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Bernard Law Montgomery

(1887–1976) British field marshal and Allied commander during World War II, known as Monty. Montgomery first gained fame in 1942 with his defeat of the forces of Erwin Rommel at ...

Montgomery, Bernard Law

Montgomery, Bernard Law (1887–1976)   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

..., Bernard Law ( 1887–1976 ) British field marshal and Allied commander during World War II , known as Monty. Montgomery first gained fame in 1942 with his defeat of the forces of Erwin Rommel at the battle of El Alamein , following which he pursued the German armies across North Africa to their surrender in Tunisia ( 1943 ). He led the Allied invasion of Normandy ( 1944 ) under the command of Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower , with whom he had a contentious relationship throughout the war. In Britain he was hailed as another Wellington and...

Montgomery, Bernard Law

Montgomery, Bernard Law (1887–1976)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to American Military History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

..., Bernard Law ( 1887–1976 ). British field marshal. One of the best‐known and controversial commanders of World War II, Montgomery—or Monty as he was better known—commanded Allied armies in two of the decisive battles of the war, El Alamein and Normandy. A Sandhurst graduate, he entered the British army in 1908 , and served with distinction in World War I. Between the wars Montgomery was among the few army officers who grasped the need for new ideas, new equipment and new techniques. He was an unorthodox individualist. In August 1942 , with the...

Montgomery, Bernard Law, 1st Viscount Montgomery of Alamein

Montgomery, Bernard Law, 1st Viscount Montgomery of Alamein (1887–1976)   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
74 words

..., Bernard Law, 1st Viscount Montgomery of Alamein 1887–1976 British general . As commander of the British 8th Army in World War 2, he defeated Rommel and the Afrika Korps at El Alamein ( 1942 ). He led the invasion of Sicily and Italy. ‘Monty’ helped to plan the Normandy landings ( 1944 ), and, under the overall command of General Eisenhower , led the Allies in the initial stages. He was Deputy Supreme Allied Commander, Europe ( 1951–58...

Montgomery, Bernard Law, 1st Viscount Montgomery of Alamein

Montgomery, Bernard Law, 1st Viscount Montgomery of Alamein   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
70 words

..., Bernard Law, 1st Viscount Montgomery of Alamein (known as ‘Monty’) ( 1887–1976 ) British Field Marshal . In 1942 he commanded the 8th Army in the Western Desert, where his victory at El Alamein proved the first significant Allied success in World War II. He was later given command of the Allied ground forces in the invasion of Normandy in 1944 and accepted the German surrender on 7 May 1945 ....

Montgomery, Bernard Law, 1st Viscount Montgomery of Alamein

Montgomery, Bernard Law, 1st Viscount Montgomery of Alamein (17 Nov. 1887)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
421 words

...Montgomery, Bernard Law, 1st Viscount Montgomery of Alamein (b. London , 17 Nov. 1887 ; d. Alton, Hampshire , 23 Mar. 1976 ) British field marshal Born in London, but brought up in Tasmania until 1901 , he attended St Paul's School (London), and the Royal Military College, Sandhurst. He joined the Royal Warwickshire Regiment in 1908 , and served in India, before seeing action in Belgium and France during World War I . He became a staff officer in the 1920s, and trained soldiers until he was posted to India and Palestine in the 1930s. At the beginning...

Montgomery of Alamein, Bernard Law, 1st Viscount

Montgomery of Alamein, Bernard Law, 1st Viscount (1887–1970)   Quick reference

Who's Who in the Twentieth Century

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
History
Length:
514 words

... of Alamein, Bernard Law, 1st Viscount ( 1887–1970 ) British field-marshal who commanded Allied ground forces during the liberation of France in World War II but who is perhaps best known for his victory over Rommel 's Afrika Korps at El Alamein in 1942 . He was created a viscount in 1946 . A bishop's son, Montgomery was educated at St Paul's School before entering the Royal Military College, Sandhurst. He joined the Royal Warwickshire regiment and while a platoon leader in World War I, was wounded; after various staff postings he became a...

Montgomery, FM Sir Bernard Law, 1st Viscount

Montgomery, FM Sir Bernard Law, 1st Viscount (1887–1976)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Military History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

..., FM Sir Bernard Law, 1st Viscount ( 1887–1976 ). A bishop's son, Montgomery was educated at St Paul's School and Sandhurst, where he was demoted for setting a fellow cadet on fire, burning him badly. Commissioned into the Royal Warwicks, for he had not passed out high enough to join the cheaper Indian army, Montgomery was wounded in 1914 . He finished WW I a lieutenant colonel, having spent some instructive time on the staff of one of Plumer 's corps. His wife's early death impelled him more deeply into his profession, and in the fall of France ...

Montgomery, Bernard Law

Montgomery, Bernard Law   Quick reference

New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
85 words
Montgomery, Bernard Law

Montgomery, Bernard Law   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
86 words
Montgomery, Bernard Law

Montgomery, Bernard Law   Reference library

The New Zealand Oxford Dictionary

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
78 words
Bernard Law Montgomery

Bernard Law Montgomery  

(1887–1976) British field marshal and Allied commander during World War II, known as Monty. Montgomery first gained fame in 1942 with his defeat of the forces of Erwin Rommel at ...
GRENADE

GRENADE  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Operational codename for a drive made by Lt-General William H. Simpson's Ninth US Army in February 1945 as part of Montgomery's Twenty-First Army Group operations to close up to the ...
Liberation of Antwerp

Liberation of Antwerp  

(September 1944) the World War II retaking of a major Belgian port by Allied forces under British Gen. Bernard Law Montgomery on September 4, 1944, for the purpose of using ...
Gen-Admiral Hans von Friedeburg

Gen-Admiral Hans von Friedeburg  

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Overview Page
(1895–1945),German commander of U-boats under Dönitz whom he succeeded as C-in-C of the German Navy on 3 May 1945. The next day, on Lüneburg Heath, he surrendered to Montgomery ...
capture of Palermo

capture of Palermo  

An action in July 1943, led by Gen. George S. Patton. Media coverage of the Allied invasion of Sicily emphasized the contrast between British Marshal Montgomery's caution and Patton's ...
battle of Reichswald

battle of Reichswald  

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Overview Page
The Reichswald is a large tract of forest situated south-west of Cleves. In February 1945, during the battle for Germany, it was the scene of bitter fighting as Montgomery's Anglo-Canadian ...
Lüneburg Heath

Lüneburg Heath  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Situated some 40 km. (25 mi.) south-east of Hamburg. Here on 4 May 1945, in the presence of Montgomery, a German delegation led by General-Admiral von Friedeburg signed the tactical surrender of ...
battle of Medenine

battle of Medenine  

Reference type:
Overview Page
This was fought on 6 March 1943, during the final phase of the North African campaign, when Rommel, by then C-in-C Army Group Africa, struck at forward formations of Montgomery's ...
Rhine crossings

Rhine crossings  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The River Rhine marked the last major natural obstacle barring the advance of the western Allies during the battle for Germany in 1945 (see Map 92). In spite of Montgomery's ...
Lt-General Frank Simpson

Lt-General Frank Simpson  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(1899–1986),British Army officer who, as a brigadier, served as Montgomery's chief of staff in the UK and ended the war as assistant Chief of the Imperial General Staff under ...

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