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Battle of Nancy

Defeated at Morat on 22 June 1476, Charles the Bold, Duke of Burgundy, needed to maintain the cohesion of the Burgundian state. The most urgent matter for him was to ...

Nancy, Battle of

Nancy, Battle of   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Medieval Warfare and Military Technology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010

...garrison in Nancy, who made a sortie. Charles the Bold, in the rout, was caught and killed. This battle was decisive. The death of Duke Charles and, three months later, the marriage of his sole heir, Marie of Burgundy, to Maximilian of Habsburg, Archduke of Austria, radically changed the balance of forces in Europe. [ See also Charles the Bold ; France , subentry on Narrative (1328–1483) ; and Maximilian I .] Bibliography Cinq-centième anniversaire de la bataille de Nancy (1477) . Actes du colloque de Nancy, 22–24 Septembre 1977. Nancy, France,...

Battle of Nancy

Battle of Nancy  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Defeated at Morat on 22 June 1476, Charles the Bold, Duke of Burgundy, needed to maintain the cohesion of the Burgundian state. The most urgent matter for him was to ...
15 Children’s Books

15 Children’s Books   Reference library

Andrea Immel

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
5,066 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...in dramatic play. The earliest examples are the S. and J. Fuller paper doll books issued in the 1810s : the head of the main character can be inserted on six or seven costumed figures, reflecting his or her changing circumstances during the story’s progress. A slot book, such as Else Wenz-Viëtor’s Nürnberger Puppenstubenspielbuch ( 1919 ), consists of backgrounds printed on cardboard pages in which slits are cut for the insertion of figures. Nancy Pritchard White’s Nursery Rhyme Puppet Book ( 1957 ) is conceived as a miniature theatre, complete with...

Nancy Ward

Nancy Ward  

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Overview Page
Subject:
History
(1738?–1822),Cherokee war woman and beloved woman. Nancy Ward, Nanye'hi, achieved the status of “war woman” after she assumed her husband's role in battle when he was mortally wounded. Born ...
Adrianople

Adrianople  

(᾽Αδριανούπολις, also Orestias, mod. Edirne), city in Thrace on the middle Hebros River (navigable from Adrianople to the sea) and on the major military road Belgrade-Sofia-Constantinople. It was an ...
Nancy

Nancy  

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Overview Page
A city in NE France, chief town of Lorraine, site of the battle in 1477 in which Charles le Téméraire, Duke of Burgundy, was defeated and killed.
trauma

trauma  

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n.1. a physical wound or injury, such as a fracture or blow. Trauma scores are numerical systems for assessing the severity and prognosis of serious injuries. 2. (in psychology) an emotionally ...
Leon Golub

Leon Golub  

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(1922–2004).Painter. His figurative paintings explore the existential condition of the modern self and expose vile cruelties human beings inflict on each other. Few late-twentieth-century artists ...
elephants

elephants  

The elephant is the largest living land animal, and is taken as a type of something of great size and weight. The Indian elephant was traditionally used as a beast of burden and in the ancient world ...
Athens

Athens  

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The capital of Greece, originally a flourishing city state of ancient Greece, which was an important cultural centre in the 5th century bc.Athens of America Boston.Athens of the North Edinburgh.
Tennessee Williams

Tennessee Williams  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
1911–1983)US playwright. He made a lasting contribution to the theatre, not least in introducing a highly effective kind of theatrical poetry in his fine control of language and sense of ...
Scandinavia

Scandinavia  

The first thing to be clarified is the division of periods, which is not the same in the Nordic lands as in France or England. The “Middle Ages”, in Scandinavia ...
Uhud, Battle of

Uhud, Battle of   Reference library

Nancy Khalek

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...Battle of The second confrontation between Muhammad and his followers and their pagan opponents from Mecca , which took place near Medina and is often dated to 19 March 625. It was a victory for the Meccans, perhaps resulting from a breach of orders by a group of archers . Nancy Khalek EI 2 vol. 10 (2000) s.v. Uḥud, 782–3 ( Robinson...

