View:

Overview

Cambrai

A politically valuable frontier town, Cambrai was near the French, Flemish, and German borders, with bishops dominant from the 10th century. Cambrai was a centre of cloth production in the ...

Cambrai

Cambrai   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
73 words

... ( Cambray ) A politically valuable frontier town, Cambrai was near the French, Flemish, and German borders, with bishops dominant from the 10th century. Cambrai was a centre of cloth production in the later MA, and the cathedral’s music school achieved international renown in the 15th and 16th centuries. John S. Ott W. Reinecke , Geschichte der Stadt Cambrai bis zur Erteilung der Lex Godefridi (1227) (1896). L. Trenard , ed., Histoire de Cambrai ...

Cambrai

Cambrai   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
482 words

...Lille, 1903. R. Branner , “The Transept of Cambrai Cathedral”, Gedenkschrift Ernst Gall , M. Kuhn (ed.), Berlin, 1965, 69-85. H. Platelle , “ Cambrai et le Cambrésis au XVe siècle ”, RNord , 1976, 349-382. Les Diocèses de Cambrai et de Lille , P. Pierrard (dir.), Paris, 1978. Histoire de Cambrai , L. Trenard (dir.), Dunkirk, 1981. R. Fossier , “ Cambrai ”, LdM , 2, 7, 1983, 1407-1408. Bernard...

Cambrai

Cambrai   Reference library

Edward James

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

... ( civitas Cameracensium : dép. Nord, France) A small Late Roman city on the River Scheldt, which by c. 500 had become the centre of a Frankish kingdom which was eliminated by Clovis I . Its first securely attested bishop is Gaugericus (S. Géry) (580s–620s). Edward James DHGE 11, 547–50. CAGaule 59 (1996), 155–67. Topographie chrétienne , vol. 14 (2006),...

Cambrai

Cambrai (Hauts-de-France/France)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Place Names (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

...Cambrai (Flemish: Kambryk/Kamerijk) , Hauts-de-France/France ( Camaracum ) Adapted from the Roman name which probably comes from the personal name ‘Camarus’. This may be taken from the Latin cammarus , a type of lobster, with the suffix -acum signifying a place-name. However, it might mean a ‘(Place on a) Bend (in the River Escaut)’ from the Gaulish cambo ‘curve’ or ‘crooked’. Changing hands many times, the town was ceded to France in 1678 by the Treaty of Nijmegen. It has given its name to cambric, a fine white linen or cotton fabric....

Cambrai, League of

Cambrai, League of   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
26 words

..., League of (1508) An alliance of the papacy , the Holy Roman Empire , France, and Spain against Venice. Venetian power received a severe check....

Cambrai, Peace of

Cambrai, Peace of   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
124 words

..., Peace of or Treaty of Cambrai , or (French) La Paix des Dames , A treaty signed at Cambrai on 3 August 1529 between Louise of Savoy (representing her son King Francis I ) and Margaret of Austria (representing her nephew the Emperor Charles V ). By the terms of the treaty King Francis renounced his claims to Artois, Flanders, and Naples and Charles renounced his claim to Burgundy. Francis recovered his two sons who had been held as hostages in Spain since 1526 and, on their release, married Charles's sister Eleanor , whose engagement to...

Cambrai, Friede von

Cambrai, Friede von   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to German Literature (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
83 words

..., Friede von , treaty agreed in 1529 between Margaret of Austria ( see Margarete von Österreich ), representing the Emperor Karl V , and Louise of Savoy , mother of Francis I of France . By its terms France abandoned claims to Flanders, Artois, Milan, and Naples, and Karl gave up his right to Burgundy (which by the Treaty of Madrid in 1526 should have been surrendered to him). Because its principal signatories were both women the Peace of Cambrai is commonly called the ‘Damenfriede’ or ‘Ladies'...

Cambrai, Battle of

Cambrai, Battle of   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
58 words

...Cambrai, Battle of ( World War ) The first successful tank battle in history. On 20 November 1915 , the new Tank Corps broke the German line with 500 British tanks and captured 10,000 prisoners. The British failed to consolidate their gains, allowing a German counter‐attack early in December to regain their line and take as many British...

Raoul de Cambrai

Raoul de Cambrai   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
104 words

...de Cambrai One of the most impressive * chansons de geste . King Louis gives the infant Raoul’s land to another *baron . Raoul’s subsequent desire to retrieve his inheritance leads to bloody conflict with the king (his uncle), his companion Bernier (at whose hands he dies), and with his mother (who curses him). After Raoul’s death, the poem narrates the continued *feuding that follows from his actions. In its present form the poem dates from c .1200 , but it almost certainly results from the reworking and continuation of an earlier poem that ended...

