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Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu

(b. 4 Nov. 1933). Leader of Biafra 1967–70 Born in Zungeru, he studied at Oxford (1952–5) and then joined the Nigerian army. He had reached the rank of lieutenant‐colonel by ...

Ojukwu, Chukwuemeka Odumegwu

Ojukwu, Chukwuemeka Odumegwu (4 Nov. 1933)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
227 words

...Ojukwu, Chukwuemeka Odumegwu (b. Zungeru, Nigeria , 4 Nov. 1933 ; d. London , 26 Nov. 2011 ) Leader of Biafra 1967–70 Born into a wealthy Ibo family Ojukwu was educated at Lincoln College, Oxford, and worked as a civil servant before joining the army in 1957 . He served in the UN peace-keeping force in the Congo. Following his non-participation in the January 1966 coup he was appointed military governor of the Eastern Region. After the July 1966 coup he refused to recognize the government of Yakubu Gowon and was further alienated by the...

Ojukwu, Chukwuemeka Odumegwu

Ojukwu, Chukwuemeka Odumegwu (1933–2011)   Reference library

roy doron

Dictionary of African Biography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,104 words

... Ojukwu, Chukwuemeka Odumegwu ( 1933–2011 ) , colonel in the Nigerian army and first president of the breakaway Republic of Biafra, was born in the town of Zungeru, near Kaduna in Nigeria. The son of Louis Odumegwu Ojukwu, a prolific businessman and first president of the Nigerian Stock Exchange, Ojukwu was educated at King’s College in Lagos and Epsom College in Surrey before earning a master’s degree in history from Lincoln College, Oxford University. After returning to Nigeria in 1955 , Ojukwu joined the civil service and was initially stationed at...

Ojukwu, Chukwuemeka Odumegwu

Ojukwu, Chukwuemeka Odumegwu (4 Nov. 1933)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Political Biography (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
225 words

..., Chukwuemeka Odumegwu (b. Zungeru, Nigeria , 4 Nov. 1933 ; d. London , 26 Nov. 2011 ) Nigerian ; leader of Biafra 1967–70 Born into a wealthy Ibo family Ojukwu was educated at Lincoln College, Oxford, and worked as a civil servant before joining the army in 1957 . He served in the UN peace-keeping force in the Congo. Following his non-participation in the January 1966 coup d'état he was appointed military governor of the Eastern Region. After the July 1966 coup he refused to recognize the government of Yakubu Gowon and was further...

Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu

Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu  

(b. 4 Nov. 1933).Leader of Biafra 1967–70 Born in Zungeru, he studied at Oxford (1952–5) and then joined the Nigerian army. He had reached the rank of lieutenant‐colonel by 1966. He became military ...
Yakubu Gowon

Yakubu Gowon  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(1934– )Nigerian general and statesman, head of state (1966–75). He seized power in 1966, ousting the leader of an earlier military coup. Following the Biafran civil war (1967–70) he maintained a ...
Biafran War

Biafran War  

(1967–70, Nigeria)A Nigerian civil war caused by irreconcilable ethnic tensions. In 1966, an army coup brought to power a military regime headed by an Ibo (from the south), who was himself deposed by ...
Ojukwu, Louis Odumegwu

Ojukwu, Louis Odumegwu (1909)   Reference library

roy doron

Dictionary of African Biography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
771 words

... Ojukwu, Louis Odumegwu 1909 – 1966 ) , Nigerian businessman and transportation tycoon, widely regarded as the first Nigerian millionaire, and father of Chukwuemeka Ojukwu, was born in Nnewi in southern Nigeria in 1909 . Born to a farming family, Ojukwu attended colonial primary school in nearby Asaba before finishing secondary school at the Hope Waddell Institute in Calabar. After finishing his education, he worked as a produce inspector for the colonial agriculture department before going to work in the private sector. Ojukwu’s first position in the...

Gowon, Yakubu

Gowon, Yakubu (19 Oct. 1934)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
360 words

...coup in July of the same year he was chosen, as the senior surviving officer, to become the new military head of state. He assumed power in a period of major political crisis and, although he worked hard to prevent the secession of Biafra under the leadership of Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu , Nigeria descended into civil war. The federal forces, under Gowon's overall leadership, finally defeated the Biafran secessionists and after the end of the war in 1970 he embarked on a process of reconciliation under the slogan ‘no victors—no vanquished’ which was...

