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Benoît de Sainte-Maure

A 12th‐cent. trouvère patronized by Henry II of England, for whom he composed a verse history of the dukes of Normandy. His best‐known work is the Roman de Troie, based on the writings of ...

Benoît de Sainte-Maure

Benoît de Sainte-Maure   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Chaucer

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

... de Sainte-Maure , a 12th-c. French poet , probably from Sainte-Maure in Touraine. He wrote a verse history of the dukes of Normandy for Henry II of England, but his most influential work was the Roman de Troie ( see Troy ). This long verse romance is based on the books of Dares and Dictys ( Dite ), but for the first time incorporates the love story of Troilus and Criseyde. He probably invented the episode of the separation of the lovers and Criseyde's infidelity. Benoît's book was abridged in a Latin version by Guido ( Guydo ) delle Colonne ,...

Benoît de Sainte‐Maure

Benoît de Sainte‐Maure   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to English Literature (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Literature
Length:
104 words

... de SainteMaure A 12th‐century trouvère, born probably at SainteMaure in Touraine and patronized by Henry II of England, for whom he composed a verse history of the dukes of Normandy. His best‐known work is the Roman de Troie , based on the writings of Dares Phrygius and Dictys Cretensis . The Roman was translated into Latin prose by Guido delle Colonne , and thus served as a source on which many subsequent writers drew, including Boccaccio , followed by Chaucer , who is believed to have made considerable direct use of Benoît. His works have...

Benoît de Sainte‐Maure

Benoît de Sainte‐Maure   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Companion to English Literature (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Literature
Length:
75 words

... de SainteMaure A 12th‐century trouvère patronized by Henry II of England, for whom he composed a verse history of the dukes of Normandy. His best‐known work is the Roman de Troie , based on the writings of Dares Phrygius and Dictys Cretensis . The Roman was translated into Latin prose by Guido delle Colonne , and thus served as a source on which many subsequent writers drew, including Boccaccio , followed by Chaucer...

Benoît de Sainte‐Maure

Benoît de Sainte‐Maure   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Literature in French

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
105 words

... de SainteMaure ( fl . 12th c.). Author of Le Roman de Troie ( c. 1160 ), an adaptation into over 30,000 rhyming octosyllables of the supposedly eyewitness account of the Trojan War by Dares and Dictys [ see Romans d'Antiquité ]. The role attributed to love is considerably amplified and foreshadows the courtly romance modes of later decades. Benoît's descriptive embroideries lend colour and variety to his sources. He also worked in England at the court of Henry II , where he succeeded Wace as vernacular historiographer. He left his vast Norman...

Benoît de Sainte-Maure

Benoît de Sainte-Maure  

A 12th‐cent. trouvère patronized by Henry II of England, for whom he composed a verse history of the dukes of Normandy. His best‐known work is the Roman de Troie, based on the writings of Dares ...
Roman de Thèbes

Roman de Thèbes  

A 12th-c. French verse romance which tells the story of Thebes (1). Chaucer knew the French romance (which was commonly associated with Benoît's Roman de Troie and sometimes bound together ...
Breseyda

Breseyda  

A Trojan girl captured by Achilles, taken from him by Agamemnon. The story is told in the Iliad, but Chaucer knew it from Ovid's Heroides (3) and from Benoît de ...
Romans d'antiquité

Romans d'antiquité  

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Overview Page
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Literature
A group of verse romances dating from the mid‐12th c., socalled in contradistinction to the romans bretons since they deal, at least loosely, with classical material, particularly that of ‘Rome ...
Criseyde

Criseyde  

Criseyde, the heroine of Troilus and Criseyde. Her name derives ultimately from Homer's ‘Chryseida’, the accusative form of Chryseis, daughter of Chryses. It seems that Boccaccio applied the name ...
Guido Delle Colonne

Guido Delle Colonne  

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Overview Page
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Literature
A 13th‐cent. Sicilian writer of Latin romances, author of the Historia Destructionis Troiae which was in fact a prose version of a poem by Benoît de Sainte‐Maure. His romance was used as a source in ...
Wace

Wace  

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Overview Page
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Literature
(fl. 12th century)Author, in French verse of 15,000 short couplets, of the Roman de Brut, completed in 1155 and dedicated to Eleanor of Aquitaine, a highly popular adaptation of ...
Troilus and Criseyde

