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Columba livia

The domesticated pigeon. In nature the species is called the rock dove. Its haploid chromosome number is 40, and its C value is 1.46 pg of DNA. Charles Darwin bred pigeons, and in his ...

Columba livia

Columba livia   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Genetics (8 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Science and technology, Life Sciences
Length:
70 words

... livia the domesticated pigeon. In nature the species is called the rock dove . Its haploid chromosome number is 40, and its C value is 1.46 pg of DNA. Charles Darwin bred pigeons, and in his Origin of Species described the numerous variations that had been selected by pigeon fanciers. There are currently at least 200 breeds, including those selected for homing and racing. See Appendix A , Animalia , Aves,...

Columba livia

Columba livia  

The domesticated pigeon. In nature the species is called the rock dove. Its haploid chromosome number is 40, and its C value is 1.46 pg of DNA. Charles Darwin bred pigeons, and in his Origin of ...
pigeon-fancying

pigeon-fancying  

Pigeon clubs are usually confined to small areas to ensure equality of weather conditions, but the birds may fly up to 500 miles. The pigeons, which used to be transported by rail, are now taken to ...
Columbidae

Columbidae  

; class Aves, order Columbiformes)A family of small to large birds that have soft, dense plumage, plump bodies, and small heads. The bill is short to medium with a bare cere, and the legs are ...
pigeon

pigeon   Reference library

Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Science and technology, Life Sciences
Length:
32 words

...any stout‐bodied bird of the family Columbidae, especially the domesticated or feral pigeon, Columba livia . Pigeon‐breast muscle has been extensively used as a convenient tissue for the study of oxidative...

pigeon

pigeon   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Genetics (8 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Science and technology, Life Sciences
Length:
44 words

...a bird belonging to the order Columbiformes. Domestic breeds include the homing pigeon, carneaux, dragoon, white Maltese, white king, fantail, pouter, tumbler, roller, Jacobin, barb, carrier pigeon, and the ptarmigan. The species is Columba livia domestica . See Apppendix A , Animalia , Chordata , Aves,...

synanthrope

synanthrope   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Zoology (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Science and technology, Life Sciences
Length:
44 words

... An animal that benefits from environmental modifications made by humans to such an extent that it becomes closely associated with humans. Examples include the feral pigeon ( Columba livia ), house sparrow ( Passer domesticus ), and house mouse ( Mus musculus...

pigeon-fancying

pigeon-fancying   Reference library

J. A. Cannon

The Oxford Companion to British History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
190 words

...of each pigeon is very carefully monitored and recorded, and breeding and feeding rigorously controlled. The speed of the birds varies with wind conditions but they average 40 m.p.h. and speeds up to 90 m.p.h. have been recorded. They are descended from the rock doves ( Columba livia ) and have been used since ancient times for carrying messages: Reuters, the international news agency, founded in 1850 , relied at first on pigeons. The modern sport developed in the later 19th cent., as the railway network spread, particularly in Belgium and Britain. The...

pigeon

pigeon   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Food (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014

...the genus Columba , while dove is more commonly used of the smaller ones in that genus and in the genus Streptopelia . All are plump birds which make characteristic cooing noises. There are numerous species around the world. Of those commonly found in Europe, the woodpigeon, Columba palumbus , is the largest (up to 40 cm/16") and the best to eat. It used to be called ring dove, for the clasp of white feathers on its neck. Its range, including the subspecies, extends to N. India and N. Africa. The stock dove, C. oenas , and the rock dove, C. livia , enjoy...

Columbidae

Columbidae   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Zoology (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Science and technology, Life Sciences
Length:
267 words

...live in forests. Imperial pigeons (36 species of Ducula , found in southern Asia, Australasia, and the Pacific region) are arboreal and feed on fruit and leaves. There are 42 genera in the family, with 308 species, found worldwide. The 51 species of Columba comprise the typical pigeons ( C. livia (rock dove) is the wild ancestor of the domestic pigeon) and there are seven species of Columbina (ground doves) in America. Ectopistes migratorius (passenger pigeon) is one of many extinct species. During the second half of the 20th century ...

Game Birds

Game Birds   Reference library

Gary Allen

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Food and Drink in America (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...to seven Old World species. Unlike most other game birds, its primary food is earthworms, so it is most often found in dense brushy and moist areas. They are midway between grouse and quail in size, and they have dark, rich, flesh. Pigeons and Doves. Young rock doves ( Columba livia ), the familiar urban pigeon, are raised commercially and marketed as “squabs.” Native to the Mediterranean region, they have been naturalized wherever humans took them—they are as at home in our cities as we are. Mourning doves ( Zenaida macroura ) and white-winged doves (...

Pigeons

Pigeons   Reference library

The New Encyclopedia of Birds

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Subject:
Science and technology, Life Sciences
Length:
4,104 words
Illustration(s):
7

...Rock dove (ancestor of the domestic and feral pigeon) (Columba livia) © Ingram Among the most successful of all birds, pigeons live almost everywhere that humans do. There are many millions of descendants of the Rock dove inhabiting cities all over the world. In these urban environments, the lack of birds of prey, the pigeons' habit of nesting and roosting on buildings, and the fact that humans habitually feed them allow them to thrive – sometimes in such numbers that they cause fouling problems. In the countryside other species have benefited from the...

Rock

Rock   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase & Fable (19 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...Rock bottom The lowest one can get, literally or metaphorically. The expression is of mining origin, and alludes to the layers of bedrock that are reached when the mine is exhausted. Rock dove The domestic and feral pigeon is a semi-domesticated descendant of the rock dove ( Columba livia ). The wild rock dove is native to Mediterranean countries and is confined to mountainous areas and cliffs, hence the name. It can be distinguished from the stock dove and wood pigeon by its black wingbars and white lower back. Rock English The mixed patois of Spanish and...

