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Charleston

Subject: Music

A fast fox‐trot named after Charleston, S. Carolina, popularized in NY, 1922, in Negro revues, in a song by Cecil Mack and Jimmy Johnson; it then had a short but widespread vogue in ...

Charleston

Charleston   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Companion to the Theatre (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
6 words

... , SC, see DOCK STREET THEATRE...

Charleston

Charleston   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase & Fable (19 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

... A foxtrot that was popular in the 1920s, originating as a back-kicking dance among African-Americans. Charleston is the main seaport in South...

charleston

charleston   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Dance (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
52 words

...charleston A fast-paced and strongly syncopated American social dance that was especially popular in the 1920s. It took its name from Charleston in South Carolina and was originally a solo dance performed by African-Americans. In 1926 it was accepted as a ballroom dance. Josephine Baker was one of its most celebrated...

Charleston

Charleston   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Music (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music
Length:
57 words

... A fast fox‐trot named after Charleston, SC, popularized in NY, 1922 , in African-American revues, in a song by Cecil Mack and Jimmy Johnson ; it then had a short but widespread vogue in ballrooms and dance‐halls. The dance‐step was characterized by 2 twists on each foot, with one kicked sharply backwards, and swinging of the...

Charleston

Charleston (Canada, New Zealand, USA)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Place Names (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

...Charleston , Canada, New Zealand, USA 1. USA (Illinois): named after Charles Morton , its first postmaster. 2. USA (South Carolina): previously named Charles Towne in 1670 after the British King Charles II , it was shortened in 1783 after the end of the American War of Independence ( 1775–83 ). The dance, the charleston, was conceived in Charleston, South Carolina. 3. USA (West Virginia): founded in 1794 as Charles Town, it was named by its founder, George Clendenin , for his father, Charles ....

Charleston

Charleston   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of American Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
867 words

...Architecture and Civic Destiny (Knoxville, TN, 1988) J. Poston : The Buildings of Charleston: A Guide to the City's Architecture (Charleston, SC, 1997) C. Lounsbury : From Statehouse to Courthouse (Columbia, SC, 2001) G. Waddell : Charleston Architecture, 1670–1860 , 2 vols (Charleston, SC, 2003) M. McInnis : The Politics of Taste in Antebellum Charleston (Chapel Hill, NC, 2005) L. Felzer : The Charleston Freedman's Cottage: An Architectural Tradition (Charleston, SC, 2008) L. Nelson : The Beauty of Holiness: Anglicanism and Architecture in...

Charleston

Charleston i   Reference library

John Joseph Hindman and Douglas Ashley

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,150 words

...19th century. The Charleston Concert Association, founded in 1936 , presents major soloists, orchestras, musical theater, opera, and dance. Dance is also presented by the Charleston Ballet Theatre and, associated with the College of Charleston, the Robert Ivey Ballet. The college has also held an International Piano Series annually since 1990 . The Charleston Choral Society, an amateur association founded in 1944 by its conductor Vernon Weston , gave two or three oratorio performances a year until 1966 , when it became the Charleston Opera Company with...

Charleston

Charleston ii   Reference library

Claude Conyers

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
647 words

... ( ii ). A lively social dance for couples, said to have originated in Charleston, South Carolina, as an African American dance form, popular in the 1920s. It appeared for the first time in a theatrical version in the black musical comedy Liza ( 1922 ), produced by Al Davis and staged by Walter Brooks . To open the second act, “The Charleston Dance” (music by Maceo Pinkard , lyrics by Nat Vincent ) was sung and danced by Maude Russell and the ensemble of flappers. The following season the dance was featured in another black musical, Runnin’...

Charleston

Charleston   Reference library

Alice Delancey Nelson

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Food and Drink in America (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...; Hoppin’ John ; Rice: Rice Dishes ; Seafood .] Bibliography Fraser, Walter J., Jr. Charleston! Charleston! The History of a Southern City . Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1989. Hess, Karen . The Carolina Rice Kitchen: The African Connection . Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1992. Junior League of Charleston, The. Charleston Receipts . Charleston: The Junior League of Charleston, 1950. Pinckney, Eliza Lucas . Recipe Book . Charleston, S.C.: Committee on Historic Activities of the South Carolina Society of the Colonial Dames...

Charleston

Charleston   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
49 words

... Capital of West Virginia, USA, in the w of the state, on the River Kanawha. The city grew around Fort Lee in the 1780s. It is an important trade and transport centre for the industrialized Kanawha Valley. Industries: chemicals, glass, metallurgy, timber, oil, gas, coal. Pop. ( 2000 )...

