arms race. Subsequently, meeting in Pugwash, Nova Scotia, scientists launched the periodic Pugwash conferences of scientists from East and West to discuss nuclear issues, while chemist Linus Pauling began a scientists' petition calling for an end to nuclear testing. In 1957 , Norman Cousins , editor of the Saturday Review , and other nuclear critics organized the National Committee for a SANE Nuclear Policy (SANE), a group that placed antinuclear ads in...

Nuclear Protest Movements

Nuclear Protest Movements   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to American Military History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

... Vietnam Antiwar Movement .] Alice Kimball Smith , A Peril and a Hope: The Scientists' Movement in America, 1945–47 , 1965. Joseph Rotblat , Scientists in the Quest for Peace for Peace: A History of the Pugwash Conferences , 1972. Milton S. Katz , Ban the Bomb: A History of SANE, the Committee for a Sane Nuclear Policy, 1957–1985 , 1986. David S. Meyer , A Winter of Discontent: The Nuclear Freeze and American Politics , 1990. Amy Swerdlow , Women Strike for Peace , 1993. Allan M. Winkler , Life Under a Cloud: American Anxiety About the Atom , 1993. David...

Cousins, Norman

Cousins, Norman   Reference library

The Oxford International Encyclopedia of Peace

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
884 words

...worldwide radio broadcasts calling for an end to nuclear testing and the danger of nuclear war. To further popularize the idea of a nuclear test ban, Cousins and Clarence Pickett, a leader of the American Friends Service Committee, conceived the idea of taking out a large newspaper ad on this theme, signed by eminent individuals. Published in the spring of 1957 , the ad generated such a groundswell of support that they decided to found a new organization, the National Committee for a Sane Nuclear Policy ( SANE ), which became the nation’s largest peace...

Peace Movements.

Peace Movements.   Reference library

E. Charles Chatfield

The Oxford Companion to United States History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
907 words

...a third coalition, the Emergency Peace Campaign, that mobilized public and legislative support for neutrality. James T. Shotwell and Clark Eichelberger of the LNA broke with the movement's pacifist wing, however, to campaign for aiding the European democracies and, during World War II , to mobilize a fourth peace coalition that rallied support for the United Nations . The next peace coalition coalesced around the 1950s campaign to ban atmospheric nuclear tests. Leaders from the FOR and AFSC created the 1957 Committee for a Sane Nuclear Policy (SANE)...

Nuclear Freeze

Nuclear Freeze   Reference library

The Oxford International Encyclopedia of Peace

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
2,610 words

...a rapid waning of enthusiasm. In December 1986 , the NWFC voted to merge with the National Committee for a Sane Nuclear Policy ( SANE ), an older peace group that had been founded in the campaign against nuclear testing. This step marked the symbolic end of the nuclear freeze movement. Impact The movement’s goal of a nuclear weapons freeze never became part of U.S. policy. Nevertheless, the nuclear freeze movement did influence policy. Knopf ( 1998 ) showed that the nuclear freeze movement helped cause two changes in Reagan administration policy. First,...

Peace Movements

Peace Movements   Reference library

E. Charles Chatfield

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Political and Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Law, History of Law
Length:
939 words

...a third coalition, the Emergency Peace Campaign, that mobilized public and legislative support for neutrality. James T. Shotwell and Clark Eichelberger of the LNA broke with the movement’s pacifist wing, however, to campaign for aiding the European democracies and, during World War II, to mobilize a fourth peace coalition that rallied support for the United Nations. The next peace coalition coalesced around the 1950 s campaign to ban atmospheric nuclear tests. Leaders from the FOR and AFSC created the 1957 Committee for a Sane Nuclear Policy (SANE)...

Peace Movements

Peace Movements   Reference library

E. Charles Chatfield

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Cultural and Intellectual History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...a third coalition, the Emergency Peace Campaign, which mobilized public and legislative support for neutrality. James T. Shotwell and Clark Eichelberger of the LNA broke with the movement's pacifist wing, however, to campaign for aiding the European democracies and, during World War II, to mobilize a fourth peace coalition that rallied support for the United Nations. The next peace coalition coalesced around the 1950s campaign to ban atmospheric nuclear tests. Leaders from the FOR and AFSC created the 1957 Committee for a Sane Nuclear Policy ( SANE )...

Women Strike for Peace

Women Strike for Peace   Reference library

The Oxford International Encyclopedia of Peace

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
727 words

...for disarmament helped to legitimize the movement’s radical critique of the Cold War. Jerome Weisner, science adviser to President Kennedy, credited Women Strike for Peace, along with the Committee for a Sane Nuclear Policy ( SANE ) and Linus Pauling, with having more influence on the President regarding the Test Ban Treaty than the professional arms controllers in the government. Because of the effectiveness and wide publicity received by Women Strike for Peace, a number of its spokespersons were summoned to an investigation by the feared House Committee on...

Nuclear Disarmament, International Campaigns for

Nuclear Disarmament, International Campaigns for   Reference library

The Oxford International Encyclopedia of Peace

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
3,338 words

...the nuclear arms race and to prevent the waging of nuclear war. [ See also Antinuclear Power Protests in the United States ; Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists ; Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament ; Committee for a Sane Nuclear Policy ; Cousins, Norman ; Einstein, Albert ; European Nuclear Disarmament ; Greenham Common Women’s Peace Camp ; Greenpeace ; International Fellowship of Reconciliation ; International Peace Bureau ; Japan, Peace Movements in ; Nuclear-free and Independent Pacific Movement ; Nuclear Freeze ; Nuclear Test Ban ; Nuclear...

Spock, Benjamin McLane

Spock, Benjamin McLane (1903–1998)   Quick reference

Who's Who in the Twentieth Century

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
History
Length:
298 words

...evasion. He subsequently became a leading member of the National Committee for Sane Nuclear Policy (SANE) and was the People's Party candidate for the US presidency in 1972...

Fromm, Erich

Fromm, Erich (1900–1980)   Quick reference

Who's Who in the Twentieth Century

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
History
Length:
283 words

...at the Psychoanalytic Institute; rather than return to Hitler 's Germany, he remained to become a US citizen (in 1934 ). He taught at several American universities and later expanded his views to incorporate some of the principles of Zen Buddhism. In 1957 he co-founded the National Committee for Sane Nuclear Policy and in 1962 gave up his religion although acknowledging that it had profoundly influenced his philosophy. Fromm wrote many books and articles for both academics and the general reader, including Escape from Freedom ( 1941 ), Psychoanalysis...

antinuclear movement

antinuclear movement   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the History of Modern Science

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Subject:
Science and technology, History of Science
Length:
1,588 words

...to bury nuclear power, however. As other sources of energy fall behind the world's demand and air pollution from fossil-fuel plants reaches unacceptable levels, there may be no alternative but self-denial to the nuclear reactor. Christopher P. Driver , The Disarmers (1964). Michio Kaku and Jennifer Trainer , eds., Nuclear Power: Both Sides (1982). Jonathan Schell , The Fate of the Earth (1982). Milton S. Katz , Ban the Bomb: A History of SANE, the Committee for a Sane Nuclear Policy, 1957–1985 (1986). Lawrence S. Wittner , One World or None: A History...

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