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Cold War and Africa

Ideological and political confrontation between the United States and the Communist Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), which lasted from 1945–1989 and had major effects on African ...

Cold War and Africa

Cold War and Africa (1945–1989)   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Africa

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010

... War and Africa Ideological and political confrontation between the United States and the Communist Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), which lasted from 1945–1989 and had major effects on African countries. During the Cold War both the superpowers, the United States and the USSR, sent large amounts of military aid to Africa, supported undemocratic African governments, and directly and indirectly sponsored wars that led to millions of African deaths through fighting and war-related famines. Although the Cold War was for the most part peaceful in...

Cold War and Africa

Cold War and Africa  

Ideological and political confrontation between the United States and the Communist Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), which lasted from 1945–1989 and had major effects on African ...
48 The History of the Book in America

48 The History of the Book in America   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
12,975 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...postwar period. *Textbook s and works on scientific and technical subjects dominated the vigorous export trade in the 1950s and 1960s , and the sale of translation rights also increased dramatically. American firms subsequently developed independent subsidiaries abroad—32 by the 1980s . At the same time, European publishers such as *Oxford University Press , *Elsevier , and *Springer opened offices in the US. The impetus for the internationalization of American publishing was partly political, given the Cold War perception that America needed to...

Othello

Othello   Reference library

Michael Dobson, Will Sharpe, Anthony Davies, and Will Sharpe

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare studies and criticism, Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
4,092 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...the handkerchief, which Emilia denies having seen. Othello arrives, and Desdemona tells him she has summoned Cassio: he feigns a cold and asks for the handkerchief. When she says she has lost it he tells her it was magically charmed to ensure the continuance of mutual love, given to his mother by a sorceress, and that its loss is ominous: as his questioning about it grows more urgent, she attempts to change the subject back to Cassio, which enrages him further until he leaves. Desdemona and Emilia are alarmed by this unwonted behaviour. Cassio arrives with...

Civil Rights, International

Civil Rights, International  

Most of the history written about the African American civil rights movement has focused on the topic from a domestic perspective. However, domestic policy merged with international policy as the ...
Administration of Eisenhower, Dwight D.

Administration of Eisenhower, Dwight D.  

The years of Dwight D. Eisenhower's two terms as president, 1953–1961, were turbulent ones for African Americans and civil rights in the United States. Although most historians agree that the ...
Anticommunism and Civil Rights

Anticommunism and Civil Rights  

Anticommunism was frequently deployed to discredit the aims, objectives, and methods of the civil rights movement. Opponents of civil rights claimed that movement members and organizations had ...
Cold War

Cold War  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
The antagonism between the USA and USSR lasting from the late 1940s until the late 1980s, ‘cold’ because it was waged through diplomatic and ideological means rather than force. Britain was allied to ...
Paris Peace Treaties

Paris Peace Treaties  

(10 Feb. 1947)From July 1946 until February 1947, delegates from twenty‐one nations met in Paris to decide on peace terms for Germany's five allies in World War II: Bulgaria, Hungary, Finland, Italy, ...
Great Lakes Region

Great Lakes Region  

Reference type:
Overview Page
No region of the African continent has known as much political strife, loss of life, and social dislocation during the last forty years as the Great Lakes Region. This is ...
Theory of De-escalation in Conflict

Theory of De-escalation in Conflict  

Conflict may be defined as the perception and manifestation of goal incompatibility between two or more parties. De-escalation in conflict suggests a lessening of hostilities between adversaries and ...
Intractable Conflicts

Intractable Conflicts  

Three basic and related features are often used to define intractable conflicts. First, intractable conflicts are protracted, persisting for a long time. Second, they are waged in ways that the ...
Big Sea

Big Sea  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Langston Hughes's first volume of autobiography (1940) covers the years of his life from his birth in 1902 to the spring of 1931. Fundamentally episodic, The Big Sea is a succession of brief ...
Ethnicity and Race in the Military

Ethnicity and Race in the Military  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Ethnicity and race have been less troubling military questions for the United States than for nations where ethnic and racial competition, political power struggles, or caste systems have had a ...
Military

Military  

From the time the first tejanos, nuevo mexicanos, and californios joined the ranks of the U.S. military out of cultural displacement and economic despair in the second half of the ...
Hollywood

Hollywood  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A district of Los Angeles, the principal centre of the American film industry; the American film industry and the lifestyles of the people associated with it.
Grand Alliance

Grand Alliance  

Reference type:
Overview Page
1 an alliance between the Holy Roman Emperor Leopold I, William III of England, the Netherlands, and the Austrian Hapsburgs against Louis XIV of France in 1689. This coalition began ...
Kathleen Collins

Kathleen Collins  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1941–1988), playwright, scriptwriter, filmmaker, director, novelist, short story writer, and educator.Born Kathleen Conwell in Jersey City, she was the daughter of Frank and Loretta Conwell. Her ...
John Birch Society.

John Birch Society.  

The John Birch Society was founded in Indianapolis in 1958 by the former Massachusetts candy manufacturer and anticommunist conspiracy theorist Robert W. Welch (1899–1985). Named for an American ...
Angola

Angola  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
Angola's economy is growing thanks to oil exports but the country still faces a long period of post-war reconstruction.Angola has a dry coastal plain which is at its broadest in the north where it ...

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