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Christian Art

[This entry includes two subentries, an overview and a discussion of Christian art in Egypt.] Early Christian art usually is identified as ...

non-Western Christian art

non-Western Christian art   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Christian Art and Architecture (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
2,759 words

...New York, and in the African Art Museum of the SMA Fathers in Tenafly, NJ. An uncommon model of Christian presence is the introduction of Christian art education. The graduates of Margaret Trowell’s art school initiative in Makerere in Uganda of the 1930s benefitted from Trowell’s own studies at the Slade School of Art. These stood her in good stead when she later progressed her teaching initiative towards validation by London University. African outlook, forms, and technique characterize examples of the Christian subject matter produced by her first...

Spirituality and Christian art

Spirituality and Christian art   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Christian Art and Architecture (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
2,440 words

...came to be known as the Iconoclastic Controversy) arose about the use of images in Christian art and worship. Hitherto, at least from the end of the 2nd century of the Christian era, representational art had flowered among Christians as it did across the Roman world generally. The controversy was eventually settled in favour of the use of images, although Reformed theologians (notably Calvin ) disapproved of their use. Thereafter the use of images in art (and especially the icons of the Orthodox tradition whose composition is in itself an act of...

Jewish and Christian interactions in art

Jewish and Christian interactions in art   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Christian Art and Architecture (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
1,304 words

...and Christian interactions in art The Christian character of much Western art raises important questions about the interactions between Jews and Christians in visual art. How have Jews been represented in Christian art? How have Jewish artists engaged with Christian themes and symbols? Do Jews and Christians place a similar value on art and beauty? Engaging with these questions is best done by surveying some key examples of Jewish-Christian interactions in the history of art, from antiquity to the present. First, however, to be confronted is the prevalent...

Islamic and Christian interactions in art

Islamic and Christian interactions in art   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Christian Art and Architecture (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
1,549 words

...and Christian interactions in art Contacts between Christian art and Islamic art can be detected with varying degrees of certainty, sporadically over centuries, and in different countries and media. The Islamic era begins with the hijrah , the exodus from Mecca to Medina in ah 1/ ad 622, of the followers of the Prophet Muhammad, who had turned away from idolatry. Islamic art is conditioned by Islam, but not all its productions are acceptable to all Muslims, and there is some participation of non-Muslim groups: hence it is best defined as the art produced...

Latin American Christian art and architecture

Latin American Christian art and architecture   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Christian Art and Architecture (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
1,537 words

...or early-18th century. A recent volume edited by Alejandro R. Garcia-Rivera and Mia M. Mochizuki and entitled Encounters of Faith: Art and Devotion in Latin America , successfully explores the art of this colonial period, seeking to answer the twin queries: What is the life of theology in art? And what is the life of art in theology? Famous objects of pilgrimage enshrine the indigenous peoples in devotional Christian art, for example, the black Christ of Esquipulas (1595) by the Guatamalan sculptor Quinto Cataño and the ‘Indian’ Virgen de la Candelaria ...

Early Christian art and architecture

Early Christian art and architecture   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Christian Art and Architecture (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
5,163 words

... is a significant exception—and the artistic forms and conventions in use in classical or pagan art were a natural starting-point, only the subjects being different, and only gradually did their meaning become explicitly Christian. The development of a new kind of art was greatly helped by the emergence of a popular art in the late 2nd century which developed in parallel with the expiring forms of Hellenistic art, partly through the need for an art able to express movement and emotion, and with a concentration on narrative, of which the Columns of...

Christian Art

Christian Art   Reference library

The Encyclopedia of Religion and Nature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences
Length:
1,901 words

...is similar to tomb decorations from non-Christian sites. Christians adopted Hellenistic and Roman iconography, including visions of pastoral calm, for depicting Christian themes, such as Christ as the Good Shepherd. Carvings of grape vines adorn early Christian sarcophagi as symbols of eternal life. The leaf covered human faces (Green Men) associated with spiritual rebirth in the cult of the Greek god Dionysus, later appear on Christian church portals as symbols of resurrection. Several dominant themes in Christian art have historically contemplated the...

Christian Art

Christian Art   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece and Rome

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
6,976 words
Illustration(s):
2

... Imperial Art as Christian Art, Christian Art as Imperial Art: Expression and Meaning in Art and Architecture from Constantine to Justinian , pp. 137–156. Rome: Bardi Editore, 2001. Brandenburg, Hugo . Ancient Churches of Rome from the Fourth to the Seventh Century: The Dawn of Christian Architecture in the West . Translated by Andreas Kropp. Turnhout , Belgium: Brepols, 2005. Cartlidge, David , and J. Keith Elliott . Art and the Christian Apocrypha . London and New York: Routledge, 2001. Elsner, Jaś . Imperial Rome and Christian Triumph: The Art of the...

art, Christian

art, Christian ((scriptural and theological perspectives))   Reference library

Ben Quash

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
1,390 words

..., 2nd edn, 2002). R. [D.] Williams , Grace and Necessity: Reflections on Art and Love (Harrisburg, Pa, 2005). R. Loverance , Christian Art (Cambridge, Mass., 2007). B. Quash , Found Theology: History, Imagination, and the Holy Spirit (London, 2013). J. A. Anderson and W. A. Dyrness , Modern Art and the Life of a Culture: The Religious Impulses of Modernism (Downers Grove, Ill., 2016). C. A. Tsakaridou , Tradition and Transformation in Christian Art (New York,...

