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Catechetical School of Alexandria

Subject: Religion

A Christian school in Alexandria, concerned with advanced teaching in theology and with a succession of teachers in charge from the 2nd to the 4th cent., is depicted by Philip Sidetes (5th ...

Catechetical School of Alexandria

Catechetical School of Alexandria   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
86 words

... School of Alexandria . A Christian school in Alexandria , concerned with advanced teaching in theology and with a succession of teachers in charge from the 2nd to the 4th cent., is depicted by Philip Sidetes (5th cent.) and, with some differences, by Eusebius of Caesarea; it is not, however, clear that this picture is accurate. It is more probable that there were various individual teachers, and it is uncertain whether advanced teaching continued after Origen ’s departure to Caesarea in...

Catechetical School of Alexandria

Catechetical School of Alexandria   Reference library

David Gwynn

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
404 words

... School of Alexandria The name given to a succession of Christian theological and exegetical teaching in Alexandria beginning in the 2nd cent., although the extent to which there was ever an organized school remains controversial. Eusebius in his Historia Ecclesiastica traced a line of teachers from Pantaenus (d. c . 190 ), through Clement ( c . 190– c .202 ), Origen ( c . 202–31 ), Heraclas ( 231– c .233 ), Dionysius (from c . 233 ), and later Achillas (who succeeded Peter as bp of Alexandria, c . 311 ). Philip Sidetes (early 5th...

Catechetical School of Alexandria

Catechetical School of Alexandria  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
A Christian school in Alexandria, concerned with advanced teaching in theology and with a succession of teachers in charge from the 2nd to the 4th cent., is depicted by Philip Sidetes (5th cent.) ...
The Early Church

The Early Church   Reference library

Henning Graf Reventlow

The Oxford Illustrated History of the Bible

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
5,415 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
6

...produced by Eusebius, bishop of Caesarea from c. 313 to 340, indicated parallel passages in the gospels at a time when the Bible had no verse or chapter divisions; here in a 7 th -century parchment, probably made in Constantinople. By permission of the British Library. The Deeper Sense of the Scriptures: Origen Origen, born of Christian parents c. 185 in Alexandria, the centre of the Hellenistic world, opened in his city about 206 a Bible school, which he later transformed into a sort of academy for advanced studies....

The Bible in Judaism

The Bible in Judaism   Reference library

Philip Alexander

The Oxford Illustrated History of the Bible

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
8,614 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
10

...Gen. 37–50 ]). The origins of this style may lie in the synagogue sermon, but it is more likely that it derives from lectures delivered in the schools. 3. A third type of commentary, the ‘problematic’, works systematically through a text posing and answering questions (see e.g. Philo's Questions on Genesis: ‘Why did the serpent accost the woman and not the man?’ [ Gen. 3: 2 ]; ‘Why does God ask, “Where are you?” [ Gen. 3: 10 ], when he knows everything?’). Again Philo is the classic exponent of this catechetical style of commentary which, like the...

Essay with Commentary on Post-Biblical Jewish Literature

Essay with Commentary on Post-Biblical Jewish Literature   Reference library

Philip S. Alexander

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
48,106 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...may go back to the style of lecturing that Philo used in his school. In addition he seems to have written a series of notes on Scripture in the catechetical form of question and answer (his Questions on Genesis and Exodus have been preserved in Armenian). This was a type of exegesis widely practised in the Greek schools. In order to achieve his exegetical ends, Philo, like the Qumran Pesharists, had to treat the text of Scripture as being, at times, in code: there is a deeper meaning than appears on the surface. This method of reading texts, which was well...

Galatians

Galatians   Reference library

G. N. Stanton and G. N. Stanton

The Oxford Bible Commentary

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
16,432 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...of 15 items. Paul rounds off the list with a solemn warning, which he says, repeats teaching he gave them earlier—presumably when he was present with them: ‘those who do such things will not inherit the kingdom of God’. Here Paul may be using a common early Christian catechetical formula, for the wording is not characteristically Pauline. The phrase ‘fruit of the Spirit’ ( v. 22 ) is evocative: ‘the fruit’ is not the result of the believer's effort, but of the gift of the Spirit. The nine items in the list of virtues are often grouped into three groups of...

