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Chnoubis

(Ξνούβις). The deity or daimon engraved on popular medical gem amulets, the Chnoubis takes the form of a coiled serpent with a lion's head and a nimbus and rays, surrounded ...

Chnoubis

Chnoubis   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
174 words

... (Ξνούβις). The deity or daimon engraved on popular medical gem amulets , the Chnoubis takes the form of a coiled serpent with a lion's head and a nimbus and rays, surrounded by the seven planets or 12 houses of the zodiac. This pagan amuletic device, believed to prevent abdominal ailments, was christianized in late antiquity when the image of Chnoubis evolved into a dominating Gorgon head, often accompanied by the inscription, “Lord, help the wearer.” The Chnoubis also appears on Christian uterine or Medusa amulets, which derive directly from...

Chnoubis

Chnoubis  

(Ξνούβις). The deity or daimon engraved on popular medical gem amulets, the Chnoubis takes the form of a coiled serpent with a lion's head and a nimbus and rays, surrounded ...
Gem-Engraving

Gem-Engraving   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Classical Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Classical studies
Length:
5,147 words
Illustration(s):
3

...might achieve gnosis (knowledge) by a hazardous but precisely mapped ascent from evil terrestrial existence, through intervening daimons and aeons to the pleroma (celestial realm). One common amuletic device, a serpentine creature with an irradiated lion’s head inscribed chnoubis , was recognized as an evil Gnostic demiurge (creator), elsewhere reputed to be effective in the treatment of stomach ailments. Certainly the deity has its iconographic origins in Egyptian mythology and astrology, but it exists only on these amulets. Similarly, the anguipede—a...

Armbands, Amuletic

Armbands, Amuletic   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
130 words

...with incised figural medallions. Typically these armbands show at least part of the Palestinian Christological Cycle as well as the beginning of the apotropaic 90th Psalm. More elaborate examples add ring signs , apotropaic acclamations , The Holy Rider , and some form of Chnoubis . Because these armbands are closely related to Medusa Amulets , which in addition to the above words and images bear various uterine incantations, they too were probably made specifically for women and control of the uterus. Vikan , Art, Medicine & Magic 75–77. M....

Amulet

Amulet   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
643 words

...like a serpent, hissing like a dragon, and roaring like a lion”—and then is admonished to “lie down like a lamb”; a ring excavated at Corinth is inscribed: hysterikon phylakterion (“uterus amulet”). The Medusa-like image on these amulets developed out of the Greco-Egyptian Chnoubis , one of antiquity's most popular gemamulets—and one long recognized as specifically effective in treating disorders of the abdomen and uterus. G. Schlumberger , Amulettes byzantins anciens destinés à combattre les maléfices & maladies , REGr 5 (1892) 73–93. Vikan , Art,...

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