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Barnabas

Subject: Religion

(first century), apostle. A Jewish Cypriot and a Levite, Barnabas (the name means ‘son of consolation’) was an early Christian disciple but not one of the Twelve. He introduced ...

Barnabas

Barnabas   Reference library

The Oxford Guide to People and Places of the Bible

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002
Subject:
Religion
Length:
146 words

... . Acts describes Joseph “Barnabas” as a Hellenized Jew from Cyprus who played a leading role in the gentile mission. The apostles call this Joseph “son of encouragement” when he makes a large donation to the Jerusalem church. Barnabas introduces Saul ( Paul ) to Jesus's original apostles in Acts 9.27 and journeys to Antioch in Acts 11.22–24 as their representative. In the letter to the Galatians , Paul describes how he and Barnabas were given “the right hand of fellowship” by the Jerusalem leadership and had their mission to the gentiles approved....

Barnabas

Barnabas   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Bible

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Religion
Length:
160 words

... . Acts describes Joseph “Barnabas” as a Hellenized Jew from Cyprus who played a leading role in the gentile mission. The apostles call this Joseph “son of encouragement” when he makes a large donation to the Jerusalem church ( Acts 4.36–37 ). Barnabas introduces Saul ( Paul ) to Jesus ' original apostles in Acts 9.27 and journeys to Antioch in Acts 11.22–24 as their representative. In the letter to the Galatians , Paul describes how he and Barnabas were given “the right hand of fellowship” by the Jerusalem leadership and had their mission to...

Barnabas

Barnabas   Quick reference

A Dictionary of the Bible (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Religion
Length:
161 words

... A Cypriot and a Levite who, on becoming a Christian, generously disposed of his real estate (Acts 4: 36–7) and was instrumental in persuading Paul to come to * Antioch (Acts 11: 25–6). Subsequently, Paul and Barnabas travelled together, accompanied by John Mark , a relative of Barnabas, and they are both reported to be at the Council of Jerusalem (Acts 15: 2; 12). A quarrel, however, ended the partnership; according to Acts 15: 38 this was because Paul doubted the reliability of Mark whom Barnabas again wanted with them, though the reason may well...

Barnabas

Barnabas   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
297 words

...of Barnabas. Another legend, accepted in the Synaxarion of Constantinople , stressed the connection of Barnabas with Peter —Barnabas was Peter 's companion and Peter ordained him; the memory of Barnabas was celebrated in Constantinople in the Church of St. Peter, near Hagia Sophia . ed. Évangile de Barnabé , ed. and tr. L. Cirillo and M. Frémaux (Paris 1977). BHG 225–226e. L. Cirillo , Un nuovo Vangelo apocrifo: il Vangelo di Barnaba , Rivista di storia e letteratura religiosa 11 (1975) 391–412. R. Stichel , Bemerkungen zum Barnabas...

Barnabas

Barnabas   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Saints (5 rev. ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Religion
Length:
199 words

... (first century), apostle . A Jewish Cypriot and a Levite, Barnabas (the name means ‘son of consolation’) was an early Christian disciple but not one of the Twelve. He introduced Paul to the other apostles; together Paul and Barnabas were sent to Antioch and undertook the ‘first missionary journey’ which began in Cyprus. At the council of Jerusalem Barnabas supported the Gentile Christians. Later Barnabas and Paul quarrelled and separated; Barnabas returned to Cyprus and evangelized it. Paul's references to him in Galatians and Corinthians possibly...

Barnabas

Barnabas   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase & Fable (19 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

... or Barnaby Barnabites An order of regular clerks of St paul , recognized by Pope Clement VII in 1533 , and probably so called from the church of St Barnabas in Milan, which became their centre. Barnaby Bright An old provincial name for St barnabas’ day (11 June). Before the reform of the calendar in England and Wales in 1752 it was the longest day, hence the jingle in John Ray ’s Collection of English Proverbs ( 1670 ): Barnaby bright! Barnaby bright! The longest day and the shortest night. Barnaby Lecturers In the University of Cambridge,...

Barnabas, St

Barnabas, St   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
60 words

..., St . A Jew of Cyprus who became a member of the earliest Christian church at Jerusalem and was the companion of Paul on his first missionary journey (Acts 4. 36, 9. 27, 13. 2, etc.). Feast day, 11 June. The Letter of Barnabas is an anonymous treatise seeking to attack Judaism by claiming the Old Testament for Christians...

Barnabas, Saint

Barnabas, Saint   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
35 words

..., Saint Early Christian apostle, originally named Joseph, who was a companion of St Paul . He travelled with Paul on two proselytizing missions to Cyprus and the European mainland. His feast day is June 11...

Barnabas, St

Barnabas, St   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
91 words

..., St . A Jewish Levite who became one of the earliest Christian disciples in Jerusalem . Along with St Paul , he is called an Apostle (Acts 14: 14). He introduced Paul to the Apostles after his conversion and went with him on his first ‘missionary journey’; later, owing to a dispute over John Mark , they parted, and Barnabas sailed for Cyprus . He is the traditional founder of the Cypriot Church and legend asserts that he was martyred at Salamis in ad 61 . Feast day, 11...

Barnabas, St.

