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Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament

Subject: History

(CND) A British pressure group pledged to nuclear disarmament and to the abandonment of British nuclear weapons. CND was created in 1958 with the philosopher Bertrand Russell as ...

Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament

Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
161 words

... for Nuclear Disarmament (CND) A British pressure group pledged to nuclear disarmament and to the abandonment of British nuclear weapons. CND was created in 1958 with the philosopher Bertrand Russell as President. Frustration at the lack of progress led to the creation of a splinter-group, the Committee of 100, led by Russell and pledged to civil disobedience. From 1963–1980 CND was in eclipse. It revived in 1980–84 mainly as a protest against the deployment of US cruise missiles at Greenham Common. In 1980 European Nuclear Disarmament (END) was...

Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament

Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
98 words

... for Nuclear Disarmament ( CND ) Movement in Britain, founded by Bertrand Russell and Canon John Collins ( 1958 ). Advocating unilateral nuclear disarmament, during the 1960s it organized an annual march between the atomic research centre at Aldermaston and Trafalgar Square, London. Membership and activities declined in the 1970s, but CND revived in the early 1980s in response to the escalation of the East-West nuclear arms race and the siting of cruise missiles at Greenham Common, s England. The end of the Cold War and disarmament treaties...

Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament

Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament   Quick reference

A Dictionary of British History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
179 words

... for Nuclear Disarmament ( CND ) . The largest organization associated with the two waves of agitation against the British nuclear deterrent and US nuclear bases in Britain. It was formed in 1958 by establishment intellectuals such as Bertrand Russell and urged unilateral British nuclear disarmament. It soon became involved in demonstrations organized by the smaller anarchist‐orientated Direct Action Committee. The Easter 1958 march to the Aldermaston nuclear base in Berkshire attracted up to 10,000 supporters and 1959 and 1960 saw numbers...

Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament

Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament   Reference library

Christopher N. Lanigan

The Oxford Companion to British History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
304 words

... for Nuclear Disarmament ( CND ) . The largest and most politically orthodox organization associated with the two waves of mass agitation against the British nuclear deterrent and US nuclear bases in Britain during the late 1950s and again in the early 1980s. It was formed in 1958 by establishment intellectuals such as Bertrand Russell and J. B. Priestley and urged unilateral British nuclear disarmament. It soon became involved in demonstrations and protests organized by the smaller anarchist-orientated Direct Action Committee. The Easter 1958...

Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament

Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament   Reference library

The Oxford International Encyclopedia of Peace

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
9,054 words

... for Nuclear Disarmament . [ This entry contains four subentries : 1958–1965 ; 1965–1978 ; 1980s; and 1990 to Present.] 1958–1965 Following a dramatic article by J. B. Priestley in the New Statesman in November 1957 , the classic phase of the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament ( CND ) began. The organization was not formally founded until January 1958 in London, but it quickly became the major organizational expression of the broader nuclear disarmament movement in Britain of the late 1950s and the 1960s. In this initial eight-year phase, CND was...

Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament

Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

... for Nuclear Disarmament a British organization which campaigns for the abolition of nuclear weapons worldwide and calls for unilateral disarmament. Founded in 1958 , it was revived in 1979 to oppose the siting of US cruise missiles in Britain. With the improvement in East–West relations and the break-up of the Soviet Union, the organization has had a lower public...

Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament

Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament   Reference library

The New Zealand Oxford Dictionary

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
39 words
Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament

Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
(CND)A British pressure group pledged to nuclear disarmament and to the abandonment of British nuclear weapons. CND was created in 1958 with the philosopher Bertrand Russell as President. Frustration ...
Nuclear Disarmament, International Campaigns for

Nuclear Disarmament, International Campaigns for   Reference library

The Oxford International Encyclopedia of Peace

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
3,338 words

...the nuclear arms race and to prevent the waging of nuclear war. [ See also Antinuclear Power Protests in the United States ; Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists ; Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament ; Committee for a Sane Nuclear Policy ; Cousins, Norman ; Einstein, Albert ; European Nuclear Disarmament ; Greenham Common Women’s Peace Camp ; Greenpeace ; International Fellowship of Reconciliation ; International Peace Bureau ; Japan, Peace Movements in ; Nuclear-free and Independent Pacific Movement ; Nuclear Freeze ; Nuclear Test Ban ; Nuclear...

International Campaigns for Nuclear Disarmament

International Campaigns for Nuclear Disarmament  

The struggle against nuclear weapons began even before they existed.1945–1954During World War II, many scientists working on the Manhattan Project (the U.S. effort to produce an atomic bomb) ...
Nuclear Disarmament in Europe, 1945–2000

Nuclear Disarmament in Europe, 1945–2000  

Any overview of various plans, proposals, and negotiations for the reduction, control, and removal of nuclear weapons from Europe during this period has to take account of the essence of ...
European Nuclear Disarmament

European Nuclear Disarmament  

[This entry contains two subentries: 1975–1985 and 1980–1992.]From the late 1950s to the early 1960s, some pacifists, parts of the labor movement, and independents on the socialist left began ...
unilateralism

unilateralism  

Literally ‘one‐sidedness’, although unilateralists protested vigorously in the 1980s when opponents so translated it. A British movement against domestic involvement with nuclear weapons. All ...
Nuclear Weapon-free Zones

Nuclear Weapon-free Zones  

[This entry contains two subentries: An Overview and European Activity.]A nuclear weapon-free zone (NWFZ) is a populated region whose member states have formally agreed by a multilateral treaty to ...
ban the bomb

ban the bomb  

Reference type:
Overview Page
US anti-nuclear slogan, adopted from 1953 onwards by the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament.
nuclear bomb

nuclear bomb  

The first and only nuclear bomb to have been used in warfare was the atomic bomb, which was developed in the Manhattan Project, and exploded over Hiroshima and Nagasaki on 6 and 9 August 1945 ...
Films for Peace

Films for Peace  

Film is a powerful medium that can change, and indeed may have changed, the way humans conceive of the world and the events that take place in it. Filmmakers, consciously ...
Nuclear Controversies in the United States

Nuclear Controversies in the United States  

“Dear Mr. President: Some recent work by E. Fermi and L. Szilard leads me to expect that the element uranium may be turned into a new and important source of ...

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