Charleston

Charleston   Reference library

Patrick Taylor

The Oxford Companion to the Garden

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Society and culture, Lifestyle, Home, and garden, Art & Architecture
Length:
217 words
Illustration(s):
1

...panelling and furniture, adds to one's understanding of Bloomsbury, and there are lovely elevated views of the garden. It is the ensemble, house, contents, and garden, that gives Charleston its interest and charm—the perfect introduction to the Bloomsbury spirit. Venus in the garden at Charleston. (© Patrick Taylor) Patrick Taylor Quentin Bell and Virginia Nicholson , Charleston: A Bloomsbury House and Garden ...

Charleston

Charleston   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
77 words

... City and port in se South Carolina, USA. Founded in the 1670s by William Sayle , it soon became the major se seaport. The South Carolina Ordinance of Secession was signed here ( 1860 ), and the firing on Fort Sumter was the first engagement of the American Civil War. It has many fine colonial buildings and the Fort Sumter National Monument. It is the site of an important naval base. Industries: paper, textiles, chemicals, steel. Pop. ( 2000 )...

Charleston

Charleston   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to American Theatre (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
187 words

... (South Carolina). One of the earliest important American theatrical centers, it saw its first play when The Orphan was presented in 1735 . Just over a year later, the Dock Street Theatre opened to become the city's first regular playhouse. In after years David Douglass , Thomas Wall , Dennis Ryan , the younger Hallam , and John Henry all performed in the city. By the end of the century several playhouses were active, and Alexandre Placide was a dominant figure. By the early 19th century the city could boast of its own school of...

Charleston

Charleston   Reference library

Peter Gammond

The Oxford Companion to Music

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Music
Length:
137 words

...Charleston . A dance, probably of African origin, that started its vogue in American dance halls from about 1905 ; it became a craze once it had been introduced into various musical shows in the 1920s. A catchy tune written by the jazz pianist James P. Johnson ( 1894–1955 ) gave it its musical character and it was seen and prospered in such shows as Runnin' Wild ( 1923 ) and Ziegfeld Follies of 1923 . Joan Crawford spread its delights in the film Our Dancing Daughters ( 1925 ) and many popular songs of the times were designed to fit it. It was...

Charleston

Charleston   Quick reference

Howard Sargeant

Dictionary Plus Social Sciences

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
111 words

...Charleston 1. A city in the US state of South Carolina. A major seaport since the early eighteenth century, it is one of the largest ports in the USA and is also the site of a major air force and naval base. The attack on Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbour is regarded as the first engagement of the American Civil War. Population ( 2010 ) 120,100. 2. A city in the US state of West Virginia and its capital. Lying on the River Kanawha, it developed in the 1780s around the Fort Lee army post. The modern city is the site of the West Virginia Air National Guard....

Charleston, Oscar

Charleston, Oscar (b. 14 October 1896)   Reference library

Encyclopedia of African American History 1896 to the Present

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
623 words

..., Oscar ( b. 14 October 1896 ; d. 5 October 1954 ), Negro Leagues superstar and manager, with a career in professional baseball that spanned almost forty years and more than a dozen teams. Oscar Charleston was born in Indianapolis, Indiana, on 14 October 1896 , and as a lad he was the batboy for the local Indianapolis ABCs, a Negro team. In 1910 he left home to join the army, at the age of fourteen. He was stationed in the Philippines, where he played baseball and ran track as a sprinter. Charleston was mustered out of the service and returned to...

Charleston Harbor

Charleston Harbor   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

... Harbor a city in South Carolina that, during the Civil War , was the site of the capture by Confederates of Fort Sumter in April 1861 , and the site of the Union blockade from 1863 to 1865 . On September 7–8, 1863 , Federal advances forced Confederate troops to evacuate Fort Wagner and Battery Gregg, but further Federal attacks were repulsed. The city held out until February 1865 and was finally evacuated when Gen. William T. Sherman 's advanced northward from Savannah after his March to the Sea...

Charleston, battle of

Charleston, battle of   Quick reference

A Dictionary of British History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
55 words

..., battle of , 1780 . In 1779 the British decided to concentrate on the southern states in America in order to encourage the loyalists. Clinton took a strong expedition from New York to Georgia and moved north to besiege Charleston. After heavy fighting, the defenders surrendered on 12 May 1780 . But the political response was...

Charleston, siege of

Charleston, siege of   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

..., siege of a Revolutionary War battle and Sir Henry Clinton 's greatest victory for the British. He succeeded in occupying Charleston, South Carolina in May 1780 . The city had been defended by continentals under the leadership of Benjamin Lincoln , who surrendered in the face of superior power and urging from local civic leaders, who wanted to spare the city from further...

Charleston, battle of

Charleston, battle of (1780)   Reference library

J. A. Cannon

The Oxford Companion to British History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
76 words

..., battle of , 1780 . In 1779 the British decided to concentrate on the southern states in America in order to encourage the loyalists. Clinton took a strong expedition from New York to Georgia and moved north to besiege Charleston, the largest town in the south. After a close investment and heavy fighting, the defenders surrendered on 12 May 1780 . Clinton took 6,000 prisoners and many guns. But the political response was disappointing. J. A....

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