Update
The Oxford Biblical Studies Online and Oxford Islamic Studies Online have retired. Content you previously purchased on Oxford Biblical Studies Online or Oxford Islamic Studies Online has now moved to Oxford Reference, Oxford Handbooks Online, Oxford Scholarship Online, or What Everyone Needs to Know®. For information on how to continue to view articles visit the subscriber services page.
Dismiss

You are looking at 1-20 of 11,679 entries  for:

  • All: City Planning. x
clear all

View:

Overview

City Planning.

City planning arose early in American life. European colonizers designed St. Augustine (Spain, 1565), New Amsterdam (Holland, 1625–1626), Williamsburg (England, 1699), and New Orleans ...

City Planning

City Planning   Reference library

John D. Fairfield

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Cultural and Intellectual History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...American Cities . New York: Random House, 1961. Miller, Zane L. , and E. Bruce Tucker . Changing Plans for America's Inner Cities: Cincinnati's Over-the-Rhine and Twentieth Century Urbanism . Columbus: Ohio State University Press, 1998. Peterson, Jon A. The Birth of City Planning in the United States, 1840–1917 . Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2003. Reps, John W. The Making of Urban America: A History of City Planning in the United States . Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1965. Scott, Mel . American City Planning since 1890 ....

City Planning.

City Planning.   Reference library

John D. Fairfield

The Oxford Companion to United States History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
949 words

...City Planning. City planning arose early in American life. European colonizers designed St. Augustine (Spain, 1565 ), New Amsterdam (Holland, 1625–1626 ), Williamsburg (England, 1699 ), and New Orleans (France, 1722 ) as commercial and administrative centers. England began to lose its empire when it allowed colonists to plan their own cities. New Haven ( 1638 ), Charleston ( 1680 ), Philadelphia ( 1682–1683 ), and Savannah ( 1733 ) became organizing forces for colonial life, regional development, and ultimately revolution. While their prominent public...

city planning

city planning noun   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
13 words
city planning

city planning noun   Quick reference

New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
46 words
City Planning.

City Planning.  

City planning arose early in American life. European colonizers designed St. Augustine (Spain, 1565), New Amsterdam (Holland, 1625–1626), Williamsburg (England, 1699), and New Orleans (France, 1722) ...
The Downhill Path and Defense, Not Surrender

The Downhill Path and Defense, Not Surrender   Reference library

Rusmir Mahmutćehajić

Liberal Islam: A Sourcebook

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
3,835 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...down on our cities. His intention is to affect and undermine, by means of well-planned and shrewdly-organized actions, our politics and opinions as a whole, in order to assist him in achieving his final goal—the destruction of Bosnia and her Muslims. You must be familiar, I expect, with how often my views have been falsified and misinterpreted. The sheer amount of lies about myself and my words has confused even my friends. In the attitude of our enemies to what I have said or written, I have seen a confirmation of their fears lest their plans be revealed....

The Twentieth Century

The Twentieth Century   Quick reference

Brian M. Short

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
6,083 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...fledgling 20th‐century planning system has left various records, but, in the absence of binding central legislation before 1947 , these were sporadically distributed across different localities. Strategic planning before 1947 produced various ad hoc schemes of land use zoning and permitted uses. Development Plans were prepared after 1947 (e.g. Cheshire 1953 , Somerset 1957 ), and a perusal of A2A reveals many social and topographical surveys underpinning them which could be of great use for local studies. The use of building plans could shed a great...

Stories of David and Solomon

Stories of David and Solomon   Reference library

Oxford Bible Atlas (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
2,534 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
2

...to the Philistines, and being given the city of Ziklag by Achish of Gath ( 1 Sam. 27: 6 ). When Saul died, the biblical narrative suggests that at first there were rival claims to the succession. At Hebron, David was anointed king of Judah by the people of Judah ( 2 Sam. 2: 4 ) but at Mahanaim in Transjordan, Saul's son Ish‐bosheth (Ish‐baal) was declared king by Abner, Saul's commander‐in‐chief ( 2 Sam. 2: 8–9 ). Their armies came into conflict at the pool of Gibeon ( 2 Sam. 2: 12–32 ). Abner planned to defect to David, but he was killed by...

