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Charles I

(1887–1922) Austrian Emperor (1916–18) and King (as Charles IV) of Hungary (1916–18). When Hungary and Czechoslovakia declared their independence and Austria became a republic In ...

Charles I

Charles I   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Art (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
11 words

... I , King of England, Scotland, and Ireland. See Royal Collection...

Charles I

Charles I (1887–1922)   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
52 words

... I ( 1887–1922 ) Austrian Emperor ( 1916–18 ) and King (as Charles IV ) of Hungary ( 1916–18 ). When Hungary and Czechoslovakia declared their independence and Austria became a republic In 1918 , Charles, the last Habsburg Emperor, was forced into exile in Switzerland. In 1921 , he unsuccessfully attempted to regain the Hungarian...

Charles I

Charles I ([Na])   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Archaeology
Length:
42 words

... I [Na] King of England from ad 1625 , of the House of Stuart. Born 1600 , second son of James I, he married Henrietta Maria, daughter of Henry IV of France. He was executed in 1649 , aged 48, having reigned 23...

Charles I

Charles I (1887–1922)   Quick reference

Matthew Kilburn

Dictionary Plus History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
History
Length:
95 words

...Charles I ( 1887–1922 ) Emperor of Austria and King (as Charles IV ) of Hungary ( 1916–18 ). He succeeded his great-uncle Francis Joseph as emperor and king in 1916 , when Austria-Hungary was fighting World War I as one of the Central Powers. His reign was marked by pressure from the different ethnic groups to break up the Habsburg empire, and following his failure to negotiate a separate peace with the allies the empire broke up and Charles relinquished sovereign power on 11 November 1918 . He failed to effect a restoration in Hungary in 1921 ....

Charles I

Charles I (1600–49)   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
179 words

... I ( 1600–49 ) King of England, Scotland and Ireland ( 1625–49 ). Son of James I , he was criticized by Parliament for his reliance on the Duke of Buckingham and for his Catholic marriage to Henrietta Maria . Although he accepted the petition of right , Charles' insistence on the “divine right of kings” provoked further conflict with Parliament, and led him to rule without it for 11 years ( 1629–40 ). With the support of the Archbishop of Canterbury, William Laud , Charles imposed harsh penalties on nonconformists. When attempts to impose Anglican...

Charles I

Charles I (1600–49)   Reference library

Stephen Orgel

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...so much as Ben Jonson or Shakespeare’, while Andrew Marvell construed Charles at his execution, on a stage erected outside Inigo Jones’s Whitehall Banqueting House, as a ‘royal actor’ on a ‘tragic scaffold’ ( Horatian Ode , ll. 53–4). Milton , in Eikonoklastes , deliberately used one of Charles’s favourite authors against him when he likened his alleged tyranny and feigned piety to those of Shakespeare’s Richard III. Stephen Orgel Sharpe, Kevin , The Personal Rule of Charles I ...

Charles I

Charles I (b. 19 Nov. 1600)   Quick reference

The Kings and Queens of Britain (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,365 words
Illustration(s):
1

...These disasters had a profound effect upon Charles's political position, playing into the hands of Buckingham's opponents. In the Parliament of 1628 Buckingham was denounced as ‘the grievance of grievances’, and a Petition of Right carried, attacking forced loans, arbitrary arrests, and billeting. Charles complained that members were eager for a protestant war but unwilling to vote the resources; many members thought that the king was not competent to wage war or control expenditure. Charles I . Charles lived in a dream world. Here Leiy, following Van...

Charles I

Charles I (1600–49)   Reference library

Roger Lockyer

The Oxford Companion to British History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,284 words

...view of the kingly office, his autocratic tendencies, and his lack of the common touch opened a chasm between him and his subjects which swallowed up the monarchy he struggled to preserve. Roger Lockyer Carlton, G. , Charles the First: The Personal Monarch (1983); Gregg, P. , King Charles I (1981); Wedgwood, C. V. , The Trial of Charles I ...

Charles I

Charles I (1600–49)   Reference library

Edward Youansamouth

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
778 words

...and Proclamations of King Charles I (London, 1935). S. R. Gardiner , History of England from the Accession of James I to the Outbreak of the Civil War (10 vols, 1883–4), esp. vols 6ff. S. R. Gardiner , History of the Great Civil War, 1642–1649 (3 vols, 1886–91). Modern studies by P. Gregg (London, 1981) and C. Carlton (London, 1983; 2nd edn, 1995). C. V. Wedgwood , The King’s Peace, 1637–1641 (London, 1955). C. V. Wedgwood , The King’s War, 1641–1647 (London, 1958). C. V. Wedgwood , The Trial of King Charles I (London, 1964). N. [R....

Charles I

Charles I (1600–49)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
331 words

... I ( 1600–49 ) King of Great Britain and Ireland ( 1625–49 ). He was the second son of James I and Anne of Denmark. He was neglected by his father in favour of his favourite, Buckingham , who also dominated Charles in the opening years of his reign. A disastrous foreign policy, Charles’s illegal levying of tunnage and poundage, and the mildness of his policy towards Roman Catholics ( recusants ) culminated in the forcing through by a hostile Parliament of the Petition of Right (1628). From 1629 he ruled without a Parliament. Charles was a man of...

