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Chen Yun

(b. Shanghai, c. 1905; d. Beijing, 22 Apr. 1995) Chinese; economist, economic theorist; Chinese Communist Party Politburo member 1934–87 Chen Yun is perhaps one of the least well ...

Chen Yun

Chen Yun (1905)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Political Biography (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
768 words

...politically, Chen did not personally bear the brunt of Mao's hostilities during the Cultural Revolution. The Cultural Revolution decade had once again severely damaged the Chinese economy, and in 1978 , the party turned to Chen Yun once again. In addition to his economic work, Chen also returned to his leadership origins in party organization, becoming the first head of the Central Discipline Inspection Commission, and for a short time, Chen Yun and Deng Xiaoping developed a strategic partnership in the central élites. However, by 1984 Chen Yun had become...

Chen Yun

Chen Yun (1905)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
769 words

...politically, Chen did not personally bear the brunt of Mao's hostilities during the Cultural Revolution. The Cultural Revolution decade had once again severely damaged the Chinese economy, and in 1978 , the party turned to Chen Yun once again. In addition to his economic work, Chen also returned to his leadership origins in party organization, becoming the first head of the Central Discipline Inspection Commission, and for a short time, Chen Yun and Deng Xiaoping developed a strategic partnership in the central élites. However, by 1984 Chen Yun had become...

CHEN Yun

CHEN Yun (1905–1995)   Reference library

Joel R. CAMPBELL

Berkshire Encyclopedia of China

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016

...CHEN Yun Chén Yún 陈云 ‎ 1905–1995 Early Communist leader Considered to be one of China’s “eight immortals,” a group of Chinese Communist Party ( CCP ) patriarchs who held significant power after the death of Mao Zedong in 1976 , Chen Yun was perhaps most famous for his theory of the “bird-cage economy.” He held that China’s market should be allowed to perform like a bird in a cage. The cage should not be so small that the bird cannot fly, but the bird should remain within the confines of a cage, lest it fly away. Born in Qingpu near...

♂ Chén Yún

♂ Chén Yún (1905–1995)   Reference library

Joel R. CAMPBELL

Berkshire Dictionary of Chinese Biography (Volume 4)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
History, Regional and National History, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,467 words
Illustration(s):
1

...♂ Chén Yún 陈云 ‎ 1905–1995 — Old-guard political leader and economic thinker , one of the so-called Eight Immortals Alternate names: b. Liào Chényún 廖程雲 ‎ ; trad. 陳雲 ‎ Chen Yun in Zhongnanhai ( 1959 ). Author unknown. Summary A long-lived revolutionary and government official, Chen Yun is best known as a key party economic thinker and ideological theorist from the 1950s to the 1980s. He developed the bird cage theory of limited economic freedom after the Cultural Revolution and promoted slow, steady development in opposition to Deng...

Chen Yun

Chen Yun  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(b. Shanghai, c. 1905; d. Beijing, 22 Apr. 1995)Chinese; economist, economic theorist; Chinese Communist Party Politburo member 1934–87 Chen Yun is perhaps one of the least well known, but one of the ...
Chinese Family Names

Chinese Family Names   Reference library

Mark Lewellen and Horace Chen

Dictionary of American Family Names (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Names studies
Length:
4,993 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...historic books on the origins of Chinese surnames are Yuan He Xing Zuan ( 元和姓纂 ‎ ), Xing Shi Kao Lüe ( 姓氏 ‎ 考 ‎ 略 ‎ ), Tong Zhi – Shi Zu Lüe ( 通志 ‎· 氏族略 ‎ ), Xing Yuan ( 姓苑 ‎ ), Xing Xi ( 姓觽 ‎ ), Gu Jin Xing Shi Shu Bian Zheng ( 古 ‎ 今 ‎ 姓氏 ‎ 書 ‎ 辯 ‎ 證 ‎ ), Xing Yuan Yun Pu ( 姓源韻譜 ‎ ), Xing Shi Ji Jiu Pian ( 姓氏 ‎ 急 ‎ 就 ‎ 篇 ‎ ), Lu Shi ( 路史 ‎ ), Feng Su Tong ( 風俗通 ‎ ), etc. But some of the records of persons in these books may be legendary, and some scholars are skeptical about them, particularly those concerning figures prior to the Xia...