Towns

Towns   Quick reference

David M. Palliser

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
5,140 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...possible area of countryside is ruined with the minimum of expense’ ( Pillar to Post ( 1938 ), 68). The reaction against this was compounded by the heavy damage sustained by many British cities in the Second World War: and the post‐war Attlee government responded to a new mood for public planning, with its Town and Country Planning Act 1947 , green belts around cities, and new towns. Under the New Towns Act of 1946 fifteen ‘new towns’ were created, eight of them as satellites in a ring round London, and two for Glasgow, and reflecting many of Howard's...

Text in Context

Text in Context   Reference library

Oxford Bible Atlas (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
4,078 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
4

...orientation. The Madaba Map: detail of the 6th century ce mosaic map in the Church of St George at Madaba in Jordan, showing a plan of the city of Jerusalem. The piece of text (no longer completely preserved) above the city plan, reads ‘The Holy City of Jerusalem’. Sonia Halliday Photographs (Jane Taylor) ...

Domestic Buildings

Domestic Buildings   Quick reference

Malcolm Airs

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
6,135 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...the Georgian City ( 1998 ), explores the urban construction process at the point when new industrial methods were beginning to emerge, and Dan Cruickshank and Neil Burton , Life in the Georgian City ( 1990 ), provides a more general account of domestic conditions in the houses of the period. The planning of cities has usually been tightly controlled by either private landowners or public authorities, and the profound influence that this has exercised over housing conditions in London is clearly documented in Donald J. Olsen , Town Planning in London:...

Judith

Judith   Reference library

Amy-Jill Levine and Amy-Jill Levine

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
10,021 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...states that the city's beauty was ‘turned to shame’ ( v. 14 ). Here the motif of shame appears for the first time (recurring at e.g. 4:12; 5:21; 8:22; 9:2 ), anticipating Judith: by placing herself in a situation of seduction that would traditionally be considered shameful for a woman, she will succeed in humiliating the Assyrian men. Nebuchadnezzar's army returns to Nineveh for four months of recuperation. With the fall of Ecbatana, the fate of the rest of the Mediterranean and Asia Minor is, apparently, sealed. Nebuchadnezzar's Plan ( 2:1–13 ) Irony...

Land

Land   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
4,951 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...elsewhere in Britain this pattern in the network of political relations between city and country developed under the auspices of the parliamentary reform movement, another pattern was grounded in the communitarian tradition. Forging links between Enlightenment rationalism and customary heritage, Thomas Spence recast the communitarian rhetoric of agrarianism. Outflanking Paine to the left by his call for the rights of *women [4] and infants as well as men, Spence's ‘Land Plan’, first advanced in 1775 , advocated the community distribution of the bulk of...

Measure for Measure

Measure for Measure   Reference library

Sonia Massai and Anthony Davies

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare studies and criticism, Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
2,564 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...Boy’s song, ‘Take, O take those lips away’, at the beginning of Act 4 may be a late interpolation from Fletcher ’s Rollo, Duke of Normandy ( 1616–19 ), and the Duke’s subsequent monologue ‘O place and greatness’ (too short to allow Isabella to inform Mariana about the Duke’s plans) was probably transposed by the later adapter responsible for introducing the act division with the original monologue, ‘He who the sword of heaven will bear’, which is longer and more suitable as an act-break. More tampering must have occurred in 1.2, where the news of Claudio’s...

