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Battle of Legnano

The battle of Legnano was fought on 29 May 1176 between the Lombard League of northern Italian cities and Frederick I Barbarossa, King of Germany and Holy Roman Emperor. It ...

Legnano, battle of

Legnano, battle of (1176)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
108 words

..., battle of ( 1176 ) Frederick I ‘Barbarossa’ spent much of his military career campaigning south of the *Alps against rebellious Italian *towns . Usually his troops prevailed, but at Legnano in 1176 they did not. Surprised and undermanned, Frederick ’s German army was attacked by Milanese, Veronese, and Brescian soldiers. After the two sides’ cavalries fought to a stalemate, the Italian infantry entered the battle, gaining victory. See also germany ; guelph party and ghibelline party ; lombard league ; roman empire [hohenstaufen dynasty]...

Legnano, Battle of

Legnano, Battle of   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Medieval Warfare and Military Technology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010

..., Battle of The battle of Legnano was fought on 29 May 1176 between the Lombard League of northern Italian cities and Frederick I Barbarossa, King of Germany and Holy Roman Emperor. It is widely viewed as one of great battles in medieval Italian history, treated in national terms as a victory of Italian native forces over those of foreign oppression. In military terms it is seen as a victory of infantry over cavalry. Giuseppe Verdi used it as the basis of his four-act opera La Battaglia di Legnano ( 1848–1849 ). The campaign that led to Legnano began...

Battle of Legnano

Battle of Legnano  

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Overview Page
The battle of Legnano was fought on 29 May 1176 between the Lombard League of northern Italian cities and Frederick I Barbarossa, King of Germany and Holy Roman Emperor. It ...
La Battaglia di Legnano

La Battaglia di Legnano  

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Overview Page
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Music
(‘The Battle of Legnano’). Opera (tragedia lirica) in four acts by Verdi to a libretto by Salvadore Cammarano after Joseph Méry's play La Bataille de Toulouse (1828) (Rome, 1849).
Amor

Amor  

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Overview Page
Ballet spectacle in two parts with choreography and libretto by Manzotti, music by Romualdo Marenco, and design by A. Edel. Premiered 17 Feb. 1886 at La Scala, Milan, with Antonietta Bella, Ernestina ...
militias, Urban

militias, Urban  

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Overview Page
Municipal armies appeared in various parts of western Europe during the Central Middle Ages (1000–1300) but did not achieve equal development in all regions. Their emergence depended on the existence ...
tactics

tactics  

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Overview Page
Pl. n.1 the employment of units in combat.2 the ordered arrangement and maneuver of units in relation to each other and/or to the enemy in order to use their full potentialities.[...]
Frederick I

Frederick I  

(c. 1123–90)King of Germany and Holy Roman emperor (1152–90). He made a sustained attempt to subdue Italy and the papacy, but was eventually defeated at the Battle of Legnano in 1176. He was drowned ...
Lombard League

Lombard League  

Alliance of north Italian city-states to resist threats to communal autonomy by the Hohenstaufen emperors. Following Frederick I’s reassertion of feudal rights at Roncaglia (1158), the destruction of ...
Alexander III

Alexander III  

(d. 1181), Pope from 1159. After his election, an antipope (Victor IV) was immediately set up and supported by the Emp. Frederick I. During the 17-year schism, Alexander lived mainly in France. Here ...
Milan

Milan  

A city and archiepiscopal see in Lombardy. Medieval Milan was a manufacturing city with an international reputation for its metalwork (particularly arms and armour) and a substantial trade in ...
Battaglia di Legnano, La

Battaglia di Legnano, La   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Music

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Music
Length:
38 words

...Battaglia di Legnano, La (‘The Battle of Legnano’). Opera ( tragedia lirica ) in four acts by Verdi to a libretto by Salvadore Cammarano after Joseph Méry's play La Bataille de Toulouse ( 1828 ) (Rome, 1849...