Gowon, Yakubu Jack

Gowon, Yakubu Jack (1934)   Reference library

roy doron

Dictionary of African Biography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,190 words

...a single unitary state was one of the triggers of the second coup in 1966 , Gowon sought to create a federal country comprised of twelve states. This move raised many objections, especially from Colonel Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu, the military governor of the Eastern Region. Though the new states were designed to provide for more ethnic autonomy, Ojukwu opposed the move, stating that the new states were designed to continue what he called a genocidal campaign against the Igbo. Several attempts were made to mediate between the sides. Most notably, on 4–5...

Biafran Civil War

Biafran Civil War (1967–70)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of African Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

...counter-coup by mainly northern officers and an intensification of attacks on Nigerians from the eastern region who were living in the north, leading to perceptions that the new government was not willing to rule in the interests of all. In response, Lieutenant-Colonel Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu, military governor of Eastern Nigeria, declared the ‘region known as and called Eastern Nigeria’ to be ‘an independent sovereign state of the name and title of The Republic of Biafra’. A small number of states recognized Biafra, including Gabon, Haiti, Côte d’Ivoire,...

Obasanjo, Olusegun

Obasanjo, Olusegun (1937)   Reference library

roy doron

Dictionary of African Biography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,397 words

...six months, Northern officers overthrew and assassinated Ironsi and placed Yakubu Gowon as head of the government. In the aftermath of the coup, bloody reprisals led to the deaths of up to 50,000 people, mostly Igbo. The military governor of the Eastern Region, Colonel Chukwuemeka Odumegwu-Ojukwu, encouraged the return of over 2 million Igbo to the Eastern Region and on 30 May 1967 declared the Eastern Region the Republic of Biafra. During most of the crisis, Obasanjo was stationed in Kaduna. In January 1967 , he was transferred to Lagos, where he was appointed...

Achebe, Chinua

Achebe, Chinua (1930)   Reference library

mpalive-hangson msiska

Dictionary of African Biography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
2,400 words
Illustration(s):
1

...and scholars to continue in that tradition. [ See also Abacha, Sani ; Babangida, Ibrahim Badamosi ; Farah, Nuruddin ; Gowon, Yakubu Jack ; Gordimer, Nadine ; Kano, Muhammad Aminu ; Mandela, Nelson Rolihlahla ; Ngugi wa Thiong’o ; Obasanjo, Olusegun ; Ojukwu, Chukwuemeka Odumegwu ; Okigbo, Christopher Ifekandu ; and Soyinka, Wole . ] bibliography Ezenwa-Ohaeto . Chinua Achebe: A Biography . Oxford: James Currey, 1997. Gikandi, Simon . Reading Chinua Achebe . Oxford: James Currey, 1991. Jaggi, Maya . “ Storyteller of the Savannah .” ...

Bernard Kouchner

Bernard Kouchner   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Human Rights

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Social sciences
Length:
2,965 words

...workers who had volunteered to serve in the area. According to other observers, Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu , the Biafran leader, exploited those perceptions by blocking some relief programs that would have helped his own people, knowing that the image of starving civilians was useful to him in his quest to become leader of what he hoped would be a new sovereign state. In fact, Yakubu Gowon , the military leader of Federal Nigeria, showed more flexibility than Ojukwu, in the view of many. Whatever the political and military realities of the conflict,...

Gowon, Yakubu

Gowon, Yakubu (19 Oct. 1934)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Political Biography (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
358 words

...coup in July of the same year he was chosen, as the senior surviving officer, to become the new military head of state. He assumed power in a period of major political crisis and, although he worked hard to prevent the secession of Biafra under the leadership of Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu , Nigeria descended into civil war. The federal forces, under Gowon's overall leadership, finally defeated the Biafran secessionists and after the end of the war in 1970 he embarked on a process of reconciliation under the slogan ‘no victors—no vanquished’ which was...

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