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Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach

Subject: Music

(b Weimar, 1714; d Hamburg, 1788). Ger. composer. 5th child and 3rd son of J. S. Bach. Intended for legal career but turned to mus. while at Frankfurt Univ. In 1738 became ...

Bach, Carl Philipp Emanuel

Bach, Carl Philipp Emanuel (1714–88)   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
68 words

..., Carl Philipp Emanuel ( 1714–88 ) German composer , second surviving son of J. S. Bach . The most prolific and famous of Bach's sons, he wrote more than 150 keyboard sonatas, 20 symphonies, c .50 harpsichord concertos, many chamber works and sacred music, and c .300 songs. He was a fine keyboard player and became a leading theorist with his Essay on the True Art of Keyboard Playing ( 1753–62...

Bach, Carl Philipp Emanuel

Bach, Carl Philipp Emanuel (1714–88)   Reference library

The Dictionary of Eighteenth-Century German Philosophers

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
1,349 words

..., Carl Philipp Emanuel ( 1714–88 ) Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach was born in Weimar on 8 March 1714 and died in Hamburg on 14 December 1788 . He was the second (surviving) son of Johann Sebastian Bach ( 1685–1750 ) who alone gave him his musical education. Between 1731 and 1738 Bach studied law, first at Leipzig University (until 1734 ), then at Frankfurt/Oder. In his spare time, he gave harpsichord concerts and worked as a teacher of the harpsichord. After escorting the Count (‘Reichsgraf’) Hermann Carl von Keyserling ( 1696–1764 ) on several...

Bach, Carl (Karl) Philipp Emanuel

Bach, Carl (Karl) Philipp Emanuel (1714)   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Music (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music
Length:
156 words

..., Carl (Karl) Philipp Emanuel ( b Weimar , 1714 ; d Hamburg , 1788 ) German composer . 5th child and 3rd son of J. S. Bach . Intended for legal career but turned to music while at Frankfurt Univ. In 1738 became cembalist in Berlin at court of Frederick the Great, holding this post until 1767 , when he succeeded Telemann as dir. of church music at Hamburg. Applied unsuccessfully in 1750 to succeed his father at Leipzig. His achievement was to develop sonata‐form and invest it with weight and imaginative quality, most evidently in his kbd...

Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach

Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Music
(b Weimar, 1714; d Hamburg, 1788).Ger. composer. 5th child and 3rd son of J. S. Bach. Intended for legal career but turned to mus. while at Frankfurt Univ. In 1738 became cembalist in Berlin at court ...
choral music

choral music  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Music written for several voices. Choral compositions were originally religious, cantata and oratorio being the most usual forms. The foremost composer of cantatas was J. C. Bach, and of oratorios ...
Johann Christian Bach

Johann Christian Bach  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Music
(b Leipzig, 1735; d London, 1782).Ger. composer. 18th child and 11th (youngest) son of J. S. Bach. Known as ‘the English Bach’. Learned klavier‐playing from his half‐brother C. P. E. Bach in Berlin. ...
Samuel Wesley

Samuel Wesley  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Music
(b Bristol, 24 Feb. 1766; d London, 11 Oct. 1837).English organist and composer. At first outshone by the musical precocity of his elder brother, Charles, he later proved the ...
Dietrich Buxtehude

Dietrich Buxtehude  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Music
(b Oldesloe, Holstein, c.1637; d Lübeck, 1707).Danish organist and composer. In 1668 appointed organist, Marienkirche, Lübeck, from which his fame as a player spread through Europe. In 1673 ...
cor anglais

cor anglais  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Music
(Fr.).English horn. Neither Eng., nor a hn., but an alto ob. pitched a 5th below oboe. Name possibly a corruption of cor anglé. A transposing instr., being written a 5th higher than it sounds. ...
concerto

concerto  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Music
(It.).Concert, concerted performance. A work in which a solo instr(s). is contrasted and blended with the orch. Earliest publication using name ‘concerto’ is Concerti di Andrea et di Gio. Gabrieli ...
fugue

fugue  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Music
(Fr. ‘fugue’, Ger. ‘Fuge’, It. ‘fuga’).Type of contrapuntal comp. for particular no. of parts or ‘voices’ (described thus whether vocal or instr., e.g. fugue in 4 parts, fugue in 3 vv.). The point of ...
Felix Mendelssohn

Felix Mendelssohn  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Music
(b Hamburg, 1809; d Leipzig, 1847).Ger. composer, pianist, organist, and conductor. Grandson of Moses Mendelssohn, philosopher, and son of banker Abraham who added Bartholdy to his surname when he ...
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Music
(b Salzburg, 27 Jan. 1756; d Vienna, 5 Dec. 1791)Austrian composer. He wrote the music for Noverre's Les Petits Riens (Paris, 1778) and wrote many dances and sets of dances. His concert music has ...
Bach, Johann Sebastian

Bach, Johann Sebastian (1685–1750)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to German Literature (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
414 words

...and Berlin. He is the subject of the novel Friedemann Bach ( 1858 ) by A. E. Brachvogel . The second son, Carl Philipp Emanuel ( 1714–88 ), who wrote vocal as well as instrumental music, setting works by Klopstock and Gellert , was in the service of Friedrich II of Prussia, and from his later residence in Hamburg 1767–88 is known as ‘der Hamburger Bach’. Johann Christoph Friedrich ( 1732–95 ) worked chiefly in Bückeburg. His songs include settings of poems by Herder . ‘The London Bach’, Johann Christian ( 1734–82 ), after two years as...

