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Bertrand Russell

Subject: Philosophy

(third Earl Russell) (1872–1970), wrote voluminously on philosophy, logic, education, economics, and politics, and throughout his life was the champion of advanced political and social ...

Russell, Bertrand

Russell, Bertrand (1872–1970)   Quick reference

A Concise Oxford Dictionary of Politics and International Relations (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
249 words

..., Bertrand ( 1872–1970 ) English philosopher and political activist . Russell’s main philosophical achievements are in the areas of logic and mathematics. Nevertheless, he became the best‐known philosopher of his time because of the volume and clarity of his writing, and the vigour and prominence of his political activism. If anybody could be said to be born to Liberalism, Russell could. His grandfather was Lord John Russell, a former Liberal Prime Minister; and his secular ‘godfather’ (a non‐Christian appointed by Russell’s non‐Christian parents)...

Russell, Bertrand

Russell, Bertrand (1872–1970)   Reference library

Oxford Reader’s Companion To Conrad

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies (19th century)
Length:
387 words

..., Bertrand [ Arthur William ] ( 1872–1970 ; third Earl ( 1931 )), British philosopher , mathematician , and in 1950 Nobel Laureate. Bertrand Russell first met Conrad on a visit to Capel House on 10 September 1913 through Lady Ottoline Morrell , who had been introduced to the novelist a month earlier. At that time undergoing a personal crisis and embroiled in a complicated relationship with Lady Ottoline, Russell responded with particular intensity to the ‘wonderful’ Conrad and the spell of his ‘inward pain & terror’ (quoted in Knowles ...

Russell, Bertrand

Russell, Bertrand   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Twentieth-Century Literature in English

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

..., Bertrand ( Bertrand Arthur William Russell ) ( 1872–1970 ), 3rd Earl Russell , British philosopher , born in Trellech, Gwent, educated at Trinity College, Cambridge. He published prolifically on a wide range of social, philosophical, and cultural issues and was instrumental in leading modern British philosophy in an anti-Idealist direction. This trend is evident in The Analysis of Matter ( 1921 ) and The Analysis of Mind ( 1927 ), where the principal thesis is that mind and matter are differing constructions of the same ‘neutral’ material. In ...

Russell, Bertrand

Russell, Bertrand   Reference library

The Oxford International Encyclopedia of Peace

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
1,584 words

...Routledge, 1994. Clark, Ronald William . Bertrand Russell and His World . London: Thames & Hudson, 1981. Jager, Ronald . The Development of Bertrand Russell’s Philosophy . London: Routledge, 1972. Russell, Bertrand . The Autobiography of Bertrand Russell . 3 vols. London: Allen & Unwin, 1967–1969. Ryan, Alan . Bertrand Russell: A Political Life . New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 1988. Vellacott, Jo . Bertrand Russell and the Pacifists in the First World War . Brighton, U.K.: Palgrave Macmillan, 1980. Håkan...

Russell, Bertrand

Russell, Bertrand (1872–1970)   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Semiotics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Language reference, Linguistics
Length:
1,140 words

..., Bertrand . ( 1872–1970 ), British philosopher, founder of analytic philosophy, a movement preoccupied with language and logic that has a complex and sometimes controversial relation to semiotics. Russell's early work concerns both mathematics and philosophy. He is credited with demonstrating that formal logic supplies sufficient foundations for arithmetic, geometry, and the calculus. After 1910 , he published extensively on the philosophical foundations of psychological and physical knowledge, including aspects of commonsense knowledge as well as more...

Russell, Bertrand

Russell, Bertrand   Reference library

Mark Sainsbury

The Oxford Companion to Philosophy (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
3,125 words

...Russell's idea that basic words have meaning by standing for a corresponding entity, and that quantifiers and quantifier phrases function quite differently. Prof. Mark Sainsbury See also atomism, logical . N. Griffin (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Bertrand Russell (Cambridge, 2003). B. Russell , ‘ On Denoting ’, Mind (1905); repr. in Bertrand Russell: Logic and Knowledge. Essays 1901–1950, ed. R. C. Marsh (London, 1965). —— ‘ Mathematical Logic as Based upon the Theory of Types ’, American Journal of Mathematics (1908); repr. in Bertrand Russell:...

