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Climate Impacts

The accumulation of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere due to fossil fuel combustion, land use change, and other anthropogenic activities may have begun to change the global climate system ...

Climate Impacts

Climate Impacts   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Global Change

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Science and technology, Environmental Science, Social sciences, Environment
Length:
6,534 words
Illustration(s):
2

...been historically employed to calculate climate change scenarios for biophysical and socioeconomic simulation models are presented in Table 1. The utility and robust application of simulation models varies by socioeconomic sector, country, and region. Climate Impacts. Figure 1. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change's Seven Steps of Conducting Global Change Impact Assessments. (After Carter, 1994). Climate Impacts. Table 1. Characteristics of General Circulation Models (GCMs) Employed in Climate Change Impact Assessments gcm when calculated model...

UK Climate Impacts Programme

UK Climate Impacts Programme   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Weather (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008

...Climate Impacts Programme ( UKCIP ) A programme established by the British government in 1997 to assist both public and private organizations to assess the impact of climatic change and to initiate appropriate...

Impacts of Climate Change

Impacts of Climate Change   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Global Change

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

... of Climate Change Much attention is paid to the emissions reductions that might be achieved by global climate policy. But it is also important, when considering the equity implications of such policies, to take account of the distribution of impacts that will result from climate change if no action is taken. While it has been recognized for some time that developing nations in tropical countries will suffer more damage than developed nations in temperate zones, this article highlights the distribution of climate impacts around the world. The impact...

Rivers: Impacts of Climate Change

Rivers: Impacts of Climate Change   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Global Change

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

...Ehrler , and J. Martinec . “ Effects of Climate Change on Water Resources and Runoff in an Alpine Basin. ” Hydrological Processes 12.10 (1998), 1659–1669. Shabalova, M. V. , W. P. A. van Deursen , and T. A. Buishand . “ Assessing Future Discharge of the River Rhine Using Regional Climate Model Integrations and a Hydrological Model. ” Climate Research 23 (2003), 233–246. Shiklomanov, I. A. “Climate Change, Hydrology, and Water Resources: The Work of the IPCC, 1988–1994.” In Impacts of Climate Change and Climate Variability on Hydrological Regimes ,...

Climate Change Impacts on Agriculture across Africa

Climate Change Impacts on Agriculture across Africa   Reference library

Laura Pereira

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Agriculture and the Environment

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Science and technology, Environmental Science, Engineering and Technology
Length:
11,754 words
Illustration(s):
1

...of climate impacts on crops and livestock is a highly uncertain process (see Box 2 ). Box 2. A brief introduction to climate-crop models One of the most widely used tools for assessing the relationship between climate change and food production are climate crop models. These aim to assess the relationship between climate variables and crop production or yield and can therefore be used to project possible future crop systems under different scenarios. In their simplest form, climate crop models involve a climate model, which produces the climate input...

Entertainment Film and TV Portrayals of Climate Change and Their Societal Impacts

Entertainment Film and TV Portrayals of Climate Change and Their Societal Impacts   Reference library

Anthony Dudo, Jacob Copple, and Lucy Atkinson

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Climate Change Communication

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...Documentary , (pp. 1–11). New York: Routledge. Reusswig, F. , & Leiserowitz, A. A. (2005). The international impact of The Day After Tomorrow. Environment: Science and Policy for Sustainable Development , 47 (3), 41–44. Reusswig, F. , Schwarzkopf, J. , & Pohlenz, P. (2004). Double impact: The climate blockbuster The Day After Tomorrow and its impact on the German cinema public (PIK Report No. 92). Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK). Rosteck, T. , & Frentz, T. S. (2009). Myth and multiple readings in environmental rhetoric: The...

Documentary and Edutainment Portrayals of Climate Change and Their Societal Impacts

Documentary and Edutainment Portrayals of Climate Change and Their Societal Impacts   Reference library

Kathryn E. Cooper and Erik C. Nisbet

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Climate Change Communication

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...and Edutainment Portrayals of Climate Change and Their Societal Impacts Increasingly, filmmakers are using documentary films and documentary television programs (edutainment) to potentially both inform audiences of the facts of climate change as well as to persuade them that problem is a serious one urgently requiring human action. Several documentaries have been created to educate the public about anthropogenic climate change as well as to advocate for individual and collective action. At the same time, climate change denialism has also found a...

Portrayal and Impacts of Climate Change in Advertising and Consumer Campaigns

Portrayal and Impacts of Climate Change in Advertising and Consumer Campaigns   Reference library

Lucy Atkinson

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Climate Change Communication

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...and Impacts of Climate Change in Advertising and Consumer Campaigns Introduction Climate change specifically and the environment more generally are becoming increasingly central features in much of contemporary persuasive messages. From World Wildlife Fund public service announcements (PSAs) showing the earth as a melting scoop of ice cream to advertisements for environmentally friendly hybrid cars set against backdrops of lush, green fields: climate change and the environment are closely linked to strategic communication and consumer behavior. This...

