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Christiane Goethe

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(Weimar, 1765–1816, Weimar), was married to J. W. von Goethe in 1806. As Christiane Vulpius, a good-looking, warm-hearted young woman working at an artificial flower factory in ...

Goethe, Christiane

Goethe, Christiane (1765–1816)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to German Literature (3 ed.)

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
151 words

..., Christiane (Weimar, 1765–1816 , Weimar), was married to J. W. von Goethe in 1806 . As Christiane Vulpius , a good-looking, warm-hearted young woman working at an artificial flower factory in Weimar, she attracted the attention of Goethe after his return from Italy in 1788 . The sensual poetry of the Römische Elegien ( 1790 ) relates in part to her. Goethe took her into his house, and she lived with him as his mistress and bore him five children, only one of whom, August ( see Goethe, Julius August Walther von ), survived infancy. When Weimar...

Christiane Goethe

Christiane Goethe  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(Weimar, 1765–1816, Weimar),was married to J. W. von Goethe in 1806. As Christiane Vulpius, a good-looking, warm-hearted young woman working at an artificial flower factory in Weimar, she attracted ...
Julius August Walther von Goethe

Julius August Walther von Goethe  

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Literature
(Weimar, 1789–1830, Rome),usually referred to as August von Goethe, was Goethe's only surviving child by Christiane Vulpius (see Goethe, Christiane), whom the poet married in 1806 when August was ...
Goethe, Julius August Walther von

Goethe, Julius August Walther von (1789–1830)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to German Literature (3 ed.)

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Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
173 words

..., Julius August Walther von (Weimar, 1789–1830 , Rome), usually referred to as August von Goethe, was Goethe's only surviving child by Christiane Vulpius ( see Goethe, Christiane ), whom the poet married in 1806 when August was 16. The boy was educated by Goethe himself and F. W. Riemer . Though not without talent, he was inevitably overshadowed and dominated by his father. In 1813 , when August joined the volunteers who were to march against Napoleon , Goethe, who employed him as a secretary, insisted upon his withdrawal, exposing the young man...

Venezianische Epigramme

Venezianische Epigramme   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to German Literature (3 ed.)

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Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
137 words

...written by Goethe for the most part during his stay in Venice from March to May 1790 and in Silesia in the autumn of 1790 . A small selection appeared in the Deutsche Monatsschrift in 1791 ; the complete set was published in Schiller's Mu-senalmanach für das Jahr 1796 . In his collected works Goethe gave them the superscription Epigramme Venedig 1790 . There are 103 epigrams, all in elegiac metre, varying in length from one to eight distichs. Some relate to Goethe's relationship to Christiane Vulpius ( see Goethe, Christiane ) and his...

‘Gefunden’

‘Gefunden’   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to German Literature (3 ed.)

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Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
84 words

..., a poem written by Goethe on 26 August 1813 . It tells with magical simplicity of the flower which pleads not to be picked, and is then transplanted by the poet from wood to garden, where it continues to bloom. Goethe enclosed the poem in the letter he wrote to his wife, Christiane , on 28 August (his birthday); apart from its general symbolism, its reference to the beginning of their association twenty-five years before is apparent. It was first printed in Goethe's Werke , 1815...

Becker, Christiane

Becker, Christiane (1778–97)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to German Literature (3 ed.)

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Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
79 words

...Christiane (Crossen/Oder, 1778–97 , Weimar), a gifted young actress of the Weimar theatre, was the daughter of an actor, Christian Neumann. She married the Weimar actor Heinrich Becker in 1793 . As Christiane Neumann her first important part was Prince Arthur in Shakespeare's King John . By 1793 she was playing Minna von Barnhelm and Emilia Galotti. Her early death is lamented in Goethe's Euphrosyne . Her monument, designed by H. H. Meyer , was erected in the Weimar park in 1800...

Goethe-Haus

Goethe-Haus   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to German Literature (3 ed.)

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Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
189 words

...The Goethe-Haus in the centre of Weimar (Am Frauenplan) was Goethe's home from 1782 until his death fifty years later. Rented at first, the house was bought for him in 1794 by Duke Karl August . Goethe occupied it with Christiane Vulpius ( see Goethe, Christiane ) and it remained in the family until the death of his last descendant in 1885 , when it reverted to the Duchy. It has always been one of Weimar's major attractions, and its contents, which survived the war unscathed, represent many aspects of Goethe's personal, professional and creative...