Animal Husbandry

Animal Husbandry   Reference library

Edward F. Maher

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and Archaeology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Archaeology, Religion
Length:
4,492 words

...local iconography with cocks in fighting stances, a likely form of entertainment and potential income. The popularity of the chicken increased in post-Iron-Age periods. Some wild birds hunted for their meat include the chukar or rock partridge ( Alectoris chukar ), pigeon ( Columba livia ), and quail ( Coturnix coturnix ). Ostrich ( Struthio camelus ) skeletal remains are rare, but its meat, hide, and feathers would have been valued commodities. The discovery of an apiary at Tel Rehob is the first of its kind in the ancient world. Dating to the early Iron Age...

pigeon‐fancying

pigeon‐fancying   Quick reference

A Dictionary of British History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
80 words

...The pigeons, which used to be transported by rail, are now taken to the starting‐point in specially constructed road vehicles. The performance of each pigeon is very carefully monitored, and breeding and feeding rigorously controlled. They are descended from the rock doves ( columba livia ) and have been used since ancient times for carrying...

Animal Learning and Cognition

Animal Learning and Cognition   Reference library

Michael J. Beran

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the History of Modern Psychology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology, History
Length:
13,435 words

...of Comparative Psychology , 121 , 241–249. Herbranson, W. T. (2012). Pigeons, humans, and the Monty Hall dilemma. Current Directions in Psychological Science , 21 , 297–301. Herbranson, W. T. , & Schroeder, J. (2010). Are birds smarter than mathematicians? Pigeons ( Columba livia ) perform optimally on a version of the Monty Hall Dilemma. Journal of Comparative Psychology , 124 (1), 1–13. Herman, L. M. , Kuczaj, S. A. , & Holder, M. D. (1993). Response to anomalous gestural sequences by a language-trained dolphin: Evidence for processing of semantic...

Magnetoreception and Bird Navigation

Magnetoreception and Bird Navigation   Reference library

Roswitha Wiltschko and Wolfgang Wiltschko

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Sensory Systems

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2023
Subject:
Science and technology, Life Sciences
Length:
18,782 words
Illustration(s):
22

...( Table 1 ). Most of these birds are migrants, because during migration season, their spontaneous tendency to head into their migratory direction provides a solid baseline for experiments. But the magnetic compass is not at all restricted to migrants. In homing pigeons ( Columba livia f. domestica ), it was shown by release experiments under overcast skies ( Keeton, 1971 ; Walcott & Green, 1974 ), and it was demonstrated by conditioning experiments in homing pigeons ( Wilzeck, Wiltschko, Güntürkün, Buschman, et al., 2010 ), domestic chickens ( Gallus...

Autonomic Regulation of the Eye

Autonomic Regulation of the Eye   Reference library

Paul J. May, Anton Reiner, and Paul D. Gamlin

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Neuroendocrine and Autonomic Systems

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Medicine and health, Science and technology
Length:
10,365 words
Illustration(s):
5

...tegmenti pontis related to vergence and ocular accommodation . Journal of Neurophysiology , 73 , 2115–2119. Gamlin, P. D. , Reiner, A. , Erichsen, J. T. , Karten, H. J. , & Cohen, D. H. (1984). The neural substrate for the pupillary light reflex in the pigeon ( Columba livia ) . Journal of Comparative Neurology , 226 , 523–543. Gamlin, P. D. , & Yoon, K. (2000). An area for vergence eye movement in primate frontal cortex . Nature , 407 , 1003–1007. Gamlin, P. D. , Zhang, H. , & Clarke, R. J. (1995). Luminance neurons in the pretectal...

Raptor Vision

Raptor Vision   Reference library

Mindaugas Mitkus, Simon Potier, Graham R. Martin, Olivier Duriez, and Almut Kelber

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Sensory Systems

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2023
Subject:
Science and technology, Life Sciences
Length:
12,507 words
Illustration(s):
10

...of the fovea. Journal of Experimental Biology , 25 , 299–312. Querubin, A. , Lee, H. R. , Provis, J. M. , & O’Brien, K. M. B. (2009). Photoreceptor and ganglion cell topographies correlate with information convergence and high acuity regions in the adult pigeon ( Columba livia ) retina . Journal of Comparative Neurology , 517 (5), 711–722. Rejt, L. (2004). Nocturnal feeding of young by urban peregrine falcons ( Falco peregrinus ) in Warsaw (Poland). Polish Journal of Ecology , 52 (1), 63–68. Remy, M. , & Güntürkün, O. (1991). Retinal...

Behavioral Neuroendocrinology of Female Aggression

Behavioral Neuroendocrinology of Female Aggression   Reference library

Natalia Duque-Wilckens and Brian C. Trainor

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Neuroendocrine and Autonomic Systems

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Medicine and health, Science and technology
Length:
22,437 words
Illustration(s):
8

... Ramenofsky, M. (1985). Acute changes in plasma steroids and agonistic behavior in male Japanese quail. General Comparative Endocrinology , 60 , 116–128. Ramirez, J. M. , Salas, C. , & Portavella, M. (1988). Offense and defense after lateral septal lesions in Columba livia. International Journal of Neuroscience , 41 , 241–250. Ramos, L. , Hicks, C. , Kevin, R. , Caminer, A. , Narlawar, R. , & Kassiou, M. , et al. (2013). Acute prosocial effects of oxytocin and vasopressin when given alone or in combination with 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine...

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