Lorraine, dukes of

Lorraine, dukes of   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
119 words

...dukes of By the 10th century, Upper Lorraine was separated from the rest of the middle Frankish kingdom established by the Treaty of Verdun ( 843 ). Emperor Henry III recognized the rule of the first hereditary duke, Gerard ( 1048 ). Jurisdictions around the upper Moselle were complex, with *Nancy the capital. The house of *Anjou began rule in 1431 ; dukes were active in conflicts over dynastic claims in *Italy and Spain. Conflicts with *Burgundy peaked with Duke *René II ’s victory at the battle of Nancy ( 1477 ), which was followed by a...

‘A’isha bt. Abi Bakr

‘A’isha bt. Abi Bakr   Reference library

Nancy Khalek

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...Bakr One of the wives of Muhammad and the daughter of the first caliph , Abu Bakr (r. 622–4). She died in 678. She married Muhammad at the age of 9, and was his close confidante. She was also extremely controversial. An incident in which she was impugned of sexual misbehaviour occasioned the Qur’ānic verses 24:11–20 forbidding slander. After Muhammad’s death, she fought ‘Ali to contest his bid for the caliphate. The Battle of the Camel (‘A’isha rode into the battle seated in a litter on a camel) took place in 656. Nancy Khalek Encyclopaedia of the...

Sa‘d b. Abi Waqqas

Sa‘d b. Abi Waqqas (670–8)   Reference library

Nancy Khalek

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...b. Abi Waqqas (d. c. 670–8 ) Early convert and Companion of the Prophet from the tribe of Quraysh who participated in formative battles during Muhammad ’s lifetime and was among the commanders who led the conquest of Iraq where he was governor of Kufa . Sa‘d was one of ten Companions who were ‘promised Paradise’, according to a famous hadith . Nancy Khalek EI 2 vol. 8 (1993) s.v . Saʿd b. Abī Wakkas, 696–7 ( Hawting...

‘Abd Allah b. ‘Umar

‘Abd Allah b. ‘Umar (693)   Reference library

Nancy Khalek

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...Allah b. ‘Umar (d. 693 ) A son of the caliph ‘Umar b. al-Khattab , famous for his character and scrupulousness in the transmission of hadith . He converted to Islam as a young man, and participated in some of the major early battles of the Islamic era. Nancy Khalek EI 2, vol. 1 (1960) s.v. ‘ʿAbd Allah b. ‘Umar al-Khattāb’, 53–4...

Hind bt. ‘Utba

Hind bt. ‘Utba   Reference library

Nancy Khalek

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...bt. ‘Utba Mother of Mu‘awiya , the first Umayyad caliph. Until his conversion in 630, her husband Abu Sufyan was a fierce opponent of Muhammad . Hind is said to have mutilated the corpse of Hamza (Muhammad’s uncle) and bitten into his liver, in vengeance for his having killed her father in a previous battle. Nancy Khalek EI 2 vol. 3 (1971) s.n . Hind bint ʿUtba, 455–6...

Callot, Jacques

Callot, Jacques (1592/3–1635)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Western Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
206 words

...of drawings. The grotesquerie of such plates as the Temptation of S. Anthony ( 1617 ) is counterbalanced by the harsh realism of his etchings of beggars, and he excelled in amassing teeming crowds in fairs and market places, while his enormous battle scenes such as The Siege of Breda ( 1628 ) accommodate whole fleets and armies. His most famous prints are Les Misères et les malheurs de la guerre ( 1633 ), their atrocious imagery recording the horrors of the Thirty Years War. Richard Godfrey Choné, P. , Jacques Callot , exhib. cat. 1992 (Nancy, Mus....

Talha b. ‘Ubaydallah

Talha b. ‘Ubaydallah   Reference library

Nancy Khalek

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

... of Mecca , Companion of the Prophet , and one of the ‘ten promised Paradise’. Talha had heard of Muhammad ’s prophetic mission from a Christian monk and was introduced to Muhammad by Abu Bakr . After joining Muhammad’s cause, he went on to fight under Abu Bakr’s leadership in the Ridda Wars and is said to have been appointed a member of the shura that chose ‘Uthman b. ‘Affan in 644 . In 656 , he joined forces with ‘A’isha bt. Abi Bakr , Muhammad’s widow, in her opposition to ‘Ali ’s bid to attain the caliphate . It was in the ‘Battle of the...

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