Vulpius, Christian August

Vulpius, Christian August (1762–1827)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to German Literature (3 ed.)

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
136 words

...(Weimar, 1762–1827 , Weimar), after studying at Jena and Erlangen, became secretary to Baron von Soden in Munich. In 1790 he returned to Weimar, where in 1797 he became secretary of the library. He was the brother of Goethe's mistress Christiane Vulpius ( see Goethe, Christiane ), and so after her marriage in 1806 was Goethe's brother-in-law. Vulpius acquired a popular reputation as the author of robber novels, of which the best known was the outstandingly successful Rinaldo Rinaldini, der Räuberhauptmann , a three-volume work ( 1798–9 ), which he...

Euphrosyne

Euphrosyne   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to German Literature (3 ed.)

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Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
108 words

..., an elegy written by Goethe in the winter of 1797–8 , and first published in the Musenalmanach für das Jahr 1799 . It was composed in memory of the young Weimar actress Christiane Becker , who died at the age of 19 in October 1797 . Though her death was not unexpected, Goethe, who had helped to train her talent, was deeply moved by it. The poem, written in elegiac metre and, comprising 76 distichs, combines a lament for her death, the news of which she brings under the name of Euphrosyne, with an affirmation of art as the true form of...

Römische Elegien

Römische Elegien   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to German Literature (3 ed.)

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Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
182 words

...of antique art, but as a vivid, pulsating reality which awakened him to a new vigorous life, and especially to an uninhibited physical enjoyment of love. They cannot be interpreted as detailed autobiography, though they are undoubtedly related to his life with Christiane Vulpius ( see Goethe, Christiane ); they express with great frankness and precision a newly won and jealously guarded standpoint. Their publication in 1795 aroused much hostile...

Stein, Charlotte, Freifrau von

Stein, Charlotte, Freifrau von (1742–1827)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to German Literature (3 ed.)

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Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
261 words

...and from the time of Goethe's arrival exercised a powerful attraction, which was more lasting than that of any other woman to whom he had so far been drawn. His utterances repeatedly emphasize her serenity and her calming influence on him. His sudden departure for Italy without leave-taking in 1786 led to a breach, which became complete when, on his return in 1788 , Goethe took Christiane Vulpius into his house as his mistress. A measure of reconciliation between him and Frau von Stein took place in 1801 . Frau von Stein and Goethe corresponded...

Goethe, Johann Wolfgang

Goethe, Johann Wolfgang (1749–1832)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to German Literature (3 ed.)

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Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
3,070 words

...to find, as it seemed to him, in harmony and balance the full and complete expression of his personality. Goethe returned to Weimar in 1788 , and at once found himself at a distance from his former friends, who did not comprehend the change in him. The estrangement, which extended to Frau von Stein, was augmented when Goethe took into his house as his mistress Christiane Vulpius ( see Goethe, Christiane ), a handsome young woman of lower rank. Goethe sought and obtained release from his administrative responsibilities, and devoted himself to antique and...

Arnold, Gottfried

Arnold, Gottfried (1666–1714)   Reference library

The Dictionary of Eighteenth-Century German Philosophers

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
1,235 words

..., Personal-bibliographien zu den Drucken des Barock , 2nd edn (Stuttgart, 1990), vol. 1, pp. 314–52. Erb, Peter C. , Pietists, Protestants, and Mysticism. The Use of the Late Medieval Spiritual Texts in the Work of Gottfried Arnold (Metuchen, New Jersey, 1989). Härtwig, Christiane , Philosophisch-weltanschauliche Positionen des radikalen Pietisten Gottfried Arnold (1666–1714) (Dresden, 1988). Keding, Volker , Theologia experimentalis. Die Erfahrungstheologie beim späten Gottfried Arnold (Münster, Hamburg, Berlin and London, 2001). Raupp, Werner ,...

