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Burgundy

Red and white wines produced in the Burgundy region of France (Bourgogne).

Burgundy

Burgundy (France)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Place Names (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

...and a duchy existed. The borders of Burgundy did not remain fixed, expanding and contracting at various times. Upper Burgundy was known as Jurane Burgundy and Lower Burgundy as the Kingdom of Provence. These two were united and after passing to the German king they became known as the Kingdom of Arles from the 13th century . Cisjurane Burgundy referred to the County of Burgundy ( see franche-comté ) while the Duchy was that part of the realm west of the River Saône; it was annexed by France in 1477 . In 2016 this Region combined with Franche-Comté...

Burgundy

Burgundy   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
117 words

... ( Bourgogne ) Historical region and former duchy of e central France; it now includes the departments of Yonne, Côte-d'Or, Saône et Loire, Ain and Nièvre. Dijon is the historical capital. Burgundy's golden age began in 1364 when John II of France made his son, Philip the Bold, Duke of Burgundy. The succeeding dukes created a state that extended across the Rhine and included the Low Countries. The last Duke, Charles the Bold (r. 1467–77 ), failed to have himself crowned king by the Holy Roman Emperor, and Burgundy was divided up after his death,...

Burgundy

Burgundy   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
498 words

...by capturing the towns on the Somme which had been ceded to Burgundy by the Treaty of Arras. Two years later the duchy of Gelderland was ceded to Charles. Charles was killed in battle in January 1477 , and his death marked the conclusion of the Burgundian threat to the French monarchy. The inheritance of Burgundy passed to Duke Charles's daughter Mary of Burgundy . Louis XI contested the inheritance, claiming Burgundy and its possessions as a fief of the French crown; he seized Burgundy, and Mary turned to her Netherlandish territories for assistance,...

Burgundy

Burgundy   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
299 words

... (county) The county of Burgundy encompassed the area in eastern France known from the 12th century on as Franche-Comté, or ‘free country’. Located between the kingdom of *France and the *Roman Empire and possessing thriving *salt mines, it was often fought over. The county of Burgundy was not a separate entity until 986 , being preceded by the 5th-century Alamanni, the 6th-century kingdoms of Burgundy and the Franks (part of the Merovingian and *Carolingian territories), and a refounded kingdom of *Burgundy in 888 . Otto-William (...

Burgundy

Burgundy   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
545 words

...In subsequent generations, Burgundy was one of the major divisions of Frankish lands (along with Neustria and *Austrasia ). At its greatest extent, Merovingian Burgundy stretched from *Orléans to the Mediterranean. When the *Carolingian dynasty replaced the Merovingians in the 8th century, Burgundy continued as a realm within the Frankish kingdom. Although much of Burgundy was culturally French, the region was divided along the Saône–Rhône basin by *Charlemagne ’s grandsons in the 9th century. The duchy of Burgundy , to the west, went to the...

Burgundy

Burgundy   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
265 words

... A former duchy in south-central France. The Burgundii, a Germanic tribe, settled there in the 5th century. It was under Merovingian control and then absorbed into the Carolingian empire . Thereafter it was divided between France and the Holy Roman Empire, with the ‘duchy of Burgundy’ being confined to the part under French rule. From the late 14th century French and imperial Burgundy (Franche-Comté) were reunited under a series of strong dukes. Philip the Bold also acquired Flanders and Philip the Good the Netherlands. Geographically the...

Burgundy

Burgundy   Reference library

Hanneke Wilson and Jasper Morris

The Oxford Companion to Wine (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Society and culture, Cookery, Food, and Drink
Length:
3,444 words
Illustration(s):
1

... bourgogne for details of Burgundy’s generic appellations. For the names of individual appellations, see beaune ; nuits ; chalonnaise ; and mâcon . Jasper Morris MW chablis and beaujolais are treated separately. Coates, C. , The Wines of Burgundy (Berkeley, 2008). Hanson, A. , Burgundy (2nd edn, London, 1995). Morris, J. , Inside Burgundy (London, 2010). Norman, R. H. , and Taylor, C. , The Great Domaines of Burgundy (3rd edn, London, 2010). Pitiot, S. , and Servant, J.-C. , The Wines of Burgundy (12th edn of P. Poupon’s...

Burgundy

Burgundy   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
265 words

... (duchy) The Ducatus Burgundiae is first mentioned in 1075 , though the title dux was ascribed ( 918–20 ) to Richard ‘the Justicer’, count of *Autun (d. 921 ), and his sons Rudolph (d. 936 ) and Hugh the Black (d. 952 ). In the mid 10th century Hugh the Great (d. 956 ) seized the ducal title for the Robertiens. From Robert (d. 1076 ) to Philip I of Rouvres (d. 1361 ), the duchy of Burgundy was ruled by a junior branch of the *Capetians . It then reverted to King John II (d. 1364 ), who left the duchy to his fourth son, ...

Burgundy

Burgundy   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
1,761 words
Illustration(s):
1

...In 879 Boso , elected king, temporarily grouped together the counties of Burgundy, the Lyonnais region, the Alps and Provence . His death ( 887 ) and the Viking invasions of 887–889 brought to the fore the count of Autun , Richard “the Justiciary”, who brought together personal countships and vassal countships, was called dux or marchio from 890 , and defeated the Northmen ( 898 , 911 ). During the early Middle Ages , and from the late 5th c., Burgundy experienced a precocious development of Monasticism (Réôme, Saint-Germain d'...

