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Claudius Nero, Tiberius

Was quaestor 48 and commanded Caesar's fleet in the Alexandrian War (48–47). In 46 he was entrusted with the settlement of veterans in Narbonese Gaul (see gaul (transalpine) ). In 44, ...

Claudius Nero, Tiberius

Claudius Nero, Tiberius   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of the Classical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
145 words

... Nero, Tiberius was quaestor 48 and commanded Caesar 's fleet in the Alexandrian War ( 48–47 ). In 46 he was entrusted with the settlement of veterans in Narbonese Gaul ( see gaul (transalpine)  ). In 44 , however, he proposed that Caesar's murderers should be rewarded. Praetor 41 , he supported Antonius (Pietas) against Octavian , and took part in the defence of Perusia. Early in 40 he escaped, tried in vain to incite a slave‐rising in Campania , and joined Sextus Pompeius in Sicily with his wife Livia Drusilla and infant son Tiberius...

Claudius (RE 254) Nero, Tiberius

Claudius (RE 254) Nero, Tiberius   Reference library

Theodore John Cadoux and Robin J. Seager

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
197 words

..., and joined Sextus Pompeius in Sicily with his wife Livia Drusilla and infant son Tiberius , the future emperor. Later, disagreeing with Sextus, he joined Antony in Greece, and returned to Rome after the Pact of Misenum ( 39 ). In January 38 Octavian persuaded him to divorce Livia so that he might marry her himself. His second son Nero Claudius Drusus was born three months after the marriage. Nero died in 33 . Syme , Rom. Rev. , see index; W. Suerbaum , Chiron 1980, 337 ff. Theodore John Cadoux / Robin J....

Claudius Nero, Tiberius

Claudius Nero, Tiberius  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Was quaestor 48 and commanded Caesar's fleet in the Alexandrian War (48–47). In 46 he was entrusted with the settlement of veterans in Narbonese Gaul (see gaul (transalpine) ). In 44, however, he ...
Churches in Context: The Jesus Movement in the Roman World

Churches in Context: The Jesus Movement in the Roman World   Reference library

Daniel N. Schowalter

Oxford History of the Biblical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
17,885 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...order, Claudius died from other than natural causes. Agrippina, the wife of Claudius and mother of Nero, was the prime suspect, accused by Roman historians of assassinating her husband with poisoned mushrooms. Nero came to power and shortly thereafter eliminated his one rival, Britannicus, Claudius's fourteen-year-old son. Neither Tiberius nor Gaius had been deified after death, but the senate recognized Claudius as a god despite opposition. After the senate's action, someone—probably Seneca, the philosopher and teacher of Nero—wrote a...

4 Maccabees

4 Maccabees   Reference library

David J. Elliott

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
2,653 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...again, perhaps with reference to the Roman emperor of his own time. In the period 18–54 ce , there were four emperors. Neither Caligula nor Claudius was the son of his predecessor, but Tiberius and Nero were. Both their predecessors had adopted them, and were their stepfathers. In Nero's case he came to the throne late in 54 ce , the year in which the governor's title reverted. Besides this, the case for Tiberius' reign is very strong. His predecessor Augustus was tolerant towards the Jews, as is demonstrated by the edict he promulgated, recorded by...

Visions of Kingdoms: From Pompey to the First Jewish Revolt

Visions of Kingdoms: From Pompey to the First Jewish Revolt   Reference library

Amy-Jill Levine

Oxford History of the Biblical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
19,480 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...the lack of strong, consistent policies either from the procurator's palace at Caesarea or from the imperial throne itself, also limited Roman oppressiveness. Between the death of Augustus and the First Jewish Revolt of 66 ce , Rome was ruled by Tiberius (14–37), Gaius Caligula (37–41), Claudius (41–54), and Nero (54–68). It is not known how often Jews came in direct contact with representatives of Rome; the experiences of the metropolitan population of Caesarea would have been different from that of residents of a village like Nazareth. Also unknown is the...

Acts

Acts   Reference library

Loveday Alexander and Loveday Alexander

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
42,037 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...is that they had already become Christians, presumably in Rome. According to the imperial biographer Suetonius ( Life of Claudius , 25), the reason for Claudius' expulsion of the Jews from Rome was that the Jews were ‘constantly causing disturbances at the instigation of Chrestus ’; there may well be a confusion with Christus , which would sound the same in first-century Greek. A later chronicler dates the event to Claudius' ninth year, i.e. 49 ce . Paul's tentmaking ( v. 3 ) is mentioned here for the first time; Paul himself asserts his...