Charles I

Charles I (1600–49)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
178 words

... I ( 1600–49 ), King of Great Britain and Ireland from 1625 . He favoured the party in the Church which was ready to abandon the prevalent Calvinistic outlook and to welcome a theological position nearer to the Catholic tradition. He promoted High Churchmen , in 1633 appointing W. Laud Abp. of Canterbury , and later shared in his unpopularity. The fact that his Queen, Henrietta Maria , was a RC, added to his difficulties. In Scotland , his attempt to impose the BCP and to control the government and policy of the Church of Scotland was met in ...

Charles I

Charles I (16001649)   Reference library

Brewer's Famous Quotations

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
57 words

...Charles I 1600 1649 English King I go from a corruptible to an incorruptible crown, where no disturbance can have place. Last words before his execution, quoted in David Hume, History of England …, Chap. 22 (1778). He is also said to have remarked to Bishop Juxon, ‘Remember.’ Quoted in Barnaby Conrad, Famous Last Words ...

Charles I

Charles I (1600–49)   Quick reference

Oxford Essential Quotations (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
183 words

...001 Charles I 1600 – 49 British monarch , King of England, Scotland, and Ireland from 1625 Never make a defence or apology before you be accused. letter to Lord Wentworth, 3 September 1636, in Sir Charles Petrie (ed.) Letters of King Charles I (1935) Never make a defence defence or apology before you be accused I see all the birds are flown. after attempting to arrest five members of the Long Parliament (Pym, Hampden, Haselrig, Holles, and Strode) in the House of Commons, 4 January 1642 birds are flown birds are flown A subject and a...

Charles I

Charles I (1600–49)   Reference library

Oxford Dictionary of Political Quotations (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
401 words

...01 Charles I 1600 – 49 British monarch , King of England, Scotland, and Ireland from 1625, son of james i and father of charles ii . On Charles I: see marvell ; see also last words Never make a defence or apology before you be accused. letter to Lord Wentworth, 3 September 1636 Never make a defence defence or apology before you be accused I see all the birds are flown. after attempting to arrest the Five Members in the House of Commons, 4 January 1642 birds are flown birds are flown Sweet-heart, now they will cut off thy father's head....

Charles I

Charles I (1600–49)   Reference library

Oxford Dictionary of Quotations (8 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
555 words

...001 Charles I 1600 – 49 British monarch , King of England, Scotland, and Ireland from 1625, son of james i and father of charles ii . On Charles I: see marvell Never make a defence or apology before you be accused. letter to Lord Wentworth, 3 September 1636, in Sir Charles Petrie (ed.) Letters of King Charles I (1935) Never make a defence defence or apology before you be accused I see all the birds are flown. after attempting to arrest five members of the Long Parliament ( pym , Hampden, Haselrig, Holles, and Strode) in the House of...

Charles I

Charles I   Quick reference

A Dictionary of British History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
933 words

... I ( 1600–49 ), king of England, Scotland, and Ireland ( 1625–49 ). Charles was the second son of James VI . Born in Scotland, he moved to England in 1604 after his father ascended the English throne. He developed into a somewhat reserved, scholarly boy, who hero‐worshipped his elder brother Prince Henry . Only after Henry was struck down in 1612 did Charles, as heir apparent, move centre stage. In 1621 he attended the House of Lords as Parliament considered whether England should intervene on the protestant side in the Thirty Years War. James, a...

Conway, Charles I.

Conway, Charles I. (1820)   Reference library

Benezit Dictionary of British Graphic Artists and Illustrators

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...Charles I. British , 19th century, male. Born 1820 , in Whitehall, Wales; died 1884 , in Whitehall. Painter , engraver...

Grignion, Charles I

Grignion, Charles I (1716)   Reference library

Benezit Dictionary of British Graphic Artists and Illustrators

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...Charles I British , 18th – 19th century, male. Born 1716 , in London; died 1810 , in Kentish Town. Draughtsman , engraver (burin) . Anatomical subjects. Born of French parents, Charles Grignion I was probably related to Jacques Grignion. In 1755 , he was a member of the committee set up to organise the establishment of the Royal Academy. His early works include several plates for Albinius’s work on anatomy published in 1757 by Knapton. He also worked on illustrations for the volume of Antique Statues after drawings by Dalton, for The Vatican...

Charles I of Anjou

Charles I of Anjou (1227–1285)   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
979 words

... came to succour the rebels: so Charles wanted to take him in the rear by organising a crusade against him in agreement with his nephew Philip III , king of France , and the Pope . But Peter III defeated the French army and the Angevin fleet: Charles I finally died defeated in 1285 . The loss of rich Sicily was an irremediable handicap for the kingdom of Naples , and led to it falling more and more under the thumb of the great Florentine Merchants . Such was the price of the too extensive ambitions of Charles I of Anjou. However, thanks to his...

Charles I of Anjou

Charles I of Anjou   Reference library

Alice-Mary Talbot

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
284 words

... I of Anjou , king of Naples and Sicily ( 1265–85 ); born Mar. 1226 , died Foggia, Italy, 7 Jan. 1285 . Brother of Louis IX of France, Charles was an ambitious ruler who sought to create a Mediterranean empire and restore Latin domination over Byz. territory. With papal support he defeated Manfred of Sicily in 1266 at Benevento and gained control of Hohenstaufen possessions in southern Italy and Sicily. In 1267 , by the Treaty of Viterbo, he joined Baldwin II , William II Villehardouin of Achaia, and Pope Clement IV ( 1265–68 ) in an...

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