Matthew

Matthew   Reference library

Dale C. Allison, Jr. and Dale C. Allison, Jr.

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
49,867 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...to trigger intertextual exchanges which depend upon informed and imaginative reading. It is a catena of allusions. 2. If Matthew constantly alludes to the Jewish Bible and the traditions parasitic upon it, it also often alludes to itself. Our text was almost certainly composed with some sort of liturgical (and perhaps also some sort of catechetical) end in view, which means that it was designed to be heard again and again. In line with this the text assumes that listeners will appreciate not only intertextual allusions but intratextual allusions. For instance,...

St Pantaenus

St Pantaenus  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(d. c.190). A convert from Stoicism, he taught at Alexandria from c.180 until his death. Eusebius describes him as head of the Catechetical School and says that he preached in ‘India’. Feast day, 7 ...
St Demetrius

St Demetrius  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(d. 231/2), Bp. of Alexandria from 189. At first he supported Origen, whom he recognized as head of the Catechetical School in the city c.202. Later, when Origen preached in Palestine while still a ...
Alexandrian theology

Alexandrian theology  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
A modern designation for a style of theology associated with the Church of Alexandria. It is particularly used (in contrast to Antiochene theology) of forms of belief which emphasized the Divine ...
Clement

Clement  

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Overview Page
Male forename, name of two saints.St Clement of Alexandria (c. 150–c. 215), Greek theologian. He was head of the catechetical school at Alexandria (c. 190–202), but was forced to flee from Roman ...
Theognostus

Theognostus  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(3rd cent.), Alexandrian ecclesiastical writer. Philip Sidetes states that he was head of the Catechetical School, but no other ancient authority gives him such a position. He elaborated a system of ...
St Dionysius the Great

St Dionysius the Great  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(d. c.264), Bp. of Alexandria from 248. He fled from the city in the Decian persecution (250) and was banished in that of Valerian (257). He took part in various important controversies. He decided ...
Didymus the Blind

Didymus the Blind  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(c.313–98), Alexandrian theologian. He was a staunch Nicene in trinitarian theology, but he was condemned as an Origenist at the Council of Constantinople in 553, and much of his vast literary output ...
Origen

Origen  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(c. 185–c. 254),Christian scholar and theologian, probably born in Alexandria. His most famous work was the Hexapla, an edition of the Old Testament with six or more parallel versions. His ...
Pantaenus, St

Pantaenus, St (d. c.190)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
52 words

...St ( d. c. 190 ). A convert from Stoicism , he taught at Alexandria from c. 180 until his death. Eusebius describes him as head of the Catechetical School and says that he preached in ‘India’. Feast day, 7 July; in the Coptic Church , 22...

Alexandrian theology

Alexandrian theology   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
77 words

...theology . A modern designation for a style of theology associated with the Church of Alexandria . It is particularly used (in contrast to Antiochene theology ) of forms of belief which emphasized the Divine nature of Christ and the unity of His person. In their exegesis of the Bible the Alexandrians were drawn to mystical and allegorical exposition, in contrast with the literal and historical method of Antioch. See also Catechetical School of Alexandria...

Clement of Alexandria, St

Clement of Alexandria, St (c.150–c.215)   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
82 words

...of Alexandria, St ( c. 150– c. 215 ). Christian father (patristic theologian). He was head of the catechetical school of Alexandria from 190 . His chief works are the Protrepticus , or ‘Exhortation to the Greeks’, the Paedagogus on Christian life and manners, and the Stromateis , or ‘Miscellanies’. He shared the emphasis of the desert fathers on the unknowability of God ( see APOPHATIC THEOLOGY ). His name occurs in the early martyrologies, but it was excised by Pope Clement VIII on the grounds of his doubtful...

Demetrius, St

Demetrius, St (d. 231/2)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
84 words

...St ( d. 231/2 ), Bp. of Alexandria from 189. At first he supported Origen , whom he recognized as head of the Catechetical School in the city c. 202. Later, when Origen preached in Palestine while still a layman, Demetrius recalled him and censured his conduct. In 231 he banished him for having been ordained priest irregularly at Caesarea and soon afterwards deprived him of the priesthood. Feast day in the E., 26 Oct.; in the W., 9...

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