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Civil procedure

Subject: Law

One of the eleven core subjects a law student must pass to qualify as a candidate for admission to practise law. See Priestley eleven.

Civil procedure is the process by ...

Civil Procedure

Civil Procedure   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
491 words

... Procedure (χρηματική δίκη). The Justinianic civil lawsuit began with the plaintiff's ( enagon ) submission of the writ ( libellos ) at the court of law; from there it was served, together with a summons, on the defendant ( enagomenos ). On the first day fixed for trial the formal conditions were clarified (esp. the question of the competency of the court), an oath was taken by the participants in the proceedings, and surety was arranged by the plaintiff and defendant or by their representatives. The first part ( prooimion ) of the procedure was...

Civil procedure

Civil procedure   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the High Court of Australia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Law
Length:
1,655 words

...the Gleeson Court will adhere to that attitude seems less clear. Peta Spender Further Reading Mark Aronson and Jill Hunter , Litigation: Evidence and Procedure (6th edn 1998) Australian Law Reform Commission, Managing Justice: A Review of the Federal Civil Justice System , Report No 89 (1999) Bernard Cairns , Australian Civil Procedure (5th edn 2001) Stephen Colbran et al., Civil Procedure ...

Procedure, Civil

Procedure, Civil   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to American Law

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Law
Length:
4,243 words

..., 2d ed., 1992. Geoffrey C. Hazard Jr. , and Michelle Taruffo , American Civil Procedure: An Introduction , 1993. Gene R. Shreve and Peter Raven-Hansen , Understanding Civil Procedure , 2d ed., 1994. Gene R. Shreve Procedure, Civil: Trial Most civil cases do not reach trial; instead, they are settled, voluntarily withdrawn, or decided on the merits prior to trial. Cases not settled in these ways must go to trial. The idea and prospect of trial shape procedure for all civil cases, whether they reach trial or not. Pleadings and pretrial proceedings set...

Civil procedure

Civil procedure   Reference library

Australian Law Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Law
Length:
238 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Civil procedure One of the eleven core subjects a law student must pass to qualify as a candidate for admission to practise law . See priestley eleven . Civil procedure is the process by which litigants bring a civil action through the court system with a view to obtaining a binding judgment. Each court has its own procedural rules in addition to the substantive law of the state. Knowing the rules of procedure for the courts in the jurisdictions in which lawyers practise is necessary not only for running cases in those courts, but also to advise...

Civil Procedure Rules

Civil Procedure Rules   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Agriculture and Land Management

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
22 words

... Procedure Rules Rules governing the procedure of some law courts in England, Wales and Northern Ireland. See also expert witness...

Civil Procedure Rules

Civil Procedure Rules   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Law (9 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Law
Length:
118 words

...Civil Procedure Rules ( CPR ) A procedural code that was enacted in 1998 and revoked the Rules of the Supreme Court with effect from 26 April 1999 . The Rules, a result of the reforms proposed by Lord Woolf’s Access to Justice (Final Report) 1996 , govern proceedings in the civil cases of the Court of Appeal (Civil Division), the High Court, and the county courts. The CPR is supplemented by Practice Directions and pre-action protocols . The Rules have no application in certain areas, including the Mental Health Act 1983 Part IV, and have...

Civil Procedure Rules

Civil Procedure Rules   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Law Enforcement (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Law
Length:
119 words

... Procedure Rules ( CPR ) The procedural code, which was enacted in 1998 and revoked the Rules of the Supreme Court with effect from 26 April 1999 . The CPR, a result of the reforms proposed by Lord Woolf's Access to Justice (Final Report) 1996 , now govern proceedings in the civil cases of the Court of Appeal (Civil Division), the High Court , and the county courts . The CPR have been supplemented by Practice Directions and pre‐action protocols. They have no application in certain areas, including pt IV of the Mental Health Act 1983 and...

Civil Procedure Rules

Civil Procedure Rules   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Law

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law
Length:
782 words

... Procedure Rules Following the publication in 1996 of Lord Woolf 's final report into the civil justice system ( Access to Justice ), the Civil Procedure Act 1997 gave effect to many of his recommendations. It established the Civil Procedure Rule Committee which made, and continually updates, the Civil Procedure Rules 1998 ; and also the review body, the Civil Justice Council, which is charged with considering how to make the civil justice system more accessible, fair, and efficient. The Civil Procedure Rules govern procedure in all non‐criminal cases...

Uniform Civil Procedure Rules

Uniform Civil Procedure Rules   Reference library

Australian Law Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Law
Length:
25 words

...Uniform Civil Procedure Rules Several jurisdictions now have uniform Rules operating across court jurisdictions, with local rules in addition as required. See civil procedure rules...

