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Bontemps, Arna

Subject: Literature

(1902–73), Louisiana-born author, educated in California, received an M.A. from the University of Chicago, and was librarian of Fisk University. His novels about his black people ...

Bontemps, Arna

Bontemps, Arna (b. 13 October 1902)   Reference library

Encyclopedia of African American History 1896 to the Present

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
918 words
Illustration(s):
1

..., Arna ( b. 13 October 1902 ; d. 4 June 1973 ), poet , anthologist , and librarian during the Harlem Renaissance. Born in Alexandria, Louisiana, from age three Arna Wendell Bontemps grew up in the Watts neighborhood of Los Angeles. After attending public schools there, he attended Pacific Union College in Angwin, California, graduating in 1923 . After college Bontemps, who had already begun writing, moved to New York City and became a teacher in Harlem. Like his contemporary Arthur A. Schomburg , Bontemps excavated the rich cultural heritage of the...

Bontemps, Arna

Bontemps, Arna (1902–1973)   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Companion to African American Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002
Subject:
Literature
Length:
1,195 words

...archive. Bontemps's most distinctive works are ringing affirmations of the human passion for freedom and the desire for social justice inherent in us all. Arnold Rampersad called him the conscience of his era and it could be fairly added that his tendency to fuse history and imagination represents his personal legacy to a collective memory. Charles H. Nichols , ed., Arna Bontemps-Langston Hughes Letters, 1925–1967, 1988. Kirkland C. Jones , Renaissance Man from Louisiana: A Biography of Arna Wendell Bontemps, 1992. Charles L. James , “Arna W. Bontemps' Creole...

Bontemps, Arna

Bontemps, Arna (1902–73)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Companion to American Literature (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Literature
Length:
212 words

..., Arna ( Wendell ) ( 1902–73 ) , author of poetry, stories, histories, novels, and children’s books depicting Black culture and themes of freedom and social justice. Bontemps was born in Louisiana, educated in California, and, as a young adult, moved to New York, where he became a central figure in the Harlem Renaissance alongside Langston Hughes , W. E. B. Du Bois , Claude McKay , and Zora Neale Hurston . He earned a master’s degree in Library Science from the University of Chicago and became librarian of Fisk University, where he helped to...

Bontemps, Arna

Bontemps, Arna   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Twentieth-Century Literature in English

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

..., Arna ( 1902–73 ), American poet , short-story writer , and novelist , born in Alexandria, Louisiana, educated at Pacific Union College, California and at the University of Chicago. He moved to the Harlem district of New York at the beginning of the Harlem Renaissance, where he became well known as a poet. Most of his poems were published in the 1920s for periodicals such as The Crisis and were collected in Personals ( 1963 ). Though terse in a modernist manner, his poems also echo cadences from traditional African-American Christianity. In the...

Bontemps, Arna Wendell

Bontemps, Arna Wendell   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Children's Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Literature, Children's literature studies
Length:
159 words

..., Arna Wendell ( 1902–1973 ), African American author and anthologist. A high school teacher and college librarian, Louisiana-born Arna Bontemps spent several years in New York City during the Harlem Renaissance. He collaborated with his friend Langston Hughes in writing his first juvenile book, Popo and Fifina: Children of Haiti ( 1932 ). Throughout his career, Bontemps wrote books for both adults and children, breaking barriers by compiling one of the first African American poetry collections for children ( Golden Slippers: An Anthology of Negro...

Bontemps, Arna [Wendell]

Bontemps, Arna [Wendell]   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to American Literature (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Literature
Length:
149 words

..., Arna [Wendell] ( 1902–73 ), Louisiana-born author, educated in California, received an M.A. from the University of Chicago, and was librarian of Fisk University. His novels about his black people include God Sends Sunday ( 1931 ), about a jockey, dramatized with Countee Cullen as St. Louis Woman ( 1946 ); Black Thunder ( 1936 ), about a slave revolt in Virginia in 1800 ; Drums at Dusk ( 1939 ), about the slave revolt and emancipation in Haiti; and many children's books, including Sam Patch ( 1951 ), written with Jack Conroy . His...

Bontemps, Arna

Bontemps, Arna  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1902–73),Louisiana-born author, educated in California, received an M.A. from the University of Chicago, and was librarian of Fisk University. His novels about his black people include God Sends ...
Wallace Thurman

Wallace Thurman  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(b. 16 August 1902; d. 22 December 1934),writer and editor. Born in Salt Lake City, Utah, Wallace Thurman had to cover a lot of ground before he arrived in ...
God Sends Sunday

God Sends Sunday  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
A novel by Arna Bontemps, God Sends Sunday was published in 1931. According to local legend, Little Augie, born with a caul over his face, is blessed with the double gifts of luck and clair-voyance, ...
Effie Lee Newsome

Effie Lee Newsome  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1885–1979), children's poet, short fiction writer, and editor of a literary column for children in the Crisis from 1925 to 1929.Effie Lee Newsome (born Mary Effie Lee) was an important link between ...
Sarah Webster Fabio

Sarah Webster Fabio  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1928–1979), poet, educator,and leading figure and pioneer in the Black Studies and Black Arts movements. Born in Nashville, Tennessee, on 20 January 1928, Sarah Webster Fabio was the precocious ...
Haki R. Madhubuti

Haki R. Madhubuti  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1942– ),was born Don L. Lee in Little Rock, Arkansas, and raised in the ‘black bottom’ of Detroit, Michigan. His early life was difficult: his father deserted the family when ...
Samuel W. Allen

Samuel W. Allen  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(b. 1917), poet, educator, translator, and lawyer.Born in Columbus, Ohio, Samuel Allen (also known as Paul Vesey) studied creative writing under James Weldon Johnson at Fisk where he graduated magna ...
Popo and Fifina

Popo and Fifina  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
A juvenile novel by Arna Bontemps and Langston Hughes with illustrations by E. Simms Campbell, Popo and Fifina: Children of Haiti was published in 1932. Papa Jean and Mamma Anna, peasant farmers ...
Fenton Johnson

Fenton Johnson  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1888–1958), poet, essayist, author of short stories, editor, and educator,who created works that foreshadowed the Harlem Renaissance. Fenton Johnson's first poetry appeared in 1913, and his last was ...
Ted Joans

Ted Joans  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1928–2003), poet, multimedia performer, musician, painter, surrealist, traveling storyteller, Beat writer, and Black Nationalist Manifesto writer.Ted Joans was born in Cairo, Illinois, on 4 July ...
Federal Writers' Project

Federal Writers' Project  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Operated (1935–39) by the Works Progress Administration as a measure for the relief of unemployed writers, journalists, editors, and research workers. Directed by Henry G. Alsberg, the Project ...
Frank Yerby

Frank Yerby  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1916–91),Georgiaborn African-American author, after receiving an M.A. from Fisk (1938) taught briefly at Southern universities but concentrated on the writing of historical romances after the great ...
Margaret Walker

Margaret Walker  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1915–1998),African-American poet and novelist, born in Birmingham, Alabama, educated at Northwestern University and the University of Iowa. She began her academic career at Livingstone College, ...
Toussaint Louverture

Toussaint Louverture  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(c.1743–1803)Addressed in a sonnet by William Wordsworth, the leader of a slave revolt which began in 1791 in the French colony of Saint‐Domingue and which has been acclaimed as ...

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