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Charles Cornwallis

Subject: History

(1738–1805) commanding general of British forces in the southern campaign in the Revolutionary War, born in London. He was the 2nd earl Cornwallis, later marquis. In the Revolutionary War, ...

Cornwallis, Charles

Cornwallis, Charles (1738–1805)   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

..., Charles ( 1738–1805 ) commanding general of British forces in the southern campaign in the Revolutionary War , born in London. He was the 2nd earl Cornwallis, later marquis. In the Revolutionary War, Cornwallis was victorious at New York and White Plains (both 1776 ) but unsuccessful at Trenton ( 1776 ), Princeton ( 1777 ), and Monmouth ( 1778 ). More outstanding as a field commander than as a strategist, he defeated American forces at Brandywine ( 1777 ). Invading South Carolina, he defeated Gen. Horatio Gates at Camden ( 1780 );...

Cornwallis, Charles

Cornwallis, Charles (1738–1805)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to American Military History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

..., Charles ( 1738–1805 ), British soldier. Favored with distinguished ancestry and a good education, Cornwallis rose rapidly in the British army. By age twenty‐nine, he was colonel of the 33rd Regiment, having performed with éclat in Europe during the Seven Years' War. In the Revolutionary War , with Henry Clinton at Charleston in June 1776 , he joined Sir William Howe in New York for the Battle of Long Island, 7 August , and a series of campaigns in New Jersey in the winter of 1776–77 . In 1777 , he campaigned in Pennsylvania, and performed...

Cornwallis, Charles, 1st Marquis Cornwallis

Cornwallis, Charles, 1st Marquis Cornwallis (1738–1805)   Reference library

Richard A. Smith

The Oxford Companion to British History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
164 words

..., Charles, 1st Marquis Cornwallis ( 1738–1805 ) . Soldier and administrator. Cornwallis served during the American War of Independence and from 1780 commanded the British forces in South Carolina. Though an able general, he was cut off at Yorktown by American forces and the French fleet. He was forced to surrender on 19 October 1781 thus ending the war. In 1786–93 Cornwallis acted as governor-general and commander of the army in Bengal. He introduced the permanent settlement, concerning landownership, and judicial and revenue reforms. He...

Cornwallis, Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquis

Cornwallis, Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquis (1738–1805)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Irish History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
143 words

..., Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquis ( 1738–1805 ). Having confirmed Britain's defeat in the war of the American Revolution by his surrender at Yorktown, Virginia ( 19 Oct. 1781 ), Cornwallis had more success as governor‐general of India ( 1786–93 ). In 1797 he refused the command of the Irish army unless guaranteed some progress towards Catholic emancipation . His appointment in June 1798 as both lord lieutenant and commander‐in‐chief was thus a recognition of the need both for an effective military response to the insurrection of 1798 and for a...

Cornwallis, Charles, 1st Marquis Cornwallis

Cornwallis, Charles, 1st Marquis Cornwallis   Quick reference

A Dictionary of British History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
152 words

..., Charles, 1st Marquis Cornwallis ( 1738–1805 ). Soldier and administrator . Cornwallis served during the American War of Independence and from 1780 commanded the British forces in South Carolina. Though an able general, he was cut off at Yorktown by American forces. He was forced to surrender on 19 October 1781 thus ending the war. In 1786–93 Cornwallis acted as governor‐general and commander of the army in Bengal. He introduced the permanent settlement, concerning landownership, and judicial and revenue reforms. He also gained victory over...

Cornwallis, Charles, 1st Marquess

Cornwallis, Charles, 1st Marquess (1738–1805)   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
77 words

..., Charles, 1st Marquess ( 1738–1805 ) British general and statesman . In 1778 he became second in command of British forces in the American Revolution . His surrender at the Siege of Yorktown ( 1781 ) signalled the end of the war. As governor general of India ( 1786–93 , 1805 ), he reformed the civil service and defeated Tipu Sahib of Mysore. Cornwallis resigned as viceroy of Ireland ( 1798–1801 ) after George III refused to accept the Act of Catholic Emancipation...

