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Brownshirt

Subject: History

Member of an early Nazi paramilitary organization, the Sturmabteilung or SA (‘assault division’). The Brownshirts, recruited from various rough elements of society, were founded by Adolf ...

Brownshirt

Brownshirt   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
18 words

...Brownshirt Name for a member of the SA which derives from the organization's brown uniform. See ...

Brownshirt

Brownshirt   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
191 words

... Member of an early Nazi paramilitary organization, the Sturmabteilung or SA (‘assault division’). The Brownshirts, recruited from various rough elements of society, were founded by Adolf Hitler in Munich in 1921 . Fitted out in brown uniforms reminiscent of Mussolini’s Blackshirts , they figured prominently in organized marches and rallies. Their violent intimidation of political opponents and of Jews played a key role in Hitler’s rise to power. From 1931 the SA was led by a radical anti-capitalist, Ernst Röhm. By 1933 it numbered some two...

Brownshirt

Brownshirt   Quick reference

New Oxford Rhyming Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
88 words

... • advert , alert, animadvert, assert, avert, Bert, blurt, Burt, cert, chert, concert, controvert, convert, curt, desert, dessert, dirt, divert, exert, flirt, girt, hurt, inert, insert, introvert, Kurt, malapert, overt, pert, pervert, quirt, shirt, skirt, spirt, spurt, squirt, Sturt, subvert, vert, wort, yurt • Engelbert • Colbert • sweatshirt • nightshirt • pay dirt • Frankfurt • miniskirt • underskirt • expert • Blackshirt • redshirt • T-shirt • Brownshirt • undershirt • extrovert • ragwort • milkwort • pillwort • nipplewort • lungwort •...

Brownshirt

Brownshirt   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

... a member of a Nazi militia founded by Hitler in Munich in 1921 , with brown uniforms resembling those of Mussolini's Blackshirts. They aided Hitler's rise to power, but were eclipsed by the SS after the Night of Chancery in June 1934...

Brownshirt

Brownshirt noun   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
74 words
Brownshirt

Brownshirt noun   Quick reference

New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
75 words
brownshirt

brownshirt noun   Reference library

The Canadian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
100 words
Brownshirt

Brownshirt noun   Reference library

The New Zealand Oxford Dictionary

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
106 words
Brownshirt

Brownshirt noun   Reference library

Australian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
127 words
Brownshirt

Brownshirt  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
Member of an early Nazi paramilitary organization, the Sturmabteilung or SA (‘assault division’). The Brownshirts, recruited from various rough elements of society, were founded by Adolf Hitler in ...
Night of the Long Knives

Night of the Long Knives  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
(29–30 June 1934)The name coined by Hitler for a weekend of murders throughout Germany. It followed a secret deal between himself and units of his personal bodyguard, the SS. Precise details remain ...
Munich Putsch

Munich Putsch  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
(8 November 1923)An abortive rebellion by German Nazis. In a beer-hall in Munich a meeting of right-wing politicians, who had gathered to denounce the Weimar Republic and to call for the restitution ...
Franz von Papen

Franz von Papen  

(1879–1969)German politician. A member of the Catholic Centre Party, he had little popular following, and his appointment as Chancellor (1932) came as a surprise. To gain Nazi support he lifted the ...
night

night  

Night brings counsel proverbial saying, late 16th century, sometimes used as a warning against taking a hasty action or decision. The same idea is found in the writings of the Greek comic dramatist ...
blackshirt

blackshirt  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
The colloquial name given to the Squadre d'Azione (Action Squad), the national combat groups, founded in Italy in 1919. Organized along paramilitary lines, they wore black shirts and patrolled cities ...
Blackshirts

Blackshirts   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
67 words

...d'Azione ( ‘Action Squad’ ) after the black shirts of their uniform. They were founded in 1919 to fight socialist and Communist groups in the streets and disrupt their meetings, as well as to maintain law and order within the Fascist movement itself. See also mvsn ; Brownshirts ; ...

Sturmabteilung

Sturmabteilung   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

... SA a Nazi paramilitary organization created by Adolf Hitler and destroyed in June 1934 to end the embarrassing conduct and political intrigues of its leaders. Also known as the “Brownshirts,” the SA was largely manned by thugs and was used by Hitler and the Nazi Party to control the streets during the struggle for power in Weimar Germany. from German, ‘Storm...

SA

SA   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to German Literature (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
92 words

..., abbreviation for Sturmabteilung, the paramilitary organization of the NSDAP , founded in 1921 . The storm troops (also referred to as brownshirts after the colour of their uniform, introduced in 1925 ) were involved in the abortive coup d'état in Munich ( see Hitlerputsch ) in 1923 , after which the organization was forbidden for two years in Bavaria. In 1931 E. Röhm took over command; in April 1932 Brüning banned the SA for the whole of Germany, but in July the ban was lifted by Papen. The SA was notorious for its use of...

SA

SA   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to World War II

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003

... ( Sturmabteilungen , or Storm Detachment ), early Nazi paramilitary organization founded by Hitler in 1920 , and destroyed by him in June 1934 . The stormtroopers, known as Brownshirts from their uniform in imitation of Mussolini's Blackshirts , were used by Hitler as an effective instrument of street terror in his accession to political power; but from mid-1933 their numerical strength and the increasingly political ambitions of SA leaders, particularly Ernst Röhm ( 1887–1934 ), made the SA a liabilty to Hitler. See also concentration camps and...

SA

SA   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase & Fable (19 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...founded in 1921 and drawing its early members chiefly from the Freikorps (‘Free Corps’), armed freebooter groups consisting mainly of former soldiers. It was kitted out in brown uniforms after the fashion of Mussolini’s blackshirts and accordingly became known as the Brownshirts. It was notorious for its methods of violent intimidation, both before and after its reorganization in 1925 . Its leadership was purged in the night of the long knives . See also ss...

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