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Biafran War

(1967–70, Nigeria) A Nigerian civil war caused by irreconcilable ethnic tensions. In 1966, an army coup brought to power a military regime headed by an Ibo (from the south), who ...

Biafran War

Biafran War (1967–70)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
179 words

...Biafran War ( 1967–70 , Nigeria) A Nigerian civil war caused by irreconcilable ethnic tensions. In 1966 , an army coup brought to power a military regime headed by an Ibo (from the south), who was himself deposed by a group of northern military officers under the leadership of Gowon , in order to forestall Ibo domination. Many of the Ibo people were murdered in retaliation, which made them feel even more acutely their disadvantaged position in the Nigerian polity. In response, on 30 May 1967 , the erstwhile Military Governor, Colonel Ojukwu ,...

Biafran War

Biafran War   Reference library

Patrick Mbajekwe

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
959 words

... War . In May 1967 the Eastern Region of Nigeria seceded from the country and proclaimed itself the independent Republic of Biafra. In early June the federal government of Nigeria declared war on Biafra to crush the secession and reunite the country. The Biafran War, also called the Nigerian Civil War, lasted for thirty months and claimed an estimated one million lives, mostly civilians, before Biafra capitulated and surrendered in January 1970 . The war was both the highlight and the symbol of the enormous nation-building challenges that confronted...

Biafran Civil War

Biafran Civil War (1967–70)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of African Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

...Biafran Civil War ( 1967–70 ) A period of civil conflict in Nigeria triggered by the attempted secession of the eastern part of the country as the Republic of Biafra. The Biafran Civil War, also known as the Nigerian Civil War, followed a rapid deterioration in relations between the main ethnic groups in Nigeria and between the governments of the northern, eastern, and western regions. The long- and medium-term drivers of the conflict were the legacy of indirect rule and the emergence of a winner-takes-all political dynamic, coupled with intense...

Biafran War

Biafran War  

(1967–70, Nigeria)A Nigerian civil war caused by irreconcilable ethnic tensions. In 1966, an army coup brought to power a military regime headed by an Ibo (from the south), who was himself deposed by ...
Alan Titley

Alan Titley  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1947– ),novelist. Born in Cork and educated at Coláiste Chríost Rí and St Patrick's College, Drumcondra, he taught in Nigeria during the Biafran war, before settling in Dublin and lecturing ...
Yakubu Gowon

Yakubu Gowon  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(1934– )Nigerian general and statesman, head of state (1966–75). He seized power in 1966, ousting the leader of an earlier military coup. Following the Biafran civil war (1967–70) he maintained a ...
Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu

Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu  

(b. 4 Nov. 1933).Leader of Biafra 1967–70 Born in Zungeru, he studied at Oxford (1952–5) and then joined the Nigerian army. He had reached the rank of lieutenant‐colonel by 1966. He became military ...
Samuel Fosso

Samuel Fosso  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(1962?– )African photographer, born in Cameroon. Originally an Ibo from eastern Nigeria, he left for the Central African Republic to escape the Biafran War. He set up a photographic studio in Bangui ...
Nnamdi Azikiwe

Nnamdi Azikiwe  

(1904–96)Nigerian statesman, President (1963–66). Azikiwe founded (1944) the anti‐colonial National Council of Nigeria and the Cameroons, a gathering of forty political, labour, and educational ...
Madmen and Specialists

Madmen and Specialists  

A: Wole Soyinka Pf: 1970, Waterford, Connecticut Pb: 1971 G: Drama in 2 acts S: Dr Bero's surgery and the space before it, Nigeria, 1969 C: 7m, 3fFour eccentric beggars, crippled in the recent civil ...
Christopher Okigbo

Christopher Okigbo  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1932–67)An outstanding poet capable of interweaving modernist European and Ibo aesthetics, who was killed when serving as a major in the Nigerian Civil War (Biafran War). His degree from ...
Don't Cry, Scream

Don't Cry, Scream  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Published in 1969 by Haki R. Madhubuti's Third World Press, Don’t Cry, Scream is his third collection of poetry and begins with an introduction by Gwendolyn Brooks. Brooks addresses the most ...
Olusegun Obasanjo

Olusegun Obasanjo  

(b. Abeokuta, Nigeria, 5 Mar. 1937)Nigerian; Military ruler 1976–9, President 1999–2007 Obasanjo, a Christian from the Yoruba-speaking south-west of Nigeria, joined the Nigerian army in 1958, ...
Obafemi Awolowo

Obafemi Awolowo  

(b. Ikenne, Nigeria, 6 Mar. 1909; d. Ikenne, 8 May 1987)Nigerian; leader of the Opposition 1960–2, leader of Unity Party of Nigeria 1978–83 A member of the Yoruba ethnic group, Awolowo graduated from ...
Nigeria

Nigeria  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
Nigeria's democratic government is struggling to reverse decades of economic and social declineNigeria can be divided into four main regions. The humid coastal belt includes extensive swamplands and ...
Adichie, Chimamanda Ngozi

Adichie, Chimamanda Ngozi (1977–)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to English Literature (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Literature
Length:
60 words

... Novelist . She grew up in Nsukka, Nigeria, and is a graduate of two American universities. Her first novel, Purple Hibiscus ( 2003 ), is an exploration of a Nigerian family's tense but loving relationship. Half of a Yellow Sun ( 2006 ), set during the Nigerian Civil War (Biafran War), won the Orange...

Gowon, Yakubu

Gowon, Yakubu (1934)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
58 words

...Yakubu ( 1934 – ) Nigerian general and statesman, head of state (1966–75). He seized power in 1966 , ousting the leader of an earlier military coup. Following the Biafran civil war (1967–70) he maintained a policy of ‘no victor, no vanquished’ that helped to reconcile the warring factions. Gowon was himself removed in a military coup in 1975...

Okara, Gabriel

Okara, Gabriel (1921– )   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Companion to English Literature (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Literature
Length:
83 words

...transliteration using Ijaw phrasing and syntax: ‘Who are you people be?’ In The Fisherman's Invocation ( 1978 ) and The Dreamer, his Vision ( 2005 ) his poems are poised between Africa and Europe. Unpublished manuscripts were destroyed during the Nigerian Civil War (Biafran War) of 1967–70...

Okigbo, Christopher

Okigbo, Christopher (1932–67)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Companion to English Literature (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Literature
Length:
100 words

...Christopher ( 1932–67 ) Nigerian poet, killed when serving as a major in the Nigerian Civil War (Biafran War). His family was Roman Catholic, and his grandfather was a priest of the Ibo god Idoto; his verse represents a quest to ritualize and explore the complex strands of his own identity, evoking T. S. Eliot 's The Waste Land . The separately published Heavensgate ( 1962 ), Limits ( 1964 ), Silences ( 1965 ), and Path of Thunder ( 1968 ) are all included in the posthumously published Labyrinths ( 1971 ) and Collected Poems ( 1986...

Igbo

Igbo   Quick reference

Catherine Soanes

Dictionary Plus Society and Culture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Society and culture
Length:
82 words

...and subsisted by growing crops. During British colonization they were reorganized into larger groups and during the twentieth century developed a strong sense of ethnic identity. Tensions with other ethnic groups led the Igbo to create a new republic, Biafra, in 1967 . The Biafran war ended in 1970 with the Igbo’s defeat and Biafra ceased to exist. Catherine...

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