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Charles Lee

(1731–82) Revolutionary War general, born in Chester, England. His ineffective leadership early in the battle of Monmouth (1778) led to his being reprimanded by George Washington. He was ...

UK

UK   Reference library

John Gooch, Angus Calder, J. M. Lee, M. R. D. Foot, Keith Jeffery, M. R. D. Foot, Angus Calder, Charles Messenger, M. R. D. Foot, Tony Lane, M. R. D. Foot, and Peter Stansky

The Oxford Companion to World War II

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
History, Military History, Social sciences, Warfare and Defence
Length:
24,192 words
Illustration(s):
3

...of 1929–33 and in the run-up to the war, as well as a vote against Authority, against what Cobbett used to call The Thing, what later radicals called the Establishment. Attlee returned to Potsdam with the new foreign secretary, Bevin, and continued to put the British case. J. M. Lee / M. R. D. Foot 4. Northern Ireland The six north-eastern Irish counties remained part of the UK after 1922 when the Irish Free State—or Eire as it was called after 1937 —achieved independence. The most significant wartime role of the province was in providing facilities during...

Lee, Charles

Lee, Charles (1731–1782)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to American Military History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

..., Charles ( 1731–1782 ), British army officer, Revolutionary War general. Born in Cheshire, England, Lee fought in the French and Indian War , serving from Edward Braddock 's ill‐fated campaign against Fort Duquesne to the 1760 conquest of Montréal. Siding with America's revolutionaries, the politically radical Lee became the Continental army 's third‐ranking general in 1775 . He improved coastal fortifications and helped George Washington 's army escape from a precarious position on Manhattan. A student of war and society, Lee advocated a mass...

Lee, Charles

Lee, Charles (1731–82)   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

..., Charles ( 1731–82 ) Revolutionary War general, born in Chester, England . His ineffective leadership early in the battle of Monmouth ( 1778 ) led to his being reprimanded by George Washington . He was later court-martialed, and after repeated open and public attacks on the commander in chief, dismissed from the army. Lee had previously commanded patriot forces that repelled a British assault on Fort Moultrie in South Carolina ( 1776 ), and a year earlier he had been in Boston with Washington, engaged in constructing entrenchments and training...

Charles Lee

Charles Lee (1731–82)   Reference library

Oxford Dictionary of Political Quotations (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
37 words

...0Charles Charles Lee 1731 – 82 American soldier Beware that your Northern laurels do not change to Southern willows. to General Horatio Gates after the surrender of Burgoyne at Saratoga, on 17 October 1777 Northern laurels Southern ...

Lee, Mark Charles

Lee, Mark Charles (1952– )   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Space Exploration (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...Lee, Mark Charles ( 1952–  ) Former US astronaut . His space shuttle missions include the Atlantis mission in May 1989 to deploy the Magellan spacecraft. In February 1997 , he flew with the Discovery mission to upgrade and repair the Hubble Space Telescope , when he conducted three space walks totalling more than 19 hours. Lee was selected as an astronaut in 1984 . He retired from NASA and the US Air Force in 2001...

Lewes, Charles Lee

Lewes, Charles Lee (1842–91)   Reference library

Oxford Reader's Companion to Trollope

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies (19th century)
Length:
118 words

...Charles Lee ( 1842–91 ) , son of G. H. Lewes , whose desire to enter the civil service Trollope assisted, advising on the admissions process ( 1860 ). When Lewes came of age ( 1863 ) he passed the entrance examination with flying colours, and Trollope offered sage advice to his father that ‘exertion will give a man a decent gentleman's income not late in life’ and afford scope for other pursuits without sacrifice to public duties ( Letters 1, 118). Lewes did not heed this advice and was soon on the carpet for laxness and carelessness (not unlike...