Roman Empire: The Background of the New Testament

Roman Empire: The Background of the New Testament   Reference library

Oxford Bible Atlas (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
1,144 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...in 27 bce and lived until 14 ce . His successors Tiberius, Gaius (nicknamed Caligula), Claudius, and Nero ruled over an empire which incorporated the parts of Europe roughly bounded by the Atlantic (but including Britain), the Rhine, and the Danube, Asia Minor, the Mediterranean coast‐lands as far east as the upper Euphrates and the Arabian Desert, and Africa north of the Sahara. There were certain frontier wars and, at the end of that period, the revolt of the Jews (66–70) and, after the death of Nero, a time of civil strife in 69 (sometimes known as the...

Israel and the Nations

Israel and the Nations   Reference library

Oxford Bible Atlas (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
10,740 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
12

...angered the Jews by ordering that the robes of the high priest should be placed in the Antonia Tower under Roman charge. The matter was referred to the emperor, Claudius, who decided in favour of the Jews. Herod Agrippa I's only son, also named Agrippa, had remained in Rome after his father's death. In 49 he was appointed king (Herod Agrippa II) of Chalcis. After the death of Claudius, Nero (54–68) gave him territory in Galilee and in Perea. His capital was at Caesarea (Paneas) which he temporarily renamed Neronias in honour of the emperor. He was granted...

Claudius Caesar Britannicus, Tiberius

Claudius Caesar Britannicus, Tiberius  

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Son of Claudius and Valeria Messalina, born 12 February ad 41. His first surname was Germanicus; ‘Britannicus’ was added after Claudius' invasion of Britain. His stepmother Iulia Agrippina induced ...
Julio-Claudian Emperors

Julio-Claudian Emperors  

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The Julio-Claudian emperors were Augustus (Imperator Caesar Augustus, 27 bce–14 ce), Tiberius (Tiberius Caesar Augustus, 14–37ce), Gaius (commonly called “Caligula”; Gaius Caesar Augustus Germanicus, ...
Claudius Drusus, Nero

Claudius Drusus, Nero  

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38–9 bc,second son of Tiberius Claudius Nero and Livia Drusilla, younger brother of Tiberius, later emperor. After Tiberius Nero's death in 33 he was brought up by Octavian. In 19 he was permitted to ...
Consolatio ad Liviam

Consolatio ad Liviam  

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A poem of condolence in 474 elegiac lines, addressed to Livia Drusilla, wife of Augustus, on the death of her son Nero Claudius Drusus on campaign in Germany in 9 ...
Afrānius Burrus, Sextus

Afrānius Burrus, Sextus  

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Equestrian procurator of Livia Drusilla, Tiberius, and Claudius, came from Narbonensis (see gaul (transalpine)). As favourite of Iulia Agrippina, he was appointed sole praetorian prefect by Claudius ...
Livia Iulia

Livia Iulia  

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(RE ‘Livius’ 38)daughter of Nero Claudius Drusus and Antonia (3), often called Livilla. Born c.13 bc, she married C. Iulius Caesar (2) and after his death Drusus Iulius Caesar ...
Livia

Livia  

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Wife of Augustus, b. 58 bc. The granddaughter of Marcus Livius Drusus (2), she first married in 43 or 42 Tiberius Claudius Nero, whom she accompanied on his flight after the Perusine War. She bore ...
Iūlius Caesar, Germānicus

Iūlius Caesar, Germānicus  

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Elder son of Nero Claudius Drusus and Antonia (2) the Younger, was born in 15 or 16 bc and adopted in ad 4 by his uncle Tiberius. As Tiberius was immediately adopted by Augustus, Germanicus became a ...
Drusus

Drusus  

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See claudius drusus, nero (38–9 bc) and iulius caesar, drusus (c.13 bc–ad 23), brother and son respectively of the emperor Tiberius.
Iūlius Caesar, Drūsus

Iūlius Caesar, Drūsus  

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(c.13 bc–ad 23),only surviving son of the later emperor Tiberius, by Vipsānia. Originally Nero Claudius Drusus, he became a Caesar in ad 4, on Tiberius' adoption by Augustus. He married Germanicus' ...
Memmius Rēgulus, Publius

Memmius Rēgulus, Publius  

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A novus homo, served as quaestor to Tiberius and was promoted by him. He was suffect consul in ad 31 and handled the overthrow of Sejanus for Tiberius in the senate. He governed Moesia, Macedonia, ...

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