View:

Overview

Catherine de' Medici

(1519–89) Queen of France. The wife of Henry II of France, Catherine ruled as regent (1560–74) during the minority reigns of their three sons, Francis II (reigned 1559–60), ...

Catherine de' Medici

Catherine de' Medici (1519–89)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 rev. ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion
Length:
366 words

...Hector de la Ferrière and Baguenault de Puchesse (Paris, 10 vols., 1880–1909; Index by A. Lesort , 1943). E. [H.] Sichel , Catherine de' Medici and the French Reformation (1905); J. H. Mariéjol , Catherine de Médicis (1519–1589) (Paris, 1920; repr., 1979); P. Van Dyke , Catherine de Medicis (2 vols., London, 1923); J. Héritier , Catherine de Médicis (1959; Eng. tr., 1963); I. Cloulas , Catherine de Médicis (Paris, 1979); J. Orieux , Catherine de Médicis ou la Reine noire (2 vols., 1986); R. J. Knecht , Catherine de' Medici ...

Medici, Catherine de

Medici, Catherine de (1519–89)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
82 words

..., Catherine de ( 1519–89 ) Queen of France . The wife of Henry II of France, Catherine ruled as regent ( 1560–74 ) during the minority reigns of their three sons, Francis II (reigned 1559–60 ), Charles IX (reigned 1560–74 ), and Henry III (reigned 1574–89 ). She proved unable or unwilling to control the confused situation during the French Wars of Religion, and it was on her instigation that Huguenots were killed in the Massacre of St Bartholomew ( 1572...

Catherine de’ Medici

Catherine de’ Medici (1519–89)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
73 words

... deMedici ( 1519–89 ), Queen-Consort of France from 1547 and Queen-Mother from 1559 . In the wars of religion she first advocated a policy of toleration for political reasons; between 1567 and 1570 she took violent measures in the face of Protestant rebellion; after an interval of mildness she tried to re-establish her position by the murder of G. Coligny and the Massacre of St Bartholomew’s Day ( 1572...

Catherine de' Medici

Catherine de' Medici (1519–89)   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
138 words

... de' Medici ( 1519–89 ) Queen of France, wife of Henry II and daughter of Lorenzo de' Medici . She exerted considerable political influence after her husband's and first son's deaths In 1559 . In 1560 she became regent for her second son, Charles IX , and remained principal adviser until his death ( 1574 ). Her initial tolerance of the Huguenots turned to enmity at the beginning of the French Wars of Religion . Her concern for preserving the power of the monarchy led to a dependence on the Catholic House of Guise , whose growing power she...

Médici, Catherine de

Médici, Catherine de (1519–1589)   Reference library

Michael Krondl

The Oxford Companion to Sugar and Sweets

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Society and culture, Cookery, Food, and Drink
Length:
1,008 words

...of their patronage of the arts, including confectionery. See venice . This was a magnificence that both Francis I but most especially his Medici daughter-in-law would seek to emulate—if not exceed. See also france and italy . Bibliography Danjou, Félix . “Festin donné à al royne Catherine au logis episcopal de l’évesché de Paris, le dix-neuvieme jour de jouing 1549.” In Archives curieuses de l’histoire de France , series I, Vol. 3, p. 418. Paris: Beauvais, 1838. Heller, Henry . Anti-Italianism in Sixteenth-Century France , p. 189. Toronto: University...

Catherine de' Medici

Catherine de' Medici (1518–89)   Quick reference

Oxford Essential Quotations (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
35 words

...0Catherinede' Catherine de' Medici 1518 – 89 French queen consort A false report, if believed during three days, may be of great service to a government. Isaac D'Israeli Curiosities of Literature Second Series vol. 2...