Barnabas, St.   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 rev. ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion
Length:
439 words

...Barnabas, St. A Jewish Levite of Cyprus who became one of the earliest Christian disciples at Jerusalem . Along with St Paul , he is called an Apostle ( Acts 14: 14 ). His original name was Joseph, but he was ‘surnamed Barnabas by the Apostles’, the word ‘Barnabas’ being interpreted by St Luke as ‘son of consolation’ ( υἱὸς παρακλήσεως ‎, Acts 4: 36 ). It was he who introduced Paul, perhaps an acquaintance of long standing, to the Apostles after his conversion ( Acts 9: 27 ), and was sent by them to inquire into the situation at Antioch , where...

Barnabas, Saint

Barnabas, Saint   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Christian Art and Architecture (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
338 words

..., Saint , was a Cypriot Jew whose original name was Joseph, but who was renamed Barnabas, meaning ‘son of consolation’ (or ‘preaching’) by the Apostles. He was one of the original disciples, since he was the alternative choice to Matthias, proposed by Peter (Acts 1: 23) to replace Judas. Though he was not one of the Twelve Apostles named by Jesus he was, like Paul, later counted as an Apostle, probably because he persuaded the original twelve that Paul's conversion was genuine. His story, told in Acts, is inseparable from that of Paul, but later legends...

Barnabas, Epistle of

Barnabas, Epistle of   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
42 words

..., Epistle of . An epistle ascribed to the Apostle Barnabas , but perhaps written by a Christian of Alexandria some time between 70 and 150. It contains a strong attack on Judaism and claims to find in the OT testimonies for...

Barnabas, Gospel of

Barnabas, Gospel of   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
25 words

..., Gospel of . A writing in Italian, apparently dating from the 14th cent., by a native of Italy who had renounced Christianity for Islam...

Barnabas, gospel of

Barnabas, gospel of   Quick reference

A Dictionary of the Bible (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Religion
Length:
41 words

..., gospel of A medieval forgery by a convert to Islam purporting to give the secret teaching of Jesus. It consists of 222 chapters and claims that Jesus (who was not crucified—Judas took his place) prophesied the coming of...

Barnabas, Gospel of

Barnabas, Gospel of   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 rev. ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion
Length:
98 words

...Barnabas, Gospel of . A writing in Italian, apparently dating from the 14th cent., by a native of Italy who had renounced Christianity for Islam. An ‘Evangelium secundum Barnabam’ is also listed in the ‘ Decretum Gelasianum ’ among the spuria ; but this is prob. an independent work, now wholly lost. Ital. text ed. with Eng. tr. by L. and L. Ragg (Oxford, 1907). Ital. text reproduced photographically, with notes and Fr. tr. by L. Cirillo and M. Frémaux , and full introd. by L. Cirillo (Paris, 1977). R. Stichel , ‘ Bemerkungen zum Barnabas...

Barnabas, epistle of

Barnabas, epistle of   Quick reference

A Dictionary of the Bible (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Religion
Length:
61 words

..., epistle of A pseudonymous Christian tract written in * Alexandria at the end of the 1st cent. ce decrying the value of the literal observance of Jewish ritual laws. The work appears in full in Greek in the Codex * Sinaiticus , and in some early Christian circles seems to have hovered on the edge of the NT * canon though never actually...

Barnabas, Epistle of

Barnabas, Epistle of   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 rev. ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion
Length:
281 words

...Barnabas, Epistle of . An epistle of early Christian times ascribed by Clement of Alexandria to the Apostle Barnabas . Its Greek text was first discovered entire in the Codex Sinaiticus . It contains a strong attack on Judaism, explaining animal sacrifices, the distinctive enactments of the Mosaic Law, and the material Temple as mistakes due to Jewish blindness and denying that they were ever God's will. The writer also maintains that the Hebrew Scriptures, so far from enjoining Judaic practices, had an esoteric sense, which he professes to reveal. In...

Robert Barnabas Brough

Robert Barnabas Brough (1828–60)   Reference library

Oxford Dictionary of Quotations (8 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
92 words

...Barnabas Robert Barnabas Brough 1828 – 60 English satirical writer My Lord Tomnoddy is thirty-four; The Earl can last but a few years more. My Lord in the Peers will take his place: Her Majesty's councils his words will grace. Office he'll hold and patronage sway; Fortunes and lives he will vote away; And what are his qualifications?— one ! He's the Earl of Fitzdotterel's eldest son. Songs of the Governing Classes (1855) ‘My Lord Tomnoddy’; see also barham lord Tomnoddy is thirty-four Lord in the peers earl of Fitzdotterel's eldest...

Barnabas, Monastery of S.

Barnabas, Monastery of S.   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

..., Monastery of S. Cross-in-square basilica of c .900, 2 km (1.25 miles) west of Salamis in Cyprus , incorporating the east end of a late 5th-century basilica, probably that built by the Emperor Zeno following the discovery of S. Barnabas’s relics by the Archbishop Anthemius . The tomb, perhaps in the surviving south apse , is described in the 6th-century Laudatio as embellished with silver ornaments and marble columns. RKL ed. P. van Deun , Sancti Barnabae Laudatio auctore Alexandro monacho , in Hagiographica Cypria (CCSG 26,...

Barnabas

Barnabas   Quick reference

A Dictionary of First Names (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Names studies
Length:
5 words

... ♂ (German) New...

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