Bertrand Russell

Bertrand Russell (18721970)   Reference library

Brewer's Famous Quotations

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
110 words

...Bertrand Russell 3rd Earl Russell 1872 1970 English mathematician and philosopher Better Red than dead. A slogan used by some (mainly British) nuclear disarmers. Time Magazine (15 September 1961) gave ‘I'd rather be Red than dead’ as a slogan of Britain's Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament. Russell wrote in 1958: ‘If no alternative remains except Communist domination or the extinction of the human race, the former alternative is the lesser of two evils.’ The counter-cry ‘Better dead than red’ may also have had some currency. In the film Love With a...

Bertrand Russell

Bertrand Russell (1872–1970)   Reference library

Oxford Dictionary of Political Quotations (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
263 words

...0Bertrand Bertrand Russell 1872 – 1970 British philosopher and mathematician Envy is the basis of democracy. The Conquest of Happiness (1930) envy is the basis basis of democracy One should as a rule respect public opinion in so far as is necessary to avoid starvation and to keep out of prison, but anything that goes beyond this is voluntary submission to an unnecessary tyranny. The Conquest of Happiness (1930) respect public opinion unnecessary tyranny Next to enjoying ourselves, the next greatest pleasure consists in preventing others...

Bertrand Russell

Bertrand Russell (1872–1970)   Quick reference

Oxford Essential Quotations (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
1,375 words

...0Bertrand Bertrand Russell 1872 – 1970 British philosopher and mathematician . See also Peter I was told that the Chinese said they would bury me by the Western Lake and build a shrine to my memory. I have some slight regret that this did not happen as I might have become a god, which would have been very chic for an atheist. Autobiography (1968) Impulse has more effect than conscious purpose in moulding men's lives. Autobiography (1967) To be without some of the things you want is an indispensable part of happiness. The Conquest of...

Bertrand Russell

Bertrand Russell (1872–1970)   Reference library

Oxford Dictionary of Modern Quotations (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
1,247 words

...0Bertrand Bertrand Russell 1872 – 1970 British philosopher and mathematician Three passions, simple but overwhelmingly strong, have governed my life: the longing for love, the search for knowledge, and unbearable pity for the suffering of mankind. Autobiography (1967) longing for love search for knowledge unbearable pity I was told that the Chinese said they would bury me by the Western Lake and build a shrine to my memory. I have some slight regret that this did not happen as I might have become a god, which would have been very chic for an...

Bertrand Russell

Bertrand Russell (1872–1970)   Reference library

Oxford Dictionary of Quotations (8 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
1,311 words

...0Bertrand Bertrand Russell 1872 – 1970 British philosopher and mathematician ; grandson of Lord John russell and husband of Dora russell . See also misquotations , phillpotts Men who are unhappy, like men who sleep badly, are always proud of the fact. The Conquest of Happiness (1930) ch. 1 Men who are unhappy men who sleep badly proud of the fact To be without some of the things you want is an indispensable part of happiness. The Conquest of Happiness (1930) ch. 2 without some of the things some of the things you want part of ...

Russell, Bertrand Arthur William

Russell, Bertrand Arthur William (1872–1970)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Mathematics (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021

...Russell, Bertrand Arthur William ( 1872–1970 ) British philosopher , logician , and writer on many subjects. He is remembered in mathematics as the author, with A. N. Whitehead , of Principia mathematica , published between 1910 and 1913 in three volumes, which set out to show that pure mathematics could all be derived from certain fundamental logical axioms. Although the attempt was not completely successful, the work was highly influential. He was also responsible for the discovery of Russell’s paradox...

Russell, Bertrand Arthur William

Russell, Bertrand Arthur William (1872–1970)   Reference library

Richard L. Gregory

The Oxford Companion to the Mind (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology, Philosophy
Length:
708 words

... ( 1946 ); Human Knowledge ( 1948 ); My Philosophical Development ( 1959 ). (Published 1987) See also Russell's philosophy of mind: dualism ; Russell's philosophy of mind: neutral monism . Richard L. Gregory Ayer, A. J. (1972). Bertrand Russell as a Philosopher . Monk, R. (1996). Bertrand Russell: The Spirit of Solitude . Pears, D. (1967). Bertrand Russell and the British Tradition in Philosophy . —— (ed.) (1972). Bertrand Russell...