Charles Lee

Charles Lee  

(1731–82) Revolutionary War general, born in Chester, England. His ineffective leadership early in the battle of Monmouth (1778) led to his being reprimanded by George Washington. He was later ...
Mark Charles Lee

Mark Charles Lee  

(1952– )US astronaut. His space shuttle missions include the Atlantis mission in May 1989 to deploy the Magellan spacecraft. In February 1997, he flew with the Discovery mission to upgrade and repair ...
12 The Economics of Print

12 The Economics of Print   Reference library

Alexis Weedon

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
7,076 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...th -century book, periodical, and general publishing firms, so too was the newspaper industry built largely on the model of the family business. Ties between the industries were close, as Lee has stated: ‘Newspaper proprietors had customarily been recruited from the ranks of printers and publishers, and the tradition of proprietorship was deeply rooted and long-lived’ (Lee, 84). In the book publishing industry, family firms and partnerships predominated. Such firms were typically valued prior to changing hands, which was either when a firm was being handed on...

Novels

Novels   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
6,137 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...biography’—the novel had always been marked both by the traces of its origins and by an ongoing dialogue with them. The Romantic novel continued this dialogue, a process of self-definition reflected in the proliferation of categorizing subtitles: ‘A Tale of Other Times’ ( Sophia *Lee 's The Recess , 1783–5 ), ‘A Domestic Story’ ( Mary *Robinson 's The False Friend , 1799 ), ‘A German Story, Founded on Incidents in Real Life’ ( Francis Lathom 's ( 1777–1832 ) The Midnight Bell , 1798 ), ‘A Romance, Interspersed with Some Pieces of Poetry’ ( Ann *Radcliffe...

Popular Culture

Popular Culture   Quick reference

Charles Phythian-Adams

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
6,654 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...in Industrial Society: Oldham and Saddleworth, 1740–1865 (1994) ). In all of this, nevertheless, a crucial mediator between the cultures of formality and informality often remained the parish priest, whose local social significance is only now being emphasized (see Robert Lee , Rural Society and the Anglican Clergy, 1815–1914: Encountering and Managing the Poor (2006) and The Church of England and the Durham Coalfield 1810–1926 ( 2007 ). The concomitant of this was the survival, well into the 20th century, of the parish itself as the key secular...

Scottish Local and Family History

Scottish Local and Family History   Quick reference

David moody

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
5,622 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...approaches now available. Among professional models to follow are the two volumes Aberdeen before 1800: A New History ( 2002 ), edited by E. Patricia Dennison , David Ditchburn , and Michael Lynch , and Aberdeen 1800–2000 ( 2000 ), edited by W. Hamish Fraser and Clive H. Lee . Not polemics exactly, but a kindred passion, has helped to drive a Scottish economic history programme. G. C. Peden , in his ‘Agenda for the Economic History of Twentieth‐Century Scotland’, Scottish Economic and Social History , 13 ( 1993 ), described it as ‘inverted‐Whig...

Agricultural History

Agricultural History   Quick reference

David Hey

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
4,344 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...that obscures the sufferings of the rural poor. The developing interest in social history has led some historians—notably those associated with the journals History Workshop and Rural History —to offer a different picture, focused on rural protest. See, for example, Robert Lee , Unquiet Country: Voices of the Rural Poor, 1820–1880 (2005). It is argued that too much stress on the achievements of agriculture in feeding the rapidly growing industrial population overlooks the periods of famine and starvation suffered by the rural poor. The debate is...

Labour History

Labour History   Quick reference

John L. Halstead

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
5,401 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

... 2008 ). The distinctive features of the party outside England can be explored through Deian Hopkin , Duncan Tanner , and Chris Williams (eds), The Labour Party in Wales ( 2000 ); and much about Scotland will emerge from two enjoyable biographies, Patricia Hollis , Jennie Lee ( 1997 ), and Gordon Brown , Maxton ( 1986 , new edn, 2002 ). The bibliographies point to a large literature, which includes such scholarly work as the indefatigable G. D. H. Cole's A History of the Labour Party from 1914 ( 1948 ) to 1945 ; or, on the early period, K. D....

The Tempest

The Tempest   Reference library

Michael Dobson, Anthony Davies, and Will Sharpe

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare studies and criticism, Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
4,078 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
2

...( 1939 ) with Peggy Ashcroft as Miranda was one of the last Shakespeare broadcasts before the BBC closed its television service for the length of the war. The American Hallmark television series produced a memorable The Tempest ( 1960 ) with Maurice Evans (Prospero), Lee Remick (Miranda), and Richard Burton (Caliban). Michael Hordern ’s Prospero for BBC TV ( 1979 ) was judged dignified but undisturbing, whereas Derek Jarman ’s The Tempest ( 1980 ) aroused fierce critical response since it resonates with an underlying agenda which seeks to...

