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Australia

Subject: History

Australia has been establishing stronger links with Asia—but has been unable to shake off the British monarchy Australia's landmass—which can be viewed as the world's largest ...

Australian

Australian   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Australian Literature (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
58 words

... 2, was established in 1964 by Rupert Murdoch as a national daily newspaper, with Maxwell Newton as foundation editor. Robert Brissenden was its first literary editor and David Campbell its first poetry editor; later Rodney Hall was poetry editor for eleven years from 1967 , and Katharine Brisbane its national ( 1967–74 ) and Sydney ( 1978–80 ) theatre...

Australian

Australian   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Australian Literature (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
72 words

... 1, founded by W. C. Wentworth and Robert Wardell , helped produce a free press in NSW. It ran 1824–48 and serialised novels by Charles Dickens and other English authors; its contributors included Henry Halloran , Charles Harpur , Richard Howitt and Charles Tompson . Wardell ( 1793–1834 ) was admitted to the Bar in 1821 and came to NSW on the same ship as Wentworth in 1824 ; he subsequently established a successful law...

Australian

Australian   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Australian History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
126 words

... is a national newspaper which was founded by Rupert Murdoch in 1964 . William Wentworth and Robert Wardell had used the same title for an earlier paper, which was first published in 1824 and ran until 1848 . Proclaiming itself ‘independent’ and ‘free’, this radical organ represented the free press by criticising the position of the exclusives and advocating political reforms. Murdoch's Australian set new standards of national reportage under the editorship of Maxwell Newton in the 1960s. It developed a more conservative tone after ...

Australian citizen

Australian citizen   Reference library

Australian Law Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Law
Length:
356 words

...Australian citizen A person with the status conferred by the Australian Citizenship Act 2007 (Cth) and its predecessor statutes. The Preamble to that Act states: ‘The Parliament recognises that Australian citizenship represents full and formal membership of the community of the Commonwealth of Australia, and Australian citizenship is a common bond, involving reciprocal rights and obligations, uniting all Australians, while respecting their diversity. The Parliament recognises that persons conferred Australian citizenship enjoy these rights and undertake...

Australian territories

Australian territories   Reference library

Australian Law Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Law
Length:
109 words

...Australian territories The possessions and protectorates of Australia as a sovereign state. In the past they includes the Territory of Papua and New Guinea (granted independence in 1971: see papua new guinea ). Australia has seven external territories : the Australian Antarctic; Coral Sea Islands; Norfolk Island; Ashmore Reef and Cartier Island; Heard and McDonald Islands; Cocos (Keeling) Islands; and Christmas Island. These Australian territories, which do not have self-government, are administered by the Department of Infrastructure and Regional...

Australian lawyer

Australian lawyer   Reference library

Australian Law Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Law
Length:
46 words

...Australian lawyer An australian legal practitioner under the Legal Profession Acts. See also local legal practitioner . Still called a lawyer informally, by clients and in general usage (or a barrister or solicitor ). Similarly, while legislation refers to ‘medical practitioners’, in common parlance they are still...

Australian resident

Australian resident   Reference library

Australian Law Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Law
Length:
203 words

...Australian resident A person who satisfies criteria of residency, specified in various statutes and determined by reference to Australian citizenship, possession of particular types of visa, or living within Australia. Thus Social Security Act 1991 (Cth) s 7 refers to citizenship, or possession of various types of visa plus residency. Other statutes refer to this definition (e.g., in a convoluted form, in Farm Household Support Act 1992 (Cth) s 3; Income Tax Assessment Act (Cth) s 995). Other statutes provide variations, e.g. defining ‘Australian...

Australian waters

Australian waters   Reference library

Australian Law Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Law
Length:
93 words

...Australian waters The territorial sea of Australia, which extends to 12 nautical miles (except in parts of the Torres Strait) from the low water line or straight baselines drawn across features such as bays, and its internal waters. sovereignty in the territorial sea vests in the Commonwealth: Seas and Submerged Lands Act 1973 (Cth). See Law of the Sea Convention 1982 Arts 2–13 and NSW v Cth (‘Seas and Submerged Lands Case’) (1975) 135 CLR 337. See also australian fishing zone ; contiguous zone ; exclusive economic zone ; migration zone ; two...

Australian Quarterly

Australian Quarterly   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Australian Literature (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
52 words

... Quarterly , published since 1935 by the Australian Institute of Political Science, began in March 1929 under the auspices of the Constitutional Association of NSW. It carries a wide range of articles on Australian politics, international relations, literature, education, art and drama. From 1967 its title has been AQ: the Australian Quarterly...

