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Château d' Ancy-Le-Franc

An Italian Renaissance house and garden near Auxerre, in Burgundy. The architect was Serlio, who was employed at the court of Francis I. The house and garden were commissioned by ...

Ancy-le-Franc, Château d'

Ancy-le-Franc, Château d'   Reference library

Patrick Taylor

The Oxford Companion to the Garden

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

...-le-Franc, Château d' Yonne, France, built in the mid 16th century for Antoine de Clermont to the designs of Sebastiano Serlio . A drawing of c .1576 by Du Cerceau shows the moated chateau at the head of a walled rectangular garden with twelve rectangular beds, a bosquet , and corner pavilions. The estate became derelict by the 17th century, but later in the century it was restored with a new garden in the style of Le Nôtre with parterres de broderie , patte d'oie , and fountains. In the 18th century an octagonal pavilion was built on an island in...

Ancy-Le-Franc, Château d'

Ancy-Le-Franc, Château d'   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
175 words

...-Le-Franc, Château d' , An Italian Renaissance house and garden near Auxerre, in Burgundy. The architect was Serlio , who was employed at the court of Francis I . The house and garden were commissioned by Antoine de Clermont , brother-in-law of Diane de Poitiers ; construction on a large, level site began c. 1546 . The house is built around a large rectangular courtyard of majestic proportions. The twelve principal rooms on the ground floor, notably the Chambre des Nudités and the Chambre de Diane, are adorned with tapestries and frescoes. On the first...

Château d' Ancy-Le-Franc

Château d' Ancy-Le-Franc  

An Italian Renaissance house and garden near Auxerre, in Burgundy. The architect was Serlio, who was employed at the court of Francis I. The house and garden were commissioned by ...
French gardens

French gardens  

Of the Renaissance were influenced but not overwhelmed by the design of Italian gardens. In the early sixteenth century the Italian elements were usually incidental: at Gaillon, for example, marble ...
Sebastiano Serlio

Sebastiano Serlio  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(1475–1554).Italian architect, theorist, and painter. He is remembered primarily as the compiler of L'Architettura (published in instalments (1537–75) and collected in one volume in 1584). The first ...
Serlio, Sebastiano

Serlio, Sebastiano   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
311 words

...to France at the invitation of Francis I to work on Fontainebleau . Serlio's only known surviving architectural works are a doorway at Fontainebleau (the only surviving portion of a house known as the Grande Ferrare) and the chateau of Ancy-Le-Franc . Serlio published the first volume of his monumental treatise Tutte l'opere d'architettura e prospettiva in Venice in 1537 ; this volume, which was book 4 of the planned treatise, was devoted to the architectural orders . Book 3, on antiquities, followed in 1540 . While at Fontainebleau he published book...

Serlio, Sebastiano

Serlio, Sebastiano (1475–1554)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
528 words

...Called ( 1541 ) to Fontainebleau , France, he advised on the design of the considerable building-works at the château , and designed the Salle du Bal there (1541–8—completed by de L’ Orme ) in which the influence of Raphael is clear. His Grand Ferrare , the house for the Papal Legate to France at Fontainebleau (1541–8—mostly destroyed), was an important prototype of the hôtel in France for the next century, while his château of Ancy-le-Franc, Burgundy ( 1541–50 ), with its corner-towers and central court , shows the influence of Maiano . Serlio’s...

Flora, Master of [Maître de Flore]

Flora, Master of [Maître de Flore]   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Northern Renaissance Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
593 words
Illustration(s):
1

...one of the medallions in the Chambre des Arts at the château of Ancy-Le-Franc (Yonne). Two names have been proposed to identify the artist: Ruggiero de Ruggieri ( fl 1557–97 ), from Bologna, the most prominent artist at Fontainebleau after the death of Nicolò dell’Abate (he is documented there from 1557 to 1597 ), or Giulio Camillo dell’Abate ( 1552–82 ), the son and partner of Nicolò. It has also been proposed that these works may be by one of the Cousin family. S. Béguin : L’Ecole de Fontainebleau: Le Manièrisme à la cour de France (Paris, 1960) L’Ecole...

Le Nôtre, André, and family

Le Nôtre, André, and family   Reference library

Patrick Taylor

The Oxford Companion to the Garden

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

...have little value. The following have been ascribed to him: Ancy-le-Franc (Yonne), Chateauneuf-sur-Loire (Loiret), Jardin Bossuet (Seine-et-Marne), Château de Castries (Hérault), Château de la Caucherie (Pas-de-Calais), Château de la Chaise (Rhône). At Castres (Tarn) a parterre de broderie in the Bishop's Palace (designed by Hardouin-Mansart) has been convincingly attributed to Le Nôtre. No complete garden by Le Nôtre survives and his major landscapes—such as Chantilly, Vaux-le-Vicomte, and Versailles—are either reconstructions or gardens whose...

French gardens

French gardens   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
912 words

...design encompassing both house and garden was first achieved by Philibert Delorme , who established at Anet ( 1546–52 ) the prerogative of the architect to design the garden as well as the house. At about the same time Serlio retrospectively imposed a unified design on Ancy-Le-Franc by enclosing both house and garden within a huge rectangular terrace. The influence of the gardens of Roman cardinals, especially the Villa Farnese , ensured the continued life of small gardens set apart from the main house: in the 1550s cardinal de Bourbon built such a...