Russell, Bertrand Arthur William

Russell, Bertrand Arthur William   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Scientists

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Science and technology
Length:
433 words

..., Bertrand Arthur William , third earl Russell (1872–1970) British philosopher and mathematician Russell , who was born at Trelleck, England, was orphaned at an early age and brought up in the home of his grandfather, the politician Lord John Russell . He was educated privately before attending Cambridge University ( 1890 ), from which he graduated ( 1893 ) in mathematics. In 1895 he became a fellow and lecturer at Cambridge. His work after 1920 was mainly devoted to the development of his philosophical and political opinions. He became well known...

Russell, Bertrand Arthur William

Russell, Bertrand Arthur William (1872–1970)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Philosophy (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
729 words

..., Bertrand Arthur William ( 1872–1970 ) English philosopher . Russell was born into the liberal and aristocratic family descended from the Prime Minister, John Russell , and educated first at home, and then from 1890 at Trinity College, Cambridge, where he read mathematics. From an early age, and especially after meeting the mathematician G. Peano ( 1848–1932 ) in 1900 , his interests were devoted to the foundations of mathematics. The Principles of Mathematics was published in 1902 , a year after the discovery of Russell’s paradox . After a...

Bertrand Arthur William Russell

Bertrand Arthur William Russell (1872–1970)   Reference library

Oxford Dictionary of Scientific Quotations

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
1,657 words

...Bertrand Arthur William Russell ( Earl Russell of Kingston Russell ) 1872 – 1970 British logician and philosopher The world of mathematics, which you condemn, is really a beautiful world; it has nothing to do with life and death and human sordidness, but is eternal, cold and passionless. To me, pure mathematics is one of the highest forms of art; it has a sublimity quite special to itself, and an immense dignity derived from the fact that its world is exempt from change and time. I am quite serious in this. The only difficulty is that none but...

Russell, Bertrand, 3rd Earl Russell

Russell, Bertrand, 3rd Earl Russell (1872–1970)   Reference library

The Oxford Guide to Literary Britain & Ireland (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Literature, Society and culture
Length:
65 words

..., Bertrand, 3rd Earl Russell ( 1872–1970 ), philosopher , mathematician , essayist , and journalist : b. Trelleck ; childhood in London ( Richmond Park ); educ. Cambridge ( Trinity College ); later Fellow; moves to Fernhurst 1895 ; holidays in Porthcurno mid‐1920s; lives in Bagley Wood, Oxford; runs school in Beacon Hill 1927–37 ; imprisoned in Brixton jail 1918 and 1961 ; lives and d. in Penrhyndendraeth, Merioneth. Autobiography , Principia Mathematica ...

Russell, Bertrand, third Earl Russell

Russell, Bertrand, third Earl Russell (1872–1970)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Companion to English Literature (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Literature
Length:
123 words

..., Bertrand, third Earl Russell ( 1872–1970 ) Philosopher and social critic , who wrote voluminously on philosophy, logic, education, economics, and politics, and throughout his life was the champion of advanced political and social causes. He was the inventor of the Theory of Descriptions. The Principles of Mathematics ( 1903 ) and Principia Mathematica (the latter in collaboration with A. N. Whitehead ( 1861–1947 ), 1910 ) quickly became classics of mathematical logic. Other important philosophical works include The Analysis of Mind ( 1921 ),...

Russell, Bertrand, 3rd Earl Russell

Russell, Bertrand, 3rd Earl Russell   Quick reference

A Dictionary of British History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
165 words

..., Bertrand, 3rd Earl Russell ( 1872–1970 ). In his long and complex life, Russell took many roles. After a distinguished mathematics and philosophy course at Trinity College, Cambridge, he was elected to a fellowship. His major early work was Principles of Mathematics , written by 1910 but not published until 1930 . During the First World War Russell's pacifist activities resulted in the loss of his fellowship. In the inter‐war years he lectured and wrote copiously, and was increasingly tempted to set up as sage. In 1938 he took an academic post in...

Russell, Bertrand, third Earl Russell

Russell, Bertrand, third Earl Russell (1872–1970)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to English Literature (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Literature
Length:
171 words

..., Bertrand, third Earl Russell ( 1872–1970 ) Philosopher and social critic , educated privately and at Trinity College, Cambridge. He wrote voluminously on philosophy, logic, education, economics, and politics, and throughout his life was the champion of advanced political and social causes. While much of his writing was aimed at a wide audience, he also contributed work of lasting importance in some of the most technical fields of philosophy and logic. He was the inventor of the Theory of Descriptions. The Principles of Mathematics ( 1903 ) and Principia...

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