Forging an Identity: The Emergence of Ancient Israel

Forging an Identity: The Emergence of Ancient Israel   Reference library

Lawrence E. Stager

Oxford History of the Biblical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
19,872 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
4

...but the Aegean parallels further indicate the origin of the new immigrants. The best example of urban planning comes from another pentapolis city, Ekron. Over the ashes of the Late Bronze Age city was built a much larger Philistine one, about 20 hectares (50 acres) in size, with perhaps five thousand inhabitants. Even during stage 1 at Ekron there are signs of urban planning: industry was located along the perimeter of the city, just inside its fortification walls. Next were houses for ordinary citizens, and in the center of the site were public...

Judah, Yehud, and Judea

Judah, Yehud, and Judea   Reference library

Oxford Bible Atlas (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
1,767 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
2

...by Seron, ‘the commander of the Syrian army’ ( 1 Macc. 3: 13–25 ). This was followed by the defeat of a large force raised by Lysias, who had been left in charge of affairs west of the Euphrates while Antiochus was raising revenue in the east, and which had camped near Emmaus. A plan by a section of the army, led by Gorgias, to enter Judas' camp was foiled, and the enemy were routed and pursued to Gazara, the plains of Idumea, Azotus, and Jamnia ( 1 Macc. 3: 38–4: 25 ). The following year, an army reputed to be even larger was defeated at Bethzur and Lysias...

Before Israel: Syria-Palestine in the Bronze Age

Before Israel: Syria-Palestine in the Bronze Age   Reference library

Wayne T. Pitard

Oxford History of the Biblical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
17,805 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...Euphrates was Yamhad, which thwarted the expansive plans not only of Shamshi-Adad but also of Hammurapi. It continued to dominate the north through the seventeenth century. Despite its importance, we know little about Yamhad during the Middle Bronze Age. Excavations at Aleppo, its capital, have uncovered no levels of this period and only one fragmentary inscription (as yet unpublished). We know Yamhad only from outside sources, such as the Mari tablets and a small but helpful archive from an important trade city along the Orontes River called Alalakh, over which...

Into Exile: From the Assyrian Conquest of Israel to the Fall of Babylon

Into Exile: From the Assyrian Conquest of Israel to the Fall of Babylon   Reference library

Mordechai Cogan

Oxford History of the Biblical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
17,701 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
2

...was on campaign in northern Syria, in all likelihood to explain his conspiratorial activities and to pledge renewed loyalty. In 592, Egypt reappeared on the stage. Fresh from his victory in Nubia, Psammetichus II planned and executed a triumphal visit of his court and army to Philistia, Judah, and the Phoenician cities of Tyre and Sidon: “Let the priests come with the bouquets of the gods of Egypt to take them to the land of Kharu [Syria] with Pharaoh” (Papyrus Rylands IX, 14.16–19 ). Babylonia's failure to react to this irruption into its...

Ezekiel

Ezekiel   Reference library

J. Galambush and J. Galambush

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
34,333 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...YHWH adorns his new bride lavishly, and her clothing of linen and tāḥaš , a material mentioned elsewhere only as a covering for the tabernacle, reflects the true significance of the city as bride: she is home to YHWH's holy of holies, the sanctuary in which YHWH's honour will be either maintained or defiled. YHWH bestows perfect beauty upon his regal bride, but she has plans of her own. In vv. 15–22 Jerusalem systematically takes YHWH's gifts—clothing, food, gold, even children—and uses them for idolatrous purposes, described in the metaphor as...

Religious Liberty

Religious Liberty   Reference library

Mohamed Talbi

Liberal Islam: A Sourcebook

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
5,482 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...of the Qur'an's teachings, religious liberty is fundamentally and ultimately an act of respect for God's Sovereignty and for the mystery of His plan for humankind, who have been given the terrible privilege of building on their own responsibility, their destiny on earth and for the hereafter. Finally, to respect human freedom is to respect God's plan. To be a True Muslim is to submit to this plan. It is, in the literal sense of the word, to put one's self, voluntarily and freely, with confidence and love, in the hands of God. ...

View: