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Charles Thomson Rees Wilson

(1869–1959) British physicist, who was awarded a share in the 1927 Nobel Prize for Physics for his invention of the cloud chamber. The son of a Scottish sheep farmer, ...

Wilson, Charles Thomson Rees

Wilson, Charles Thomson Rees (1869–1959)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Physics (8 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Science and technology, Physics
Length:
46 words

...Wilson, Charles Thomson Rees ( 1869–1959 ) British physicist , born in Scotland, who studied physics with J. J. Thomson in Cambridge. His best-known achievement was the development of the cloud chamber in 1911 , for which he was awarded the 1927 Nobel Prize for...

Wilson, Charles Thomson Rees

Wilson, Charles Thomson Rees (1869–1959)   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
48 words

..., Charles Thomson Rees ( 1869–1959 ) English physicist . He invented the Wilson cloud chamber used to study radioactivity, X-rays, and cosmic rays. It uses water droplets to track ions left by passing radiation. For this invention, he shared the 1927 Nobel Prize in physics with Arthur Compton...

Wilson, Charles Thomson Rees

Wilson, Charles Thomson Rees   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Scientists

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Science and technology
Length:
180 words

..., Charles Thomson Rees (1869–1959) British physicist Charles Wilson was the son of a sheep farmer from Glencorse in Scotland, but his father died when he was four and Charles and his mother moved to Manchester. He was educated there and started to specialize in biology but moved to Cambridge University to study physics. There he started work with J. J. Thomson . Wilson began experiments to duplicate cloud formation in the laboratory by letting saturated air expand, thus cooling it. He found that clouds seemed to need dust particles to start the formation...

Wilson, Charles Thomson Rees

Wilson, Charles Thomson Rees (14 February 1869)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Weather (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008

..., Charles Thomson Rees (b. Glencorse, Scotland , 14 February 1869 ; d. Carlops, Scotland , 15 November 1959 ) British meteorologist and physicist . To study clouds, Wilson constructed a chamber that, when full of saturated air, could be expanded, thus modelling the natural expansion and cooling involved. He discovered that condensation nuclei were essential for forming cloud droplets, and that in the absence of nuclei, charged particles would initiate droplet formation in supercooled water vapour. The cloud chamber became an important tool in...

Wilson, Charles Thomson Rees

Wilson, Charles Thomson Rees (1869–1959)   Quick reference

Who's Who in the Twentieth Century

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
History
Length:
228 words

..., Charles Thomson Rees ( 1869–1959 ) British physicist, who was awarded a share in the 1927 Nobel Prize for Physics for his invention of the cloud chamber. The son of a Scottish sheep farmer, Wilson was educated at Owens College, Manchester, and Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge. In 1900 he was elected to a fellowship at his college and spent the rest of his professional life at Cambridge, becoming Jacksonian Professor of Natural Philosophy ( 1925–34 ). On his retirement in 1934 Wilson returned to his native Scotland where he indulged his passion...

Wilson, Charles Thomson Rees

Wilson, Charles Thomson Rees (1869–1959)   Reference library

The New Oxford Dictionary for Scientific Writers and Editors (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

..., Charles Thomson Rees ( 1869–1959 ) British physicist . Wilson cloud...

Wilson, Charles Thomson Rees

Wilson, Charles Thomson Rees   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
42 words
Wilson, Charles Thomson Rees

Wilson, Charles Thomson Rees   Reference library

The New Zealand Oxford Dictionary

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
68 words
Charles Thomson Rees Wilson

Charles Thomson Rees Wilson  

(1869–1959)British physicist, who was awarded a share in the 1927 Nobel Prize for Physics for his invention of the cloud chamber.The son of a Scottish sheep farmer, Wilson was educated at Owens ...
cloud chamber

cloud chamber  

A device for making visible the paths of particles of ionizing radiation. The Wilson (expansion) cloud chamber consists of a container containing air and ethanol vapour, which is cooled suddenly by ...
Arthur Holly Compton

Arthur Holly Compton  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(1892–1962)US physicist, who became professor of physics at the University of Chicago in 1923. He is best known for his discovery (1923) of the Compton effect, for which he shared the 1927 Nobel ...
Times, The

Times, The   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to English Literature (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Literature
Length:
276 words

...Dawson ( 1912–19 and 1923–41 ); Henry Wickham Steed ( 1919–22 ); Robert Barrington Ward ( 1941–8 ); William Francis Casey ( 1948–52 ); William Haley ( 1952–66 ); William Rees‐Mogg ( 1966–81 ); Harold Evans ( 1981–2 ); Charles Douglas‐Home ( 1982–5 ); Charles Wilson ( 1985–90 ); Simon Jenkins ( 1990–2 ); Peter Stothard ( 1992–2002 ); Robert Thomson ( 2002–7 ), and James Harding ( 2007–  ). There are three weekly supplements: the Times Literary Supplement (founded 1901 ), the Times Educational Supplement (founded 1910 ), and...

