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Black Nationalism

An important ideology in African American history, black nationalism is grounded in the belief that efforts to operate within a political system deemed racist and unresponsive to black ...

Black Nationalism

Black Nationalism   Reference library

Yohuru R. Williams

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Social History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...Black Nationalism . New York: Viking Press, 1970. Joseph, Peniel. Waiting ’til the Midnight Hour: A Narrative History of Black Power in America . New York: Henry Holt, 2006. Shelby, Tommie. “Two Conceptions of Black Nationalism: Martin Delany on the Meaning of Black Political Solidarity.” Political Theory 31, no. 5 (2003): 664–692. Van Deburg, William L., ed. Modern Black Nationalism: From Marcus Garvey to Louis Farrakhan . New York: New York University Press, 1997. Williams, Yohuru. Black Politics, White Power: Civil Rights, Black Power, and the Black...

Black Nationalism

Black Nationalism   Reference library

William L. Van Deburg

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Cultural and Intellectual History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

... Nationalism An important ideology in African American history, black nationalism is grounded in the belief that efforts to operate within a political system deemed racist and unresponsive to black needs are doomed to failure. Adapting traditional nationalist tenets to their own situation as members of a racially defined minority population, most African American nationalists have equated “racial” with “national” identities and goals. Joined by ties of history, kinship, and culture, they have viewed themselves as wholly differentiated from competing social...

Black Nationalism.

Black Nationalism.   Reference library

William L. Van Deburg

The Oxford Companion to United States History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
353 words

...Black Nationalism. An important ideology in African American history, black nationalism is grounded in the belief that efforts to operate within a political system deemed racist and unresponsive to black needs are doomed to failure. Adapting traditional nationalist tenets to their own situation as members of a racially defined minority population, most African American nationalists have equated “racial” with “national” identities and goals. Joined by ties of history, kinship, and culture, they have viewed themselves as wholly differentiated from competing...

Black Nationalism

Black Nationalism   Reference library

Black Women in America (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
7,805 words
Illustration(s):
1

...in revolutionary black nationalism, with blacks and whites advocating the overthrow of the capitalist system; or Pan-Africanism, with all diasporan blacks uniting to combat a common oppression by racism and imperialism; or cultural nationalism, which reinforced African heritage and traditions, racial pride and solidarity, and the goals of black liberation through spiritual and artistic expressions. African dress and hairstyles also denoted evolving black consciousness, as did black protests on white campuses for departments and programs of black studies. A...

Black Nationalism

Black Nationalism   Reference library

Encyclopedia of African American History, 1619–1895: From the Colonial Period to the Age of Frederick Douglass

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
6,218 words

... Nationalism [ This entry contains two subentries dealing with black nationalism from the seventeenth-century slave trade through the late nineteenth century. The first article discusses the first formations of African national identities and the influence of various revolutions on black nationalism, while the second focuses on the most significant figures of the movement .] The Evolution of Black Nationalism During the colonial period, the terms nations and nationalism were defined more by language or other cultural practices than by the political...

Black Nationalism

Black Nationalism   Reference library

Encyclopedia of African American History 1896 to the Present

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
4,680 words
Illustration(s):
1

... Nationalism . Black nationalism is the belief system that endorses the creation of a black nation-state. It also supports the establishment of black-controlled institutions to meet the political, social, educational, economic, and spiritual needs of black people, independent of nonblacks. Celebration of African ancestry and territorial separatism are essential components of black nationalism. Though not fully developed into a cogent system of beliefs, the impulse of black nationalism finds its earliest expression in the resistance of enslaved Africans to...

black nationalism

black nationalism noun   Quick reference

New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
39 words
black nationalism

black nationalism noun   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
35 words
black nationalism

black nationalism noun   Reference library

The Canadian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
25 words
Black Nationalism

Black Nationalism  

An important ideology in African American history, black nationalism is grounded in the belief that efforts to operate within a political system deemed racist and unresponsive to black needs are ...
War

War   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
4,919 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...said by way of claiming that war nationalism did not supplant but rather coexisted with local concerns and still quite fierce local loyalties. Early-nineteenth-century popular movements can be described similarly as weak national alliances which occurred at particular times: they were locally organized with little help from outside, they were often locally specific in their demands, and they were maintained for only a short period. Britain undoubtedly was, by contemporary standards, a nationalistic society, but its nationalism mostly existed as sentiment, and...

