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Battle of Saratoga

Either of two battles fought in 1777 during the War of American Independence, near the modern city of Saratoga Springs in New York State. The British defeats are conventionally regarded as ...

Saratoga, Battle of

Saratoga, Battle of (1777)   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
64 words

..., Battle of (October 7, 1777 ) First American victory in the American Revolution , fought in upper New York. In a series of battles, the Americans, led by Horatio Gates , prevented the British from linking up with other forces at Albany and taking the Hudson valley. The Americans eventually surrounded the British, forcing them to surrender. The victory persuaded the French to intervene against...

Saratoga, Battle of

Saratoga, Battle of   Reference library

Max M. Mintz

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Military and Diplomatic History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...and finally retreated to Saratoga, where on 17 October he surrendered his army of nearly 6,000 men. A major turning point of the war, the American victory in the Battle of Saratoga encouraged France to conclude the treaty of alliance, which assured American independence. [ See also Arnold, Benedict ; and Revolutionary War (1775–1783) .] Bibliography Luzader, John . Saratoga: A Military History of the Decisive Campaign of the American Revolution . El Dorado Hill, Calif.: Savas Beatie, 2008. Mintz, Max M. The Generals of Saratoga: John Burgoyne and...

Saratoga, Battle of

Saratoga, Battle of   Reference library

Max M. Mintz

The Oxford Companion to United States History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
320 words

...waited futilely for reinforcements from New York and finally retreated to Saratoga, where on 17 October he surrendered his army of nearly 6,000 men. A major turning point of the war, the American victory in the Battle of Saratoga encouraged France to conclude the treaty of alliance, which assured American independence. See also Revolutionary War . Hoffman Nickerson , The Turning Point of the American Revolution , 1928, reprint 1967. Max M. Mintz , The Generals of Saratoga: John Burgoyne and Horatio Gates , 1990. Max M....

Saratoga, battle of

Saratoga, battle of (1777)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Military History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

..., battle of ( 1777 ), the key engagement of the American independence war . It consisted of two engagements: a British attack on American positions on 19 September, and an assault on Bemis Heights on 7 October. Lt Gen ‘Gentleman Johnny’ Burgoyne was marching down the trackless wastes of the Hudson valley from Canada in an abortive attempt to link up with Sir Henry Clinton's forces marching north from New York. This strategy was an attempt to split the economic base of New England from the seat of the rebel Congress in Philadelphia, along the axis ...

Saratoga, Battle of

Saratoga, Battle of   Quick reference

Matthew Kilburn

Dictionary Plus History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
History
Length:
109 words

...Saratoga, Battle of The first American victory in the American War of Independence, on 7 October 1777 . The British general John Burgoyne was under orders to take control of the Hudson River valley and isolate New England, but his colleague General William Howe in New York missed the order to join him and sailed south to Philadelphia instead. Consequently Burgoyne was unable to adequately meet a stronger American force which defeated him at Freeman’s Farm (19 September) and Bernis Heights (7 October). Surrounded, Burgoyne surrendered on 17 October. This...

Saratoga, Battle of

Saratoga, Battle of   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

..., Battle of either of two battles fought in 1777 during the War of American Independence, near the modern city of Saratoga Springs in New York State. The British defeats are conventionally regarded as the turning point in the war in favour of the American...

Saratoga, Battle of

Saratoga, Battle of   Quick reference

New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
79 words
Saratoga, Battle of

Saratoga, Battle of   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
76 words
Saratoga, Battle of

Saratoga, Battle of   Reference library

The New Zealand Oxford Dictionary

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
54 words
Saratoga, Battle of

Saratoga, Battle of   Reference library

The Canadian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
43 words
Saratoga, Battle of

Saratoga, Battle of   Reference library

Australian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
77 words
Saratoga, Battles of

Saratoga, Battles of   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

..., Battles of two battles of the Revolutionary War , in September and October of 1777 , in which American forces under Gen. Benedict Arnold defeated British forces under Gen. John Burgoyne . The American victories led France to sign the Alliance with the United States and provide the forces that ultimately helped win the...

Saratoga, Battles of

Saratoga, Battles of (1777)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to American Military History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

..., Battles of ( 1777 ). The plan to isolate rebellious New England, adopted by British secretary of state for the colonies George Germain midway into the Revolutionary War, stipulated a Lake Champlain–Hudson River campaign under Gen. John Burgoyne and a sweep through Lake Ontario under Lt. Col. Barry St. Leger , both to join, at Albany, with Gen. William Howe 's army, advancing north from New York City. Burgoyne's army included 4,135 British regulars, Friedrich von Riedesel 's 3,116 Germans, and large numbers of authorized “camp followers.” ...

Battle of Saratoga

Battle of Saratoga  

Either of two battles fought in 1777 during the War of American Independence, near the modern city of Saratoga Springs in New York State. The British defeats are conventionally regarded as the ...
Freeman's Farm

Freeman's Farm  

(also called the First Battle of Saratoga), a Revolutionary War battle that took place in Saratoga, New York, on September 19, 1777. British troops advanced south from Canada to capture ...
Battle of Bennington

Battle of Bennington  

(16 August 1777)A battle of the American War of Independence in which 1600 Green Mountain Boys under General John Stark overwhelmed 1200 German mercenaries of Burgoyne's army. Encouraged by this ...
Lord George Germain

Lord George Germain  

(1716–85),formerly Sackville. After a promising early career, both as politician and army officer, Sackville was court‐martialled for disobeying orders at Minden in 1759. Stripped of his rank and ...
Hessians

Hessians  

German mercenaries who fought with the British forces in North America during the Revolutionary War. The 29,000 German mercenaries represented about one-third of all British forces in America. Only ...
battle of Brandywine

battle of Brandywine  

(11 September 1777)An engagement in the American War of Independence when British forces were attacking Philadelphia. Washington was outmanoeuvred by Sir William Howe and was forced to retreat with ...
Henry Dearborn

Henry Dearborn  

(1751–1829) Revolutionary War army officer and politician, born in Hampton, New Hampshire. Dearborn took an active role in some of the major engagements of the Revolution, including the battles of ...

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