Battaglia di Legnano, La

Battaglia di Legnano, La   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Music (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music
Length:
43 words

...di Legnano, La ( The Battle of Legnano ) Opera in 3 acts by Verdi , his 13th, to lib. by S. Cammarano after Joseph Méry's drama La battaille de Toulouse ( 1828 ). Comp. 1848–9 . Prod. Rome 1849 ; Cardiff 1960 ; NY 1976...

Alexander III

Alexander III (1105–81)   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
47 words

...III (c. 1105–81 ) Pope ( 1159–81 ), b. Orlando Bandinelli. Emperor Frederick I opposed his election to the papacy and had an antipope, Victor IV, appointed. The ensuing schism ended 17 years later with the victory of the Lombard League over Frederick at the Battle of Legnano...

Frederick I

Frederick I (1123–90)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
56 words

...I (or Frederick Barbarossa , ‘Redbeard’) ( c . 1123–90 ) King of Germany and Holy Roman emperor ( 1152–90 ). He made a sustained attempt to subdue Italy and the papacy, but was eventually defeated at the Battle of Legnano in 1176 . He was drowned in Asia Minor while on his way to the Third...

Amor

Amor   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Dance (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
84 words

...by Romualdo Marenco , and design by A. Edel . Premiered 17 Feb. 1886 at La Scala, Milan, with Antonietta Bella , Ernestina Operti , and Cecchetti. Its action displays the progress of mankind from Chaos, through various historical scenes like the Triumph of Caesar and the Battle of Legnano, to an apotheosis in the Temple of Love. Its original cast featured hundreds of dancers, actors, children, and extras, also live animals including an...

Lombard League

Lombard League   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
222 words

...military and diplomatic policy. The League enjoyed the support of *Venice , *Naples , and *Pope Alexander III , after whom it named the city of Alessandria. At the battle of *Legnano ( 1176 ) the League decisively defeated Frederick , who acknowledged its legitimacy and confirmed communal liberties in the Peace of *Constance ( 1183 ). The League was revived in 1226 to resist *Frederick II . See also communes and community ; germany [the hohenstaufens] ; roman empire [hohenstaufen dynasty] . Lawrin Armstrong G. Fasoli , ‘La Lega lombarda:...

Carroccio

Carroccio   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Medieval Warfare and Military Technology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010

...rallying point. At the battle of Legnano in 1176 , the staunch resistance of the Milanese infantry, including the carroccio ’s guard, eventually won the day, and likewise the obstinate attempt of the imperial cavalry to capture the enemy’s cart led to Frederick I’s defeat. In order to guarantee its safety, the carroccio was always placed at the rear of a battle array; its loss signified utter defeat. The capture of the Milanese carroccio by the imperialists after the battle of Cortenuova in 1237 coincided with the collapse of the second Lombard...

Conquereuil, Battle of

Conquereuil, Battle of   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Medieval Warfare and Military Technology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010

...the battle of Hastings in 1066 . At the battle of Legnano in 1176 , the triumphant cavalry of Emperor Frederick I Barbarossa (r. 1152–1190 ), having driven the Milanese horsemen from the field, was unable to crush the enemy infantry behind the fortifications of their camp. This provided time for the Milanese cavalry to regroup and drive the Germans from the field. [See also France , subentry on Narrative (900–1328) , and Fulk Nerra .] Bibliography Primary Sources Glaber, Rodulfus . Rodulfi Glabri Historiarum libri quinque [The Five Books of the...

Kaiser Friedrich Barbarossa

Kaiser Friedrich Barbarossa   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to German Literature (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
301 words

...is about to challenge them, Heinrich deserts him; Friedrich is defeated by the Lombards at Legnano, the place of the historical battle of 1176 . Friedrich makes his peace with Pope Alexander III and with the Lombards in Venice, in order to return to Germany to meet Heinrich in a (fictitious) battle by the River Weser. Heinrich is defeated and banished, and leaves for the shores of England, the home of his wife Mathildis. Having thus consolidated his power in Germany, Friedrich prepares for his last crusade. Since his son, Prince Heinrich , has...

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