36 The History of the Book in the Balkans

36 The History of the Book in the Balkans   Reference library

Ekaterina Rogatchevskaia and Aleksandra B. Vraneš

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
4,024 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...century, only one printing house operated in Zagreb ( 1664 ), but during the 18 th and early 19 th centuries, seven presses were working on Croatia territory. A Venetian printer, Carlo Antonio Occhi, published 50 books at his press in Dubrovnik in 1783–7 . Croatian Romantic nationalism emerged in the mid-19 th century to counteract the apparent Germanization and Magyarization of the country. The Illyrian movement attracted a number of influential figures from the 1830s onward, and produced some important advances in Croatian culture and language. These...

Enlightenment

Enlightenment   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
7,794 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...encouraged the Irish into action, but, as historian Marianne Elliott has observed, the seeds which produced ‘that contradictory tradition of rebellious loyalism’ were ‘already germinating’. Irish ‘rebellious loyalism’ contained the potential for a reconciling enlightened nationalism, but repression by the British government in the 1790s stunted the growth of that particular plant. Foreign revolutions also had a catalytic effect in Wales, yet, as in Ireland, the foundations for a *Welsh cultural revival or renaissance had been laid earlier, following the...

Theatre

Theatre   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
5,088 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...and that of the culture as a whole. Baer, M. , Theatre and Disorder in Late Georgian London , Oxford, 1992; Bate, J. , Shakespearean Constitutions: Politics, Theatre, Criticism, 1730–1830 , Oxford, 1992; Carlson, J. A. , In the Theatre of Romanticism: Coleridge, Nationalism, Women , Cambridge, 1994; Conolly, L. W. , The Censorship of English Drama, 1737–1824 , San Marino, Calif., 1976; Davis, T. C. , Actresses as Working Women: Their Social Identity in Victorian Culture , London, 1991; Hays, M. , & Nikolopoulou, A. , Melodrama: The...

39 The History of the Book in the Indian Subcontinent

39 The History of the Book in the Indian Subcontinent   Reference library

Abhijit Gupta

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
10,070 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...print and the rise of regional-language literatures, involving figures such as Subramaṇiya Bhārati, Rabindranath Tagore, *Fakirmohan Senāpati, and Munṣī Premcānd. The beginnings of the freedom movement during this period also saw the emergence of what may be called print nationalism. Print, especially in the periodical press, was widely mobilized in the task of articulating the idea of a nation, and focusing opinion about the evils of colonial rule. The proposed partition of Bengal in 1905 , and the swadeshi movement in its wake, saw extensive use of...

Class

Class   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
6,846 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...of O'Connell's embittered followers the only future hope was to lie in a return to the ideals of republican violence and sacrifice espoused by earlier Jacobin martyrs like Wolfe *Tone and Robert Emmet ( 1778–1803 ). For this revolutionary minority the secular languages of nationalism and Romantic blood sacrifice supplanted that of religious constitutionalism. Counter-revolution both in Britain and Ireland was, however, also able to mount a telling cultural offensive based on a variety of traditional languages. From the 1790s onward the *Evangelical clergy...

Black Liberation Army

Black Liberation Army  

The Black Liberation Army (BLA) defined itself as a politico-military organization engaged in armed struggle against the U.S. government. Operating from about 1971 to 1981, the BLA used tactics ...
Black Separatism

Black Separatism  

After 1820, when the political climate in the United States began to turn more strongly against black people, black separatism and full integration into American society were the two main ...
Congress of African People

Congress of African People  

In 1970 in Atlanta, Georgia, the Congress of African People (CAP) established itself as a united-front organization of black nationalists, Pan-Africanists, and civil rights activists determined to ...
Ras The Destroyer

Ras The Destroyer  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
In Ralph Ellison's Invisible Man (1952) Ras the Exhorter (turned Ras the Destroyer) represents the nationalistic view of the African American. He is a foil to the narrator in that where the narrator ...

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