Jean de Cambrai

Jean de Cambrai (fl1375–6)   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Medieval Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...de Cambrai [ Rouppi; de Rouppy; Rupy ] ( fl 1375–6 ; d 1438 ). South Netherlandish sculptor . The name de Rouppy suggests that he was born in the village of Roupy, near Saint-Quentin in the region of Cambrai. He is first documented among the stone-carvers working on the spire of Cambrai Cathedral in 1375–6 . In 1386–7 he was paid a salary of 15 francs a month by Jean , Duc de Berry , the first indication that he was in the Duc’s service at Bourges, apparently working with the sculptor André Beauneveu. In 1397 he was referred to as the Duc’s...

Jean de Cambrai

Jean de Cambrai (1375–1438)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Western Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
181 words

...Cambrai (active 1375–1438 ). South Netherlandish sculptor who worked chiefly for John, Duke of Berry . He began in 1386–7 as a craftsman receiving a monthly salary, was promoted to valet de chambre in 1397 , and by 1401–2 had achieved the status of imagier . Little of the work he completed for the Duke survives. The alabaster effigy of John, Duke of Berry, made for his tomb (Bourges, S. Chapelle) was not finished when Jean died and Étienne Bobillet and Paul Mosselman completed it; this adds to the difficulty in distinguishing Jean de Cambrai's...

Jean de Cambrai

Jean de Cambrai (fl1375–6)   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Northern Renaissance Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
883 words

...de Cambrai [ Rouppi ; de Rouppy ; Rupy ] ( fl 1375–6 ; d 1438 ). South Netherlandish sculptor . The name de Rouppy suggests that he was born in the village of Roupy, near Saint-Quentin in the region of Cambrai. He is first documented among the stone-carvers working on the spire of Cambrai Cathedral in 1375–6 . In 1386–7 he was paid a salary of 15 francs a month by Jean, Duc de Berry ( 1340–1416 ), the first indication that he was in the Duc's service at Bourges, apparently working with the sculptor André Beauneveu ( c. 1335–1401/3). In 1397 he...

Cambrai, battle of

Cambrai, battle of (1917)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Military History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Military History, Social sciences, Warfare and Defence
Length:
964 words
Illustration(s):
1

..., battle of ( 1917 ). Cambrai Day—20 November—is celebrated by the British Royal Tank Regiment as the first occasion when tanks were used on a large scale and with tactics specially devised for them, after a disappointing debut on the Somme in September 1916 and in support of infantry attacks at the third battle of Ypres . The British attack, by Third Army under Byng against the Hindeburg Line west of Cambrai, had mixed parentage. The Tank Corps, under Brig Gen Hugh Elles and his chief of staff Lt Col Fuller , saw the rolling downland as...

Cambrai, League of

Cambrai, League of   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
262 words

..., League of , An alliance formed at Cambrai on 10 December 1508 between the Valois rulers of France, the Habsburgs , and their allies; the formation of the League broadened the involvement of European powers in the Wars of Italy . The League consisted of King Louis XII of France, the Emperor Maximilian I , Pope Julius II , King Henry VII of England, King Ladislas II of Bohemia and Hungary, and King Ferdinand of Spain; it was later joined by Marquis Gianfrancesco II Gonzaga of Mantua and Duke Alfonso I d'Este of Ferrara. The ostensible...

Raoul de Cambrai

Raoul de Cambrai   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Literature in French

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
307 words

...de Cambrai . One of the most violent and passionate of the Old French chansons de geste , this poem presents a sombre picture of social disintegration. Raoul's father dies while the hero is still an infant, and the king gives his fief to another of his barons. When Raoul comes of age, his obsessive desire to hold land plunges him into conflict with the king, his family, and his closest friend. It leads him even to commit acts of sacrilege, most notably the burning of an abbey church in which a convent of nuns, and all the inhabitants of their small town,...

Cambrai

Cambrai  

A politically valuable frontier town, Cambrai was near the French, Flemish, and German borders, with bishops dominant from the 10th century. Cambrai was a centre of cloth production in the ...
Jean de Cambrai

Jean de Cambrai  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(active 1375–1438).South Netherlandish sculptor who worked chiefly for John, Duke of Berry. He began in 1386–7 as a craftsman receiving a monthly salary, was promoted to valet de chambre ...
Raoul de Cambrai

Raoul de Cambrai  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
One of the most impressive chansons de geste. King Louis gives the infant Raoul’s land to another baron. Raoul’s subsequent desire to retrieve his inheritance leads to bloody conflict with ...
Peace of Cambrai

Peace of Cambrai  

A treaty signed at Cambrai on 3 August 1529 between Louise of Savoy (representing her son King Francis I) and Margaret of Austria (representing her nephew the Emperor Charles V). ...
Battle of Cambrai

Battle of Cambrai  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The first successful tank battle in history. On 20 November 1915, the new Tank Corps broke the German line with 500 British tanks and captured 10,000 prisoners. The British failed to consolidate ...

View: