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Battle of Poitiers

(19 September 1356) A battle between the English and French during the Hundred Years War. An English and Gascon force under Edward the Black Prince was trapped by a superior ...

Poitiers, Battle of

Poitiers, Battle of (19 September 1356)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
61 words

..., Battle of ( 19 September 1356 ) A battle between the English and French during the Hundred Years War . An English and Gascon force under Edward the Black Prince was trapped by a superior French army while raiding. The English archers defeated the French and their king, John II, was captured. The Jacquerie revolt followed soon...

Poitiers, battle of

Poitiers, battle of   Quick reference

A Dictionary of British History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
92 words

..., battle of , 1356 . Edward , the Black Prince's blooding had been at Crécy in 1346 . In August 1356 he was before Bourges but threatened by a much larger army under John II of France. The English attempted to retreat but found their way blocked at Poitiers. The Black Prince offered terms, but on 19 September the French attacked. Archers, lying in ditches and behind hedges, broke up the first assaults, and in their last attack the French were taken in the flank. The large number of prisoners included the French...

Poitiers, Battle of

Poitiers, Battle of   Reference library

Nicola Clarke

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

..., Battle of Fight between Frankish Christians and Muslims from al-Andalus in 732. Muslim armies carried out multiple raids into Frankish territory in the decades after the Arab conquest of Spain in 711. In 732, a force under ʿAbd al-Rahmān b. ʿAbd Allāh al-Ghāfiqī, the governor of al-Andalus (r. 730–2 ), was defeated by Charles Martel . The battle proved to be the high-water mark of early medieval Muslim expansion in Europe, although Gibbon’s claim that the battle itself halted this expansion is dubious; the Berber revolt (740–4), the Abbāsid ...

Poitiers, battle of

Poitiers, battle of (1356)   Reference library

J. A. Cannon

The Oxford Companion to British History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
137 words

..., battle of , 1356 . Edward , the Black Prince’s blooding had been at Crécy in 1346 and he spent much of the next ten years campaigning in France. In August 1356 he was before Bourges but threatened by a much larger army under John II of France. The English attempted to retreat towards Bordeaux but found their way blocked at Poitiers. The Black Prince offered terms, hoping to avoid battle, but on 19 September the French attacked. Archers, lying in ditches and behind hedges, broke up the first assaults, and in their last attack the French were taken...

Poitiers, Battle of

Poitiers, Battle of   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Medieval Warfare and Military Technology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Military History, Social sciences, Warfare and Defence
Length:
860 words
Illustration(s):
1

...III . It took several years of negotiation and another major English invasion of France before terms were agreed to in 1360 , but the battle of Poitiers was the principal cause of the Treaty of Brétigny, by which Edward was to receive a third of France in full sovereignty. [ See also Calais, Siege of (1346–1347) , and Henry of Grosmont .] Bibliography Primary Sources Barber, Richard , ed. The Life and Campaigns of the Black Prince . 2d ed. Woodbridge, U.K.: Boydell Press, 2002. Rogers, Clifford J., ed. The Wars of Edward III: Sources and...

Battle of Poitiers

Battle of Poitiers  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(19 September 1356)A battle between the English and French during the Hundred Years War. An English and Gascon force under Edward the Black Prince was trapped by a superior French army while raiding. ...
5 The European Medieval Book

5 The European Medieval Book   Reference library

Christopher de Hamel

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
10,077 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...and Louis XII ); in Bourges ( Jean Colombe , who finished the Très Riches Heures of the duc de Berry); Poitiers (Robinet Testard); Lyons (the Master of Guillaume Lambert , and Jean Perréal ); Nantes; Angers; Rennes; Dijon (probable location of the Master of the Burgundian Prelates); Besançon; and Amiens (birthplace of Simon Marmion). Most of these cities were still making MSS until at least the end of the century. By the 1460s , illuminators were drifting back to Paris. The best-known artists there are Maître François , mentioned in 1473 , and Jacques...

Battle of Mauron

Battle of Mauron  

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On 14 August 1352, just east of the village of Mauron, the French army of Brittany under Marshal Guy de Nesle encountered a small English expeditionary force led by Walter ...
battle of Auray

battle of Auray  

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1364.Sir John Chandos, who had fought at Crécy and Poitiers, was engaged in 1364 in supporting the claims of John de Montfort to the duchy of Brittany against those of Charles de Blois. On 27 ...
Battle of Bulgnéville

Battle of Bulgnéville  

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Overview Page
The battle of Bulgnéville (2 July 1431) was one of the major episodes in the war of succession of Lorraine after the death of Duke Charles II, a struggle between ...
Geoffroi de Charny

Geoffroi de Charny  

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(c.1300–1356) French knight who carried the royal banner at the battle of Poitiers (1356).Charny also wrote the Livre de chevalerie, a treatise on the training and qualities expected of a young ...
Buch, Jean III de Grailly, captal de

Buch, Jean III de Grailly, captal de  

(d. 1377)Gascon lord and founding member of the Order of the Garter (1348). He fought alongside Edward of Woodstock, the ‘Black Prince’, at Poitiers (1356) and Nájera (1367), and took part in the ...
Catalan Company

Catalan Company  

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Overview Page
The intrusion of the Aragonese monarchy into central Mediterranean affairs began in 1260 with the marriage of Prince Pedro (soon to be the Aragonese king Pedro III [r. 1276–1285]) to ...
Battle of Chizé

Battle of Chizé  

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Overview Page
This was the last major engagement in the Valois campaign to reconquer the county of Poitou, which had been delivered to the English by the Treaty of Brétigny (1360), when ...
Sir John Chandos

Sir John Chandos  

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(d. 1370).Chandos rose to prominence by military service, being present at the opening campaign of the Hundred Years War in 1339, at Crécy, and at the sea battle off ...
Weapons, Missile

Weapons, Missile  

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Overview Page
Before the development of gunpowder weapons, only three hand missile weapons were available to the medieval soldier: the sling, the longbow, and the crossbow.The Sling.The sling was a ...
treaty of Brétigny

treaty of Brétigny  

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Overview Page
Subject:
History
(1360)Treaty concluded between Edward III of England, and John II of France following John's defeat and capture at Poitiers. It released John on payment of a ransom of three million crowns, brought ...
treaty of London

treaty of London  

1358.Draft treaty. Edward III's diplomatic hand was strengthened by the capture of John II of France at Poitiers. This treaty would have given Edward Aquitaine, Poitou, Ponthieu, and Calais in full ...
warfare in Ireland and Wales

warfare in Ireland and Wales  

The first half of the MA may be broadly stereotyped as reflecting the values of a ‘heroic’ society. Each of these countries was politically fragmented into many small but independent ...
Bertrand Du Guesclin

Bertrand Du Guesclin  

(c.1320–80)Born in Brittany, he fought for Charles of Blois in the Breton war of succession but was defeated at the battle of Auray (1364). He also served the French ...

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