Troilus and Criseyde  

Chaucer's longest complete poem, in 8,239 lines of rhyme‐royal probably written in the second half of the 1380s. Chaucer takes his story from Boccaccio's Il Filostrato, adapting its eight books to ...
Troilus

Troilus  

A Trojan prince, the son of Priam and Hecuba, killed by Achilles. In medieval legends of the Trojan war he is portrayed as the forsaken lover of Cressida.true as Troilus completely devoted; with ...
Troy

Troy  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
In Homeric legend, the city of King Priam, besieged for ten years by the Greeks during the Trojan War. It was regarded as having been a purely legendary city until the German archaeologist Heinrich ...
Guido Delle Colonne

Guido Delle Colonne   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Companion to English Literature (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Literature
Length:
83 words

...Delle Colonne A 13th‐century Sicilian writer of Latin romances, influential author of the Historia Destructionis Troiae , which was in fact a prose version of a poem by Benoît de SainteMaure . His romance was used as a source in poems attributed to John Barbour and Huchown , and by John Lydgate in his Troy Book . The story of Troilus and Cressida, which Guido took from Benoît, was developed by Boccaccio , Chaucer , Robert Henryson , and later Shakespeare...

Guido Delle Colonne

Guido Delle Colonne   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to English Literature (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Literature
Length:
101 words

...writer of Latin romances, influential author of the Historia Destructionis Troiae , which was in fact a prose version of a poem by Benoît de SainteMaure , although Guido does not acknowledge this. His romance was used as a source in poems attributed to John Barbour and Huchown , and by John Lydgate in his Troy Book , as well as several anonymous poems. The story of Troilus and Cressida, which Guido took from Benoît, proved to be a compelling, popular narrative developed by Boccaccio , Chaucer , Robert Henryson , and later Shakespeare...

Troilus

Troilus   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase & Fable (19 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...of chivalry , one of the sons of priam , killed by achilles in the trojan war . The love of Troilus and cressida , celebrated by Chaucer and Shakespeare, forms no part of the old classic tale. This story appears for the first time in the Roman de Troie by the 12th-century trouvère Benoît de Sainte Maure . Guido delle Colonne included it in his Historia Trojana ( 1287 ); it thence passed to Boccaccio, whose Il Filostrato ( 1338 ), where Pandarus first appears, was the basis of Chaucer’s Troilus and Criseyde ( c. 1385 ). As true as Troilus See...

Wace, Robert

Wace, Robert (c.1100–75)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
144 words

...Robert ( c .1100–75 ) Guernsey-born court historian of *Henry II of England until replaced by *Benoît de Ste-Maure , he wrote three *hagiographical works (the Vie de sainte * Marguerite and lives of St Nicholas and the Virgin) and two important verse histories. The Roman de Rou chronicles the descent of the *dukes of *Normandy , including *William ‘the Conqueror’ , from their ancestor Rollo; the Roman de Brut narrates the founding of Britain by Brutus, allegedly a companion of Aeneas ( see roman d’eneas ), and reworks material from ...

Filostrato

Filostrato   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Italian Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
148 words

..., who are brought together through Pandaro, but thrown into crisis when Creseida leaves Troilo for Diomede, Troilo being finally killed by Achille whilst seeking to take vengeance on Diomede. What had been a secondary episode in medieval romances such as Benoît de Sainte-Maure's Roman de Troie and Guido delle Colonne Historia troiana is revitalized in the light of the dolce stil novo and the Divine Comedy . In particular the ottava rima introduced a form that would be decisive for later Italian verse narrative, though Boccaccio's treatment...

Breseyda

Breseyda   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Chaucer

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

..., Brixseyde , Briseis , a Trojan girl captured by Achilles, taken from him by Agamemnon. The story is told in the Iliad , but Chaucer knew it from Ovid 's Heroides (3) and from Benoît de Sainte-Maure , who made her the beloved of Troilus, and thus the literary ancestor of Criseyde . In Chaucer her falseness to Achilles is alluded to in The House of Fame (397–8). The list of the heroines whose stories are told in Chaucer's ‘the Seintes Legende of Cupide’ (i.e. The Legend of Good Women ) includes her name (II.71), but no trace of this story...

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