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Carl Gustav Jung

Subject: Literature

(1875–1961) Swiss psychiatrist who founded analytical psychology and who proposed the concepts of extrovert and introvert personalities, archetypes, and the collective ...

Jung, Carl Gustav

Jung, Carl Gustav (1875–1961)   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
59 words

..., Carl Gustav ( 1875–1961 ) Swiss psychiatrist . He worked closely ( 1907–13 ) with Sigmund Freud , but disagreed that sexuality was the prime cause of neurosis . Jung founded analytical psychology, based on psychic ‘individuation’. He argued the unconscious had two dimensions: the personal and archetypes of a collective unconscious. He believed introversion and extroversion to be basic personality...

Jung, Carl Gustav

Jung, Carl Gustav   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to World Mythology

..., Carl Gustav The Swiss psychiatrist Carl Gustav Jung ( 1875–1961 ) broke away from his mentor, Sigmund Freud , disagreeing with him on various matters, including the importance of myth. Jung's theory of a universal collective unconscious in addition to the personal unconscious studied by Freud, has influenced many mythologists, including, most notably, Joseph Campbell , whose theory of the heroic monomyth owes much to Jung's ideas about the archetypes or universal psychic tendencies that are contained in the collective unconscious and that reveal...

Jung, Carl Gustav

Jung, Carl Gustav (1875–1961)   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Philosophy (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
111 words

..., Carl Gustav ( 1875–1961 ) Swiss psychoanalyst . Born at Kesswil in Switzerland, Jung took his degree in medicine at Basel and subsequently studied with the Swiss psychiatrist Eugen Bleuler ( 1857–1939 ). He met Freud in 1907 , and collaborated with him until 1912 . Jung’s subsequent work centred upon the process of ‘individuation’ whereby a person undergoes a developmental journey littered with myth, archetypes, and symbols pointing towards the final destiny, which may be a religious wholeness and integration ( see collective unconscious ). ...

Jung, Carl Gustav

Jung, Carl Gustav (1875–1961)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Sociology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
78 words

..., Carl Gustav ( 1875–1961 ) Swiss psychologist and psychoanalyst . For some time Sigmund Freud ’s heir apparent, he eventually split from Freud in 1913 , after disagreeing in particular about the importance of sexuality. His work is considered more spiritual than Freud’s, offering analyses of the life-cycle and symbolism , and by comparison remains curiously ignored by sociologists. Good introductions to his work are Anthony Storr , Jung (1986) and Anthony Stevens , On Jung ...

Jung, Carl Gustav

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The Concise Oxford Companion to English Literature (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Literature
Length:
148 words

..., Carl Gustav ( 1875–1961 ) Swiss psychiatrist . Between 1907 and 1912 he worked in close collaboration with Freud but then broke with him to found his own school of ‘Analytical Psychology’. Jung introduced into psychology the terms ‘complex’, ‘collective unconscious’, ‘extrovert’–‘introvert’, ‘archetype’ , and ‘individuation’. Jung wrote extensively on topics far outside the normal field of psychology, and his influence has been commensurately wide, not least in the area of literary criticism, for example in the work of Northrop Frye ( 1912–91...

Jung, Carl Gustav

Jung, Carl Gustav (1875–1961)   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
253 words

..., Carl Gustav ( 1875–1961 ). Psychiatrist and analytical psychologist, whose views have been thought by some to be more sympathetic to religion than those of Freud . After an exchange of letters, Jung first met Sigmund Freud in 1907 ; they collaborated closely until 1913 . By 1912 , however, Jung could no longer conceal his differences from Freud. After his break with Freud, Jung suffered a psychotic breakdown during which he believed that he confronted his own unconscious. The first fruit of this exploration was his formulation of a general theory of...

Jung, Carl Gustav

Jung, Carl Gustav (1875–1961)   Reference library

Pauline Greenhill

The Oxford Companion to Fairy Tales (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature
Length:
111 words

..., Carl Gustav ( 1875–1961 ) Swiss psychiatrist and psychotherapist who posited that myths and fairy tales represent the human unconscious and their motifs express archetypes—cross-cultural images, thoughts, and ideas. Stored as cognitive universals in the human collective unconscious, archetypes also appear symbolically in dreams and fantasies. Analysing expressive culture determines its archetypal basis and reflection of personal and sociocultural growth. Jung is criticised for reductivism, presuming the biological universality of European folkloric...

