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Caecilia Metella

(RE ‘Caecilius’ 136) daughter of Q. Caecilius Metellus (Creticus) and wife of a Crassus, probably the elder (?) son of M. Licinius Crassus (1) (Inscriptiones Latinae Selectae ...

Caecilia (RE ‘Caecilius’ 134) Metella

Caecilia (RE ‘Caecilius’ 134) Metella (1)   Reference library

Ernst Badian

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
102 words

... ( RE ‘Caecilius’ 134) Metella (1) , daughter of L. Caecilius Metellus Delmaticus , married M. Aemilius Scaurus (1) and bore him two children. After his death she married Sulla , marked out for a consulship ( 88 bc ), to whom she bore twins, Faustus Cornelius Sulla and Fausta, later wife of T. Annius Milo . In 86 they all joined him in Greece. In his dictatorship ( 81 ), when she was dying of a disease probably caught from him, he divorced her and had her carried out of the house, to avoid ritual contamination. Ernst...

Caecilia (RE ‘Caecilius’ 135) Metella

Caecilia (RE ‘Caecilius’ 135) Metella (2)   Reference library

Ernst Badian

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
181 words

... ( RE ‘Caecilius’ 135) Metella (2) , presumably a noble virgin in 90 bc , when Juno appeared to her in a dream and requested that the temple of Juno Sospita be restored. She no doubt promised that, if this were done, she would keep Rome safe in the Social War (3) . The Senate thereupon asked the consul L. Iulius Caesar (2) to restore the temple (Cic. De div 1.14). Ten years later, she gave shelter and support to Cicero's client Sex. Roscius of Ameria (Cic. Rosc. Am. passim ) and therefore receives high praise. We do not know whether by...

Caecilia Metella

Caecilia Metella  

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(RE ‘Caecilius’ 136)daughter of Q. Caecilius Metellus (Creticus) and wife of a Crassus, probably the elder (?) son of M. Licinius Crassus (1) (Inscriptiones Latinae Selectae 881; cf. 9924, 9933).[...]
Caecilia Metella

Caecilia Metella  

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(RE ‘Caecilius’ 134),daughter of L. Caecilius Metellus Delmaticus, married M. Aemilius Scaurus (1) and bore him two children. After his death she married Sulla, marked out for a consulship ...
Aemilius Scaurus, Marcus

Aemilius Scaurus, Marcus  

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(RE 141)son of M. Aemilius Scaurus (1) and Caecilia Metella (1), hence stepson of L. Cornelius Sulla. Quaestor under Pompey c.65 bc, he intervened in Judaea and Nabataea, chiefly ...
Aemilius Scaurus, Marcus

Aemilius Scaurus, Marcus  

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Of patrician, but recently impoverished and undistinguished family, acc. to Cicero had to work his way up like a novus homo. He amassed wealth (not always reputably), gained the support of the ...
Scaurus

Scaurus  

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Of patrician, but recently impoverished and undistinguished family, according to Cicero had to work his way up like a novus homo (first man from his family to reach the consulship). He amassed wealth ...
Cornēlius Sulla, Faustus

Cornēlius Sulla, Faustus  

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Son of Cornelius Sulla Felix and of Caecilia Metella. His praenōmen and that of his twin sister, Fausta, were given to symbolize their father's good fortune. As his father's heir he was repeatedly ...
Cornēlius Sulla Fēlix, Lūcius

Cornēlius Sulla Fēlix, Lūcius  

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B. c.138 bc of an old patrician family, after a dissolute youth inherited a fortune from his stepmother, which enabled him to enter the aristocratic career. Chosen by Marius as his quaestor (107) he ...
Caecilius (RE 91) Metellus Delmaticus, Lucius

Caecilius (RE 91) Metellus Delmaticus, Lucius   Reference library

Ernst Badian

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
103 words

... dalmatia ), triumphing 117, and rebuilt two temples from the spoils. As pontifex maximus he tried three Vestals ( see vesta ) accused of unchastity ( 11 4), acquitting two. ( see cassius longinus ravilla, l. ) He was probably censor 115 (see Chiron 1990 , 403 n. 14). Caecilia Metella (1) was his daughter. Ernst...

Aemilius Scaurus, Marcus

Aemilius Scaurus, Marcus   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of the Classical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
222 words

...he married Caecilia Metella and became the leader of the Metellan family group, then at the height of its glory. Censor 109 , he built the first Roman canals in the Po (Padus) valley for navigation and for drainage. About 105 , he received a cura annonae , superseding the quaestor Appuleius Saturninus . In 100 he moved the senatus consultum ultimum against Saturninus and his supporters. After Rutilius' conviction ( 92 ) he avoided prosecution and became one of the chief advisers of Livius Drusus . He was dead by late 89 , when Metella married ...

Aemilius (RE 141) Scaurus (2), Marcus

Aemilius (RE 141) Scaurus (2), Marcus   Reference library

Ernst Badian

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
185 words

...( RE 141) Scaurus (2), Marcus , son of M. Aemilius Scaurus (1) and Caecilia Metella ( 1 ) , hence stepson of L. Cornelius Sulla . Quaestor under Pompey c. 65 bc , he intervened in Judaea and Nabataea, chiefly for his personal profit. As aedile 58 he issued coins ( RRC 422 ), together with his colleague P. Plautius Hypsaeus , commemorating his inglorious campaign against the king of the Nabataeans as a victory. He also gave extravagant games, spending his enormous wealth. As praetor 56 he presided over the trial of P. Sestius , then governed...