Gellert, Christian Fürchtegott

Gellert, Christian Fürchtegott (1715–1769)   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Enlightenment

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945)
Length:
1,102 words

...des deutschen Briefstils im 18. Jahrhundert: Ein Beitrag zu C. F. Gellerts Epistolographie . Zeitschrift für deutsche Philologie 114.4 (1995), 481–498. Nörtemann, Regina . Die ‘Begeisterung eines Poeten’ in den Briefen eines Frauenzimmers: Zur Korrespondenz der Caroline Christiane Lucius mit Christian Fürchtegott Gellert. In Die Frau im Dialog: Studien zu Theorie und Geschichte des Briefes , edited by Anita Runge and Lieselotte Steinbrügge , pp. 13–32. Stuttgart, 1991. Saltzwedel, Johannes . Gellert und die Wahlverwandtschaften . Euphorion 83...

Frederick (Friedrich) II, King of Prussia

Frederick (Friedrich) II, King of Prussia (1712–86)   Reference library

The Dictionary of Eighteenth-Century German Philosophers

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
1,736 words

...Große im Kontext der europäischen Kulturgeschichte , ed. Brunhilde Wehinger (Berlin, 2005). Koser, Reinhold , Geschichte Friedrichs des Großen , 4 vols (Stuttgart, Berlin, 1912–14). Kuhnisch, Johannes , Friedrich der Große. Der König und seine Zeit (Munich, 2004). Mervaud, Christiane , Voltaire et Frédéric II: une dramaturgie des Lumières 1736–1778 (Oxford, 1985). Mittenzwei, Inge , Friedrich II. von Preußen. Eine Biographie , 3rd edn (Cologne, 1980). Ritter, Gerhard , Friedrich der Große. Ein historisches Profil (Leipzig, 1936; 3rd, rev. edn,...

Kant, Hegel, and German Romantic Philosophy

Kant, Hegel, and German Romantic Philosophy   Reference library

The Oxford Guide to Literature in English Translation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Literature
Length:
3,193 words

... and George di Giovanni's The Jena System , 1804–5 captures the terse and sometimes twisted character of Hegel's technical prose—a masterpiece worked over by many hands with a firm editorial principle and deep knowledge of the source texts. And finally, Clark Butler and Christiane Seiler translated a large selection of The Letters ; theirs is a lucid rendering of Hegel's varying diction with useful notes. Katherine Arens Anthologies   Behler, Ernst , ed., Philosophy of German Idealism , New York, 1987 · Chamberlin, Timothy J. , ed., ...

Béjart, Maurice

Béjart, Maurice (1 January 1927)   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
2,694 words

...authors’ heirs to bring legal action. Béjart's concern with the total-theater concept of dance is also evident in his version of Hector Berlioz 's opera La Damnation de Faust , staged at the Paris Opera in 1964 . The main roles were doubled, with dancers Cyril Atanassoff , Christiane Vlassi , and Jean-Pierre Bonnefous paralleled by singing counterparts. Neuvième Symphonie , set to music by Beethoven, employed eighty dancers representing the nations of the world, a full orchestra, and chorus and soloists; it premiered at the cavernous Cirque Royal (Royal...

Greece

Greece   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Enlightenment

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945)
Length:
2,390 words

...phanariote, 21–25 octobre 1970 . Thessaloniki, 1974. Tabaki, Anna . La réception du théâtre de Voltaire dans le Sud-Est de l'Europe (première moitié du XIX e siècle). In Voltaire et ses combats: Actes du congrès international Oxford-Paris 1994 , edited by Ulla Kölving and Christiane Mervaud , vol. 2, pp. 1539–1549. Oxford, 1997. Tabaki, Anna . Identité et diversité culturelle: Le mouvement des traductions dans le Sud-Est de l'Europe (XVIII e siècle–début du XIX e ). Σύγϰϱιση/Comparaison 9 (1998), 71–91. Anna...

Scholarly Associations and Publications

Scholarly Associations and Publications   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Enlightenment

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945)
Length:
4,431 words

...Besterman and the Resurrection of Voltaire . Studies in Burke and His Time 17 (1976), 44–70. Account of Besterman's career and its impact on eighteenth-century studies. Wokler, Robert . Dr. Besterman, I Presume. In Voltaire et ses combats , edited by Ulla Kölving and Christiane Mervaud , pp. 21–36. Oxford, 1997. Account of Besterman's career and its impact on eighteenth-century studies. Zelle, Carsten . Fragmentation des Lumières. Zum Siebten Internationalen Aufklärungskongress in Budapest vom 26. Juli bis 2. August 1987 . Die Achtzehnte...

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