Jung, Carl Gustav

Jung, Carl Gustav (1875–1961)   Reference library

Dictionary of the Social Sciences

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
362 words

..., Carl Gustav ( 1875–1961 ) An eminent psychologist whose theories (collectively known as Jungian or Analytic psychology) provided a major framework for thinking about personality and the nature of the social bond in the first half of the twentieth century. Jung was born in Switzerland and trained as a medical doctor. By the turn of the century he had moved toward the problems of mental illness and, in this context, encountered Sigmund Freud 's work on dreams and the question of repression. Thereafter, Jung and Freud developed a close relationship, which...

Jung, Carl Gustav

Jung, Carl Gustav (1875–1961)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to English Literature (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Literature
Length:
317 words

..., Carl Gustav ( 1875–1961 ) Swiss psychiatrist , whose professional career began at the Burghölzli mental hospital in Zurich. Impressed by the work of Freud on dreams, he sought to apply psychoanalytic ideas to the treatment of schizophrenia. Between 1907 and 1912 he worked in close collaboration with Freud but then broke with him to found his own school of ‘Analytical Psychology’. Like Freud, Jung was not only the founder of a school of psychology which lives on today but also introduced into psychology many terms, such as ‘complex’, ‘collective...

Jung, Carl Gustav

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A Dictionary of Scientists

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Science and technology
Length:
320 words

..., Carl Gustav (1875–1961) Swiss psychologist and psychiatrist Born the son of a pastor in Kesswil, Switzerland, Jung (yuung) studied medicine at the universities of Basel ( 1895–1900 ) and Zurich, where he obtained his MD in 1902 . From 1902 until 1909 he worked under the direction of Eugen Bleuler at the Burghölzi Psychiatric Clinic, Zurich, while at the same time lecturing in psychiatry at the University of Zurich ( 1905–13 ). In 1907 Jung met Sigmund Freud , whose chief collaborator he became. Following the formation of the International...

Jung, Carl Gustav

Jung, Carl Gustav (1875–1961)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to German Literature (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
406 words

..., Carl Gustav (Kesswyl, Switzerland, 1875–1961 , Zurich), Swiss psychiatrist , and leading figure in the Zurich school of analytical psychology, studied medicine at Basel University. Having specialized in psychiatry, he was appointed in 1900 to a post at Burghölzli Hospital, Zurich. He acquired a large private practice, and resigned from the hospital in 1909 . In 1903 Jung was impressed by the dream psychology in Traumdeutung by S. Freud , whom he visited in Vienna in 1907 . Jung remained under Freud's influence until 1912 , when he published ...

Jung, Carl Gustav

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Who's Who in the Twentieth Century

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
History
Length:
512 words

..., Carl Gustav ( 1875–1961 ) Swiss psychiatrist who founded analytical psychology and who proposed the concepts of extrovert and introvert personalities, archetypes, and the collective unconscious. He also developed valuable methods of psychiatric therapy. After qualifying in medicine at the University of Basle ( 1900 ), Jung became an assistant at the Burghölzi Asylum, Zürich, and later senior staff physician and an instructor in psychiatry to the University of Zürich. He was appointed professor of psychology at the Federal Polytechnical University,...

Jung, Carl Gustav

Jung, Carl Gustav (1875–1961)   Reference library

The Encyclopedia of Religion and Nature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences
Length:
999 words

..., Carl Gustav ( 1875–1961 ) The psychiatrist, psychoanalyst and self-named “analytical psychologist” Carl Gustav Jung was born on 26 July 1875 and died on 6 June 1961 . Born near Basel, Switzerland, over the last sixty years of his life he lived, worked – and died – near the banks of Lake Zurich. Although he is often coupled with his one-time mentor Sigmund Freud ( 1856–1939 ) in discussion of his life and work, this association, although pivotal for Jung, lasted only from 1905 to 1913 and is grossly overemphasized in the extant literature. Jung's...