Bontemps, Pierre

Bontemps, Pierre (c.1512)   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Northern Renaissance Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
1,208 words
Illustration(s):
1

... Lyric Poetry adorn the pedestal, while four oval cartouches symbolizing Architecture , Sculpture , Painting and Geometry embellish the sides of the urn. The similarities between these subjects and Primaticcio's painted compositions for the Chambre des Arts at the château of Ancy-le-Franc, Yonne, reveal intimate familiarity with the art of the Fontainebleau school , although the execution tends to the ponderous. Pierre Bontemps: Battle of Marignano , marble, detail of bas-relief, tomb of Francis I, commissioned 1551 (Saint-Denis Abbey); photo credit:...

Du Cerceau

Du Cerceau   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Northern Renaissance Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
3,618 words

...of appreciation may be detected in his description of Serlio's château of Ancy-le-Franc: ‘I find this house very pleasing ( mignard ).’ Du Cerceau's dedications and notes to the readers illuminate not only his intentions but also his difficulties and preoccupations. Like many artists and men of letters, he was attracted by the Calvinist Reformation. He expressed gratitude for his refuge under the beneficence of Renée of Ferrara ( 1510–75 ), who in 1560 established a Huguenot retreat at the château of Montargis (Loiret). Du Cerceau dedicated his Livre des...

Grotesque

Grotesque   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Northern Renaissance Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
1,245 words

...together. After the death of Rosso in 1540 , Primaticcio became the overseer of the works at Fontainebleau. From 1540 to 1570 he decorated the Galerie d’Ulysse (destr.) with grotesques that were light and elegant, less naturalistic than those of Raphael and his school, and that also incorporated a strapwork structure. He continued to use this decorative scheme at the château of Ancy-le-Franc in Burgundy ( 1546 ; in situ ), where the ceiling of the Chambre de Diane echoed the designs from the Domus Aurea and the Villa Madama in Rome. It also included...

France

France   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Northern Renaissance Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
21,076 words
Illustration(s):
3

...of bookbinding and armour. His mistress Diane de poitiers took an active part in art patronage and commissioned Philibert de L’Orme to build the château of Anet ( 1547–55 ) and to make additions to Chenonceaux, which she acquired. Serlio's château of Ancy-le-Franc ( 1541–50 ), near Tonnerre in Burgundy, created the prototype for the ‘classic’ château and his Grand Ferrare at Fontainebleau for Cardinal Ippolito II d’Este ( 1509–72 ) the model for the essential urban mansion. The Wars of Religion ( 1560–98 ) were extremely disruptive to society and to the...

Garden

Garden   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Northern Renaissance Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
5,991 words

...such as the château of Saint-Germain-en-Laye (rest. c. 1539 ; destr. 1789–92 ; Yvelines) or Fontainebleau (begun 1528 ; Seine-et-Marne), soon became magnificent centres for the arts. Under the patronage of Francis, Italian architects and artists, among them sebastiano Serlio and the painter and decorator francesco Primaticcio , embellished the château and gardens of Fontainebleau . Their most important contribution to garden design, however, took place around 1546 at Ancy-le-Franc (Yonne). There, the rectangular moated château, raised on a...

Fontainebleau school

Fontainebleau school   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Northern Renaissance Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
4,966 words
Illustration(s):
3

...school. The few monumental painted decorations commissioned show the success of Fontainebleau: several rooms at the château of Ancy-le-Franc (Yonne) attributed to Primaticcio and dell’Abate; the 12 painted overmantels at the château of Ecouen (Val d’Oise) done for Anne, Duc de Montmorency; and the paintings of episodes from Virgil's Aeneid in the gallery of the north wing of the Grand Ecuyer of Claude Gouffier's château of Oiron (Deux-Sèvres) by Noël Jallier, an otherwise entirely unknown painter who was clearly aware of Fontainebleau but also, it...

Serlio, Sebastiano

Serlio, Sebastiano (6 Sept 1475)   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Northern Renaissance Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
5,038 words
Illustration(s):
1

...notable surviving building is the château of Ancy-le-Franc ( c. 1541–50 ), near Tonnerre in Burgundy, built for Comte Antoine de Clermont-Tonnerre. The château as built differs considerably from the versions depicted in the manuscripts of Book VI of the treatise. Serlio, by now accustomed to French architectural conventions, complained that his patron had obliged him to follow an Italianate design, changing the small windows above the cornice, and asking for orders rather than rustication on the exterior façades. The château stands around four sides of a...

France

France   Reference library

Patrick Goode, Christopher Tadgell, and Karla Cavarra Britton

The Oxford Companion to Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
6,603 words
Illustration(s):
2

...importance in Roman High Renaissance design of three-dimensional relief, of weight in the contrast between solid and void (Francis I’s chateau of Madrid, town front at Blois, court at St-Germain). By the end of Francis I’s reign the works of Italian Renaissance theorists and commentators on Vitruvius , especially Alberti , were being assiduously studied in France . Serlio and Primaticcio came to work in France (Ancy-le-Franc, extensions at Fontainebleau). France began to produce theorists of her own ( Philibert De l’Orme ) and a native maturity appeared...

Germany

Germany   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Northern Renaissance Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
23,530 words
Illustration(s):
4

...in Molsheim ( 1614–18 ) and Cologne ( 1618–29 ), both by Christoph Wamser ( d before 1649 ), is probably explained by similar intentions in the founders. (i) Secular buildings. (ii) Churches. (i) Secular buildings. Important stimuli for the development of architecture came from the large residence towns and the more powerful imperial cities. Palace building in the early 17th century was clearly influenced by Serlio, especially his designs for the château of Ancy-le-Franc ( 1541–50 ) in France. The palaces constructed in the second half of the 16th...

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