Mu-chou Chʾen-tsun-su

Mu-chou Chʾen-tsun-su  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
c.780–877).Chʾan dharma-successor (hassu) of Huang-po Hsi-yün, whose abrupt methods he developed even further. Thus Yun-men attained enlightenment when he went to Mu-chou, who followed his practice ...
Yunqiao

Yunqiao (c.1410)   Reference library

Benezit Dictionary of Asian Artists

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

... or Yun-ch'iao Chinese , 15th century, male. Born c.1410 ; died c.1490 . Painter . Ming dynasty. Yunqiao was the teacher of the painter Zhou Chen. He was probably the same artist as Chen Xian ( 1405–1496 , sobriquet Jizhao, style name...

Jiang Jie

Jiang Jie (1800–1830)   Reference library

Benezit Dictionary of Asian Artists

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...(Zhejiang). Painter . After studying figure painting, Jiang Jie turned to flower painting in the style of Chen Shun, who was working in the mid-17th century. He painted several signed and dated works, including Chrysanthemums , after Yun Shouping, dated 1817 ; Four Paintings of Flowers Depicting the Four Seasons , including two after Yun Shouping, dated 1831 ; Tao Yuanming Gathering Chrysanthemums , dated 1831 ; Peonies and Magnolias , after Yun Shouping, accompanied by two lines of poetry; and Old Plum Tree in Flower...

Mu-chou Chʾen-tsun-su

Mu-chou Chʾen-tsun-su (c.780–877)   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
72 words

...Chʾen-tsun-su (Jap., Bokushū Chinsonshuku ; ; c. 780–877 ). Chʾan dharma-successor ( hassu ) of Huang-po Hsi-yün , whose abrupt methods he developed even further. Thus Yun-men attained enlightenment when he went to Mu-chou, who followed his practice of listening to the footsteps of approaching students, and of admitting them only if their steps expressed a prepared state of mind. Mu-chou's teaching was short and abrupt, and he appears in example 10 of Pi-yen-lu ( see KŌAN...

Yun Zhu

Yun Zhu   Reference library

Ellen Widmer

The Oxford Encyclopedia Women in World History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History
Length:
622 words

...the limelight. Her son Linqing's autobiography, published in 1846–1850 , added to Yun's luster with its celebration of her career. [ See also Chen Duansheng ; China, subentry Imperial Period ; Huang Yuanjie ; Shen Shanbao ; Wang Duanshu ; Wang Yun ; and Wu Zao .] Bibliography Chang, Kang‐i Sun . “Ming and Qing Anthologies of Women's Poetry and Their Selection Strategies.” In Writing Women in Late Imperial China , edited by Ellen Widmer and Kang‐i Sun Chang , pp. 147–170. Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 1997. The best discussion of...

Chʾüan-chen tao

Chʾüan-chen tao   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
119 words

...is thus eclectic. Of several movements derived from Chʾüan-chen tao, the most important (or at least enduring) has been Lungmen, the Dragon Gate school, with its monastery at Pai-yün kuan...

Wang Yun

Wang Yun   Reference library

Qingyun Wu

The Oxford Encyclopedia Women in World History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History
Length:
679 words

...and maneuver within the patriarchal system. Wang Yun's third play, Youxian meng , seems to have been lost. But according to Zhou Miaozhong, it is a sequel to Fanhua meng , portraying the life of Wang Menglin after she becomes an immortal. The play reflects the inescapability of real life, but its thematic concerns are still about equality between men and women and about a woman's pursuit of liberation and an ideal life. [ See also Chen Duansheng ; China, subentry Imperial Period ; Wu Zao ; and Yun Zhu .] Bibliography Ropp, Paul S. “ ‘Now cease...

Chen Duansheng

Chen Duansheng   Reference library

Qingyun Wu

The Oxford Encyclopedia Women in World History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History
Length:
664 words

...undermine female power, symbolized by the only woman emperor in Chinese history, Wu Zetian. Such attempted revisions of Zaisheng yuan mark Chen Duansheng's radical voice as especially controversial. The political as well as aesthetic value of her work has attracted wide critical attention in both China and the West. [ See also China, subentry Imperial Period ; Liang Mengzhao ; Qiu Xinru ; Tao Zhenhuai ; Wang Yun ; Wu, Empress ; and Wu Zao .] Bibliography Sung, Marina H. The Narrative Art of Tsai‐sheng‐yüan: A Feminist Vision in Traditional...

