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Banana Bottom

A novel by C. McKay, published in 1933. Set in Jamaica, its theme is cultural dualism, the clash between European and indigenous black values. The central character is Bita Plant ...

Banana Bottom

Banana Bottom   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Twentieth-Century Literature in English

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

... Bottom , a novel by C. McKay , published in 1933 . Set in Jamaica, its theme is cultural dualism, the clash between European and indigenous black values. The central character is Bita Plant, from the village of Banana Bottom, who is raped at the age of 12 by an idiot youth. The Craigs, a white missionary couple, adopt Bita as their protégée and send her to be educated in England. After years abroad, Bita returns to the island as a piano-playing paragon to assist her benefactors. However, she becomes restless at the Mission. Falling under the spell of an...

Banana Bottom

Banana Bottom  

A novel by C. McKay, published in 1933. Set in Jamaica, its theme is cultural dualism, the clash between European and indigenous black values. The central character is Bita Plant ...
Home to Harlem

Home to Harlem  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
A picaresque novel by Claude McKay, appeared in 1928, at the height of the Harlem Renaissance. Its unabashed celebration of Harlem lower-class life generated great controversy among black critics and ...
Maui

Maui  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
OceaniaThe diminutive Polynesian culture hero and trickster. He appears in myths from New Zealand to Hawaii and enjoys a reputation as a kind of Heracles. Usually a youngest son, sometimes an ...
Claude McKay

Claude McKay  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1890–1948),black author, emigrated from his native Jamaica to the U.S. (1912). His books include Songs of Jamaica (1912) and Harlem Shadows (1922), poems; and the virile novels, Home to Harlem ...
banana leaf

banana leaf   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Food (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014

...burned. But if a piece of banana leaf is in this vulnerable position, all will be well. Lining a pot of rice, a piece of banana leaf at the bottom will not burn before the top is done to fluffy whiteness. And even if the bottom should burn to a brown crisp—the cook has gone away to chat over the fence—the crust, stuck to the banana leaf … would be a delicacy: golden brown and toasty crisp, subtly flavored with burnt banana leaf. This flavour is a perfect partner for rice. Monina Mercado describes the flavour as ‘cool but not mint cool; faintly smoky and...

Akakyenkye

Akakyenkye   Reference library

Peter Cooke

The Grove Dictionary of Musical Instruments (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Music
Length:
104 words

...Akakyenkye [ ruganira ]. Flat box-shaped rattle of the Nkore people of western Uganda. The top and bottom of the box are made from two rafts of reeds laced together with thin sticks between them at the edges to hold them apart, leaving room between for dry seeds that rattle when the box is swung rhythmically from side to side and simultaneously tapped on the top by the player’s thumbs. The sides are covered with strips of banana fibre or cloth, stitched to prevent the seeds from escaping. Vernacular names among neighbouring peoples are musesegeto ...

top

top   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Idioms (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
374 words

...charging over the parapets to attack the enemy. In modern use over the top is often abbreviated to OTT . room at the top : see room . thin on top : see thin . top and tail 1 remove the top and bottom of a fruit or vegetable while preparing it as food. 2 wash the face and bottom of a baby or small child. British informal top banana : see banana . top the bill : see bill . top dollar a very high price. North American informal 2000 Ralph Klein has invested millions in building a non-conformist image…an image that has enabled the company to...

McKay, Claude

McKay, Claude (1890–1948)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to American Literature (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Literature
Length:
131 words

... ( 1912 ) and Harlem Shadows ( 1922 ), poems; and the virile novels Home to Harlem ( 1928 ), the story of a black soldier deserting from the army in France to return to America; Banjo ( 1929 ), set on the Marseilles waterfront, where McKay worked for a time; and Banana Bottom ( 1933 ), about a black girl in Jamaica, who is torn between racial traditions and the education she has received in England. Gingertown ( 1932 ) collects short stories. His novels have sometimes been criticized for emphasizing the primitive and voluptuous aspects of black...

McKay, Claude

McKay, Claude (1890–1948)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Companion to American Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002
Subject:
Literature
Length:
149 words

... ( 1912 ) and Harlem Shadows ( 1922 ), poems; and the virile novels, Home to Harlem ( 1928 ), the story of a black soldier deserting from the army in France to return to America; Banjo ( 1929 ), set on the Marseilles waterfront, where McKay worked for a time; and Banana Bottom ( 1933 ), about a black girl in Jamaica, who is torn between racial traditions and the education she has received in England. Gingertown ( 1932 ) collects short stories. His novels have sometimes been criticized for emphasizing the primitive and voluptuous aspects of black...

Top

Top   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase & Fable (19 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...Top banana The top comedian in a show, or the top person or leader generally. The expression originated from an old skit involving the sharing of a banana. See also second banana . Top brass The most important officials or leaders, as in industry or politics. Top dog The one who by skill, personality or violence obtains the mastery, as the dog who is on top of his adversary in a fight. Top drawer Upper class; of top grade socially. The expression probably derives from the fact that the top drawers of a chest often contain the more valued of one’s personal...

esters

esters   Reference library

George Philliskirk

The Oxford Companion to Beer

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...of isoamyl acetate, most notably in the brewing of traditional Bavarian wheat (weizen; see kristtallweizen ) beers, where the distinctive banana (and clove-like) character of these beers is determined by the specific yeast strains used. It has been suggested that the ale strains of yeast (“top fermenters”; see top fermentation) are more liable to produce esters than are lager strains (“bottom fermenters”; see bottom fermentation) , but it is probable that the higher levels of esters normally found in ales are attributable to the higher fermentation...