Jung, Carl Gustav

Jung, Carl Gustav (1875–1961)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Mind (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology, Philosophy
Length:
1,740 words

...world has become transferred into my own inner world, and has revealed to me an unexpected unfamiliarity with myself.’ (Published 2004) David Angus Graham Cook Adler, G. (ed.) (1973). C. G. Jung: Letters . Casement, A. (2001). Carl Gustav Jung . Jung, C. G. (1953–71). Collected Works . McGuire, W. (ed.) (1974). The Freud/Jung Letters . Storr, A. (1973). Jung...

Jung, Carl                 Gustav

Jung, Carl Gustav (1875–1961)   Reference library

Alexandra Pârvan

The Oxford Guide to the Historical Reception of Augustine

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
3,519 words

... Jung, Carl Gustav ( 1875–1961 ) J. was a Swiss psychologist and psychotherapist , and the founder of analytical psychology . His prolific work far exceeds the boundaries of psychology and reaches into the history of religions, history of philosophy and of Eastern thought, alchemy, literature, astrology, and anthropology. This explains his powerful academic stature during the first...

Carl Gustav Jung

Carl Gustav Jung (1875–1961)   Reference library

Francis Crick

Oxford Dictionary of Scientific Quotations

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
251 words

...Carl Gustav Jung 1875 – 1961 Swiss analytic psychologist and psychiatrist Dream analysis stands or falls with [the hypothesis of the unconscious]. Without it the dream appears to be merely a freak of nature, a meaningless conglomerate of memory-fragments left over from the happenings of the day. Dream Analysis in its Practical Application (1930), 1–2 dream analysis stands or falls hypothesis of the unconscious Complexes are psychic contents which are outside the control of the conscious mind. They have been split off from consciousness and lead a...

Carl Gustav Jung

Carl Gustav Jung (1875–1961)   Reference library

Oxford Dictionary of Modern Quotations (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
256 words

...0CarlGustav Carl Gustav Jung 1875 – 1961 Swiss psychologist A man who has not passed through the inferno of his passions has never overcome them. Memories, Dreams, Reflections (1962) inferno of his passions inferno of his passions As far as we can discern, the sole purpose of human existence is to kindle a light in the darkness of mere being. Memories, Dreams, Reflections (1962) light in the darkness light in the darkness of mere being darkness of mere being Every form of addiction is bad, no matter whether the narcotic be alcohol or morphine...

Carl Gustav Jung

Carl Gustav Jung (1875–1961)   Reference library

Oxford Dictionary of Quotations (8 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
477 words

...0Carl0Gustav Carl Gustav Jung 1875 – 1961 Swiss psychologist The shoe that fits one person pinches another; there is no universal recipe for living. ‘The Aims of Psychotherapy’ (1931) in The Practice of Psychotherapy (1966) shoe that fits one person shoe that fits one person fits one person pinches another no universal recipe for living no universal recipe for living The contents of the personal unconscious are chiefly the feeling-toned complexes …The contents of the collective unconscious, on the other hand, are known as archetypes ....

Carl Gustav Jung

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Oxford Essential Quotations (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
487 words

...0CarlGustav Carl Gustav Jung 1875 – 1961 Swiss psychologist The shoe that fits one person pinches another; there is no universal recipe for living. ‘The Aims of Psychotherapy’ (1931) in The Practice of Psychotherapy (1966) The contents of the personal unconscious are chiefly the feeling-toned complexes …The contents of the collective unconscious, on the other hand, are known as archetypes . Eranos Jahrbuch (1934) collective unconscious known as archetypes A man who has not passed through the inferno of his passions has never overcome them....

Jung, Carl Gustav

Jung, Carl Gustav (1875–1961)   Reference library

The New Oxford Dictionary for Scientific Writers and Editors (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

..., Carl Gustav ( 1875–1961 ) Swiss psychologist and psychiatrist . Adjectival form: Jungian...

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