Burgundy

Burgundy   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Western Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
777 words

... , an area of eastern France. In 1361 the last Capetian Duke of Burgundy, Philippe de Rouvres, died and the duchy reverted to the French Crown. The Valois King John II (the Good) of France in 1363 rewarded his younger son Philip with the gift of the duchy in gratitude for Philip's loyalty to him during the battle of Poitiers. In this way Burgundy became an independent duchy from 1363 to 1477 . It is during this period that the arts flourished and Burgundian styles and fashions had wide-ranging influence throughout the rest of Europe. In 1369 ...

Burgundy

Burgundy   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Food and Nutrition (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014

... Red and white wines produced in the Burgundy region of France...

Early Burgundy

Early Burgundy   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Wine (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...Burgundy , California name for a grape once grown there in some quantity and eventually identified as the abouriou of south west france...

Burgundy, Frankish

Burgundy, Frankish   Reference library

Hans Hummer

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

..., Frankish With Austrasia and Neustria , one of the three Merovingian kingdoms. The Teilreich of Burgundy emerged from the royal divisions of 561 and 567 when King Guntram (561–92) received the kingdom of Orléans and the former Burgundian kingdom, as well as contiguous portions of Aquitaine and Provence . In the 570s, Guntram made the more centrally situated Chalon-sur-Saône his chief royal residence over Orléans and Lyons . Guntram’s kingdom became known as the kingdom of Burgundy during the reigns of his successors Childebert II ...

Burgundy, House of

Burgundy, House of   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Art and Artists (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
524 words

..., House of French ducal dynasty that included several leading art patrons in the 14th and 15th centuries. Burgundy is a historic region in east central France, but it has given its name to several larger political formations; at its peak in the 15th century the duchy of Burgundy was one of the most powerful states in Europe. Its great period began in 1363 , when John II of France presented the duchy to his youngest son, Philip the Bold ( 1342–1404 ). At this time it was fairly small, but Philip greatly enlarged it, mainly through his marriage in ...

Burgundy, Duke of

Burgundy, Duke of   Reference library

Anne Button

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

..., Duke of . (1) He abandons his suit to marry Cordelia after she has lost her dowry in the first scene of King Lear . (2) He arranges the Treaty of Troyes in Henry V 5.2. In 1 Henry VI he allies with Talbot, 2.1, but is won round by Joan la Pucelle to the French side, 3.7. Anne...

John of Burgundy

John of Burgundy (1365)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
103 words

...of Burgundy (14th century) Physician in *Liège ; author of a Latin treatise, De epidemia (probably 1365 ), and two other, now lost, *plague tracts. De epidemia was known in continental Europe in its Latin form and French and Hebrew translations; it achieved massive popularity in England in its Latin form, derivative versions, and English translations, particularly one attributed to ‘ John of *Bordeaux ’. Lister M. Matheson L. M. Matheson , ‘ John of Burgundy: Treatises on Plague ’, Sex, Aging, and Death in a Medieval Medical Compendium: Trinity...

Margaret of Burgundy

Margaret of Burgundy (1446–1503)   Reference library

J. A. Cannon

The Oxford Companion to British History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
108 words

...of Burgundy ( 1446–1503 ) was a sister of Edward IV . After considerable negotiation, she was married in 1468 to Charles, duke of Burgundy, amid lavish celebrations. The marriage had great diplomatic significance in creating an alliance against Louis XI of France, and the duke gave assistance to Edward IV in 1470 when he was driven into exile. Margaret ’s husband was killed at the battle of Nancy in 1477 fighting against the Swiss. After Henry VII took the throne of England, she continued to support the Yorkist cause, giving refuge to...

Burgundy, House of

Burgundy, House of   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Art (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
517 words

..., House of . French ducal dynasty that included several leading art patrons in the 14th and 15th centuries. Burgundy is a historic region in east central France, but it has given its name to several larger political formations, and at its peak in the 15th century the duchy of Burgundy was one of the most wealthy and powerful states in Europe. Its great period began in 1363 , when John II of France presented the duchy to his youngest son, Philip the Bold ( 1342–1404 ). At this time it was fairly small, but Philip greatly enlarged it, mainly through...

Mary of Burgundy

Mary of Burgundy   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
273 words

...Burgundy or (French) Marie de Borgogne or (German) Maria von Burgund ( 1457–82 ), Duchess of Burgundy, was the daughter and only child of Charles the Bold and Isabella of Bourbon . On the death of her father on 5 January 1477 , Mary inherited all his possessions, which included Alsace, Artois, Brabant, Flanders, Friesland, Hainaut, Lorraine, Luxemburg, and Zeeland as well as the duchy and county of Burgundy. King Louis XI of France contested the inheritance, claiming Burgundy and its possessions as a fief of the French crown; he seized Burgundy...

Burgundy, House of

Burgundy, House of   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Northern Renaissance Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
5,783 words

..., House of . French dynasty of rulers and patrons. They were a cadet branch of the French royal house of Valois . After the death of the last Capetian duke, Philippe de Rouvres, in 1361 , the Duchy of Burgundy, a region to the south-east of Paris, was given by King Charles V to his brother Philip the Bold (Philip II; Philippe le Hardi), 1st Valois Duke of Burgundy ( reg 1363–1404 ), in 1363 . Philip acquired the counties of Flanders, Artois, Rethel, Burgundy (Franche–Comté) and Nevers at the death of his father-in-law, Louis de Mâle, in 1384 ; the...

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