Climate Impacts

Climate Impacts  

The accumulation of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere due to fossil fuel combustion, land use change, and other anthropogenic activities may have begun to change the global climate system (Houghton ...
UK Climate Impacts Programme

UK Climate Impacts Programme  

(UKCIP)A programme established by the British government in 1997 to assist both public and private organizations to assess the impact of climatic change and to initiate appropriate responses.
Impacts of Climate Change

Impacts of Climate Change  

Much attention is paid to the emissions reductions that might be achieved by global climate policy. But it is also important, when considering the equity implications of such policies, to ...
Rivers: Impacts of Climate Change

Rivers: Impacts of Climate Change  

Climate change will bring a new era of human influence on rivers. Temperature increases of 1.5–6°C by the year 2100 will melt snow and ice and promote greater soil-moisture loss ...
Climate Impact Risk and Adaptation Assessment

Climate Impact Risk and Adaptation Assessment   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Climate and Weather (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011

... Impact Risk and Adaptation Assessment Among the goals of climate study are identifying and evaluating the effects of climate change and variability on the biosphere and on society, as well as developing a better understanding of the interactions among climate, natural systems, and human activities. This field may focus on historic events such as the Dust Bowl of the 1930s and the major El Niño of 1997–1998 , or on projected future changes in climate caused by human-induced greenhouse gas emissions. Climate impact risk and adaptation assessment has become...

Impact of Journalistic Background, Professional Norms, and Culture on Climate Change Coverage

Impact of Journalistic Background, Professional Norms, and Culture on Climate Change Coverage   Reference library

Sven Engesser

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Climate Change Communication

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Science and technology, Earth Sciences and Geography, Social sciences, Environment
Length:
10,037 words
Illustration(s):
2

...as the strongest predictor of climate change awareness. However, the authors conceded an interaction effect with political leaning. As further elaboration, they referred to McCright and Dunlap ( 2011b ), who uncovered a positive relation between education and climate change concern among liberals but a negative one among conservatives. Among U.S. environmental journalists, Wilson ( 2000 ) also found a positive impact of education on scientific knowledge of climate change. However, for their sample of international climate journalists (from five countries...

Climate Impact Risk and Adaptation Assessment

Climate Impact Risk and Adaptation Assessment  

Among the goals of climate study are identifying and evaluating the effects of climate change and variability on the biosphere and on society, as well as developing a better understanding ...
Empire

Empire   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
4,298 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...of imperial relations. Fear of colonial revolt which had been prompted by the American Revolution was strengthened and given a much sharper ideological edge by the impact of the French Revolution. The forms of colonial rule were shaped by the distrust of popular participation which these experiences had instilled in the minds of the British governing classes. In this counter-revolutionary climate the traditional practice of allowing colonies representative institutions was weakened—particularly as such colonial replicas of Westminster had proved so inimical to...

21 The History of the Book in Ireland

21 The History of the Book in Ireland   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
3,994 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...of the market. Among the more popular readership, however, the Act had less impact, and a number of developments in the early 19 th century provided a good deal of business for printers and publishers. From about 1810 onwards, and particularly in the 1820s and 1830s , a series of Protestant evangelical societies was active in rural Ireland, constituting what has been called ‘the Second Reformation’. Although they produced very few converts, these organizations had a major impact by establishing schools (for which they provided *textbooks ), and by...

Towns

Towns   Quick reference

David M. Palliser

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
5,140 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...Welsh, or Irish town matched even those modest totals, except Edinburgh and, just possibly, Dublin. The 16th century was a watershed for British towns, particularly because of the impact of the Reformation in all four countries. The end of Catholic ritual, and the suppression of religious houses (especially friaries), chantries , and pilgrimages, had an enormous impact on urban life well beyond the sphere of worship. It also caused much hardship in towns heavily dependent on church landlords or on pilgrimage cults, such as Canterbury, Durham, and St...

Domestic Buildings

Domestic Buildings   Quick reference

Malcolm Airs

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
6,135 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...early scholars were amateurs in the best sense of that word. From the very beginning it was recognized that a regional approach was necessary to chronicle the separate development of the smaller house in different parts of the kingdom, where local craft traditions responded to climate, topography, available building materials, farming practices, and economic prosperity, to create local solutions to the housing needs of the local population. The two pioneering studies both came from Yorkshire. In 1898 S. O. Addy , a Sheffield solicitor and prolific antiquary...

Policing

Policing   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
4,788 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

.... Whether these figures represented a real increase in crime—as opposed to an increase in arrests and prosecutions or a greater public awareness of crime through the growth of *newspaper reading—is highly debatable. Nevertheless Peel used them skilfully to inspire a climate of fear about crime and disorder and a commensurate support for his police. This alarm about growing crime, combined with anxieties about the maintenance of public order, continued to concern the authorities during the 1820s and became prominent with the crises of Catholic...

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