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Black Abolitionists

Historians acknowledge the existence of “two abolitionisms” in the antebellum United States—one black, one white. Although black and white abolitionists shared similar views about the ...

Black Abolitionists

Black Abolitionists   Reference library

Encyclopedia of African American History, 1619–1895: From the Colonial Period to the Age of Frederick Douglass

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
6,248 words

...black abolitionists. Pease, Jane H. , and William H. Pease . They Who Would Be Free: Blacks' Search for Freedom, 1830–1861 . New York: Athenaeum, 1974. Quarles, Benjamin . Black Abolitionists . New York: Oxford University Press, 1969. Rael, Patrick . Black Identity and Black Protest in the Antebellum North . Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2002. Ripley, C. Peter , ed. The Black Abolitionist Papers, 1830–1865 . 5 vols. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1985–1992. Reprints most of the key documents by black abolitionists...

Black Abolitionists

Black Abolitionists  

Historians acknowledge the existence of “two abolitionisms” in the antebellum United States—one black, one white. Although black and white abolitionists shared similar views about the moral evil of ...
Slavery

Slavery   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
4,891 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...embraced black and white, and which was partly literary, enhanced by the rapid growth of newspapers throughout the islands. Most important of all, perhaps, was the dramatic rise of local (mainly Nonconformist) churches among the slaves and the swirl of abolitionist news from Britain. After 1824 the British campaign for the full abolition of slavery fanned the embers of slave discontent (which had already erupted in Barbados in 1816 in a revolt—for that island—of unusual savagery). Barbados witnessed a miserable reprise of a familiar tale; black grievances,...

37 The History of the Book in Sub-Saharan Africa

37 The History of the Book in Sub-Saharan Africa   Reference library

Andrew Vlies

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
5,292 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...in the southern US—until significantly later in the century. Narratives produced by slaves forcefully removed from their West African homelands in the 18 th and early 19 th centuries constitute perhaps the earliest works produced in English by black Africans. Emancipated slaves were often engaged by abolitionists to produce anti-slavery memoirs; some were examples of *ghostwriting , including those by Briton Hammon (Boston, 1760 ), James Albert Gronniosaw (Bath, c .1770 ), and Venture Smith (New London, CT, 1798 ). Philip Quaque, sent for his...

Class

Class   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
6,846 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...the rhetoric of enslavement gained new dimensions of meaning in reference to colonial slavery made increasingly visible by the propaganda achievements of the *abolitionist movement and the successful slave revolt in St Domingue in 1791 . The reference to slavery as economic exploitation was absorbed into postwar radical analysis, for example when the striking cotton-spinners in 1818 compared black colonial slaves with white factory slaves. It became the dominating image of the campaign for the ten-hour working day after Richard Oastler ( 1789–1830 )...

The Tempest

The Tempest   Reference library

Michael Dobson, Anthony Davies, and Will Sharpe

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare studies and criticism, Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
4,078 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
2

...from commentators who found Caliban as potentially sympathetic as his master. The play had already come to function for some as an allegory about slavery and colonialism by the 1840s, when the Brough brothers’ burlesque The Enchanted Isle depicted Caliban as a black abolitionist who sings the ‘Marseillaise’, and Charlotte Barnes hybridized the play (in The Forest Princess , 1844 ) with the story of Pocahontas. During the 20th century this view would be developed by many anti-colonial writers, particularly Octave Mannoni in East Africa , and...

Feminist Scholarship

Feminist Scholarship   Reference library

Yvonne Sherwood

The Oxford Illustrated History of the Bible

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
6,603 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
12

... Mary Wollstone-craft (1759–97) portrayed by John Opie c. 1790. She was author of A Vindication of the Rights of Women and an anti-slavery activist in mid-19 th -century America. photo AKG London. The former slave and abolitionist Sojourner Truth (1777–1883), originally Isabella Van Wagener, around 1860. Hulton Getty. Emmeline Pankhurst (1858–1928) around 1910. She was a prominent campaigner for women's suffrage in Britain. photo AKG London. Over the last...

Zong

Zong  

British slave ship carrying 132 African slaves thrown overboard for insurance money that generated support for the early abolition movement. The Zong sailed from the island of St Thomas off ...
London's Black Poor and the Sierra Leone Settlement Plan

London's Black Poor and the Sierra Leone Settlement Plan  

Disastrous British attempt to settle some of London’s poor blacks in Sierra Leone.In 1786, white abolitionists, the British government, and blacks themselves designed a plan to settle a large ...
Ellen Craft

Ellen Craft  

(1826–1891), and(1824–1900).Enslaved husband and wife abolitionists whose self‐liberation from slavery in Georgia to freedom in England represents one of the most daring escapes from American ...
Sarah Mapps Douglass

Sarah Mapps Douglass  

(b. 9 September 1806; d. 8 September 1882), educator, organizational leader, and abolitionist.Born into a free black family in Philadelphia, she was reared in comfortable circumstances in a Quaker ...
Charles Middleton

Charles Middleton  

(1726–1813).First Baron Barham, British naval administrator, and politician active in the campaign to abolish slavery. Middleton entered the Royal Navy in 1741, passing his lieutenant's examination ...
Henry Brown

Henry Brown  

(b. c.1815).Prominent 19th‐century African‐American abolitionist who escaped to England. Brown was born into slavery on a plantation in Richmond, Virginia. After having been forcibly separated from ...
African Institution

African Institution  

Founded in 1807, in the wake of the abolition of the British slave trade, the African Institution replaced the Society for the Abolition of Slave Trade (1787) and had similar ...
Russell Parrott

Russell Parrott  

(b. 1791; d. 3 September 1824), printer, minister, public speaker, and pamphleteer for the abolitionist movement.Russell Parrott was prominent in Philadelphia's black circles in the early 1800s. A ...
Hylas, John, and Hylas, Mary

Hylas, John, and Hylas, Mary  

(fl. 1754–1768).Former slaves whose kidnapping case was fought by the 18th‐century abolitionist Granville Sharp. John Hylas and his wife, Mary, were both born in Barbados. In the year 1754 ...
True Band Society/Provincial Union

True Band Society/Provincial Union  

The True Band Society and the Provincial Union, founded by Black men and women, were organizations dedicated to the elevation of Ontario's Black communities during the mid-19th century. Toronto-based ...
anti-Slavery Society

anti-Slavery Society  

Initially dominated by Quakers and Unitarians, were active in Ireland from the 1780s. The issue was given political prominence by its association with O'Connell, who took a leading part in ...
North Elba, New York

North Elba, New York  

North Elba, New York, was a settlement founded in the Adirondacks for blacks by the abolitionist and philanthropist Gerrit Smith, a wealthy landowner who lived in Peterboro, New York. In ...
Brown

Brown  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A common surname.Capability Brown the name given to the English landscape gardener Lancelot Brown (1716–83). He evolved an English style of natural-looking landscape parks, as at Blenheim and ...

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