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August Hermann Francke

Subject: Religion

(1663–1727), German Pietist and educationalist. He was already attracted to a pietistic form of religion when he came into contact with P. J. Spener. In 1691 he was appointed ...

Francke, August Hermann

Francke, August Hermann (1663–1727)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 rev. ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion
Length:
422 words

...ff.). Life by G. Kramer (2 vols., Halle a.S., 1880–2). A. Nebe , Neue Quellen zu August Hermann Francke (1927). E. Beyreuther , August Hermann Francke 1663–1727: Zeuge des lebendigen Gottes (Marburg [1956]); id., August Hermann Francke und die Anfänge der ökumenischen Bewegung (Leipzig, 1957). E. Peschke , Studien zur Theologie August Hermann Franckes (2 vols., 1964–6); id., Bekehrung und Reform: Ansatz und Wurzeln der Theologie August Hermann Franckes (Arbeiten zur Geschichte des Pietismus, 15; 1977). K. Deppermann , Der hallesche Pietismus...

Francke, August Hermann

Francke, August Hermann (1663–1727)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to German Literature (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
106 words

..., August Hermann (Lübeck, 1663–1727 , Halle), a pietistic theologian influenced by P. J. Spener , had to face persecution for his beliefs before becoming a professor at Halle University in 1692 . He appealed for deep personal piety and for the practical expression of devotion in works of charity and in service. He founded a number of charitable institutions, which became known as Franckesche Stiftungen. Francke's published works include Öffentliches Zeugnis vom Dienste Gottes ( 1703 ), and Segensvolle Fußtapfen des noch lebenden Gottes ( 1709 ). His...

Francke, August Hermann

Francke, August Hermann (1663–1723)   Reference library

The Dictionary of Eighteenth-Century German Philosophers

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
814 words

...(ed.), August H. Franckes Schrift über eine Reform des Erziehungs- und Bildungswesens …: Der Große Aufsatz (Berlin, 1962). Richter, Karl (ed.), A. H. Francke, Schriften über Erziehung und Unterricht (Berlin, 1871). Further Reading Brecht, Martin , ‘August Hermann Francke und der Hallische Pietismus’, in Geschichte des Pietismus , vol. 1 (Göttingen, 1993), pp. 439–539. Dittrich-Jacobi, Juliane , Pietismus und Pädagogik im Konstitutionsprozeß der bürgerlichen Gesellschaft: historisch-systematische Untersuchung der Pädagogik August Hermann Franckes...

Francke, August Hermann

Francke, August Hermann (1663–1727)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
121 words

..., August Hermann ( 1663–1727 ), German Pietist and educationalist . He was already attracted to a pietistic form of religion when he came into contact with P. J. Spener . In 1691 he was appointed professor of Greek and Oriental languages at Halle and also pastor of Glaucha, near Halle. In 1696 he founded his ‘Paedagogium’ and his orphanage; both grew and a publishing house and dispensary were soon added. His theology was similar to that of Spener, but he placed more emphasis on the need for an inner religious struggle. The strict ethical code...

August Hermann Francke

August Hermann Francke  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(1663–1727), German Pietist and educationalist. He was already attracted to a pietistic form of religion when he came into contact with P. J. Spener. In 1691 he was appointed professor of Greek and ...
Johann Anastasius Freylinghausen

Johann Anastasius Freylinghausen  

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Overview Page
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Literature
(Gandersheim, 1670–1736, Halle),a Pietist, son-in-law of A. H. Francke and his close associate, wrote hymns and compiled a much-used collection, Geistreiches Gesangbuch (1704).
Henry Melchior Muhlenberg

Henry Melchior Muhlenberg  

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Overview Page
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Religion
(1711–87), ‘Patriarch’ of the Lutheran Church in America. Imbued at Göttingen with a broad form of Pietism, he expressed an interest in missionary work. In response to an appeal by Lutheran ...
Halle

Halle  

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Overview Page
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Literature
Established as a military outpost by Charlemagne in 806 and valued for its salt, Halle became part of Henry I’s fortification network in the early 10th century. In 961 Otto ...
Der Protestantismus

Der Protestantismus  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Takes its name from the protesting princes at the Diet of Speyer (see Reformation) and produced in Germany various Churches and creeds of which only a brief outline can be ...
Adiaphorists

Adiaphorists  

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Overview Page
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Religion
A party in German Protestantism which held that certain rules and actions were matters of indifference. The first controversy on the subject broke out in connection with the Leipzig Interim (1548). ...
Philipp Jakob Spener

Philipp Jakob Spener  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(1635–1705), early leader of German Pietism. Influenced by the works of J. Arndt and the English Puritans, and by J. de Labadie (see Labadists), he became convinced of a call to revivify the Lutheran ...
Nikolaus Ludwig Graf von Zinzendorf

