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Christian Metz

(1931–93) Frenchfilm theorist. Metz introduced film studies to both structuralism and psychoanalysis and in the process helped initiate the establishment of film theory. Instead ...

Metz, Christian

Metz, Christian (1931–93)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Critical Theory (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

..., Christian ( 1931–93 ) French film theorist . Metz introduced film studies to both structuralism and psychoanalysis and in the process helped initiate the establishment of film theory. Instead of asking what films mean, Metz set out to discover how they make meaning, and in doing so revolutionized the way film was written and thought about in the academy. Born in Béziers in southern France, Metz studied classical languages and ancient history at the École Normale Supérieure and then completed a doctorate in general linguistics at the Sorbonne....

Metz, Christian

Metz, Christian (b. 1927)   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Literature in French

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
53 words

..., Christian ( b. 1927 ). France's leading cinema theoretician of the 1960s and 1970s. He followed a path characteristic of much literary theory in moving from an early concern with narrative taxonomy reminiscent of Genette ( Essais sur la signification au cinéma , 1968 ) to work influenced by Lacan 's psychoanalysis ( Le Signifiant imaginaire , 1976 ). [ KAR ...

Metz, Christian

Metz, Christian (1931–1994)   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Semiotics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Language reference, Linguistics
Length:
900 words

..., Christian ( 1931–1994 ), French linguist of the Hjelmslevian school whose writings on film semiotics have, more than any others, both launched new approaches and created disciples and dissenters. Among his academic colleagues in the university world of Paris in the early 1960s, Metz was an acknowledged film fan. Inspired in general by the structuralist discourse of the day and in particular by attention that both Roland Barthes and Claude Lévi‐Strauss paid briefly to aspects of cinema, he turned his own scholarly attention to film in 1964 . Metz's...

Christian Metz

Christian Metz  

(1931–93)Frenchfilm theorist. Metz introduced film studies to both structuralism and psychoanalysis and in the process helped initiate the establishment of film theory. Instead of asking what films ...
Liberation Theology: Europe

Liberation Theology: Europe   Reference library

Luise Schottroff and John Rogerson

The Oxford Illustrated History of the Bible

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
5,737 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
4

...for theologies of the First World, in order not to provoke the misunderstanding that it was possible in Europe to copy or to take over the liberation theology of Latin America and in this way to perpetuate European colonialism. For this reason many European theologians, such as Metz and Greinacher, prefer to use the terms ‘political’ theology or ‘prophetic’ theology for their work, or ‘theology of life’. On the other hand there are male and female theologians who deliberately use the term liberation theology in order to express their respect for and...

5 The European Medieval Book

5 The European Medieval Book   Reference library

Christopher de Hamel

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
10,077 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...against the Saracens. The allegorical Roman de la Rose was begun by Guillaume de Lorris around 1230–35 and finished by Jean de Meun in the early 1270s . Vernacular texts of simple science or self-improvement included the L’Image du monde ( 1246 ) of Gossuin de Metz, the Livres dou trésor ( 1266–8 ) of Brunetto Latini, the Livre de Sydrach: La Fontaine de toutes sciences ( c .1270 ), and others. There were also translations of classical and religious texts, including the popular Bible Historiale , translated by Guyart des Moulins in...

Amalarius of Metz

Amalarius of Metz  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(died after 850)The Carolingian liturgist and theologian Amalarius of Metz was a pupil of Alcuin at Tours before being appointed archbishop of Trier in 811. During Agobard's exile (c.834), he was ...
la grande syntagmatique

la grande syntagmatique  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Linguistics
(1966–1967).The most influential articles written by Christian Metz during his earliest years of film theorizing were, arguably, his explanation and application of the phenomenon that he called “la ...
L' Énonciation impersonnelle Ou le site du film

L' Énonciation impersonnelle Ou le site du film  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Linguistics
(1991).Christian Metz's last work, L'énonciation impersonnelle ou le site du film takes Émile Benveniste's notion of enonciation, which had been developed during the late 1960s, as its starting ...
imaginary signifier

imaginary signifier  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
A term used by Metz to refer to the cinematic signifier—the medium of film. ‘What is characteristic of the cinema is not the imaginary that it may happen to represent, but the imaginary that it is ...
St Arnulf

St Arnulf  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(c.580–c.640), Bp. of Metz. He rose to high position in the court of Austrasia. About 614 he was consecrated Bp. of Metz and from 623 he played a large part in the government of the Ardennes. He ...
film semiotics

film semiotics  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Linguistics
Many presemiotic discussions of the cinematic medium can be traced back to the early years of film history. Among the precursors of film semiotics, one of the most prominent is ...
St Chrodegang

St Chrodegang  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(d. 766), Bp. of Metz and a prominent ecclesiastical reformer. He was chief minister to Charles Martel and Pepin III, holding political office even after he became Bp. of Metz (probably some time ...
Gorze

Gorze  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
A monastery near Metz, founded in 748 by St Chrodegang. After difficulties in the 9th cent., it was revived and built up by Adalbero I, Bp. of Metz (929–62), and became a centre of monastic reform. ...
Entry Into Jerusalem

Entry Into Jerusalem  

Celebrated on Palm Sunday, Christ's Entry marks the beginning of his Passion (Mt 21:1–11, Mk 11:1–10, Lk 19:29–40, Jn 12:12–19). Its imagery shifted with shifting interpretations of the Passion. On ...
jubilus

jubilus  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Music
The name given in Latin antiquity to a joyful work sung without text. First applied to melismatic Christian chant by Amalarius of Metz (9th century), it has customarily been defined ...
Teresa de Lauretis

Teresa de Lauretis  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Linguistics
(b. 1938),Italian‐born American gender theorist and film semiotician. De Lauretis's critical interest in materialist semiotics as well as poststructuralism and psychoanalysis set her apart from most ...
Florus

Florus  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(d. c.860), deacon of Lyons and a canon of the cathedral church. When Amalarius tried to make changes in the liturgy, Florus attacked him in a number of works, including the Expositio Missae. In the ...
Agobard

Agobard  

(c.769–840), Abp. of Lyons from 816. He was a versatile scholar. He attacked the excessive veneration of images, trial by ordeal, and belief in witchcraft. He also wrote against the Adoptionist views ...
Embolism

Embolism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(Gk. for ‘intercalation’). In the Roman Mass, the prayer beginning ‘Deliver us…’ inserted between the Lord's Prayer after the Canon and the Prayer for Peace. The word is also used (not in a ...

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