Fusheng liuji

Fusheng liuji   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Chinese Literature

...Qing dynasty. The title comes from Li Bo ’s verse ‘The floating life is like a dream; how much longer can we enjoy our happiness?’ Shen wrote this autobiography when he accompanied the Qing envoy Qi Kun 齐鲲 ‎ (d. 1814 ) to the Ryukyu Islands in 1808 . Missing his late wife Chen Yun 陈芸 ‎, who died in 1803 , he reminisced about their days together. The work originally had six fascicles, of which four have survived: ‘Happy Married Life’, ‘Pleasures of a Leisure life’, ‘Frustrations and Sorrows’, and ‘Joyful Travels.’ Written in elegant classical Chinese,...

Wang Shizhen

Wang Shizhen (1634–1711)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Chinese Literature

... shen (spirit/spiritual) refers to spontaneous elements embedded in the poetry; yun (melodious tones) refers to poetic euphony and atmosphere. It was said that in his poetry ‘without composing a word, his cultivated urbanity is revealed completely’ (bu zhuo yi zi, jin de fengliu 不着一字 ‎, 尽得风流 ‎). He wrote more than 4,000 poems and compiled dozens of collections and anthologies. Further Reading Richard John Lynn , ‘Orthodoxy and Enlightenment: Wang Shih-chen’s Theory of Poetry and Its Antecedents’, in W. T. de Bary , ed., The Unfolding of...

Chen Shu

Chen Shu   Reference library

Marsha Weidner

The Oxford Encyclopedia Women in World History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History
Length:
717 words
Illustration(s):
1

...nearer Chen's own time were the accomplished flower painters Wen Shu ( 1595–1634 ), Ma Quan (eighteenth century), and Yun Bing (eighteenth century). Chen Shu differs from these women not only in her artistic range but also in not being related or married to a famous male artist. However, the stature that she attained was not wholly the result of her artistic accomplishments and influence on other painters; it also was the result of the filial piety and worldly success of her son Qian Chenqun ( 1686–1774 ), who attained high rank and served close...

Yun Shouping

Yun Shouping (1633)   Reference library

Benezit Dictionary of Asian Artists

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...separated from his father and was adopted by the Qing general Chen Jin, whose mother, a Buddhist, often took him to the Lingyin temple in Hangzhou. Thus Yun became reacquainted with his father, with whom he remained until the latter's death in 1678 . At the time of the fall of the Ming dynasty and the rise of the Qing, many painters, following the ideals of the late-Ming literati, gathered under the banner of Dong Qichang ( 1555–1636 ), whose strong personality and authority had established a new orthodoxy based on the study and imitation of the Ancients....

Ma Quan

Ma Quan   Reference library

Alexandra Tunstall

The Oxford Encyclopedia Women in World History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History
Length:
682 words

...fact that men as well as women sought her out for instruction and became her ghost painters shows that the distinction between male and female hands is rather difficult to make. [ See also Art and Architecture ; Chen Shu ; China, subentry Imperial Period ; Gu Taiqing ; Huang Yuanjie ; Liang Mengzhao ; Shen Shanbao ; Wang Duanshu ; and Yun Zhu .] Bibliography Chou, Ju‐his , and Claudia Brown . The Elegant Brush: Chinese Painting under the Qianlong Emperor, 1735–1795 . Phoenix, Ariz.: Phoenix Art Museum, 1985. Laing, Ellen Johnston . “Women Painters...

PINYIN → WADE-GILES CONVERSION TABLE

PINYIN → WADE-GILES CONVERSION TABLE   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
1,191 words

...Yü-huang Yu Ji Yü Chi Yuangang Yün-kang Yungan Tansheng Yün-yen T'an-sheng Yunji Qiqian Yün-chi Ch'i-ch'ien Yunmen Wenyang Yün-men Wen-yen Zengzi Tseng-tzu Zhang Boduan Chang Po-tuan Zhang Daoling Chang Tao-ling Zhang Guolao Chang Kuo-Iao Zhang Jue Chang Chüeh Zhang Ling Chang Ling Zhang Lu Chang Lu Zhangsanfeng Chang san-feng Zhang Tianshi Chang T'ien Shih Zhang Xian Chang Hsien Zhang Xiu Chang Hsiu Zhaozhou Congshen Chao-chou Ts'ung-shen Zhengguan Cheng-kuan Zhengyi Cheng-i Zhengyidao Cheng-i tao Zhenren Chen jen Zhenyan Chen-yen Zhi Chih Zhidun Chih-tun Zhi...

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