Cornwallis, Charles, 1st Marquis

Cornwallis, Charles, 1st Marquis (1738–1805)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
116 words

..., Charles, 1st Marquis ( 1738–1805 ) British general, who fought in the War of Independence at Long Island and Brandywine . He took command of the southern campaign in 1780 , defeating the Americans at Camden and Guildford Court House, but by his relentless pursuit into the interior he lost contact with Sir Henry Clinton and exhausted his troops. His choice of Yorktown as a base proved disastrous, and he was forced to surrender (1781). Later reinstated, he served as governor-general of Bengal (1786–93, 1805) where he defeated Tipu Sultan and...

Cornwallis, Charles

Cornwallis, Charles   Quick reference

New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
43 words
Cornwallis, Charles, 1st Marquess

Cornwallis, Charles, 1st Marquess (1738–1805)   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Irish Phrase & Fable

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011

..., Charles, 1st Marquess ( 1738–1805 ) . Lord lieutenant and commander-in-chief of the army during the Rebellion of 1798 . He had previously led British forces during the American Revolution (his surrender at Yorktown in 1781 brought hostilities to an end), and had been governor-general of India ( 1786–93 ). During the 1798 Rebellion he refused to sanction indiscriminate repression and violence by the militia and the yeomanry, and made clear his support for Catholic Emancipation , which he believed would be granted after the passing of the Act...

Charles Cornwallis

Charles Cornwallis  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
(1738–1805) commanding general of British forces in the southern campaign in the Revolutionary War, born in London. He was the 2nd earl Cornwallis, later marquis. In the Revolutionary War, Cornwallis ...
William Lee Davidson

William Lee Davidson  

(c. 1746–81) Revolutionary army officer born in Pennsylvania but reared in North Carolina. Davidson led militiamen in defending Charlotte against Charles Cornwallis.Davidson County and Davidson ...
Morgan's Rangers

Morgan's Rangers  

A group of guerilla fighters commanded by Daniel Morgan during the Revolutionary War. In an effort to slow Lord Charles Cornwallis's progress in the South, Morgan's rangers moved slowly north ...
zamindar

zamindar  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
A tax collector or landlord in India under the Mogul empire. The landlord system formed the basis of a system of land-settlement developed in India under British rule. It fell into two distinct ...
Eutaw Springs

Eutaw Springs  

Battle of, Revolutionary War action in South Carolina (Sept. 18, 1781), in which the Americans under Greene unsuccessfully attacked a British force. The British failed to secure their gains, fell ...
Lord George Germain

Lord George Germain  

(1716–85),formerly Sackville. After a promising early career, both as politician and army officer, Sackville was court‐martialled for disobeying orders at Minden in 1759. Stripped of his rank and ...
battle of New Ross

battle of New Ross  

1798.On 5 June 1798 some 30,000 rebels from Wexford (Ireland), led by Bagenal Harvey and Father Philip Roche, launched an attack on New Ross. The defence, numbering 1,500 men under General Henry ...
Steuben, Friedrich Wilhelm von

Steuben, Friedrich Wilhelm von  

ˈst(y)ōōbǝn(1730–94) Revolutionary War army officer and inspector general, born into a German military family. Steuben was trained in the Prussian army, handling both field commands and ...
battle of Saints

battle of Saints  

The, 1782. This was the last important naval action in the American War of Independence. The loss of naval superiority in 1781 forced Cornwallis to surrender at Yorktown. The French and Spanish then ...
battle of Camden

battle of Camden  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
(16 August 1780)A battle of the American War of Independence in which some 2000 American militiamen under Horatio Gates were defeated when attacked by Cornwallis's army 193 km (120 miles) ...
American War of Independence

American War of Independence  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
(1776–83)The American revolution against British rule. It was triggered by colonial resentment at the commercial policies of Britain and by the lack of American participation in political decisions ...

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