Cornelius (RE 377) Sulla, Faustus

Cornelius (RE 377) Sulla, Faustus   Reference library

Ernst Badian

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
174 words

... ( RE 377) Sulla, Faustus , son of L. Cornelius Sulla Felix and of Caecilia Metella (1) . His praenomen and that of his twin sister, Fausta, were given to symbolize their father's good fortune. As his father's heir he was repeatedly threatened with prosecution. Serving as military tribune under Pompey, he was the first to scale the walls of the Temple in Jerusalem. On his return, he gave magnificent games in his father's memory ( 60 bc ), was made augur, and in 56 issued coins chiefly celebrating his father and Pompey ( RRC 426 ). He was...

Cornēlius Sulla, Faustus

Cornēlius Sulla, Faustus   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of the Classical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
143 words

...Sulla, Faustus , son of Cornelius Sulla Felix and of Caecilia Metella . His praenōmen and that of his twin sister, Fausta, were given to symbolize their father's good fortune. As his father's heir he was repeatedly threatened with prosecution. Serving as military tribune under Pompey , he was the first to scale the walls of the Temple in Jerusalem. On his return, he gave magnificent games in his father's memory ( 60 bc ), was made augur , and in 56 issued coins chiefly celebrating his father and Pompey. He was quaestor 54 and supported his...

via Appia

via Appia   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of the Classical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
141 words

...Appia began in 295 and apparently was complete by Gracchan times. In imperial times a praetorian curator kept the road in order. Its exact line can be traced most of the way to Beneventum. Between Rome and Beneventum one can still see roadside tombs (e.g. the Scipios', Caecilia Metella's), the ancient pavement, a rock‐cutting (at Tarracina), embankments (e.g. at Aricia), bridges (three between Caudium and Beneventum), and milestones. One of these proves that, even though travellers preferred the 30‐km. ‐(19‐mi.)‐long ship canal, the Appia from its...

via Appia

via Appia   Reference library

Edward Togo Salmon and T. W. Potter

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
263 words

...of the way to Beneventum, but less securely beyond, since the shorter route to Brundisium via Canusium and Barium , which the via Traiana later used, led to neglect of the Appia. Between Rome and Beneventum, however, one can still see roadside tombs (e.g. the Scipios', Caecilia Metella's), the ancient pavement, a rock-cutting (at Tarracina ), embankments (e.g. at Aricia and Itri), bridges (three between Caudium and Beneventum), and milestones. One of these proves that, even though travellers preferred the 30-km.-long (19 mi.) ship canal, the Appia...

Scaurus

Scaurus   Quick reference

Ernst Badian

Who's Who in the Classical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
353 words

...and was made princeps senatus (First Senator) by the censors (one a Metellus) although probably not the senior patrician alive. He also began building a road (via Aemilia Scauri) linking the via Aurelia and the via Postumia. Increasingly powerful in the senate, he married Caecilia Metella and became the leader of the Metellan family group, then at the height of its glory. Though himself suspect because of his negotiations with Jugurtha , he became chairman of one of the tribunals set up by Gaius Mamilius Limetanus . Censor 109 , he refused, until forced,...

Aemilius (RE 140) Scaurus (1), Marcus

Aemilius (RE 140) Scaurus (1), Marcus   Reference library

Ernst Badian

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
392 words

...and was made princeps senatus by the censors (one a Metellus) although probably not the senior patrician alive. He also began building a road ( via Aemilia Scauri ) linking the via Aurelia and the via Postumia . Increasingly powerful in the senate, he married Caecilia Metella ( 1 ) and became the leader of the Metellan family group, then at the height of its glory. Though himself suspect because of his negotiations with Jugurtha , he became chairman of one of the tribunals set up by C. Mamilius Limetanus . Censor 109 , he refused, until...

Marius, Gāius

Marius, Gāius   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of the Classical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
873 words

...supreme command, chose to retire. With war against Mithradates imminent, Marius hoped for the command. He found an ally in Sulpicius Rufus , tribune 88 , in return for supporting his policies. When the optimates chose Sulla for the consulship and command (he married Caecilia Metella , widow of Aemilius Scaurus ), Sulpicius had the plebs transfer the command to Marius . Sulla responded by seizing Rome with his army. Marius, unprepared for this, had to flee. Having made arrangements that he hoped would last, Sulla left for the east. After the...

Masonry

Masonry   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Materials and Techniques in Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
2,515 words
Illustration(s):
2

...Greek and Roman masonry shows variants upon Egyptian, including use of rustication ( see §2 below), concrete and brickwork, the commonest Roman form. The Romans often combined masonry, concrete and brick in complex ways, as in the Pantheon ( c. ad 120 ) and the Tomb of Caecilia Metella (late 1st century bc ; see fig. 1), both Rome. Ancient Greek and Roman masonry depended on the quality of the stone and the methods of extraction. Medieval European architecture often lacked one or the other, and commonly both, hence the predominance of rubble ( see §2...

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