AWARDS

AWARDS   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Children's Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Literature, Children's literature studies
Length:
11,389 words

...Wilson, Lizzie Zipmouth Older Readers: J. K. Rowling, Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire 2002  Younger Children: Allan Ahlberg and Katherine McEwan, The Man Who Wore All His Clothes Younger Readers: Michael Morpurgo, Out of the Ashes Older Readers: Malorie Blackman, * Noughts and Crosses 2003  Younger Children: Giles Andreae and Nick Sharratt, Pants Younger Readers: Robert Swindells, Blitzed Older Readers: Anthony Horowitz, * Skeleton Key 2004  Younger Children: Kes Gray and Garry Parsons, Billy’s Bucket Younger Readers: Gwyneth Rees, The Mum...

Gospel music

Gospel music   Reference library

Stephen Shearon, Harry Eskew, James C. Downey, Stephen Shearon, and Robert Darden

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
18,026 words
Illustration(s):
6

...who sang solos, accompanied himself at the reed pump-organ (harmonium), and led both congregational and choir singing. Gospel hymnody functioned as a simple and unsophisticated means of communicating the evangelistic message, indicated by the slogan penned in 1873 by Rev. A.A. Rees and used to advertise their meetings in Britain: “D.L. Moody of Chicago will preach the gospel, and Ira D. Sankey of Chicago will sing the gospel.” The success of the Moody-Sankey meetings beginning in 1873 in Great Britain and the United States has been described by McLoughlin...

Computational Linguistics

Computational Linguistics   Reference library

International Encyclopedia of Linguistics (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Linguistics
Length:
17,923 words
Illustration(s):
2

...P[hrase] S[tructure] G[rammar] and T[ree] A[djoining] G[rammar]. In the 1980s and 1990s, extensive “surface generation” grammars were developed for a range of modern languages. In the same period, the problem of generating connected discourse gained ever-increasing importance. The design of discourse generators capable of coherent and cohesive text output was founded on theoretical work by, among others, Grosz and Sidner 1986 —who proposed a conjoined treatment of discourse structure and focusing—Mann and Thompson 1987 (Rhetorical Structure theory), and...

Resilience in Later Life

Resilience in Later Life   Reference library

Nancy A. Pachana, Nicola W. Burton, Deirdre McLaughlin, and Colin A. Depp

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Psychology and Aging

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology
Length:
14,208 words

...role of the individual in successful aging and has been applied in a variety of mental health contexts. For example, its problem-solving orientation has been incorporated into cognitive-behavioral approaches with older adults with depression ( Laidlaw, Thompson, Dick-Siskin, & Gallagher-Thompson, 2003 ). Researchers have also explored the use of SOC strategies in older adults’ daily lives ( Carpentieri, Elliott, Brett, & Deary, 2017 ). Baltes and Smith ( 2003 ) underscored the unique challenges facing the oldest old with respect to both health and...

Mississippian Ancient Towns and Cities, 1000–1700

Mississippian Ancient Towns and Cities, 1000–1700   Reference library

Robbie Ethridge

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Urban History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
11,560 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Tascalusa’s Chiefdom ; Smith, Coosa ; and Gregory D. Wilson , The Archaeology of Everyday Life at Early Moundville (Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, 2008). 52. Reilly and Garber, eds., Ancient Objects and Sacred Realm and Lankford, Reilly, and Garber, eds., Visualizing the Sacred . 53. Townsend and Sharp, eds., Hero, Hawk, and the Open Hand . 54. Charles Hudson , The Southeastern Indians (Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1976); Hudson, Knights of Spain ; Charles Hudson and Carmen Chaves Tesser , eds., Forgotten...

Professional Team Sports in the United States

Professional Team Sports in the United States   Reference library

Steven A. Riess

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Urban History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
10,903 words

...skating, passing, and puck handling instead of the NHL-style of dump-and-chase that emphasized physicality and violence. In 2015 , 24.2 percent of players were Americans, 49.7 percent Canadians, and 26.1 percent European. The first African American in the NHL was Willie O’Ree, who played sparingly for Boston in 1958 . Five of twenty-two current players with African ancestry are US born. 39 The NHL in the early 1970s took a very proactive role in promoting hockey internationally, particularly against the “amateur” world champion Soviet Union. The NHL was...

Physics

Physics: c. 13.7 billion years ago - 2010  

Reference type:
Timeline
Current Version:
2012

...devises an oil drop experiment that determines the charge of an electron Millikan's oil-drop experiment A Dictionary of Physics 6 1900s 20th century Science North America United States 1911 1911 Charles Wilson, using his cloud chamber to detect the passage of charged particles, obtains his first photographs of alpha and beta rays Wilson, Charles Thomson Rees (1869–1959) A Dictionary of Scientists 1 1910s 20th century Science Great Britain - from 1707 United Kingdom - from 1801 British Isles Europe Britain 1911 1911 Ernest Rutherford proposes the concept of...

Science

Science: c. 13.7 billion years ago - 2011  

Reference type:
Timeline
Current Version:
2012

...heredity through his study of the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster Morgan, Thomas Hunt (1866–1945) A Dictionary of Scientists 1 1910s 20th century Life sciences North America United States 1911 1911 Charles Wilson, using his cloud chamber to detect the passage of charged particles, obtains his first photographs of alpha and beta rays Wilson, Charles Thomson Rees (1869–1959) A Dictionary of Scientists 1 1910s 20th century Physics Great Britain - from 1707 United Kingdom - from 1801 British Isles Europe Britain 1911 1911 Ernest Rutherford proposes the concept of...

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