Nikolaus Ludwig Graf von Zinzendorf  

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Overview Page
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Religion
(1700–60), founder of the Herrnhuter ‘Brüdergemeine’ or Moravian Brethren. From 1722 he received on one of his estates Protestant emigrants from Austria, many of them descendants of the Bohemian ...
Pietism

Pietism  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
A devotional movement in the Lutheran church; also any attitude to religion stressing piety and faith rather than evidence and reason. See also fideism.
Niemeyer, August Hermann

Niemeyer, August Hermann (1754–1828)   Reference library

The Dictionary of Eighteenth-Century German Philosophers

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
601 words

...August Hermann ( 1754–1828 ) August Hermann Niemeyer was born in Halle on 1 September 1754 and died there on 7 July 1828 . He lost his parents early on and was educated from his tenth year by a sensitive and highly educated relative, Sophie Antoinette Lysthenius , née Wurmb. Niemeyer's mother was the grandchild of August Hermann Francke , the founder of the Halle Pädagogium and orphanage, which Niemeyer himself attended from 1765 to 1771 . From 1771 to 1776 , he studied theology, philosophy and philology at the University of Halle. In 1777 ,...

Breithaupt, Joachim Justus

Breithaupt, Joachim Justus (1658–1732)   Reference library

The Dictionary of Eighteenth-Century German Philosophers

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
525 words

...two years later, was appointed senior minister and professor of theology in Erfurt. Here, in 1690 / 91 , because of his support for the pietistic leader August Hermann Francke , he was sharply attacked by the Lutheran orthodoxy. In 1691 , he became the first professor of theology to be appointed to the newly founded University of Halle, where from 1695 he was professor primarius. Together with Francke and Paul Anton ( 1661–1730 ), he developed Halle into a citadel of pietism. The numerous Church offices which he took on – in 1705 he was named...

Callenberg, Johann Heinrich

Callenberg, Johann Heinrich (1694–1760)   Reference library

The Dictionary of Eighteenth-Century German Philosophers

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
662 words

...posts of librarian and archivist at the Francke Institute (‘Hallesches Waisenhaus’). He produced extensive work on theology, missions, Church history and orientalism. He also translated numerous Arabic and other oriental as well as Yiddish works and compiled a Yiddish dictionary ( 1736 ). He was a meticulous scholar, but Callenberg's own theological thought exhibits little originality – he derived most of his ideas from pietistic theoreticians such as Philipp Jakob Spener , but most particularly August Hermann Francke , and, with advancing age, the orthodox...

Plütschau, Heinrich

Plütschau, Heinrich (1676)   Reference library

Daniel Jeyaraj

The Oxford Encyclopaedia of South Asian Christianity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012

...Heinrich ( b . Wesensberg, Germany , 1676 ; d. Beidenfleth, Holstein, Germany , 4 January 1752 ) A German Lutheran Pietist, Heinrich Plütschau was influenced in his theological views by his schoolteacher in Berlin, Rector Joachim Lange ( 1670–1744 ), and August Hermann Francke ( 1663–1727 ), the leading Pietist theologian in Halle (Saale). When Friedrich IV , the Danish king, decided to send missionaries to his colony of Tranquebar * on the Coromandel coast of southeast India, the Pietist leaders in Copenhagen contacted Lange, who, in turn,...

Rogall, Georg Friedrich

Rogall, Georg Friedrich (1701–33)   Reference library

The Dictionary of Eighteenth-Century German Philosophers

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
758 words

...science and mathematics under Christian Wolff . Not long after his arrival in Halle, however, he met up with August Hermann Francke , who soon converted him to pietism. Rogall resumed his studies in theology and began teaching at Francke's famous orphanage. After receiving his Magister at Halle ( 18 January 1723 ), he returned to Königsberg in June 1724 , where he received a doctorate in theology the following year ( 20 August 1725 ). With Francke's help and by order of the pietist king, Frederick William I , a new full professorship of philosophy (without...

Pietism

Pietism   Reference library

Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
575 words

...convinced that God would grant “better times” to his loyal children before the return of Christ. In the second generation, from the 1690s to the 1720s, August Hermann Francke ( 1663–1727 ) achieved astounding success by establishing an orphanage, several schools, an institute for training teachers, a pharmacy, and a publishing house at Halle for religious tracts and Bibles. Following the example of Francke's conversion experience, most pietists were convinced that all of those who had gone through the sequence of penitence, contrition, and spiritual...

Schultz, Franz Albert

Schultz, Franz Albert (1692–1763)   Reference library

The Dictionary of Eighteenth-Century German Philosophers

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
631 words

...at the University of Halle because August Hermann Francke , the highly respected pietist authority, taught there. In Halle he also became convinced of the truth of Christian Wolff 's new philosophy, which made him an odd figure, namely a pietist Wolffian. Schultz went to Königsberg as a private tutor in 1718 , without having obtained any academic degree. In 1723 , he became a teacher at the cadet school in Berlin, but, discontented with this position, he left after a short time. At his request, both Francke and Wolff tried to procure a chair for him...

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