Bach

Bach   Reference library

Denis Arnold and Basil Smallman

The Oxford Companion to Music

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Music
Length:
2,022 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Bach–Abel concerts. On his return to Bückeburg he mounted performances at court of Iphigénie en Tauride and Die Entführung aus dem Serail to express his new-found regard for the work of Gluck and Mozart. Though relatively short-lived, the youngest son of J. S. Bach and his second wife, Anna Magdalena , Johann Christian Bach ( b Leipzig, 5 Sept. 1735 ; d London, 1 Jan. 1782 ), travelled more extensively and was more widely acclaimed than any of his brothers. After his father's death he studied for some years with Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach in...

Horn

Horn (iii)   Reference library

Joris Potvlieghe

The Grove Dictionary of Musical Instruments (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Music
Length:
661 words

...to Augsburg for two years’ study with Johann Andreas Stein, after which he studied from 1773 to 1779 with Christian Ernst Friederici in Gera. Horn’s clavichords are heavily influenced by and of the same quality as those of Friederici, which were held in high esteem by Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach and Leopold Mozart. Johann Gottlob’s first independently built clavichord was made for the Earl of Reuss-Köstritz about 1779. He also made harpsichords and pianos, the latter often with piano, lute, and pantaleon stops, and worked as an organ inspector, notably in 1793 examining...

Bach, Johann Sebastian

Bach, Johann Sebastian (21 March 1685)   Reference library

Basil Smallman

The Oxford Companion to Music

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Music
Length:
2,273 words

...in 1707 or 1708 and Gott ist mein König (‘God is my King’) bwv 71 for the installation of the city council in 1708 . In October 1707 , in the village church at Dornheim, he married Maria Barbara Bach , his second cousin, who bore him seven children, including Wilhelm Friedemann and Carl Philipp Emanuel . Weimar and Cöthen In June 1708 Bach was appointed organist and court musician to Duke Wilhelm Ernst of Weimar. From this period there date many of his best-known organ works—the Prelude and Fugue in D major bwv 532, the Fantasia and Fugue in...

Barberina, La

Barberina, La (1721)   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
762 words

...stage until 1748 , in a company that also included Jean-Barthélemy Lany , his sisters Louise-Madeleine and Charlotte, Jean-Georges Noverre , Pietro Sodi , and Marianne Cochois . The king allowed Barberina to set her own price—seven thousand reichstalers a year ( Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach , the court harpsichordist, was paid three hundred reichstalers), plus five months vacation—but all contingent on her remaining unmarried. Barberina's palace became a gathering place for the king, the nobility, and the diplomatic corps. From 1744 to 1748 , she danced in...

Gellert, Christian Fürchtegott

Gellert, Christian Fürchtegott (1715–69)   Reference library

The Dictionary of Eighteenth-Century German Philosophers

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
3,692 words

...confessions. Even though the author had originally assigned his texts to existing melodies of Church hymns, no other collection of poems has been set to music as often as that of Gellert during the entire century. Among the best-known compositions are those of Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach and Joseph Haydn as well as Beethoven's 6 Lieder von Gellert, am Klavier zu singen (6 Songs by Gellert, to be sung at the Piano) of 1803 . Apart from Gellert's poetic works, it is his contributions to epistolary culture that assume an inestimable significance in the...

Piano

Piano   Reference library

Edwin M. Ripin, Stewart Pollens, Edwin M. Ripin, Stewart Pollens, Michael Latcham, Philip R. Belt, Maribel Meisel, Alfons Huber, Michael Cole, Philip R. Belt, Maribel Meisel, Gert Hecher, Anne Beetem Acker, Michael Cole, Beryl Kenyon de Pascual, Michael Latcham, Cynthia Adams Hoover, Cyril Ehrlich, Edwin M. Good, Cyril Ehrlich, Edwin M. Good, Anne Beetem Acker, Robert Winter, Robert Winter, Anne Beetem Acker, and J. Bradford Robinson

The Grove Dictionary of Musical Instruments (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Music
Length:
25,722 words
Illustration(s):
19

...maximum volume was still less than that of a well-quilled harpsichord. The special skills required for playing the piano are acknowledged obliquely in C.P.E. Bach’s Versuch , i (1753): ‘The more recent fortepiano, which is sturdy and well built, has many fine qualities, although its touch must be carefully worked out, a task that is not without its difficulties.’ It is known that both Carl Philipp Emanuel and his father had access to the Silbermann pianos at the court of Frederick the Great in Potsdam, where the former was employed, but apart from Johann...

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