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Overview

Cochrane collaboration

An international organization of researchers, practitioners, and consumers that aims to help people make well-informed decisions about healthcare issues by preparing, maintaining, and ...

Cochrane collaboration

Cochrane collaboration   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Dentistry (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Medicine and health, Dentistry
Length:
58 words

...Cochrane collaboration An international organization of researchers, practitioners, and consumers that aims to help people make well-informed decisions about healthcare issues by preparing, maintaining, and promoting the accessibility of systematic reviews of healthcare interventions. The reviews are published in the Cochrane database of systematic reviews, one of the components of the Cochrane Library. http://www.cochrane.org/index.htm The Cochrane Library...

Cochrane collaboration

Cochrane collaboration   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Public Health (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...Cochrane collaboration A network of clinical epidemiologists and others in many countries that collects and distributes results of studies of all varieties of health care interventions, to encourage evidence-based medicine . It emphasizes systematic reviews and meta-analyses dealing with therapeutic interventions . The name commemorates the British epidemiologist archibald Cochrane . See http://www.cochrane.org/ . ...

Cochrane Collaboration

Cochrane Collaboration   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Epidemiology (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016

...Cochrane Collaboration An international organization of clinicians, epidemiologists, other professionals, and patients that aims to help make well-informed decisions about Health care by preparing, maintaining, disseminating, and promoting the accessibility of Systematic reviews of the effects of health care interventions. 229 , 230 , 231 Cochrane Reviews are prepared and updated by collaborating authors using explicitly defined methods to minimize the effects of bias; where appropriate and feasible, Meta-Analysis is used. The...

Cochrane collaboration

Cochrane collaboration  

An international organization of researchers, practitioners, and consumers that aims to help people make well-informed decisions about healthcare issues by preparing, maintaining, and promoting the ...
Archibald Leman Cochrane

Archibald Leman Cochrane  

(1908-1988) He was born in Galashiels, Scotland and obtained his medical degree in 1938. During World War II he worked as a medical officer and became a prisoner of war in 1941. In 1948 he joined the ...
Cochrane review

Cochrane review  

A systematic review of research into the effects of a healthcare intervention, designed to inform and guide practical decision making. A Cochrane review adheres to a structured format described in ...
evidence-based medicine

evidence-based medicine  

Consistent use of best available evidence, preferably from current peer-reviewed sources in electronic and print media, to inform decisions about optimum patient management; decisions should consider ...
systematic review

systematic review  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A method of analysis based on pooled data from as many sources as possible, preferably, but not necessarily, using exactly comparable research studies. In this respect, a systematic review may not be ...
MEDLINE

MEDLINE  

(Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online)A bibliographic database administered by the US National Library of Medicine (NLM) that contains over 15 million references to journal ...
Cochrane review

Cochrane review n   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... review n A systematic review of research into the effects of a healthcare intervention, designed to inform and guide practical decision making. A Cochrane review adheres to a structured format described in the Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions published by the Cochrane Collaboration, an international organization established in 1993 . [Named after the Scottish epidemiologist Archie L(eman) Cochrane ( 1909–88 ) who promoted the use of systematic reviews of randomized controlled...

Campbell collaboration

Campbell collaboration   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Public Health (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...Campbell collaboration An independent international nonprofit organization that aims to improve decisions about the effects of interventions in the social, behavioral, and educational arenas. An international network of social scientists that produces and disseminates systematic reviews of research evidence on the effectiveness of social interventions . Also known as “C2” because of its relationship with the Cochrane collaboration . See http://www.campbellcollaboration.org/ . ...

Campbell Collaboration

Campbell Collaboration   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Epidemiology (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016

...Campbell Collaboration An independent international nonprofit organization that aims to improve decisions about the effects of interventions in the social, behavioral, and educational arenas. An international network of social scientists that produces and disseminates Systematic reviews of research evidence on the effectiveness of social interventions. Also known as “C2” because of its relationship with the Cochrane Collaboration . 170 ...

evidence-based medicine

evidence-based medicine   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Public Health (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...from current peer-reviewed sources in electronic and print media, to inform decisions about optimum patient management; decisions should consider the needs and preferences of individual patients. This evidence comes from many sources, especially reports from the Cochrane collaboration . ...

Cochrane, Archibald Leman

Cochrane, Archibald Leman (1909–88)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Dentistry (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Medicine and health, Dentistry
Length:
199 words

...and in 1973 received an honorary doctorate from the University of York. Archie Cochrane is best known for his enthusiastic advocacy of randomized controlled trials and the importance of these in determining effective healthcare interventions. His ideas eventually led to the development of the Cochrane Library database of systematic reviews, the establishment of the first UK Cochrane Centre in Oxford in 1992 , and the founding of the international Cochrane Collaboration in 1993...

MEDLINE

MEDLINE   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Public Health (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...all items listed and recorded in the Index Medicus since 1966 . MEDLINE and its searchable data base PUBMED, derived from MEDLARS, are comprehensive, searchable data bases of medical and scientific publications. Others include Embase, Science Citation Index , the Cochrane collaboration , and SocioFILE. See https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed . ...

systematic review

systematic review   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Public Health (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...studies. In this respect, a systematic review may not be quite the same as a meta-analysis , which relies on comparable studies. The aim is to make maximum use of the best available evidence from all available sources in evidence-based decision making . See also Cochrane collaboration . ...

Bianchi, (Giuseppe) Francesco

Bianchi, (Giuseppe) Francesco (c.1752)   Reference library

Lalage Cochrane

The Oxford Companion to Music

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Music
Length:
129 words

...vicemaestro at the Metropolitana, Milan, and second organist at St Mark's, Venice. Bianchi enjoyed a successful collaboration with the librettist Gaetano Sertor and was the first composer to work with Giuseppe Maria Foppa . Notable features of his operas include the use of programmatic battle music, action-ensemble finales, and some highly innovatory instrumentation, especially for the woodwind. He also wrote some sacred music. Lalage ...

Mackintosh, Charles Rennie

Mackintosh, Charles Rennie (1868–1928)   Reference library

June Cochrane

The Oxford Companion to British History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
141 words

...minimal decoration. His furniture and interior designs, often made in collaboration with his wife Margaret Macdonald , are characteristically art nouveau while avoiding florid excess. Especially fine were those for the Willow Tearooms in the centre of Glasgow. His work was highly influential in Europe but less so in Britain. He moved to London in 1923 but his practice folded soon after and he retired to the south of France where he concentrated on painting in water-colour. June ...

Barthélemon, François-Hippolyte

Barthélemon, François-Hippolyte (27 July 1741)   Reference library

Lalage Cochrane

The Oxford Companion to Music

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Music
Length:
143 words

...with Haydn , and his reputation as a violinist was such that when he died Salomon is said to have lamented, ‘We have lost our Corelli’. His many stage compositions included a collaboration with Charles Dibdin for the Shakespeare jubilee of 1769 . He also wrote instruction books for the violin, harpsichord or piano, and harp, and a manual on the use of figured bass. Lalage ...

Morley, Christopher

Morley, Christopher   Reference library

The Companion to Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
188 words

...'s Twelfth Night . The new stage, operated on a system of hydraulics, which Morley designed for Nunn's season of the Roman plays in 1972 , was less successful. In the 1970s and 1980s his other work in theatre and *opera included productions at *Birmingham Rep . Claire ...

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