Australian Studies

Australian Studies   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Australian Literature (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
54 words

... Studies , a journal published under that title for the first time in 1988 and edited by Martin Gray of Stirling University, Scotland, succeeded the BASA Magazine as the twice-yearly publication of the British Australian Studies Association. Australian Studies was launched at the ‘Australia Towards 2000’ conference held in Lincoln, England in July 1988...

Australian Highway

Australian Highway   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Australian Literature (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
28 words

... Highway , the monthly journal of the Workers' Educational Association of Australia, was published in Sydney 1919–69 ; it contained literary articles, sketches, short stories and book...

Australian Author

Australian Author   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Australian Literature (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
55 words

... Author , the quarterly magazine of the Australian Society of Authors , superseded Broadside in 1969 , the latter having been since 1963 a printed broadsheet of literary news available to members of the Society. Editors of the Australian Author/Broadside have included Barrie Ovenden , Nancy Keesing , Gavin Souter , Colin Simpson , Bill Larkins , Robert Pullen and Dominic O'Grady...

Southern Australian

Southern Australian   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Australian Literature (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
48 words

...Australian , an early SA newspaper, was published weekly and semi-weekly 1838–51 . Founded soon after the establishment of the colony of SA in response to the anti-gubernatorial views expressed by George Stevenson in the South Australian Gazette , it changed its title to the South Australian in 1844...

Australian Magazine

Australian Magazine   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Australian Literature (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
78 words

... Magazine , the first Australian periodical, was published monthly 1821–22 . Edited by Ralph Mansfield and published first by George Howe and then by his son, Robert, the Australian Magazine carried local news, articles on religious topics, fiction and poetry. Other magazines to bear this title appeared in 1835 , 1838 , 1859 and 1899 ; the 1899 Australian Magazine was edited by A. W. Jose and included among its contributors C. J. Brennan , J. le Gay Brereton and Roderic Quinn...

Australian English

Australian English   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Australian Literature (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
3,379 words

...purposes, Australian English consists of the additions to British English’. The narrower usage has declined somewhat, however, and in reference to the vocabulary of Australian English it is now as common to use terms like ‘Australianisms’ to describe the distinctively Australian component of the lexicon; ‘Australianism’ was used in this way at least as far back as the 1890s. The spoken English of Australians is referred to by a variety of terms, including Australian pronunciation, Australian speech, the Australian accent and spoken Australian English....

Australian Rules

Australian Rules   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Australian Literature (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
300 words

... collaborated in a study of Australian rules, Up Where Cazaly? The Great Australian Game ( 1981 ); the title derives from the phrase, ‘Up there Cazaly’ which greeted the high leaps to mark (catch) the ball of a famous Australian rules player, Roy Cazaly . The phrase became a rallying call for Australian soldiers during the Second World War and became entrenched in the idiom of Australian English. Graeme Atkinson , who has recorded many statistics of the game, has also published All You Ever Wanted to Know about Australian Football ( 1982...

‘Australian Dream’

‘Australian Dream’   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Australian Literature (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
173 words

...Australian Dream’ is a phrase that has been used to describe the hopes and anticipations that have been traditionally held by Australians for themselves and their country. Those hopes and anticipations have varied with the changing circumstances and patterns of Australian life from the first settlement in 1788 through the colonial period to nationhood. Components of the dream have included liberty, equality and fraternity (the last given a particular Australian flavour by the creed of mateship), Utopianism, the ethos of the bush, democratic humanism,...

Australian Accent

Australian Accent (1958)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Australian Literature (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
49 words

... Accent ( 1958 ), by John Douglas Pringle , is an impressionistic, sometimes humorous, analysis of Australian culture and society, with particular emphasis on the urban environments of Sydney and Melbourne and the political and cultural scenes. The book was illustrated by George Molnar , then cartoonist of the Sydney Morning Herald...

Australian Mercury

Australian Mercury   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Australian Literature (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
45 words

... Mercury was a journal conducted by P. R. Stephensen which ran for one issue, that of July 1935 . Over half the issue was devoted to an editorial essay which became the first part of Stephensen's influential The Foundations of Culture in Australia (q.v., 1936...

Australian Tradition

Australian Tradition   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Australian Literature (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
186 words

...revival of interest in Australian folk-song and ballad which gathered pace in the 1950s. It carried the words and music of songs, reports of the activities of folk-music and folklore societies, recitations, reminiscences, book and record reviews, and articles or notes on the provenance and transmission of songs, on Australian idiom, and on other aspects of the Australian folk tradition. Contributors included folklorists such as John Meredith , Bill Wannan , Alan Scott , Edgar Waters and Wendy Lowenstein ; among the Australian authors whose lyrics...

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