Early Christian art

Early Christian art   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Art (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
47 words

...Christian art . Term generally applied to Christian art from the 3rd century ad until about 750, particularly in Italy and the western Mediterranean. The art of the Eastern Empire during this time is termed Byzantine art, but there is no hard-and-fast demarcation between the two...

early Christian art

early Christian art   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Western Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
1,725 words

...pagan culture, both art and literature; should they reject it completely or absorb it? Artists and patrons alike had been brought up in the traditions of pagan art, so it was within the styles and conventions of such art that Christian art and iconography developed. Such art is not distinct in form but in content, yet much of that content is borrowed directly or adapted from Roman art . Even the very earliest remaining art from the persecution days contains pagan motifs. During this period, Christian art was very much a secret art, above all in the...

art, early Christian

art, early Christian   Reference library

Rowena Loverance

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
1,505 words

...more integrated study of art, architecture, and liturgy to bring the early Christian thought-world to life. Rowena Loverance P. Brown , The World of Late Antiquity (London, 1971). J. Elsner , Imperial Rome and Christian Triumph: Art of the Roman Empire AD 100–450 (New York, 1997). J. Elsner , ‘Archaeologies and Agendas: Reflections on Late Ancient Jewish Art and Early Christian Art’, JRS 93 (2003), 114–28. P. C. Finney , The Invisible God: The Earliest Christians on Art (New York, 1994). A. Grabar , Christian Iconography: A Study of...

Early Christian art

Early Christian art   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Art and Artists (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
47 words

...Christian art Term generally applied to Christian art from the 3rd century ad until about 750, particularly in Italy and the western Mediterranean. The art of the Eastern empire during this time is termed Byzantine art , but there is no hard-and-fast demarcation between the two...

Index of Christian Art

Index of Christian Art   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Medieval Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

... Index of Christian Art, http://ica.Princeton.edu [Princeton University] (accessed 14 Dec 2011) M. Lavin : The Eye of The Tiger: The Founding and Development of the Department of Art and Archaeology, 1883–1923 (Princeton, 1983) C. H. Smyth and P. Lukehart : The Early Years of Art History in the United States (Princeton, 1993) C. Hourihane : ‘They stand on his shoulders’; Morey, Iconography, and the Index of Christian Art. Insights and Interpretations, Studies in Celebration of the Eighty-Fifth Anniversary of the Index of Christian Art ...

Christian Visual Art, Early

Christian Visual Art, Early   Reference library

Jeffrey Spier

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and the Arts

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Religion, Art & Architecture
Length:
7,224 words

... Aniconism ; Byzantine Visual Art ; Jewish Visual Art ; and Medieval Visual Art .] Bibliography General Spier, Jeffrey . Picturing the Bible: The Earliest Christian Art . New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 2007. This exhibition catalog provides illustrations of most of the works of art cited in this article, as well as further bibliography and discussion. In addition, there are essays on Jewish art (Steven Fine), the emergence of Christian art (Mary Charles-Murray and Robin M. Jensen), Constantine and Christian art (Johannes G. Deckers), church...

art and architecture: early Christian

art and architecture: early Christian   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
1,084 words

... (1994). W. E. Kleinbauer , Early Christian and Byzantine Architecture: An Annotated Bibliography and Historiography (1992). G. Koch , Early Christian Art and Architecture: An Introduction (1996). R. Krautheimer , Early Christian and Byzantine Architecture ( 4 1986). Liebieghaus, Museum Alter Plastik, Spätantike und frühes Christentum (1984). J. Lowden , Early Christian and Byzantine Art (1997). T. F. Matthews , The Early Churches of Constantinople: Architecture and Liturgy (1971). R. Milburn , Early Christian Art and Architecture (1988). J. Spier...

Christian art in the Islamic world

Christian art in the Islamic world   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
1,700 words

...interchange created such distinctive traditions as Mozarabic art (art made in the Iberian peninsula by Christians living under Muslim rule) and Crusader art (Levantine art made from the 12th to 14th centuries when some areas of the region were under Crusader rule). Examples survive in virtually all media, including architecture, carved woodwork, manuscripts, metalwork, ceramics, and textiles, to name just a few. This article only highlights a few representative examples of Christian art in Muslim contexts. Perhaps the earliest examples are several...

Christian Art, Music, and Drama in Karnataka

Christian Art, Music, and Drama in Karnataka   Reference library

Francis Rodrigues

The Oxford Encyclopaedia of South Asian Christianity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012

... Art, Music, and Drama in Karnataka One of the major developments in the twentieth century was the increased use of art, music, and drama in the Indian Church as part of the effort to indigenize and contextualize Christian faith and worship. Christian Drama : An important form of art is Konkani drama. In former times, interested actors enacted Konkani dramas, which were translations of English plays that had possibly been enacted in colleges. These plays were enacted on hilly and open grounds and fields, which were virtually converted into a theatrical...

Christian Art

Christian Art  

Reference type:
Overview Page
[This entry includes two subentries, an overview and a discussion of Christian art in Egypt.]Early Christian art usually is identified as such by its subject matter—that is, by the ...
Early Christian art

Early Christian art  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Term generally applied to Christian art from the 3rd century ad until about 750, particularly in Italy and the western Mediterranean. The art of the Eastern empire during this time is termed ...

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