Catherine de' Medici

Catherine de' Medici (1518–89)   Reference library

Oxford Dictionary of Quotations (8 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
107 words

...0Catherine0de Catherine de' Medici 1518 – 89 Italian -born queen consort of Henri II of France A false report, if believed during three days, may be of great service to a government. Isaac D'Israeli Curiosities of Literature 2nd series (1849) vol. 2; perhaps apocryphal false report, if believed if believed during three days great service to a government Well cut, my son. Now you must sew up again. last words to Henri III, when he told her on her deathbed that an enemy of the throne had been put to death attributed; Honoré de Balzac About...

Catherine de' Medici

Catherine de' Medici (1518–89)   Reference library

Oxford Dictionary of Political Quotations (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
56 words

...0Catherinede' Catherine de' Medici 1518 – 89 Italian -born queen consort of Henri II of France A false report, if believed during three days, may be of great service to a government. Isaac D'Israeli Curiosities of Literature 2nd series (1849) vol. 2; perhaps apocryphal false report, if believed if believed during three days great service to a ...

de' Medici, Catherine

de' Medici, Catherine   Quick reference

New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
7 words
de' Medici, Catherine

de' Medici, Catherine   Reference library

The New Zealand Oxford Dictionary

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
8 words
de' Medici, Catherine

de' Medici, Catherine   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
7 words
Catherine de' Medici

Catherine de' Medici   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
67 words
Catherine de' Medici

Catherine de' Medici   Reference library

The New Zealand Oxford Dictionary

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
62 words
Catherine de' Medici

Catherine de' Medici   Reference library

The Canadian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
66 words
Catherine de Médicis

Catherine de Médicis   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
416 words

...King Henri remained under his mother's control until 1588 , when he asserted his independence by dismissing the ministers that she had appointed. Catherine died of pneumonia at Blois on 5 January 1589 . Dictionnaire de biographie française ; The Dictionary of Art s.v. Valois (16); Paul Van Dyke , Catherine de Medici (2 vols., 1927); Ivan Cloulas , Catherine de Médicis (1979); R. J. Knecht , Catherine de'Medici...

Catherine de Médicis

Catherine de Médicis (1519–89)   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Literature in French

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
120 words

... de Médicis ( 1519–89 ). Daughter of Lorenzo II de' Medici , duke of Urbino, and cousin to Pope Clement II . She was chosen as bride for the future Henri II as part François I er 's Italian policy. She allowed the Guise brothers to dominate François II , but came into her own when named regent on the accession of Charles IX , only losing her ascendancy towards the end of the reign of Henri III . She was much hated by the Protestants because of her responsibility in the St Bartholomew's Day Massacre , but did much to ensure the survival of the...

Catherine De Médicis

Catherine De Médicis (1519–1589)   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Reformation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Religion
Length:
992 words

...was assassinated in 1589 , and thus ended the house of Valois and the reign of the sons of Catherine de Médicis. Catherine was truly concerned to bring about civil and religious peace and to keep control of the government of France in the hands of her children. She seems to have been without a clear position in the matter of religion, and her actions against the Huguenots were dictated primarily by political considerations. Cloulas, Ivan . Catherine de Medicis . New ed. Paris, 1987. Contains important bibliography. Constant, Jean-Marie . Les Guise ....

Catherine de Médicis

Catherine de Médicis   Reference library

Rebecca Boone

The Oxford Encyclopedia Women in World History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History
Length:
557 words

... de Médicis ( 1519–1589 ), queen mother and regent during the French Wars of Religion. Born into the powerful Florentine Medici family, Catherine married the future King Henry II of France in 1533 . When he died in 1559 , Catherine's son, Francis II, acceded to the throne. A sickly boy of fifteen, he relied heavily on his mother's advice. Her control over royal policy continued when Francis II died and his brother Charles IX came to the throne at the age of ten. She remained influential in determining policy under a third son, Henry III , until...

Catherine de' Medici

Catherine de' Medici  

(1519–89)Queen of France. The wife of Henry II of France, Catherine ruled as regent (1560–74) during the minority reigns of their three sons, Francis II (reigned 1559–60), Charles IX (reigned ...
Catherine de Médicis

Catherine de Médicis   Quick reference

New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
67 words

View: