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Binyamin Netanyahu

(1949– ) Israeli diplomat and politician, prime minister of Israel (1996–99). Born in Tel Aviv, Netanyahu was largely brought up and educated in the USA, acquiring a ...

Netanyahu, Binyamin

Netanyahu, Binyamin (1949–)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Politics in the Middle East

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
130 words

...Netanyahu, Binyamin ( 1949– ) Prime Minister of Israel since 2009 and previously between 1996 and 1999 . Binyamin Netanyahu served in the 1973 Yom Kippur War and was elected to the Knesset in 1988 . Netanyahu became leader of the Likud Party in 1993 and Prime Minister in June 1996 . Netanyahu withdrew from politics after his defeat by Ehud Barak in July 1999 but rejoined the Cabinet in 2002 as Minister of Foreign Affairs and, from 2003 to 2005 , Minister of Finance. Netanyahu regained the leadership of Likud in December 2005 after...

Netanyahu, Binyamin

Netanyahu, Binyamin (1949)   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
156 words

..., Binyamin 1949 –  Israeli statesman , prime minister ( 1996–99 , 2009 –). He served as permanent representative ( 1984–88 ) to the United Nations ( UN ) before becoming deputy minister of foreign affairs. In 1993 , he became leader of the right-wing Likud Party. He defeated Shimon Peres in the elections that followed the assassination of Yitzhak Rabin . Netanyahu's uncompromising stance over Israeli settlement on the West Bank and Likud's opposition to the Israeli-Palestinian Accord stalled the peace process in the Middle East. Netanyahu...

Netanyahu, Binyamin

Netanyahu, Binyamin (1949–)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
114 words

..., Binyamin ( 1949–  ) Israeli Likud statesman , Prime Minister ( 1996–99 ; 2009 – ) . Leader of the right-wing Likud coalition from 1993 to 1999 , he narrowly defeated Shimon Peres in the elections of 1996 . His attempts to maintain the impetus of the Middle-East peace process met with a number of obstacles and he was defeated by the Labour leader, Ehud Barak, in the general election of 1999 . He resumed the leadership of Likud in 2005 and again became Prime Minister following the 2009 election. At the end of 2014, Netanyahu dismissed...

Netanyahu, Binyamin

Netanyahu, Binyamin (1949– )   Quick reference

Who's Who in the Twentieth Century

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
History
Length:
424 words

..., Binyamin ( 1949–  ) Israeli diplomat and politician, prime minister of Israel ( 1996–99 ; 2009–  ). Born in Tel Aviv, Netanyahu was largely brought up and educated in the USA, acquiring a command of English and a deep understanding of American values and institutions. Compulsory service in the Israeli army led to a commission in an elite antiterrorist unit. He then returned to the USA to graduate from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in architecture and business administration; from 1976 to 1978 he worked as a management consultant with...

Netanyahu, Binyamin

Netanyahu, Binyamin (21 Oct. 1949)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
1,177 words

...Netanyahu, Binyamin (b. Tel-Aviv , 21 Oct. 1949 ) Prime Minister of Israel 1996–9 , 2009– Born after the foundation of Israel, his family moved to the USA when he was a teenager and he attended an American high school from the age of 14. He returned to Israel in 1967 for military service, finishing as an officer in an élite anti-terrorist unit. He resumed his American education at MIT in 1972 , graduating with degrees in architecture and business administration. A brief business career in the USA and Israel followed which ended when he became...

Netanyahu, Binyamin

Netanyahu, Binyamin (21 Oct. 1949)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Political Biography (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
941 words

..., Binyamin (b. Tel-Aviv , 21 Oct. 1949 ) Israeli ; Prime Minister 1996–99 , 2009–  Born after the foundation of Israel, his family moved to the USA when he was a teenager and he attended an American high school from the age of 14. He returned to Israel in 1967 for military service, finishing as an officer in an élite anti-terrorist unit. He resumed his American education at MIT in 1972 , graduating with degrees in architecture and business administration. A brief business career in the USA and Israel followed which ended when he became deputy...

Binyamin Netanyahu

Binyamin Netanyahu  

(1949– )Israeli diplomat and politician, prime minister of Israel (1996–99).Born in Tel Aviv, Netanyahu was largely brought up and educated in the USA, acquiring a command of English and a deep ...
Israeli-Palestinian Accord

Israeli-Palestinian Accord  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Agreement that aimed to end hostilities between Palestinians and Israelis, especially in the West Bank and Gaza Strip. Secret talks began in the mid-1980s. On September 13, 1993, a ‘Declaration ...
Gaza-Jericho Agreement

Gaza-Jericho Agreement  

(13 Sept. 1993)A follow-up treaty to the Oslo Accords, in which the details of Palestinian autonomy were concluded. It provided for the establishment of Palestinian autonomy in the Gaza Strip and the ...
Oslo Accords

Oslo Accords  

(Aug. – Sept. 1993)After months of secret negotiations sponsored by the Norwegian government, between representatives of the PLO and Israel, this was the breakthrough in the quest for a comprehensive ...
Likud (‘Union’), Israel

Likud (‘Union’), Israel  

An alliance of a number of right-wing parties which was established in 1973, and grew into a cohesive movement by 1977. Led then by Begin, its victory in that year produced a major sea-change in ...
Ehud Barak

Ehud Barak  

(b. 12 Feb. 1942).Prime Minister of Israel, 1999–2001 Born in Mishmar Hasharon of Polish immigrants, he joined the military in 1959 and advanced quickly through the ranks of the army. In 1972 he made ...
Labour Party, Israel

Labour Party, Israel  

Israel's major progressive party on the left, created in 1968 from the merger of the Mapai Party with two smaller socialist parties. It combined Zionism with socialism, through the encouragement of ...
Shimon Peres

Shimon Peres  

(b. 16 Aug. 1923).Prime Minster of Israel 1977, 1984–6, 1995–6Early careerBorn Shimon Peresky at Vishneva, Poland, he arrived in Palestine in 1934. He became active in the kibbutz movement as well as ...
Yitzhak Shamir

Yitzhak Shamir  

(b. 15 Oct. 1915).Prime Minister of Israel 1983–4, 1986–92 Born Yitzhak Yzernitzky in Rozhinay (Poland), he became a radical Zionist while studying at Warsaw University. He emigrated to Palestine in ...
Ariel Sharon

Ariel Sharon  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
(1928– )Israeli soldier and statesman; Prime Minister (2001–06). He served in the Israeli army from the foundation of the state until 1973, playing a central role in the Yom Kippur War. First elected ...
West Bank

West Bank  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
An area of Palestine west of the River Jordan, allocated by a UN Partition Plan of 1947 as a separate Arab state alongside an independent state of Israel. It was occupied by Jordan in 1948, and ...
intifada

intifada  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The Palestinian uprising against Israeli occupation of the West Bank and Gaza Strip, beginning in 1987. The word comes from Arabic intifāḍa ‘an uprising’ (literally ‘a jumping up as a reaction to ...
Yasser Arafat

Yasser Arafat  

(b. 24 Aug. 1929, d. 10 Nov. 2004).Palestinian leader 1969–2004Early careerBorn in Jerusalem (according to other sources born on 21 March 1929 in Cairo), he participated in the war against Israeli ...
Barak, Ehud

Barak, Ehud (1942)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
130 words

... Prime Minister from 1999 , when he defeated Binyamin Netanyahu in elections, until 2001 . He tried, but failed, to negotiate a final peace with the Palestinians. His authority was undermined by the beginning of the second intifada in 2000 and he retired from politics after losing the 2001 general election to Ariel Sharon . He returned to public life in 2005 , and in 2007 became Labour leader and then Minister of Defence in Ehud Olmert ’s coalition government. He retained this post in Netanyahu’s Likud-led government from 2009 ; but in 2011 ...

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