Update

View:

Overview

Augsburg

(city, bishopric) Attested since the 8th century on the site of Roman Augusta Vindelicorum. A document of 1156 confirms the bishop’s lordship, conditioned by the citizens’ community. An ...

Augsburg

Augsburg   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
78 words

... Historic city on the River Lech, Bavaria, Germany. Founded by the Romans ( c .15 bc ) and named after the Emperor Augustus , it became a free imperial city in 1276 and was a prosperous banking and commercial centre in the 15th and 16th centuries. The Augsburg Confession was presented and the Peace of Augsburg ( 1555 ) was signed here. The cathedral (started 994) claims the oldest stained-glass windows in Europe (11th century). Industries: textiles, engineering, motor vehicles. Pop. ( 1997 )...

Augsburg

Augsburg   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to German Literature (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
155 words

... , historic German city included in Bavaria since 1806 . Of Roman origin, it developed from the military colonia Augusta Vindelicorum, founded in 15 bc . In 1276 it became a Free Imperial City, losing this status only with the dissolution of the Empire ( 1806 ). It owed its immense prosperity in the later Middle Ages to its situation on the trade route between Italy and northern Europe. The powerful Augsburg merchant family of Fugger was responsible for the Fuggerei, an early experiment in social welfare. In 1530 Augsburg was the scene of the...

Augsburg

Augsburg   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
63 words

... (city, bishopric) Attested since the 8th century on the site of Roman Augusta Vindelicorum. A document of 1156 confirms the bishop’s lordship, conditioned by the citizens’ community. An imperial city from 1316 , later boasting prominent trading families (for example the *Fugger dynasty of merchant bankers) who promoted economic and cultural flowering. Kerstin Schulmeyer W. Zorn , Augsburg: Geschichte einer europäischen Stadt ( 4...

Augsburg

Augsburg   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Reformation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Religion
Length:
2,088 words

...also Augsburg Confession ; and Augsburg, Peace of . Broadhead, Philip . Popular Pressure for Reform in Augsburg, 1524–1534. In Stadtbürgertum und Adel in der Reformation: Studien zur Sozialgeschichte der Reformation in England und Deutschland , edited by Wolfgang J. Mommsen , pp. 80–87. Stuttgart, 1979. ——. Politics and Expediency in the Augsburg Reformation. In Reformation Principle and Practice: Essays in Honour of Arthur Geoffrey Dickens , edited by Peter Newman Brooks . London, 1980. ——. “International Politics and Civic Society in Augsburg during...

Augsburg

Augsburg   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
292 words

... or (Latin) Augusta Vindelicorum , A south German city which became an episcopal see in 759 , an imperial free city in 1276 , and a member of the Swabian League in 1331 . By the fifteenth century, Augsburg's location on the principal trade route between the Mediterranean and northern Europe, together with its proximity to important silver mines, had enabled it to develop into an important centre of trade, banking , and commerce. Two of Europe's most important banking families, the Fuggers and the Welsers , operated from Augsburg, and lent...

Augsburg

Augsburg   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Northern Renaissance Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
2,928 words

...und Welser (Augsburg, 1950) N. Lieb : ‘ Augsburgs bauliche Entwicklung als Ausdruck des städtischen Kulturschicksals seit 1800 ’, Z. Hist. Ver. Schwaben , viii (1951), pp. 1–112 Augsburger Renaissance (exh. cat., ed. N. Lieb ; Augsburg, Schaezlerpal., 1955) T. Breuer : Die Stadt Augsburg , Bayerische Kunstdenkmäler, i (Munich, 1958) Augsburger Barock (exh. cat., ed. C. Thon ; Augsburg, Rathaus; Augsburg, Holbeinhaus; 1968) Welt im Umbruch: Augsburg zwischen Renaissance und Barock , 3 vols (exh. cat., Augsburg, Rathaus; Augsburg, Zeughaus;...

Augsburg

Augsburg   Quick reference

Howard Sargeant

Dictionary Plus Social Sciences

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
50 words

...Augsburg A city in Germany, in the federal state of Bavaria. Established by the Romans around ad 15 , it was a major banking and commercial centre in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. Its tenth-century cathedral has the oldest stained glass in the world. Population ( 2013 ) 276,500. Howard Sargeant...

Augsburg

Augsburg   Reference library

Oxford Reader's Companion to Trollope

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011

... , scene of Linda Tressel 's rude awakening when Valcarm, her dream-lover, is arrested at the railway station. Discovering that the Black Bear, where he would have lodged her, is ‘a house of a very bad sort’ (XI), she finds refuge at the home of her friends the Bogens. LT AWJ Anthony...

Augsburg

Augsburg   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Medieval Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...of Augsburg, that religious toleration was formally restored. Bibliography N. Lieb , ed.: Fugger und Welser (Augsburg, 1950) N. Lieb : ‘Augsburgs bauliche Entwicklung als Ausdruck des städtischen Kulturschicksals seit 1800’, Z. Hist. Ver. Schwaben , viii (1951), pp. 1–112 Augsburger Renaissance (exh. cat., ed. N. Lieb ; Augsburg, Schaezlerpal ., 1955) Augsburger Rokoko (Augsburg, 1956) T. Breuer : Die Stadt Augsburg , Bayerische Kunstdenkmäler, i (Munich, 1958) Augsburger Barock (exh. cat., ed. C. Thon ; Augsburg, Rathaus ; Augsburg,...

