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Carcassonne

City dominating the Aude between Narbonne and Toulouse. A Roman colony later fortified by a 4th-century Visigothic fortress, then by Arabs (after 725). Bishopric established c.570. After ...

Carcassonne

Carcassonne (Occitanie/France)   Quick reference

Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Place Names (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020

...Carcassonne , Occitanie/France ( Carcaso ) Perched on an isolated hill, the city derives its name from the pre-Indo-European root words kar ‘rock’ or ‘stone’ and kasser ‘oak’....

Carcassonne

Carcassonne   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
102 words

... City dominating the Aude between *Narbonne and *Toulouse . A Roman colony later fortified by a 4th-century Visigothic fortress, then by Arabs (after 725 ). Bishopric established c .570 . After Frankish conquest (late 8th century), seat of *Carolingian counts who came to rule *Béziers , Agde, *Foix , Comminges, and Bigorre. Principal city of the *Trencavel family from 1067 , with a mint producing ‘Ugonenc’ pennies. Captured by crusaders ( 1209 ), it later became the seat of a royal seneschal. Its structures were restored in the 19th...

Carcassonne

Carcassonne   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
537 words
Illustration(s):
1

...of the plague, the revolt of the Tuchins in 1382 and the decline of its cloth industry, by the end of the Hundred Years' War the Lower Town of Carcassonne had definitively taken the lead, politically and economically, from the Old City on the heights. Choir of Carcassonne cathedral, 1270–1320. Histoire de Carcassonne , P. Wolff (dir.), Toulouse, 1984, 43-107. J. Blanc et al. , La Cité de Carcassonne, des pierres et des hommes , Paris, 1999. Anne...

Carcassonne

Carcassonne   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Medieval Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Art & Architecture, History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
1,857 words
Illustration(s):
2

...Carcassonne’, Rev. Aude , i (1845–6), pp. 394–8 E. Viollet-le-Duc : Rapports sur les restes de l’ancienne cité de Carcassonne (Paris, 1858) J. P. Cros-Mayrevieille : Les Monuments de Carcassonne (Paris, 1859) E. Viollet-le-Duc : La cité de Carcassonne, Aude (1888/ R Portet-sur-Garonne, 1995) A. Blanchet : ‘A propos de l’enceinte de Carcassonne’, Rev. Etud. Anc. , n. s. 4, xxiv (1922), pp. 313–16 J. Poux : La Cité de Carcassonne: Histoire et description (Toulouse, 1925) G. J. Mot : ‘Les Tombeaux gothiques de Saint-Nazaire de Carcassonne’,...

Carcassonne, Siege of

Carcassonne, Siege of   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Medieval Warfare and Military Technology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010

..., Siege of Following the decisive and unexpected storm of Béziers, the crusader army, numbering around twenty thousand and still commanded by the papal legates, marched to Viscount Raymond-Roger Trencavel’s next holding, Carcassonne. Since Béziers had fallen in one day with hundreds, perhaps thousands, of its inhabitants killed during the assault, the defenders of Carcassonne, led by their viscount, knew what might happen if they did not defend themselves vigorously. Carcassonne was a secure fortification. Its population of less than nine thousand...

Carcassonne

Carcassonne   Quick reference

New Oxford Rhyming Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
116 words

... • aide-de-camp , aides-de-camp, anon, Asunción, au courant, begone, Bonn, bon vivant, Caen, Canton, Carcassonne, Ceylon, chaconne, chateaubriand, ci-devant, Colón, colon, Concepción, con ( US conn), cretonne, don, Duchamp, Evonne, foregone, fromage blanc, Gabon, Garonne, gone, guenon, hereupon, Inchon, Jean, john, Jon, Le Mans, León, Luzon, Mont Blanc, Narbonne, odds-on, on, outgone, outshone, Perón, phon, piñon, Pinot Blanc, plafond, Ramón, Saigon, Saint-Saëns, Sand, Schwann, scone, shone, side-on, sine qua non, Sorbonne, spot-on, swan, thereon,...

Carcassonne

Carcassonne   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
22 words
Carcassonne

Carcassonne   Reference library

The New Zealand Oxford Dictionary

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
17 words
Carcassonne

Carcassonne   Reference library

Australian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
17 words
Carcassonne

Carcassonne   Reference library

The Canadian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
22 words
Carcassonne

Carcassonne  

City dominating the Aude between Narbonne and Toulouse. A Roman colony later fortified by a 4th-century Visigothic fortress, then by Arabs (after 725). Bishopric established c.570. After Frankish ...
Siege of Carcassonne

Siege of Carcassonne  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Following the decisive and unexpected storm of Béziers, the crusader army, numbering around twenty thousand and still commanded by the papal legates, marched to Viscount Raymond-Roger Trencavel’s ...
Trencavels

Trencavels  

Aristocratic family of Languedoc who as viscounts and sometimes bishops ruled Albi, Carcassonne, Béziers, Agde, Nîmes, and the region south of Carcassonne from 1067 until Raymond Roger surrendered ...
Raimon de Miraval

Raimon de Miraval  

(fl. 1185–1229) Troubadour who owned a castle near Carcassonne that fell during the Albigensian Crusade; he then fled to Spain.His patron Raimon VI of Toulouse is addressed in almost ...
Bernard Délicieux

Bernard Délicieux  

(died 1319)Born at Montpellier to an eminent family, Bernard Délicieux entered the Order of St Francis around 1284. Reader at Carcassonne, then at Narbonne, he personified the broad intellectual ...
County of Empúries (Ampurias)

County of Empúries (Ampurias)  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
House of CarcassonneHouse of CardonaHouse of Aragon862–894Dela (probable grandson of Bellon, count of Carcassonne; count of Empúries and Peralada 862)862–915Sunyer (brother; count of Rosselló ...
Peter of Les Vaux-de-Cernay

Peter of Les Vaux-de-Cernay  

(12th-13th centuries)Peter of les Vaux-de-Cernay (a Cistercian abbey in Yvelines) was the author of a History of the Albigensians that he began to write in 1213 at the request ...
Septimania

Septimania  

Mediterranean coastal region from the Rhône to the Pyrenees. Occupied by the Visigoths from c.475, it remained under their control until the early 8th century. From 720, following the Muslim ...
Raymond VII of Toulouse

Raymond VII of Toulouse  

(1197–1249)Raymond VII of Toulouse was born of the marriage of Raymond VI and Joan, sister of the king of England. Disinherited at the Lateran council in 1215, he nevertheless ...
Simon de Montfort

Simon de Montfort  

(c.1150–1218)Simon de Montfort was an important lord of the Yvelines, on the margins of the royal domain, allied to the Montmorency through his wife and called earl of Leicester ...

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