Civil procedure

Civil procedure  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
One of the eleven core subjects a law student must pass to qualify as a candidate for admission to practise law. See Priestley eleven.Civil procedure is the process by ...
Civil Procedure Rules

Civil Procedure Rules  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
(CPR)A procedural code that was enacted in 1998 and revoked the Rules of the Supreme Court with effect from 26 April 1999. The Rules, a result of the reforms proposed by Lord Woolf'sAccess to Justice ...
Central Government, Courts, and Taxation

Central Government, Courts, and Taxation   Quick reference

R. W. Hoyle

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
7,753 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...modifying their procedures. The pattern, which is repeated over a long period of time, was for litigants to find that the procedures or rules of the existing courts offered them no remedy for their individual grievances. They therefore petitioned the king, his council, or one of his senior councillors (often the Chancellor), asking that justice should be done them. Over a period of years, essentially informal means of dealing with petitioners were elaborated into courts with their own staff and rules; but the institutionalization of procedure again left some...

South Asian Genealogy

South Asian Genealogy   Quick reference

Abi Husainy

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
3,254 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...part of the civil record, they can have certificates prepared later that are witnessed by magistrates, a procedure in accordance with the Christian Marriage Act 1892 . With the exception of Azad Kashmir, all zones of Pakistan make divorce subject to forms of arbitration. In Azad Kashmir the ‘bare talaq ’, a form of divorce in which a husband can sever a relationship with a triple declaration of the phrase ‘I divorce thee’, still has practitioners. The oral quality of the bare talaq decree may make a paper trail difficult to find. Civil courts can grant...

Law

Law   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
5,210 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...by the 1830s the administration of English law was a touchstone for scandal in many educated circles: public opinion had taken a decisive turn against the bloody and saturnalian rituals of Tyburn executions and the archaic process of Westminster Hall. Both criminal law and civil procedure were the subject of prolonged parliamentary scrutiny. Rather than continuing to rely on the common law courts as devolved agencies of propaganda, deterrence, and administration, and tolerating the development of new law by their judges, early-nineteenth-century ministers...

Family and Society

Family and Society   Quick reference

Ralph Houlbrooke

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
6,144 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...fragment, and to face a task of imposing moral discipline made all the more difficult by the collapse of the church courts. Adultery became a capital offence in 1650 , but the ordinance remained little more than a dead letter. Civil marriage, introduced in 1653 , lasted only until the Restoration . But Parliament's victory in the Civil War brought, in 1646 , one of the most fundamental changes ever to take place in the family life of the upper classes, the abolition of feudal wardship . Some of its worst abuses had already been removed under the early...

Local Government

Local Government   Quick reference

R. W. Hoyle

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
5,202 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...or civil, these courts also dealt with matters of an administrative nature, including offences against the assize of bread and ale and nuisances. As the Bedfordshire roll of 1332–3 shows, the county could also make orders for the public good, in this case to repair a bridge. At the level of the individual rural community were the courts of each manor . The origins of these courts are obscure: suffice it to say that, at the moment from which the first manorial court records survive (the mid‐13th century), the courts have well‐established procedures. Later...

Richard III

Richard III   Reference library

Randall Martin and Anthony Davies

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare studies and criticism, Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
3,559 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...III for BBC TV ( 1983 ) drew critical acclaim—as had her productions of the Henry VI plays—for finding inventive ways to use the medium, many found Ron Cook disappointingly lacking in camp as Richard. Richard Loncraine’s Richard III ( 1996 ) imitates many of Olivier’s procedures, notably an opening which introduces the cast during Edward’s coronation festivities, though Loncraine preceded this with a violent episode owing more to the opening sequences of James Bond films. Ian McKellen ’s characterization has as much of Oswald Mosley in it as of...

Revolution

Revolution   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
5,734 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...But the volume of items is overshadowed by the extent of circulation achieved by some of the contributions. Paine's Rights of Man , on the most conservative estimate, probably sold between 100,000 and 200,000 copies in the first three years after its publication, and with the procedures available to ensure multiple readerships and the ‘bridging mechanisms’ which brought the text even to illiterate and semi-literate people, it seems likely that a substantial proportion of all classes would have had some acquaintance with Paine. In addition, the ephemera of the...

Women Local and Family Historians

Women Local and Family Historians   Quick reference

Joan Thirsk

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
5,549 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...another distinctive slant of women's interests: they were intent on gathering as much information as possible by talking to local people. Nowadays, it is called oral history , and is rated as a distinct branch of history. Then it was an obvious and favoured routine in women's procedures, calling for the keen attention of their eyes and ears, and compensating for their meagre access to books and documents. Jackson's search for dialect depended essentially on talking to people, and it is still more explicitly demonstrated by Dinah Maria Mulock (Mrs Craik),...

Education

Education   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
5,267 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...practices of these institutions; and there was further cause for concern in the conservatism of the teaching curriculum. In the first decade of the nineteenth century, some reformist pressure from within Oxford itself brought about a considerable tightening up of examination procedures at the two levels—pass and honours—at which undergraduates could pursue their degrees; the old routine of answering standard questions known in advance was now replaced by a much more searching succession of tests in the various branches of Literae Humaniores (classical...

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