Class Distinctions

Class Distinctions   Reference library

Garner’s Modern English Usage (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Language reference, Usage and Grammar Guides
Length:
1,164 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...ben-ә- fish -ә-rer-ee comparable com -pәr-ә-bәl kәm- par -ә-bәl coupon koo -pahn kyoo -pahn descent di- sent dee -sent deteriorate di- tir -ee-ә-rayt dee- tir -ee-ayt, di- tir -әr-ayt escalate es -kә-layt es -kyә-layt escape es- kayp ek- skayp especially es- spesh -ә-lee ek- spesh -ә-lee etc. et set -ә-rә ek set -ә-rә exquisite ek -skwiz-it ek- skwiz -it fiancé(e) fee-ahn- say fee- ahn -say grievous gree -vәs gree -vee-әs height hɪt hɪtth heinous hay -nәs hee -nәs, hee -nee-әs homage hom -ij ah -mij intellectual in-tә- lek -chuu-[w]әl in-ә- lek -shәl...

Danglers

Danglers   Reference library

Garner’s Modern English Usage (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Language reference, Usage and Grammar Guides
Length:
1,866 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...Danglers. These are especially common when the main clause begins with a possessive—e.g.: “ Born on March 12, 1944 , in Dalton, Georgia, Larry Lee Simms's qualifications . . . .” Barbara H. Craig , Chadha: The Story of an Epic Constitutional Struggle 79 ( 1988 ). (Simms's qualifications were not born on March 12— he was. A possible revision: Born on March 12, 1944, in Dalton, Georgia, Larry Lee Simms had qualifications that . . . .) D. Dangling Gerunds. These are close allies to dangling participles, but here the participle acts as a noun rather...

Quotations

Quotations   Reference library

Garner’s Modern English Usage (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Language reference, Usage and Grammar Guides
Length:
1,951 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...that a use of words by a Romantic is bad, but even so he considers it bad in a different way from what we think: . . . .” • “He quotes from ‘A General Introduction for My Work’ ( 1937 ) about the undirected hatred that sprouts in the modern world: . . . .” Third is Hermione Lee , in her essay entitled “ Power : Women and the Word,” in The State of the Language ( Christopher Ricks & Leonard Michaels eds., 1990 ): • “Adrienne Rich, in an essay called ‘Power and Danger,’ gives a feminist history of the word as used against women: . . . .” • “Any...

Remote Relatives

Remote Relatives   Reference library

Garner’s Modern English Usage (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Language reference, Usage and Grammar Guides
Length:
1,767 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

... Neil Postman & Charles Weingartner , Linguistics: A Revolution in Teaching ix ( 1966 ). ( Which modifies story —12 words and 4 nouns before. A possible revision: A story told in the Shabbat about the famous Jewish scholar Rabbi Hillel has some pertinence to the text before you . Or: There is a story told in the Shabbat about the famous Jewish scholar Rabbi Hillel—a story that has some pertinence to the text before you .) • “Legislators are constantly making decisions about law reform which depend on moral values.” Simon Lee , Law and Morals ...

Names

Names   Reference library

Garner’s Modern English Usage (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Language reference, Usage and Grammar Guides
Length:
3,961 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

... Cairo (Egypt): / kɪ -roh/ Cairo (Illinois): / kay -roh/ • DeKalb County (Illinois): /de- kalb / DeKalb County (Georgia): /de- kab / • Edinburg (Texas): / ed -in-bәrg/ Edinburgh (Scotland): / ed -in-bәr-ә/ • Humble (Texas): / әm -bәl/ ( see humble ) • Lima (Peru): / lee -mә/ Lima (Ohio): / lɪ -mә/ • Mexia (Texas): /mә- hay -ә/ • Milan (Italy): /mi- lahn / or /mee- lahn / Milan (Michigan): / mɪ -lan/ • Palestine (historic): / pal -ә-stɪn/ Palestine (Texas): / pal -ә-steen/ • Pedernales (Texas): /pәr-di- nal -әs/ ( see methathesis...

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