Philippines

Philippines   Reference library

Doreen Fernandez

The Oxford Companion to Food (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Society and culture, Cookery, Food, and Drink
Length:
1,616 words

...The heat is then lowered and the pot kept simmering till the rice is cooked. A little crust which often forms on the bottom of the pot called tutong is desired, and is eaten, or moistened and fried the next day for breakfast. Lining the bottom of the cooking pot with banana leaves is used as a means of preventing the formation of tutong and also adds a flavour which many Filipinos like. The clay pot ( palayok ) may be lined with banana leaf or screwpine for aroma and flavour. In the Visayas and Mindanao, rice is cooked in little handwoven leaf baskets,...

McKay, Claude

McKay, Claude (1889–1948)   Reference library

Mario Relich

The Oxford Companion to Modern Poetry (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...the odds. The latter is a bitter indictment of presidential indifference. Other collections include Selected Poems (Bookman, 1953 ), Selected Poetry of Claude McKay , ed. Wayne F. Cooper (Schocken, 1973 ), and Selected Poems , ed. Joan R. Sherman (Dover, 1999 ). Banana Bottom (Harper, 1933 ) is his most successful novel. A Long Way from Home (Furman, 1937 ) and My Green Hills of Jamaica (Heinemann, 1975 ) are autobiographical works. McKay’s Complete Poems (University of Illinois Press, 2003 ), including many unpublished pieces, were...

berry

berry   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Food (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014

...typical version of the latter is: ‘a many-seeded inferior pulp fruit, the seeds of which are, when mature, scattered through the pulp.’ This definition includes the bilberry , cranberry , currant , gooseberry , and grape . But it also includes unexpected items: cucumber , banana , date , papaya ; apple , pear (both pomes); and the citrus fruits orange and lemon , and it excludes a number of fruits commonly referred to as berries. Thus the huckleberry is not a berry but a drupe (a fruit with a stone or stones, hard casings around the seeds). The...

Letor

Letor   Reference library

Andrew C. McGraw

The Grove Dictionary of Musical Instruments (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Music
Length:
336 words

...and when specific trees were to be felled; the music was thought to chase away the spirits of the trees. (2) [ leto, preson ]. Obscure log xylophone of Flores, Indonesia. In the Sikka region this instrument has six wooden bars (about 50 by 10 cm) which rest across two banana tree stems about l metre long. It is played with two sticks in the right hand, while the left damps the bars. On the island of Adonara the letor has five rough wooden bars up to 150 cm long, and is played with two large unpadded wooden sticks. The bars rest at one end on a log;...

McKay, Claude

McKay, Claude   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Twentieth-Century Literature in English

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

... and Trotsky and addressed the Third Internationale as a representative of the American Workers' Party. Back in America he turned to prose fiction, publishing Home to Harlem ( 1928 ); Banjo ( 1929 ); Gingertown ( 1931 ), a volume of short stories set in Jamaica; and Banana Bottom ( 1933 ), acknowledged as his finest novel. McKay also published Spring in New Hampshire and Other Poems ( 1920 ); A Long Way from Home ( 1937 ), an autobiography that provides personal testimony of American racial prejudice; and the non-fiction Harlem: Negro Metropolis ...

Qat

Qat (Oceania)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World Mythology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003

...it, made himself small and took his seat within it, and told his mother to throw it into the sea. So he floated in the bottle till he passed the canoe of his brothers. Eating one of his bananas, Qat threw the skin into the sea where the canoe would come along. His brothers saw it, but they would not believe Tongaro Gilagilala when he declared: ‘It is Qat who has eaten this banana, and has thrown the skin here for us to see, to give us notice that he is not dead, but that he has escaped and is following us.’ Only on landfall did they realize that Qat himself...

McKay, Claude

McKay, Claude (1889–1948)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Black British History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
518 words

...Claude ( 1889–1948 ). Jamaican poet and novelist who travelled extensively in the United States, Europe, and North Africa, but retained an abiding love for his native Jamaica, shown in his early poems and stories, and in his novel Banana Bottom ( 1933 ). A prominent figure in the Harlem Renaissance, McKay's novels included Home to Harlem ( 1928 ), a celebration of African‐American life, and Banjo: A Story Without a Plot ( 1929 ), set among the cosmopolitan drifters of the Marseilles waterfront, including black people from Africa, the Caribbean,...

Home to Harlem

Home to Harlem   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Companion to African American Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002
Subject:
Literature
Length:
512 words

...set within a picaresque mode, suggests that the enormous disorder and despair found in today's “underclass” has a history that goes back decades further than critics often suggest. Home to Harlem was the first of four volumes ( Banjo , 1929 ; Gingertown , 1932 ; and Banana Bottom , 1933 ) in which McKay progressively defined the nature of the modern world, the position of blacks in it, and his own wanderings as an expatriate poet and writer. In all his fiction, rural black folk culture stands upon its own foundations, in some sense independent of and...

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