Augsburg

Augsburg   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
514 words

...in the chronicles of Zink or Meisterlin as well as in the editions of Peutinger. This Augsburg humanism was also closely connected with Maximilian, manifesting the polarization of urban politics seen in the acceptance of the Reformation, then the imposition of Catholic elites in 1548 – all the more since the bishop had been settled since the late 15th c. at Dillingen. F. Zoepfl , Das Bistum Augsburg , Augsburg, 1955 (diocese). Geschichte der Stadt Augsburg , G. Gottlieb (dir.) et al. , Stuttgart, 1984, 115-241 (town). Martial...

Augsburg

Augsburg (Bavaria/Germany)   Quick reference

Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Place Names (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020

...Augsburg , Bavaria/Germany ( Augusta Vindelicorum ) Founded in 15 bc and named by the Roman generals Drusus ( 38 bc –9 bc ) and Tiberius ( 42 bc – ad 37 ) after their stepfather Augustus ( 63 bc – ad 14 ), Roman emperor ( 27 bc – ad 14 ), and the local Celtic tribe, the Vindelici, which the Romans had subjugated. Only the first syllable of Augusta was retained to which Burg was added. It became an Imperial Free City of the Holy Roman Empire in 1276 ....

Augsburg Confession

Augsburg Confession   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
28 words

... Confession A statement of the Lutheran position approved by Luther that was presented to Charles V at the German city of Augsburg on 25 June 1535...

Augsburg Confession

Augsburg Confession   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase & Fable (19 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

... Confession The historical confession of faith compiled by melanchthon in consultation with Luther and presented to Charles V at the Diet of Augsburg in 1530...

Augsburg, Stadtbibliothek

Augsburg, Stadtbibliothek   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
56 words

..., Stadtbibliothek Founded in 1537 as a reformed city library with collections from dissolved monasteries, its first catalogue was printed in 1600 . After Augsburg became part of Bavaria ( 1805–6 ), the library (renamed Staats- und Stadtbibliothek) acquired collections from other dissolved monastic houses. Today, the collections comprise 3,762 MSS and 2,797 *incunables . Bettina...

Augsburg Confession

Augsburg Confession (1530)   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
47 words

... Confession ( 1530 ) Summation of the Lutheran faith, presented to Emperor Charles V at the Diet of Augsburg. Its 28 articles were formulated from earlier Lutheran statements principally by Philip Melanchthon . It was denounced by the Roman Catholic Church, but became a model for later Protestant...

Augsburg Confession

Augsburg Confession   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
74 words

... Confession . A summary of the Christian faith drawn up during the Reformation for the Diet of Augsburg, and presented to the emperor Charles V. It was written by Luther , Melanchthon , and two others. A final authorized text was issued, to create the document which remains of foundational importance in Lutheranism. The first twenty-one articles deal with similarities and dissimilarities between Lutherans and Roman Catholics, the last seven with abuses in the existing...

Augsburg interim

Augsburg interim   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
198 words

... interim . In February 1548 the Emperor Charles V appointed a commission to negotiate a settlement between Protestants and Catholics. When the group failed to agree on the text of a settlement, the emperor commissioned Johann Agricola , Bishop Julius von Pflug , and Michael Helding (suffragan bishop of Mainz) to draft a doctrinal formula which might win the assent of both parties. The 26 articles of this statement of faith were shown in confidence to both sides and then accepted as the basis of an interim settlement by the Diet of Augsburg on 30...

Augsburg Confession

Augsburg Confession   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Reformation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Religion
Length:
3,717 words

...of the Augsburg Confession In July 1530 Windsheim , Heilbronn, Kempten, and Weissenburg quickly signed the confession in Augsburg. The Homberg church order for Hesse of 1532 begins with a reference to the Augsburg Confession and its Apology. The recess of the Schmalkald League of March 1537 adopted the Augsburg Confession with its Apology and the recently drafted Tractatus de potestate et primatu papae (Treatise on the Power and Primacy of the Pope) as the doctrinal foundation for members of the Schmalkald League. The Peace of Augsburg of 1555 ...

Augsburg confession

Augsburg confession   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
305 words

... confession or (German) Augsburgische Konfession , The principal Lutheran confession of faith, drafted by Melanchthon , approved by Luther , and presented to the Emperor Charles V at Augsburg on 25 June 1530 . On receiving the Confession, the emperor passed it to a group of Catholic theologians (including Johann Cochläus , Johann Eck , Johann Faber , and Konrad Wimpina ), whose formal reply, the ‘Confutatio pontifica’, was read on 3 August . Melanchthon responded to the ‘Confutatio’ with ‘An Apology for the Confession’ which the emperor...

Augsburg Confession

Augsburg Confession   Reference library

Arnoud Visser

The Oxford Guide to the Historical Reception of Augustine

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
1,698 words

... Augsburg Confession The Augsburg Confession (AC), written by Philip Melanchthon for the Diet of Augsburg in 1530 , constitutes the first systematic statement of belief of the Lutheran parties in Reformation conflict. In response to Charles V's attempt to resolve the religious conflicts in the empire, the strategy of the writers was to emphasize their Catholic orthodoxy. However, the text provoked a lengthy Confutatio from the Catholic...

View: